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Suazi (2008)

Suazi - wybierz rok:
SuaziSuazi (2001) (porownaj)
SuaziSuazi (2002) (porownaj)
SuaziSuazi (2003) (porownaj)
SuaziSuazi (2004) (porownaj)
SuaziSuazi (2005) (porownaj)
SuaziSuazi (2006) (porownaj)
SuaziSuazi (2007) (porownaj)

Porownaj z innymi popularnymi panstwami

Suazi 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 4 districts; Hhohho, Lubombo, Manzini, Shiselweni
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 40.3% (male 230,238/female 226,184)

15-64 years: 56.1% (male 304,899/female 331,036)

65 years and over: 3.6% (male 15,870/female 24,839) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo sugarcane, cotton, corn, tobacco, rice, citrus, pineapples, sorghum, peanuts; cattle, goats, sheep
Lotniska 18 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 17

914 to 1,523 m: 7

under 914 m: 10 (2007)
Terytorium total: 17,363 sq km

land: 17,203 sq km

water: 160 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than New Jersey
Tlo historyczne Autonomy dla the Swazis of southern Africa was guaranteed by the British w the late 19th century; independence was granted w 1968. Student and labor unrest during the 1990s pressured King MSWATI III, the world's last absolute monarch, to grudgingly allow political reform and greater democracy, although he has backslid on these promises w recent years. A constitution came into effect w 2006, but political parties remain banned. The African United Democratic Party tried unsuccessfully to register as an official political party w mid 2006. Talks over the constitution broke down between the government and progressive groups w 2007. Suazi recently surpassed Botswana as the country z the world's highest known HIV/AIDS prevalence rate.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 26.98 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.216 billion

expenditures: $1.15 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Mbabane

geographic coordinates: 26 18 S, 31 06 E

time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

note: Lobamba (royal and legislative capital)
Klimat varies from tropical to near temperate
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja signed by the King w lipiec 2005 went into effect on 8 luty 2006
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Kingdom of Suazi

conventional short form: Suazi

local long form: Umbuso weSwatini

local short form: eSwatini
Wspolczynnik zgonow 30.35 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $538.6 million (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Maurice S. PARKER

embassy: Central Bank Building, Mahlokahla Street, Mbabane

mailing address: P. O. Box 199, Mbabane

telephone: [268] 404-6441 through 404-6445

FAX: [268] 404-5959
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Ephraim Mandla HLOPHE

chancery: 1712 New Hampshire Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: [1] (202) 234-5002

FAX: [1] (202) 234-8254
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje in 2006, Swazi king advocates resort to ICJ to claim parts of Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal from Republika Poludniowej Afryki
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $46.03 million (2005)
Ekonomia In this small, landlocked economy, subsistence agriculture occupies approximately 70% of the population. The manufacturing sector has diversified since the mid-1980s. Sugar and wood pulp remain important foreign exchange earners. In 2007, the sugar industry increased efficiency and diversification efforts, w response to a 17% decline w EU sugar prices. Mining has declined w importance w recent years z only coal and quarry stone mines remaining active. Surrounded by Republika Poludniowej Afryki, except dla a short border z Mozambik, Suazi is heavily dependent on Republika Poludniowej Afryki from which it receives more than nine-tenths of its imports and to which it sends 60% of its exports. Suazi's currency is pegged to the Republika Poludniowej Afrykin rand, subsuming Suazi's monetary policy to Republika Poludniowej Afryki. Customs duties from the Southern African Customs Union, which may equal as much as 70% of government revenue this year, and worker remittances from Republika Poludniowej Afryki substantially supplement domestically earned income. Suazi is not poor enough to merit an IMF program; however, the country is struggling to reduce the size of the civil service and control costs at public enterprises. The government is trying to improve the atmosphere dla foreign investment. With an estimated 40% unemployment rate, Suazi's need to increase the number and size of small and medium enterprises and attract foreign direct investment is acute. Overgrazing, soil depletion, drought, and sometimes floods persist as problems dla the future. More than one-fourth of the population needed emergency food aid w 2006-07 because of drought, and nearly two-fifths of the adult population has been infected by HIV/AIDS.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 1.3 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 872 million kWh; note - electricity supplied by Republika Poludniowej Afryki (2007)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 460 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Great Usutu River 21 m

highest point: Emlembe 1,862 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy limited supplies of potable water; wildlife populations being depleted because of excessive hunting; overgrazing; soil degradation; soil erosion
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne African 97%, European 3%
Kurs waluty lilangeni per US dollar - 7.4 (2007), 6.85 (2006), 6.3593 (2005), 6.4597 (2004), 7.5648 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: King MSWATI III (since 25 kwiecien 1986)

head of government: Prime Minister Absolom Themba DLAMINI (since 14 listopad 2003)

cabinet: Cabinet recommended by the prime minister and confirmed by the monarch

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch from among the elected members of the House of Assembly
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $2.169 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary soft drink concentrates, sugar, wood pulp, cotton yarn, refrigerators, citrus and canned fruit
Eksport - partnerzy Republika Poludniowej Afryki 59.7%, EU 8.8%, US 8.8%, Mozambik 6.2% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged w yellow; centered w the red band is a large black and white shield covering two spears and a staff decorated z feather tassels, all placed horizontally
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 11.8%

industry: 45.8%

services: 42.3% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 1.6% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 26 30 S, 31 30 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; almost completely surrounded by Republika Poludniowej Afryki
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.6%

highest 10%: 40.7% (2001)
Import 872 million kWh; note - electricity supplied by Republika Poludniowej Afryki (2007)
Import $2.31 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 3,530 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary motor vehicles, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Republika Poludniowej Afryki 95.6%, EU 0.9%, Japonia 0.9%, Singapur 0.3% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 6 wrzesien 1968 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 1% (2007 est.)
Przemysl coal, wood pulp, sugar, soft drink concentrates, textile and apparel
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 70.66 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 74 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 67.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 6% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, C, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PCA, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 500 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo High Court; Supreme Court; judges dla both courts are appointed by the monarch
Sila robocza 300,000 (2006)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
Granica total: 535 km

border countries: Mozambik 105 km, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 430 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 10.25%

permanent crops: 0.81%

other: 88.94% (2005)
Jezyki English (official, government business conducted w English), siSwati (official)
System prawny based on Republika Poludniowej Afrykin Roman-Dutch law w statutory courts and Swazi traditional law and custom w traditional courts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament or Libandla consists of the Senate (30 seats; 10 members appointed by the House of Assembly and 20 appointed by the monarch; to serve five-year terms) and the House of Assembly (65 seats; 10 members appointed by the monarch and 55 elected by popular vote; to serve five-year terms)

elections: House of Assembly - last held 18 pazdziernik 2003 (next to be held w pazdziernik 2008)

election results: House of Assembly - balloting is done on a nonparty basis; candidates dla election are nominated by the local council of each constituency and dla each constituency the three candidates z the most votes w the first round of voting are narrowed to a single winner by a second round
Zywotnosc total population: 32.23 years

male: 31.84 years

female: 32.62 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 81.6%

male: 82.6%

female: 80.8% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern Africa, between Mozambik and Republika Poludniowej Afryki
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Umbutfo Suazi Defense Force (USDF): Ground Force (includes air wing), Royal Suazi Police Force (RSPF) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 4.7% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 6 wrzesien (1968)
Narodowosc noun: Swazi(s)

adjective: Swazi
Naturalne zagrozenia drought
Surowce naturalne asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy the status of political parties, previously banned, is unclear under the new (2006) Konstytucja and currently being debated - the following are considered political associations; African United Democratic Party or AUDP [Stanley MAUNDZISA, president]; Imbokodvo National Movement or INM; Ngwane National Liberatory Congress or NNLC [Obed DLAMINI, president]; People's United Democratic Movement or PUDEMO [Mario MASUKU, president]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 1,133,066

note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 69% (2006)
Przyrost naturalny -0.337% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 3, FM 2 (plus 4 repeaters), shortwave 3 (2004)
Linie kolejowe total: 301 km

narrow gauge: 301 km 1.067-m gauge (2006)
Religie Zionist 40% (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship), Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, other (includes Anglican, Bahai, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish) 30%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.018 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.921 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.639 male(s)/female

total population: 0.947 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age
System telefoniczny general assessment: a somewhat modern but not an advanced system

domestic: mobile-cellular subscribership is increasing; combined fixed-line and mobile cellular teledensity about 25 telephones per 100 persons; telephone system consists of carrier-equipped, open-wire lines and low-capacity, microwave radio relay

international: country code - 268; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 44,000 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 250,000 (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 12 (includes 7 relay stations) (2004)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.43 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 40% (2006 est.)
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