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Swaziland (2006)

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Swaziland 2006 year

Administrative divisions 4 districts; Hhohho, Lubombo, Manzini, Shiselweni
Age structure 0-14 years: 40.7% (male 233,169/female 229,103)

15-64 years: 55.8% (male 303,260/female 330,460)

65 years and over: 3.6% (male 16,071/female 24,271) (2006 est.)
Agriculture - products sugarcane, cotton, corn, tobacco, rice, citrus, pineapples, sorghum, peanuts; cattle, goats, sheep
Airports 18 (2006)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2006)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 17

914 to 1,523 m: 7

under 914 m: 10 (2006)
Area total: 17,363 sq km

land: 17,203 sq km

water: 160 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than New Jersey
Background Autonomy for the Swazis of southern Africa was guaranteed by the British in the late 19th century; independence was granted in 1968. Student and labor unrest during the 1990s pressured the monarchy (one of the oldest on the continent) to grudgingly allow political reform and greater democracy. Swaziland recently surpassed Botswana as the country with the world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection.
Birth rate 27.41 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Budget revenues: $805.6 million

expenditures: $957.1 million; including capital expenditures of $147 million (2005 est.)
Capital name: Mbabane

geographic coordinates: 26 18 S, 31 06 E

time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

note: Lobamba (royal and legislative capital)
Climate varies from tropical to near temperate
Coastline 0 km (landlocked)
Constitution the first constitution was signed into law in July 2005 and is scheduled to be implemented in January 2006
Country name conventional long form: Kingdom of Swaziland

conventional short form: Swaziland

local long form: Umbuso weSwatini

local short form: eSwatini
Death rate 29.74 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Debt - external $357 million (2003 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Lewis LUCKE

embassy: Central Bank Building, Mahlokahla Street, Mbabane

mailing address: P. O. Box 199, Mbabane

telephone: [268] 404-6441 through 404-6445

FAX: [268] 404-5959
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Ephraim Mandla HLOPHE

chancery: 1712 New Hampshire Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: [1] (202) 234-5002

FAX: [1] (202) 234-8254
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $104 million (2001)
Economy - overview In this small, landlocked economy, subsistence agriculture occupies more than 80% of the population. The manufacturing sector has diversified since the mid-1980s. Sugar and wood pulp remain important foreign exchange earners. Mining has declined in importance in recent years with only coal and quarry stone mines remaining active. Surrounded by South Africa, except for a short border with Mozambique, Swaziland is heavily dependent on South Africa from which it receives about nine-tenths of its imports and to which it sends nearly two-thirds of its exports. Customs duties from the Southern African Customs Union and worker remittances from South Africa substantially supplement domestically earned income. The government is trying to improve the atmosphere for foreign investment. Overgrazing, soil depletion, drought, and sometimes floods persist as problems for the future. More than one-fourth of the population needed emergency food aid in 2004-05 because of drought, and nearly two-fifths of the adult population has been infected by HIV/AIDS.
Electricity - consumption 1.161 billion kWh (2003)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2004)
Electricity - imports 821.4 million kWh; note - electricity supplied by South Africa (2004)
Electricity - production 392 million kWh (2003)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Great Usutu River 21 m

highest point: Emlembe 1,862 m
Environment - current issues limited supplies of potable water; wildlife populations being depleted because of excessive hunting; overgrazing; soil degradation; soil erosion
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Ethnic groups African 97%, European 3%
Exchange rates emalangeni per US dollar - 6.3593 (2005), 6.4597 (2004), 7.5648 (2003), 10.5407 (2002), 8.6092 (2001)
Executive branch chief of state: King MSWATI III (since 25 April 1986)

head of government: Prime Minister Absolom Themba DLAMINI (since 14 November 2003)

cabinet: Cabinet recommended by the prime minister and confirmed by the monarch

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch
Exports 0 kWh (2004)
Exports $1.991 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Exports NA bbl/day
Exports - commodities soft drink concentrates, sugar, wood pulp, cotton yarn, refrigerators, citrus and canned fruit
Exports - partners South Africa 59.7%, EU 8.8%, US 8.8%, Mozambique 6.2% (2004)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in yellow; centered in the red band is a large black and white shield covering two spears and a staff decorated with feather tassels, all placed horizontally
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 11.9%

industry: 51.5%

services: 36.6% (2005 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 1.8% (2005 est.)
Geographic coordinates 26 30 S, 31 30 E
Geography - note landlocked; almost completely surrounded by South Africa
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: 1%

highest 10%: 50.2% (1995)
Imports 821.4 million kWh; note - electricity supplied by South Africa (2004)
Imports $2.149 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Imports NA bbl/day
Imports - commodities motor vehicles, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals
Imports - partners South Africa 95.6%, EU 0.9%, Japan 0.9%, Singapore 0.3% (2004)
Independence 6 September 1968 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate 3.7% (FY95/96)
Industries mining (coal, raw asbestos), wood pulp, sugar, soft drink concentrates, textile and apparel
Infant mortality rate total: 71.85 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 75.25 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 68.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4% (2005 est.)
International organization participation ACP, AfDB, AU, C, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PCA, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Irrigated land 500 sq km (2003)
Judicial branch High Court; Court of Appeal; judges for both courts are appointed by the monarch
Labor force 155,700 (2003)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
Land boundaries total: 535 km

border countries: Mozambique 105 km, South Africa 430 km
Land use arable land: 10.25%

permanent crops: 0.81%

other: 88.94% (2005)
Languages English (official, government business conducted in English), siSwati (official)
Legal system based on South African Roman-Dutch law in statutory courts and Swazi traditional law and custom in traditional courts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Legislative branch bicameral Parliament or Libandla, an advisory body, consists of the Senate (30 seats - 10 appointed by the House of Assembly and 20 appointed by the monarch; members serve five-year terms) and the House of Assembly (65 seats - 10 appointed by the monarch and 55 elected by popular vote; members serve five-year terms)

elections: House of Assembly - last held 18 October 2003 (next to be held October 2008)

election results: House of Assembly - balloting is done on a nonparty basis; candidates for election are nominated by the local council of each constituency and for each constituency the three candidates with the most votes in the first round of voting are narrowed to a single winner by a second round
Life expectancy at birth total population: 32.62 years

male: 32.1 years

female: 33.17 years (2006 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 81.6%

male: 82.6%

female: 80.8% (2003 est.)
Location Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa
Map references Africa
Maritime claims none (landlocked)
Military branches Umbutfo Swaziland Defense Force (USDF): Ground Force (includes air wing), Royal Swaziland Police Force (RSPF) (2005)
Military expenditures - dollar figure $41.6 million (2005 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 1.4% (2005 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 6 September (1968)
Nationality noun: Swazi(s)

adjective: Swazi
Natural hazards drought
Natural resources asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Political parties and leaders political parties are banned by the government under an emergency decree that will be revoked when the new constitution takes effect (January 2006)- the following are considered political associations; Imbokodvo National Movement or INM; Ngwane National Liberatory Congress or NNLC [Obed DLAMINI, president]; People's United Democratic Movement or PUDEMO [Mario MASUKU, president]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 1,136,334

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)
Population below poverty line 69% (2005)
Population growth rate -0.23% (2006 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 3, FM 2 plus 4 repeaters, shortwave 3 (2004)
Railways total: 301 km

narrow gauge: 301 km 1.067-m gauge (2005)
Religions Zionist 40% (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship), Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, Anglican, Bahai, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish and other 30%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female

total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age
Telephone system general assessment: a somewhat modern but not an advanced system

domestic: system consists of carrier-equipped, open-wire lines and low-capacity, microwave radio relay

international: country code - 268; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 35,000 (2005)
Telephones - mobile cellular 200,000 (2005)
Television broadcast stations 12 (includes 7 relay stations) (2004)
Terrain mostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains
Total fertility rate 3.53 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Unemployment rate 40% (2005 est.)
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