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Gibraltar (2002)

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Gibraltar 2002 year

Administrative divisions none (overseas territory of the UK)
Age structure 0-14 years: 18.5% (male 2,633; female 2,509)

15-64 years: 66.3% (male 9,456; female 8,907)

65 years and over: 15.2% (male 1,803; female 2,406) (2002 est.)
Agriculture - products none
Airports 1 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Area total: 6.5 sq km

land: 6.5 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about 11 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Background Strategically important, Gibraltar was ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht; the British garrison was formally declared a colony in 1830. In referendums held in 1967 and 2002, Gibraltarians ignored Spanish pressure and voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency.
Birth rate 11.19 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budget revenues: $307 million

expenditures: $284 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY00/01 est. )
Capital Gibraltar
Climate Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers
Coastline 12 km
Constitution 30 May 1969
Country name conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Gibraltar
Currency Gibraltar pound (GIP)
Death rate 8.88 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status overseas territory of the UK
Diplomatic representation from the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (overseas territory of the UK)
Disputes - international Spain and UK are discussing "total shared sovereignty" to resolve 300-year dispute over Gibraltar, but resolution is subject to a constitutional referendum by Gibraltarians, who have largely expressed opposition to any form of cession to Spain
Economic aid - recipient $NA; note - if an agreement between Spain and the UK is reached, could receive 50 million euros from the EU
Economy - overview Gibraltar benefits from an extensive shipping trade, offshore banking, and its position as an international conference center. The British military presence has been sharply reduced and now contributes about 11% to the local economy. The financial sector accounts for 20% of GDP; tourism (almost 6 million visitors in 1998), shipping services fees, and duties on consumer goods also generate revenue. In recent years, Gibraltar has seen major structural change from a public to a private sector economy, but changes in government spending still have a major impact on the level of employment.
Electricity - consumption 90.21 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - production 97 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2000)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m

highest point: Rock of Gibraltar 426 m
Environment - current issues limited natural freshwater resources: large concrete or natural rock water catchments collect rainwater (no longer used for drinking water) and adequate desalination plant
Ethnic groups Spanish, Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese
Exchange rates Gibraltar pounds per US dollar - 0.6981 (January 2002), 0.8977 (2001), 0.6596 (2000), 0.6180 (1999), 0.6037 (1998), 0.6106 (1997); note - the Gibraltar pound is at par with the British pound
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor and Commander-in-Chief David DURIE (since 5 April 2000); note - Sir Francis RICHARDS was appointed governor 18 December 2002 and will take office in May 2003

head of government: Chief Minister Peter CARUANA (since 17 May 1996)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed from among the 15 elected members of the House of Assembly by the governor in consultation with the chief minister

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor
Exports 0 kWh (2000)
Exports $81.1 million f.o.b. (1997)
Exports - commodities (principally reexports) petroleum 51%, manufactured goods 41%, other 8%
Exports - partners UK, Morocco, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain, US, Germany
Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June
Flag description two horizontal bands of white (top, double width) and red with a three-towered red castle in the center of the white band; hanging from the castle gate is a gold key centered in the red band
GDP purchasing power parity - $500 million (1997 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $17,500 (1997 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 36 8 N, 5 21 W
Geography - note strategic location on Strait of Gibraltar that links the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea
Highways total: 46.25 km

paved: 46.25 km

unpaved: 0 km (2001)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2000)
Imports $492 million c.i.f. (1997)
Imports - commodities fuels, manufactured goods, and foodstuffs
Imports - partners UK, Spain, Japan, Netherlands
Independence none (overseas territory of the UK)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, banking and finance, ship-building and repairing; tobacco, mineral water, beer
Infant mortality rate 5.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 1.5% (1998)
International organization participation Interpol (subbureau)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 2 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court; Court of Appeal
Labor force 14,800 (including non-Gibraltar laborers)
Labor force - by occupation services 60%, industry 40%, agriculture NEGL%
Land boundaries total: 1.2 km

border countries: Spain 1.2 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (1998 est.)
Languages English (used in schools and for official purposes), Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
Legal system English law
Legislative branch unicameral House of Assembly (18 seats - 15 elected by popular vote, one appointed for the Speaker, and two ex officio members; members serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 10 February 2000 (next to be held NA 2004)

election results: percent of vote by party - GSD 58%, GSLP 41%; seats by party - GSD 8, GSLP 7
Life expectancy at birth total population: 79.23 years

male: 76.37 years

female: 82.25 years (2002 est.)
Literacy definition: NA

total population: above 80%

male: NA%

female: NA%
Location Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar, which links the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southern coast of Spain
Map references Europe
Maritime claims territorial sea: 3 NM
Merchant marine total: 75 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 900,400 GRT/1,277,611 DWT

ships by type: bulk 2, cargo 35, chemical tanker 6, container 10, multi-functional large-load carrier 3, passenger 3, petroleum tanker 14, roll on/roll off 2

note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Belgium 1, Cyprus 1, France 2, Germany 55, Greece 6, Ireland 1, Monaco 2, Norway 3, United Kingdom 13 (2002 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
Military branches no regular indigenous military forces; British Army, Royal Navy, Royal Air Force
National holiday National Day, 10 September (1964); note - day of the national referendum to decide whether to remain with the UK or go with Spain
Nationality noun: Gibraltarian(s)

adjective: Gibraltar
Natural hazards NA
Natural resources NEGL
Net migration rate NEGL migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Pipelines 0 km
Political parties and leaders Gibraltar Social Democrats or GSD [Peter CARUANA]; Gibraltar Socialist Labor Party or GSLP [Joseph John BOSSANO]
Political pressure groups and leaders Chamber of Commerce; Gibraltar Representatives Organization; Women's Association
Population 27,714 (July 2002 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.23% (2002 est.)
Ports and harbors Gibraltar
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 37,000 (1997)
Religions Roman Catholic 76.9%, Church of England 6.9%, Muslim 6.9%, Jewish 2.3%, none or other 7% (1991)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal, plus other UK subjects who have been residents six months or more
Telephone system general assessment: adequate, automatic domestic system and adequate international facilities

domestic: automatic exchange facilities

international: radiotelephone; microwave radio relay; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 19,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,620 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 1 (plus three low-power repeaters) (1997)
Terrain a narrow coastal lowland borders the Rock of Gibraltar
Total fertility rate 1.65 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate 13.5% (1996) (1996)
Waterways none
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