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Burundi (2008)

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Burundi 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 17 provinces; Bubanza, Bujumbura Mairie, Bujumbura Rurale, Bururi, Cankuzo, Cibitoke, Gitega, Karuzi, Kayanza, Kirundo, Makamba, Muramvya, Muyinga, Mwaro, Ngozi, Rutana, Ruyigi
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 46.3% (male 1,951,879/female 1,930,371)

15-64 years: 51.2% (male 2,131,759/female 2,162,093)

65 years and over: 2.6% (male 85,522/female 128,881) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc (tapioca); beef, milk, hides
Lotniska 8 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1

over 3,047 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 7

914 to 1,523 m: 4

under 914 m: 3 (2007)
Terytorium total: 27,830 sq km

land: 25,650 sq km

water: 2,180 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Maryland
Tlo historyczne Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated w pazdziernik 1993 after only 100 days w office, triggering widespread ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. More than 200,000 Burundians perished during the conflict that spanned almost a dozen years. Hundreds of thousands of Burundians were internally displaced or became refugees w neighboring countries. An internationally brokered power-sharing agreement between the Tutsi-dominated government and the Hutu rebels w 2003 paved the way dla a transition process that led to an integrated defense force, established a new constitution w 2005, and elected a majority Hutu government w 2005. The new government, led by President Pierre NKURUNZIZA, signed a Republika Poludniowej Afrykin brokered ceasefire z the country's last rebel group w wrzesien of 2006 but still faces many challenges.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 41.97 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $259.4 million

expenditures: $331.8 million; including capital expenditures of $NA (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Bujumbura

geographic coordinates: 3 22 S, 29 21 E

time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat equatorial; high plateau z considerable altitude variation (772 m to 2,670 m above sea level); average annual temperature varies z altitude from 23 to 17 degrees centigrade but is generally moderate as the average altitude is about 1,700 m; average annual rainfall is about 150 cm; two wet seasons (luty to maj and wrzesien to listopad), and two dry seasons (czerwiec to sierpien and grudzien to styczen)
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja 28 luty 2005; ratified by popular referendum
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Burundi

conventional short form: Burundi

local long form: Republique du Burundi/Republika y'u Burundi

local short form: Burundi

former: Urundi
Wspolczynnik zgonow 13.17 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.2 billion (2003)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Patricia Newton MOLLER

embassy: Avenue des Etats-Unis, Bujumbura

mailing address: B. P. 1720, Bujumbura

telephone: [257] 223454

FAX: [257] 222926
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Celestin NIYONGABO

chancery: Suite 212, 2233 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007

telephone: [1] (202) 342-2574

FAX: [1] (202) 342-2578
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje conflicts among Tutsi, Hutu, other ethnic groups, associated political rebels, armed gangs, and various government forces have abated somewhat w the Great Lakes region; UN Operation w Burundi (ONUB) completed its mandate w grudzien 2006 after a three-year peace-keeping mission
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $365 million (2005)
Ekonomia Burundi is a landlocked, resource-poor country z an underdeveloped manufacturing sector. The economy is predominantly agricultural z more than 90% of the population dependent on subsistence agriculture. Economic growth depends on coffee and tea exports, which account dla 90% of foreign exchange earnings. The ability to pay dla imports, therefore, rests primarily on weather conditions and international coffee and tea prices. The Tutsi minority, 14% of the population, dominates the government and the coffee trade at the expense of the Hutu majority, 85% of the population. An ethnic-based war that lasted dla over a decade resulted w more than 200,000 deaths, forced more than 48,000 refugees into Tanzania, and displaced 140,000 others internally. Only one w two children go to school, and approximately one w 15 adults has HIV/AIDS. Food, medicine, and electricity remain w short supply. Burundi grew about 5% annually w 2006, but Produkt krajowy brutto growth probably fell to under 4% w 2007. Political stability and the end of the civil war have improved aid flows and economic activity has increased, but underlying weaknesses - a high poverty rate, poor education rates, a weak legal system, and low administrative capacity - risk undermining planned economic reforms. Burundi will continue to remain heavily dependent on aid from bilateral and multilateral donors; the delay of funds after a corruption scandal cut off bilateral aid w 2007 reduced government's revenues and its ability to pay salaries.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 161.4 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 34 million kWh; note - supplied by the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 137 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Lake Tanganyika 772 m

highest point: Heha 2,670 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy soil erosion as a result of overgrazing and the expansion of agriculture into marginal lands; deforestation (little forested land remains because of uncontrolled cutting of trees dla fuel); habitat loss threatens wildlife populations
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000
Kurs waluty Burundi francs per US dollar - 1,065 (2007), 1,030 (2006), 1,138 (2005), 1,100.91 (2004), 1,082.62 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Pierre NKURUNZIZA (since 26 sierpien 2005); First Vice President Yves SAVINGUVU - Tutsi (since 9 listopad 2007); Second Vice President Gabriel NTISEZERANA - Hutu (since 9 luty 2007)

head of government: President Pierre NKURUNZIZA (since 26 sierpien 2005); First Vice President Yves SAVINGUVU - Tutsi (since 9 listopad 2007); Second Vice President Gabriel NTISEZERANA - Hutu (since 9 luty 2007)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by president

elections: the president is elected by popular vote to a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); note - the constitution adopted w luty 2005 permits the post-transition president to be elected by a two-thirds majority of the parliament; vice presidents nominated by the president, endorsed by parliament

election results: Pierre NKURUNZIZA was elected president by the parliament by a vote of 151 to 9; note - the constitution adopted w luty 2005 permits the post-transition president to be elected by a two-thirds majority of the legislature
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $74.17 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides
Eksport - partnerzy Szwajcaria 33.7%, UK 12.2%, Pakistan 8.5%, Ruanda 5.3%, Egipt 4.2% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi divided by a white diagonal cross into red panels (top and bottom) and green panels (hoist side and fly side) z a white disk superimposed at the center bearing three red six-pointed stars outlined w green arranged w a triangular design (one star above, two stars below)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 44.9%

industry: 20.9%

services: 34.1% (2006 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.5% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 3 30 S, 30 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; straddles crest of the Nile-Congo watershed; the Kagera, which drains into Lake Victoria, is the most remote headstream of the White Nile
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.7%

highest 10%: 32.8% (1998)
Import 34 million kWh; note - supplied by the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2005)
Import $340.2 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 2,687 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary capital goods, petroleum products, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Arabia Saudyjska 12.6%, Kenia 8.2%, Japonia 7.8%, Rosja 4.7%, UK 4.6%, Francja 4.4%, Chiny 4.4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 1 lipiec 1962 (from UN trusteeship under Belgian administration)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 7.5% (2007 est.)
Przemysl light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 61.93 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 68.91 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 54.75 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 7% (2007 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 210 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; Konstytucjaal Court; Courts of Appeal (there are three w separate locations); Tribunals of First Instance (17 at the province level and 123 small local tribunals)
Sila robocza 2.99 million (2002)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 93.6%

industry: 2.3%

services: 4.1% (2002 est.)
Granica total: 974 km

border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 233 km, Ruanda 290 km, Tanzania 451 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 35.57%

permanent crops: 13.12%

other: 51.31% (2005)
Jezyki Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and w the Bujumbura area)
System prawny based on German and Belgian civil codes and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament or Parlement, consists of a National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (minimum 100 seats, 60% Hutu and 40% Tutsi z at least 30% being women; additional seats appointed by a National Independent Electoral Commission to ensure ethnic representation; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and a Senate (54 seats; 34 members elected by indirect vote to serve five-year terms, z remaining seats assigned to ethnic groups and former chiefs of state)

elections: National Assembly - last held 4 lipiec 2005 (next to be held w 2010); Senate - last held 29 lipiec 2005 (next to be held w 2010)

election results: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - CNDD-FDD 58.6%, FRODEBU 21.7%, UPRONA 7.2%, CNDD 4.1%, MRC-Rurenzangemero 2.1%, others 6.2%; seats by party - CNDD-FDD 59, FRODEBU 25, UPRONA 10, CNDD 4, MRC-Rurenzangemero 2; Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CNDD-FDD 30, FRODEBU 3, CNDD 1
Zywotnosc total population: 51.29 years

male: 50.48 years

female: 52.12 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 59.3%

male: 67.3%

female: 52.2% (2000 est.)
Lokalizacja Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko National Defense Force (Forces de Defense Nationales, FDN): Army (includes Naval Detachment and Air Wing) (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 5.9% (2006 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 1 lipiec (1962)
Narodowosc noun: Burundian(s)

adjective: Burundian
Naturalne zagrozenia flooding, landslides, drought
Surowce naturalne nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum, vanadium, arable land, hydropower, niobium, tantalum, gold, tin, tungsten, kaolin, limestone
Wspolczynnik migracji 7.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy governing parties: Burundi Democratic Front or FRODEBU [Leonce NGENDAKUMANA]; National Council dla the Defense of Democracy - Front dla the Defense of Democracy or CNDD-FDD [Jeremie NGENDAKUMANA]; Unity dla National Progress or UPRONA [Aloys RUBUKA]

note: a multiparty system was introduced after 1998, included are: National Council dla the Defense of Democracy or CNDD [Leonard NYANGOMA]; National Resistance Movement dla the Rehabilitation of the Citizen or MRC-Rurenzangemero [Epitace BANYAGANAKANDI]; Party dla National Redress or PARENA [Jean-Baptiste BAGAZA]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow none
Ludnosc 8,390,505

note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 68% (2002 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 3.593% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 4, shortwave 1 (2001)
Religie Christian 67% (Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 5%), indigenous beliefs 23%, Muslim 10%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.011 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.986 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.664 male(s)/female

total population: 0.988 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze NA years of age; universal (adult)
System telefoniczny general assessment: primitive system; telephone density one of the lowest w the world; fixed-line connections stand at well less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular usage is increasing but remains at a meager 2 per 100 persons

domestic: sparse system of open-wire, radiotelephone communications, and low-capacity microwave radio relay

international: country code - 257; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Indyjski) (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 31,100 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 153,000 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau w east, some plains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 6.48 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Drogi wodne mainly on Lake Tanganyika (2005)
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