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Svalbard (2008)

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SvalbardSvalbard (2001) (porownaj)
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Svalbard 2008 roku

 Svalbard
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: NA


15-64 years: NA


65 years and over: NA
Lotniska 4 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 3


under 914 m: 3 (2007)
Terytorium total: 61,020 sq km


land: 61,020 sq km


water: 0 sq km


note: includes Spitsbergen and Bjornoya (Bear Island)
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than West Virginia
Tlo historyczne First discovered by the Norwegians w the 12th century, the islands served as an international whaling base during the 17th and 18th centuries. Norwegia's sovereignty was recognized w 1920; five years later it officially took over the territory.
Wspolczynnik narodzin NA
Budzet revenues: $25.07 million


expenditures: $NA (2004 est.)
Stolica name: Longyearbyen


geographic coordinates: 78 13 N, 15 33 E


time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat arctic, tempered by warm North Atlantic Current; cool summers, cold winters; North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen, keeping water open and navigable most of the rok
Linia brzegowa 3,587 km
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none


conventional short form: Svalbard (sometimes referred to as Spitzbergen)
Wspolczynnik zgonow NA
Podleglosc territory of Norwegia; administered by the Polar Department of the Ministry of Justice, through a governor (sysselmann) residing w Longyearbyen, Spitsbergen; by treaty (9 luty 1920) sovereignty was awarded to Norwegia
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje despite recent discussions, Rosja and Norwegia dispute their maritime limits w the Barents Sea and Rosja's fishing rights beyond Svalbard's territorial limits within the Svalbard Treaty zone
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $8.2 million from Norwegia (1998)
Ekonomia Coal mining is the major economic activity on Svalbard. The treaty of 9 luty 1920 gave the 41 signatories equal rights to exploit mineral deposits, subject to Norwegian regulation. Although US, UK, Dutch, and Swedish coal companies have mined w the past, the only companies still mining are Norwegian and Rosjan. The settlements on Svalbard are essentially company towns. The Norwegian state-owned coal company employs nearly 60% of the Norwegian population on the island, runs many of the local services, and provides most of the local infrastructure. There is also some hunting of seal, reindeer, and fox.
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Arktyczny 0 m


highest point: Newtontoppen 1,717 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy NA
Grupy etniczne Norwegian 55.4%, Rosjan and Ukrainian 44.3%, other 0.3% (1998)
Kurs waluty Norwegian kroner per US dollar - 5.8396 (2007), 6.4117 (2006), 6.4425 (2005), 6.7408 (2004), 7.0802 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: King HARALD V of Norwegia (since 17 styczen 1991)


head of government: Governor Per SEFLAND (since 1 pazdziernik 2005); Assistant Governor Rune Baard HANSEN (since 2003)


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor and assistant governor responsible to the Polar Department of the Ministry of Justice
Eksport $197.6 million (2004)
Opis flagi the flag of Norwegia is used
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu NA%
Koordynaty geograficzne 78 00 N, 20 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne northernmost part of the Kingdom of Norwegia; consists of nine main islands; glaciers and snowfields cover 60% of the total area; Spitsbergen Island is the site of the Svalbard Global Seed Vault, a seed repository established by the Global Crop Diversity Trust and the Norwegian Government
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Import $NA
Niepodleglosc none (territory of Norwegia)
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: NA


male: NA


female: NA
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji none
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sila robocza NA
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 100% (no trees; the only bushes are crowberry and cloudberry) (2005)
Jezyki Norwegian, Rosjan
System prawny the laws of Norwegia, where applicable, apply
Zywotnosc total population: NA


male: NA


female: NA
Pismienni NA
Lokalizacja Northern Europe, islands between the Ocean Arktyczny, Barents Sea, Grenlandia Sea, and Norwegian Sea, north of Norwegia
Lokalizacja na mapie Arctic Region
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 4 nm


exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm unilaterally claimed by Norwegia but not recognized by Rosja
Wojsko - uwagi demilitarized by treaty on 9 luty 1920
Naturalne zagrozenia ice floes often block the entrance to Bellsund (a transit point dla coal export) on the west coast and occasionally make parts of the northeastern coast inaccessible to maritime traffic
Surowce naturalne coal, iron ore, copper, zinc, phosphate, wildlife, fish
Wspolczynnik migracji NA
Ludnosc 2,214 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Przyrost naturalny -0.007% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 1 (plus 2 repeaters), shortwave 0 (1998)
Wspolczynnik plci NA (2007 est.)
System telefoniczny general assessment: probably adequate


domestic: local telephone service


international: country code - 47-790; satellite earth station - 1 of unknown type (for communication z Norwegian mainland only)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne NA
Stacje telewizyjne NA
Uksztaltowanie terenu wild, rugged mountains; much of high land ice covered; west coast clear of ice about one-half of the year; fjords along west and north coasts
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety NA
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