Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


Swaziland (2008)

Swaziland - select year:
SwazilandSwaziland (2001) (compare)
SwazilandSwaziland (2002) (compare)
SwazilandSwaziland (2003) (compare)
SwazilandSwaziland (2004) (compare)
SwazilandSwaziland (2005) (compare)
SwazilandSwaziland (2006) (compare)
SwazilandSwaziland (2007) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

Swaziland 2008 year

Administrative divisions 4 districts; Hhohho, Lubombo, Manzini, Shiselweni
Age structure 0-14 years: 40.3% (male 230,238/female 226,184)

15-64 years: 56.1% (male 304,899/female 331,036)

65 years and over: 3.6% (male 15,870/female 24,839) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products sugarcane, cotton, corn, tobacco, rice, citrus, pineapples, sorghum, peanuts; cattle, goats, sheep
Airports 18 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 17

914 to 1,523 m: 7

under 914 m: 10 (2007)
Area total: 17,363 sq km

land: 17,203 sq km

water: 160 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than New Jersey
Background Autonomy for the Swazis of southern Africa was guaranteed by the British in the late 19th century; independence was granted in 1968. Student and labor unrest during the 1990s pressured King MSWATI III, the world's last absolute monarch, to grudgingly allow political reform and greater democracy, although he has backslid on these promises in recent years. A constitution came into effect in 2006, but political parties remain banned. The African United Democratic Party tried unsuccessfully to register as an official political party in mid 2006. Talks over the constitution broke down between the government and progressive groups in 2007. Swaziland recently surpassed Botswana as the country with the world's highest known HIV/AIDS prevalence rate.
Birth rate 26.98 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $1.216 billion

expenditures: $1.15 billion (2007 est.)
Capital name: Mbabane

geographic coordinates: 26 18 S, 31 06 E

time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

note: Lobamba (royal and legislative capital)
Climate varies from tropical to near temperate
Coastline 0 km (landlocked)
Constitution signed by the King in July 2005 went into effect on 8 February 2006
Country name conventional long form: Kingdom of Swaziland

conventional short form: Swaziland

local long form: Umbuso weSwatini

local short form: eSwatini
Death rate 30.35 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $538.6 million (31 December 2007 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Maurice S. PARKER

embassy: Central Bank Building, Mahlokahla Street, Mbabane

mailing address: P. O. Box 199, Mbabane

telephone: [268] 404-6441 through 404-6445

FAX: [268] 404-5959
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Ephraim Mandla HLOPHE

chancery: 1712 New Hampshire Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: [1] (202) 234-5002

FAX: [1] (202) 234-8254
Disputes - international in 2006, Swazi king advocates resort to ICJ to claim parts of Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal from South Africa
Economic aid - recipient $46.03 million (2005)
Economy - overview In this small, landlocked economy, subsistence agriculture occupies approximately 70% of the population. The manufacturing sector has diversified since the mid-1980s. Sugar and wood pulp remain important foreign exchange earners. In 2007, the sugar industry increased efficiency and diversification efforts, in response to a 17% decline in EU sugar prices. Mining has declined in importance in recent years with only coal and quarry stone mines remaining active. Surrounded by South Africa, except for a short border with Mozambique, Swaziland is heavily dependent on South Africa from which it receives more than nine-tenths of its imports and to which it sends 60% of its exports. Swaziland's currency is pegged to the South African rand, subsuming Swaziland's monetary policy to South Africa. Customs duties from the Southern African Customs Union, which may equal as much as 70% of government revenue this year, and worker remittances from South Africa substantially supplement domestically earned income. Swaziland is not poor enough to merit an IMF program; however, the country is struggling to reduce the size of the civil service and control costs at public enterprises. The government is trying to improve the atmosphere for foreign investment. With an estimated 40% unemployment rate, Swaziland's need to increase the number and size of small and medium enterprises and attract foreign direct investment is acute. Overgrazing, soil depletion, drought, and sometimes floods persist as problems for the future. More than one-fourth of the population needed emergency food aid in 2006-07 because of drought, and nearly two-fifths of the adult population has been infected by HIV/AIDS.
Electricity - consumption 1.3 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 872 million kWh; note - electricity supplied by South Africa (2007)
Electricity - production 460 million kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Great Usutu River 21 m

highest point: Emlembe 1,862 m
Environment - current issues limited supplies of potable water; wildlife populations being depleted because of excessive hunting; overgrazing; soil degradation; soil erosion
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Ethnic groups African 97%, European 3%
Exchange rates lilangeni per US dollar - 7.4 (2007), 6.85 (2006), 6.3593 (2005), 6.4597 (2004), 7.5648 (2003)
Executive branch chief of state: King MSWATI III (since 25 April 1986)

head of government: Prime Minister Absolom Themba DLAMINI (since 14 November 2003)

cabinet: Cabinet recommended by the prime minister and confirmed by the monarch

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch from among the elected members of the House of Assembly
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $2.169 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Exports 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Exports 0 bbl/day (2004)
Exports - commodities soft drink concentrates, sugar, wood pulp, cotton yarn, refrigerators, citrus and canned fruit
Exports - partners South Africa 59.7%, EU 8.8%, US 8.8%, Mozambique 6.2% (2006)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in yellow; centered in the red band is a large black and white shield covering two spears and a staff decorated with feather tassels, all placed horizontally
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 11.8%

industry: 45.8%

services: 42.3% (2007 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 1.6% (2007 est.)
Geographic coordinates 26 30 S, 31 30 E
Geography - note landlocked; almost completely surrounded by South Africa
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: 1.6%

highest 10%: 40.7% (2001)
Imports 872 million kWh; note - electricity supplied by South Africa (2007)
Imports $2.31 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Imports 0 cu m (2005)
Imports 3,530 bbl/day (2004)
Imports - commodities motor vehicles, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals
Imports - partners South Africa 95.6%, EU 0.9%, Japan 0.9%, Singapore 0.3% (2006)
Independence 6 September 1968 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate 1% (2007 est.)
Industries coal, wood pulp, sugar, soft drink concentrates, textile and apparel
Infant mortality rate total: 70.66 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 74 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 67.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6% (2007 est.)
International organization participation ACP, AfDB, AU, C, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PCA, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Irrigated land 500 sq km (2003)
Judicial branch High Court; Supreme Court; judges for both courts are appointed by the monarch
Labor force 300,000 (2006)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
Land boundaries total: 535 km

border countries: Mozambique 105 km, South Africa 430 km
Land use arable land: 10.25%

permanent crops: 0.81%

other: 88.94% (2005)
Languages English (official, government business conducted in English), siSwati (official)
Legal system based on South African Roman-Dutch law in statutory courts and Swazi traditional law and custom in traditional courts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Legislative branch bicameral Parliament or Libandla consists of the Senate (30 seats; 10 members appointed by the House of Assembly and 20 appointed by the monarch; to serve five-year terms) and the House of Assembly (65 seats; 10 members appointed by the monarch and 55 elected by popular vote; to serve five-year terms)

elections: House of Assembly - last held 18 October 2003 (next to be held in October 2008)

election results: House of Assembly - balloting is done on a nonparty basis; candidates for election are nominated by the local council of each constituency and for each constituency the three candidates with the most votes in the first round of voting are narrowed to a single winner by a second round
Life expectancy at birth total population: 32.23 years

male: 31.84 years

female: 32.62 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 81.6%

male: 82.6%

female: 80.8% (2003 est.)
Location Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa
Map references Africa
Maritime claims none (landlocked)
Military branches Umbutfo Swaziland Defense Force (USDF): Ground Force (includes air wing), Royal Swaziland Police Force (RSPF) (2007)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 4.7% (2006)
National holiday Independence Day, 6 September (1968)
Nationality noun: Swazi(s)

adjective: Swazi
Natural hazards drought
Natural resources asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders the status of political parties, previously banned, is unclear under the new (2006) Constitution and currently being debated - the following are considered political associations; African United Democratic Party or AUDP [Stanley MAUNDZISA, president]; Imbokodvo National Movement or INM; Ngwane National Liberatory Congress or NNLC [Obed DLAMINI, president]; People's United Democratic Movement or PUDEMO [Mario MASUKU, president]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 1,133,066

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line 69% (2006)
Population growth rate -0.337% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 3, FM 2 (plus 4 repeaters), shortwave 3 (2004)
Railways total: 301 km

narrow gauge: 301 km 1.067-m gauge (2006)
Religions Zionist 40% (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship), Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, other (includes Anglican, Bahai, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish) 30%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.018 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.921 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.639 male(s)/female

total population: 0.947 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age
Telephone system general assessment: a somewhat modern but not an advanced system

domestic: mobile-cellular subscribership is increasing; combined fixed-line and mobile cellular teledensity about 25 telephones per 100 persons; telephone system consists of carrier-equipped, open-wire lines and low-capacity, microwave radio relay

international: country code - 268; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 44,000 (2006)
Telephones - mobile cellular 250,000 (2006)
Television broadcast stations 12 (includes 7 relay stations) (2004)
Terrain mostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains
Total fertility rate 3.43 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 40% (2006 est.)
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.