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Singapur (2008)

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Singapur 2008 roku

 Singapur
Podzial administracyjny none
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 15.2% (male 358,064/female 333,702)


15-64 years: 76.3% (male 1,692,817/female 1,780,982)


65 years and over: 8.5% (male 171,876/female 215,568) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo rubber, copra, fruit, orchids, vegetables; poultry, eggs; fish, ornamental fish
Lotniska 8 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 8


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 692.7 sq km


land: 682.7 sq km


water: 10 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne Singapur was founded as a British trading colony w 1819. It joined the Malezjan Federation w 1963 but separated two years later and became independent. Singapur subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries z strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest w terms of tonnage handled) and z per capita Produkt krajowy brutto equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 9.17 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $27 billion


expenditures: $21.5 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Singapur


geographic coordinates: 1 17 N, 103 51 E


time difference: UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon (grudzien to marzec) and Southwestern monsoon (czerwiec to wrzesien); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms
Linia brzegowa 193 km
Konstytucja 3 czerwiec 1959; amended 1965 (based on preindependence State of Singapur Konstytucja)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Singapur


conventional short form: Singapur


local long form: Republic of Singapur


local short form: Singapur
Wspolczynnik zgonow 4.4 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $25.53 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Patricia L. HERBOLD


embassy: 27 Napier Road, Singapur 258508


mailing address: FPO AP 96507-0001


telephone: [65] 6476-9100


FAX: [65] 6476-9340
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador CHAN Heng Chee


chancery: 3501 International Place NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 537-3100


FAX: [1] (202) 537-0876


consulate(s) general: San Francisco


consulate(s): New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje disputes persist z Malezja over deliveries of fresh water to Singapur, Singapur's extensive land reclamation works, bridge construction, and maritime boundaries w the Johor and Singapur Straits; w listopad 2007, the ICJ will hold public hearings as a consequence of the Memorials and Countermemorials filed by the parties w 2003 and 2005 over sovereignty of Pedra Branca Island/Pulau Batu Puteh, Middle Rocks and South Ledge; Indonezja and Singapur continue to work on finalization of their 1973 maritime boundary agreement by defining unresolved areas north of Indonezja's Batam Island; piracy remains a problem w the Malacca Strait
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $0 (2007)
Ekonomia Singapur has a highly developed and successful free-market economy. It enjoys a remarkably open and corruption-free environment, stable prices, and a per capita Produkt krajowy brutto equal to that of the four largest West European countries. The economy depends heavily on exports, particularly w consumer electronics and information technology products. It was hard hit from 2001-03 by the global recession, by the slump w the technology sector, and by an outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) w 2003, which curbed tourism and consumer spending. Fiscal stimulus, low interest rates, a surge w exports, and internal flexibility led to vigorous growth w 2004-07 z real Produkt krajowy brutto growth averaging 7% annually. The government hopes to establish a new growth path that will be less vulnerable to the global demand cycle dla information technology products - it has attracted major investments w pharmaceuticals and medical technology production - and will continue efforts to establish Singapur as Southeast Asia's financial and high-tech hub.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 35.92 billion kWh (2006)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2006)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2006)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 39.44 billion kWh (2006)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Singapur Strait 0 m


highest point: Bukit Timah 166 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy industrial pollution; limited natural fresh water resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires w Indonezja
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Chinese 76.8%, Malay 13.9%, Indien 7.9%, other 1.4% (2000 census)
Kurs waluty Singapur dollars per US dollar - 1.507 (2007), 1.5889 (2006), 1.6644 (2005), 1.6902 (2004), 1.7422 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President S R NATHAN (since 1 wrzesien 1999)


note: uses S R NATHAN but his full name and the one used w formal communications is Sellapan RAMANATHAN


head of government: Prime Minister LEE Hsien Loong (since 12 sierpien 2004); Senior Minister GOH Chok Tong (since 12 sierpien 2004); Minister Mentor LEE Kuan Yew (since 12 sierpien 2004); Deputy Prime Ministers Shunmugam JAYAKUMAR (since 12 sierpien 2004) and WONG Kan Seng (since 1 wrzesien 2005)


cabinet: appointed by president, responsible to parliament


elections: president elected by popular vote dla six-year term; appointed on 17 sierpien 2005 (next election to be held by sierpien 2011); following legislative elections, leader of majority party or leader of majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by president; deputy prime ministers appointed by president


election results: Sellapan Rama (S R) NATHAN appointed president w sierpien 2005 after Presidential Elections Committee disqualified three other would-be candidates; scheduled election not held
Eksport 0 kWh (2006)
Eksport $450.6 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2006 est.)
Eksport 1.073 million bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary machinery and equipment (including electronics), consumer goods, chemicals, mineral fuels
Eksport - partnerzy Malezja 13.1%, US 10.2%, Hong Kong 10.1%, Chiny 9.7%, Indonezja 9.2%, Japonia 5.5%, Tajlandia 4.2% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; near the hoist side of the red band, there is a vertical, white crescent (closed portion is toward the hoist side) partially enclosing five white five-pointed stars arranged w a circle
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 0%


industry: 33.7%


services: 66.3% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 7.5% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 1 22 N, 103 48 E
Polozenie geograficzne focal point dla Southeast Asian sea routes
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.9%


highest 10%: 32.8% (1998)
Narkotyki drug abuse limited because of aggressive law enforcement efforts; as a transportation and financial services hub, Singapur is vulnerable, despite strict laws and enforcement, as a venue dla money laundering
Import 0 kWh (2006)
Import $396 billion (2007 est.)
Import 6.339 billion cu m


note: from Indonezja and Malezja (2005)
Import 1.83 million bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Malezja 13%, US 12.7%, Chiny 11.4%, Japonia 8.3%, Tajwan 6.4%, Indonezja 6.2%, South Korea 4.4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 9 sierpien 1965 (from Malezjan Federation)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 5.6% (2007 est.)
Przemysl electronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, life sciences, entrepot trade
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 2.3 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 2.5 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 2.07 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 4.4% (2007)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ADB, APEC, APT, ARF, ASEAN, BIS, C, CP, EAS, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNMIT, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (chief justice is appointed by the president z the advice of the prime minister, other judges are appointed by the president z the advice of the chief justice); Court of Appeals
Sila robocza 2.67 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki manufacturing 21%, construction 5%, transportation and communication 7%, financial, business, and other services 42%, other 25% (2006)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 1.47%


permanent crops: 1.47%


other: 97.06% (2005)
Jezyki Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000 census)
System prawny based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament (84 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - w addition, there are up to nine nominated members; up to three losing opposition candidates who came closest to winning seats may be appointed as "nonconstituency" members


elections: last held on 6 maj 2006 (next to be held by 2011)


election results: percent of vote by party - PAP 66.6%, WP 16.3%, SDA 13%, SDP 4.1%; seats by party - PAP 82, WP 1, SDA 1
Zywotnosc total population: 81.8 years


male: 79.21 years


female: 84.59 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 92.5%


male: 96.6%


female: 88.6% (2000 census)
Lokalizacja Southeastern Asia, islands between Malezja and Indonezja
Lokalizacja na mapie Southeast Asia
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 3 nm


exclusive fishing zone: within and beyond territorial sea, as defined w treaties and practice
Flota handlowa total: 1,131 ships (1000 GRT or over) 33,237,005 GRT/52,487,127 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 167, cargo 85, carrier 1, chemical tanker 156, container 231, liquefied gas 72, livestock carrier 2, petroleum tanker 355, refrigerated cargo 6, roll on/roll off 3, specialized tanker 7, vehicle carrier 46


foreign-owned: 652 (Australia 6, Bangladesz 2, Belgia 8, Chiny 19, Dania 68, Francja 1, Niemcy 18, Grecja 14, Hong Kong 37, Indie 9, Indonezja 56, Wlochy 4, Japonia 108, South Korea 7, Malezja 28, Norwegia 125, Filipiny 4, Slowenia 1, Szwecja 17, Szwajcaria 2, Tajwan 60, Tajlandia 20, UAE 8, UK 13, US 17)


registered w other countries: 293 (Bahamas 9, Belize 3, Bermudy 1, Boliwia 1, Kambodza 2, Kajmany 10, Cypr 1, Dominika 8, Francja 2, Honduras 10, Hong Kong 11, Indonezja 26, Wyspa Man 2, Kiribati 1, Liberia 42, Malezja 22, Wyspy Marshalla 12, Mongolia 12, Nigeria 1, Norwegia 1, Panama 83, Filipiny 1, St Vincent and The Grenadines 6, Tajlandia 2, Tuvalu 13, US 11, unknown 4) (2007)
Wojsko Singapur Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Republic of Singapur Air Force (includes Air Defense) (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 4.9% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe National Day, 9 sierpien (1965)
Narodowosc noun: Singapuran(s)


adjective: Singapur
Naturalne zagrozenia NA
Surowce naturalne fish, deepwater ports
Wspolczynnik migracji 7.98 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 139 km; refined products 8 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy People's Action Party or PAP [LEE Hsien Loong]; Singapur Democratic Alliance or SDA [CHIAM See Tong]; Singapur Democratic Party or SDP [CHEE Soon Juan]; Workers' Party or WP [Sylvia LIM Swee Lian]


note: SDA includes Singapur Justice Party or SJP, Singapur National Malay Organization or PKMS, Singapur People's Party or SPP
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 4,553,009 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 1.275% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 0, FM 17, shortwave 2 (2003)
Religie Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, none 14.8% (2000 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.073 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.797 male(s)/female


total population: 0.954 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 21 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment: excellent service


domestic: excellent domestic facilities; launched 3G wireless service w luty 2005; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity is about 150 telephones per 100 persons


international: country code - 65; numerous submarine cables provide links throughout Asia, Australia, the Middle East, Europe, and US; satellite earth stations -4; supplemented by VSAT coverage (2003)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1.854 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 4.789 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (broadcasting on six channels); additional reception of numerous UHF and VHF signals originating w Malezja and Indonezja (2006)
Uksztaltowanie terenu lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.07 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 1.7% (2007 est.)
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