Strona glowna Porownaj panstwa Spis panstw Spis pol


Ekwador (2008)

Ekwador - wybierz rok:
EkwadorEkwador (2001) (porownaj)
EkwadorEkwador (2002) (porownaj)
EkwadorEkwador (2003) (porownaj)
EkwadorEkwador (2004) (porownaj)
EkwadorEkwador (2005) (porownaj)
EkwadorEkwador (2006) (porownaj)
EkwadorEkwador (2007) (porownaj)

Porownaj z innymi popularnymi panstwami

Ekwador 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 24 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia); Azuay, Bolivar, Canar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Galapagos, Guayas, Imbabura, Loja, Los Rios, Manabi, Morona-Santiago, Napo, Orellana, Pastaza, Pichincha, Santa Elena, Santo Domingo de los Tsachilas, Sucumbios, Tungurahua, Zamora-Chinchipe
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 32.6% (male 2,282,319/female 2,196,685)

15-64 years: 62.3% (male 4,271,848/female 4,301,149)

65 years and over: 5.1% (male 330,302/female 373,377) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo bananas, coffee, cocoa, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca), plantains, sugarcane; cattle, sheep, pigs, beef, pork, dairy products; balsa wood; fish, shrimp
Lotniska 406 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 104

over 3,047 m: 4

2,438 to 3,047 m: 3

1,524 to 2,437 m: 17

914 to 1,523 m: 26

under 914 m: 54 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 302

914 to 1,523 m: 34

under 914 m: 268 (2007)
Terytorium total: 283,560 sq km

land: 276,840 sq km

water: 6,720 sq km

note: includes Galapagos Islands
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Nevada
Tlo historyczne What is now Ekwador formed part of the northern Inca Empire until the Spanish conquest w 1533. Quito became a seat of Spanish colonial government w 1563 and part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada w 1717. The territories of the Viceroyalty - New Granada (Kolumbia), Wenezuela, and Quito - gained their independence between 1819 and 1822 and formed a federation known as Gran Kolumbia. When Quito withdrew w 1830, the traditional name was changed w favor of the "Republic of the Equator." Between 1904 and 1942, Ekwador lost territories w a series of conflicts z its neighbors. A border war z Peru that flared w 1995 was resolved w 1999. Although Ekwador marked 25 years of civilian governance w 2004, the period has been marred by political instability. Protests w Quito have contributed to the mid-term ouster of Ekwador's last three democratically elected Presidents.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 21.91 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $13.1 billion

expenditures: planned $11.3 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Quito

geographic coordinates: 0 13 S, 78 30 W

time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical w Amazonian jungle lowlands
Linia brzegowa 2,237 km
Konstytucja 10 sierpien 1998
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Ekwador

conventional short form: Ekwador

local long form: Republica del Ekwador

local short form: Ekwador
Wspolczynnik zgonow 4.21 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $17.56 billion (31 pazdziernik 2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Linda L. JEWELL

embassy: Avenida 12 de Octubre y Avenida Patria, Quito

mailing address: APO AA 34039

telephone: [593] (2) 256-2890

FAX: [593] (2) 250-2052

consulate(s) general: Guayaquil
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Luis Benigno GALLEGOS Chiriboga

chancery: 2535 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: [1] (202) 234-7200

FAX: [1] (202) 667-3482

consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, Jersey City (New Jersey), Los Angeles, Miami, New Orleans, New York, San Francisco, Washington, DC
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje organized illegal narcotics operations w Kolumbia penetrate across Ekwador's shared border, which thousands of Kolumbians also cross to escape the violence w their home country
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $209.5 million (2005)
Ekonomia Ekwador is substantially dependent on its petroleum resources, which have accounted dla more than half of the country's export earnings and one-fourth of public sector revenues w recent years. In 1999/2000, Ekwador suffered a severe economic crisis, z Produkt krajowy brutto contracted by more than 6%, z a significant increase w poverty. The banking system also collapsed, and Ekwador defaulted on its external debt later that year. In marzec 2000, Congress approved a series of structural reforms that also provided dla the adoption of the US dollar as legal tender. Dollarization stabilized the economy, and positive growth returned w the years that followed, helped by high oil prices, remittances, and increased non-traditional exports. From 2002-2006 the economy grew 5.5%, the highest five-year average w 25 years. The poverty rate declined but remained high at 38% w 2006. In 2006 the government of Alfredo PALACIO (2005-07) seized the assets of Occidental Petroleum dla alleged contract violations and imposed a windfall revenue tax on foreign oil companies, leading to the suspension of free trade negotiations z the US. These measures, combined z chronic underinvestment w the state oil company, Petroecuador, led to a drop w petroleum production w 2007. PALACIO's successor, Rafael CORREA, raised the specter of debt default - but Ekwador has paid its debt on time. He also decreed a higher windfall revenue tax on private oil companies, then sought to renegotiate their contracts to overcome the debilitating effect of the tax. This generated economic uncertainty; private investment has dropped and economic growth has slowed significantly.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 8.855 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 16 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 1.723 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 12.94 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point: Chimborazo 6,267 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution; pollution from oil production wastes w ecologically sensitive areas of the Amazon Basin and Galapagos Islands
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3%
Kurs waluty 1 the US dollar is used; the sucre was eliminated w 2000
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Rafael CORREA Delgado (since 15 styczen 2007); Vice President Lenin MORENO Garces (since 15 styczen 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Rafael CORREA Delgado (since 15 styczen 2007); Vice President Lenin MORENO Garces (since 15 styczen 2007)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president

elections: the president and vice president are elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla a four-year term (may not serve consecutive terms); election last held 15 pazdziernik 2006 z a runoff election on 26 listopad 2006 (next to be held w pazdziernik 2010)

election results: Rafael CORREA Delgado elected president; percent of vote - Rafael CORREA Delgado 56.7%; Alvaro NOBOA 43.3%
Eksport 16 million kWh (2005)
Eksport $13.3 billion (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 420,600 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Eksport - towary petroleum, bananas, cut flowers, shrimp, cacao, coffee, hemp, wood, fish
Eksport - partnerzy US 53.6%, Peru 8.2%, Kolumbia 5.6%, Chile 4.4% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three horizontal bands of yellow (top, double width), blue, and red z the coat of arms superimposed at the center of the flag; similar to the flag of Kolumbia, which is shorter and does not bear a coat of arms
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 10%

industry: 35%

services: 54% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.6% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 2 00 S, 77 30 W
Polozenie geograficzne Cotopaxi w Andes is highest active volcano w world
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2%

highest 10%: 35%

note: data dla urban households only (pazdziernik 2006)
Narkotyki significant transit country dla cocaine originating w Kolumbia and Peru, z over half of the US-bound cocaine passing through Ekwadorian Pacific waters; importer of precursor chemicals used w production of illicit narcotics; attractive location dla cash-placement by drug traffickers laundering money because of dollarization and weak anti-money-laundering regime; increased activity on the northern frontier by trafficking groups and Kolumbian insurgents
Import 1.723 billion kWh (2005)
Import $13 billion (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 44,680 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary industrial materials, fuels and lubricants, nondurable consumer goods
Import - partnerzy US 23.1%, Kolumbia 13.3%, Brazylia 7.3%, Panama 4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 24 maj 1822 (from Hiszpania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 1.4% (2007 est.)
Przemysl petroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products, chemicals
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 22.1 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 26.5 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 17.47 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 3.3% (2007 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 8,650 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (according to the Konstytucja, new justices are elected by the full Supreme Court; w grudzien 2004, however, Congress successfully replaced the entire court via a simple-majority resolution)
Sila robocza 4.55 million (urban) (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 8%

industry: 24%

services: 68% (2001)
Granica total: 2,010 km

border countries: Kolumbia 590 km, Peru 1,420 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 5.71%

permanent crops: 4.81%

other: 89.48% (2005)
Jezyki Spanish (official), Amerindian languages (especially Quechua)
System prawny based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (100 seats; members are elected through a party-list proportional representation system to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 15 pazdziernik 2006 (next to be held w pazdziernik 2010)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PRIAN 28; PSP 24; PSC 13; ID 7; PRE 6; MUPP-NP 6; RED 5; UDC 5; other 6; note - defections by members of National Congress are commonplace, resulting w frequent changes w the numbers of seats held by the various parties; as of 29 listopad 2007, Congress is on indefinite recess
Zywotnosc total population: 76.62 years

male: 73.74 years

female: 79.63 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 91%

male: 92.3%

female: 89.7% (2001 census)
Lokalizacja Western South America, bordering the Ocean Spokojny at the Equator, between Kolumbia and Peru
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 200 nm

continental shelf: 100 nm from 2,500 meter isobath
Flota handlowa total: 33 ships (1000 GRT or over) 190,931 GRT/306,280 DWT

by type: chemical tanker 1, liquefied gas 1, passenger 8, petroleum tanker 22, specialized tanker 1

foreign-owned: 2 (Filipiny 1, US 1)

registered w other countries: 3 (Chiny 1, Panama 2) (2007)
Wojsko Army, Navy (includes Naval Infantry, Naval Aviation, Coast Guard), Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Ecuatoriana, FAE) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.8% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day (independence of Quito), 10 sierpien (1809)
Narodowosc noun: Ekwadorian(s)

adjective: Ekwadorian
Naturalne zagrozenia frequent earthquakes, landslides, volcanic activity; floods; periodic droughts
Surowce naturalne petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -2.16 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi extra heavy crude oil 578 km; gas 71 km; oil 1,389 km; refined products 1,185 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alianza PAIS Movement [Rafael Vicente CORREA Delgado]; Christian Democratic Union or UDC [Diego ORDONEZ Guerrero]; Concentration of Popular Forces or CFP; Democratic Left or ID [Andres PAEZ Benalcazar]; Ethical and Democratic Network or RED [Leon ROLDOS]; National Action Institutional Renewal Party or PRIAN [Alvaro NOBOA]; Pachakutik Plurinational Unity Movement - New Country or MUPP-NP [Gilberto TALAHUA]; Patriotic Society Party or PSP [Lucio GUTIERREZ Borbua]; Popular Democratic Movement or MPD [Ciro GUZMAN Aldaz]; Roldosist Party or PRE [Abdala BUCARAM Ortiz, director]; Social Christian Party or PSC [Pascual DEL CIOPPO]; Socialist Party - Broad Front or PS-FA [Gustavo AYALA Cruz]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ekwador or CONAIE [Luis MACAS, president]; Coordinator of Social Movements or CMS [F. Napoleon SANTOS]; Federation of Indigenous Evangelists of Ekwador or FEINE [Marco MURILLO, president]; National Federation of Indigenous Afro-Ecuatorianos and Peasants or FENOCIN [Pedro DE LA CRUZ, president]
Ludnosc 13,755,680 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 38.3% (2006)
Przyrost naturalny 1.554% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 392, FM 35, shortwave 29 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 966 km

narrow gauge: 966 km 1.067-m gauge (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 95%, other 5%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.039 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.993 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.885 male(s)/female

total population: 1.002 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal, compulsory dla literate persons ages 18-65, optional dla other eligible voters
System telefoniczny general assessment: generally elementary but being expanded

domestic: fixed-line services provided by three state-owned enterprises; plans to transfer the state-owned operators to private ownership have repeatedly failed; fixed-line density stands at about 13 per 100 persons; mobile cellular use has surged and has a subscribership of nearly 65 per 100 persons

international: country code - 593; landing point dla the PAN-AM submarine telecommunications cable that provides links to the west coast of South America, Panama, Kolumbia, Wenezuela, and extending onward to Aruba and the US Wyspy Dziewicze w the Caribbean; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki) (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1.754 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 8.485 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 7 (plus 14 repeaters) (2000)
Uksztaltowanie terenu coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.63 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 9.8% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 1,500 km (most inaccessible) (2006)
Mapa strony: Wszystkie porownania (mapa serwisu) | Spis podstron z informacjami na temat panstw
Links: Dodaj do ulubionych | Informacje o tej stronie | Statystyki | Polityka prywatnosci
Ta strona zostala wygenerowana w ciagu 0.10150003 s. Rozmiar tej strony: 46.09 kB.