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Niger (2008)

Niger - wybierz rok:
NigerNiger (2001) (porownaj)
NigerNiger (2002) (porownaj)
NigerNiger (2003) (porownaj)
NigerNiger (2004) (porownaj)
NigerNiger (2005) (porownaj)
NigerNiger (2006) (porownaj)
NigerNiger (2007) (porownaj)

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Niger 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 8 regions (regions, singular - region) includes 1 capital district* (communite urbaine); Agadez, Diffa, Dosso, Maradi, Niamey*, Tahoua, Tillaberi, Zinder
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 46.9% (male 3,083,871/female 2,969,201)

15-64 years: 50.6% (male 3,354,783/female 3,174,039)

65 years and over: 2.4% (male 155,430/female 157,541) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo cowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet, sorghum, cassava (tapioca), rice; cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, horses, poultry
Lotniska 28 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 9

2,438 to 3,047 m: 3

1,524 to 2,437 m: 5

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 19

1,524 to 2,437 m: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 14

under 914 m: 3 (2007)
Terytorium total: 1.267 million sq km

land: 1,266,700 sq km

water: 300 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Tlo historyczne Niger became independent from Francja w 1960 and experienced single-party and military rule until 1991, when Gen. Ali SAIBOU was forced by public pressure to allow multiparty elections, which resulted w a democratic government w 1993. Political infighting brought the government to a standstill and w 1996 led to a coup by Col. Ibrahim BARE. In 1999 BARE was killed w a coup by military officers who promptly restored democratic rule and held elections that brought Mamadou TANDJA to power w grudzien of that year. TANDJA was reelected w 2004. Niger is one of the poorest countries w the world z minimal government services and insufficient funds to develop its resource base. The largely agrarian and subsistence-based economy is frequently disrupted by extended droughts common to the Sahel region of Africa. A predominately Tuareg ethnic group emerged w luty 2007, the Nigerien Movement dla Justice (MNJ), and attacked several military targets w Niger's northern region throughout 2007. Events have since evolved into a budding insurrection.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 50.16 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $320 million (includes $134 million from foreign sources)

expenditures: $320 million (2002 est.)
Stolica name: Niamey

geographic coordinates: 13 31 N, 2 07 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical w extreme south
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja new constitution adopted 18 lipiec 1999
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Niger

conventional short form: Niger

local long form: Republique du Niger

local short form: Niger
Wspolczynnik zgonow 20.59 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.1 billion (2003 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Bernadette M. ALLEN

embassy: Rue Des Ambassades, Niamey

mailing address: B. P. 11201, Niamey

telephone: [227] 20-73-31-69

FAX: [227] 20-73-55-60
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Aminata Djibrilla Maiga TOURE

chancery: 2204 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 483-4224 through 4227

FAX: [1] (202)483-3169
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Libia claims about 25,000 sq km w a currently dormant dispute w the Tommo region; much of Benin-Niger boundary, including tripoint z Nigeria, remains undemarcated; only Nigeria and Kamerun have heeded the Lake Czad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty which also includes the Czad-Niger and Niger-Nigeria boundaries
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $515.4 million (2005)
Ekonomia Niger is one of the poorest countries w the world, ranking near last on the United Nations Development Fund index of human development. It is a landlocked, Sub-Saharan nation, whose economy centers on subsistence crops, livestock, and some of the world's largest uranium deposits. Drought cycles, desertification, and a 2.9% population growth rate, have undercut the economy. Niger shares a common currency, the CFA franc, and a common central bank, the Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO), z seven other members of the West African Monetary Union. In grudzien 2000, Niger qualified dla enhanced debt relief under the International Monetary Fund program dla Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) and concluded an agreement z the Fund on a Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). Debt relief provided under the enhanced HIPC initiative significantly reduces Niger's annual debt service obligations, freeing funds dla expenditures on basic health care, primary education, HIV/AIDS prevention, rural infrastructure, and other programs geared at poverty reduction. In grudzien 2005, Niger received 100% multilateral debt relief from the IMF, which translates into the forgiveness of approximately US $86 million w debts to the IMF, excluding the remaining assistance under HIPC. Nearly half of the government's budget is derived from foreign donor resources. Future growth may be sustained by exploitation of oil, gold, coal, and other mineral resources. Uranium prices have increased sharply w the last few years. A drought and locust infestation w 2005 led to food shortages dla as many as 2.5 million Nigeriens.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 437.7 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 220 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 234.1 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Niger River 200 m

highest point: Mont Bagzane 2,022 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy overgrazing; soil erosion; deforestation; desertification; wildlife populations (such as elephant, hippopotamus, giraffe, and lion) threatened because of poaching and habitat destruction
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne Haoussa 55.4%, Djerma Sonrai 21%, Touareg 9.3%, Peuhl 8.5%, Kanouri Manga 4.7%, other 1.2% (2001 census)
Kurs waluty Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 493.51 (2007), 522.59 (2006), 527.47 (2005), 528.29 (2004), 581.2 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Mamadou TANDJA (since 22 grudzien 1999)

head of government: Prime Minister Seyni OUMAROU (since 3 czerwiec 2007); appointed by the president and shares some executive responsibilities z the president

cabinet: 26-member Cabinet appointed by the president

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); second round of election last held 4 grudzien 2004 (next to be held grudzien 2009)

election results: Mamadou TANDJA reelected president; percent of vote - Mamadou TANDJA 65.5%, Mahamadou ISSOUFOU 34.5%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $428 million f.o.b. (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary uranium ore, livestock, cowpeas, onions
Eksport - partnerzy Francja 34.8%, US 26.6%, Nigeria 18.3%, Rosja 11.3% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of orange (top), white, and green z a small orange disk (representing the sun) centered w the white band; similar to the flag of Indie, which has a blue spoked wheel centered w the white band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 39%

industry: 17%

services: 44% (2001)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.5% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 16 00 N, 8 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; one of the hottest countries w the world; northern four-fifths is desert, southern one-fifth is savanna, suitable dla livestock and limited agriculture
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 0.8%

highest 10%: 35.4% (1995)
Import 220 million kWh (2005)
Import $800 million f.o.b. (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 5,412 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary foodstuffs, machinery, vehicles and parts, petroleum, cereals
Import - partnerzy US 14.1%, Francja 12.1%, Chiny 7.8%, Nigeria 7.7%, Polinezja Francuska 7.7%, Cote d'Ivoire 4.9% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 3 sierpien 1960 (from Francja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 5.1% (2003 est.)
Przemysl uranium mining, cement, brick, soap, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 116.83 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 120.78 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 112.76 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 0.2% (2004 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 730 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo State Court or Cour d'Etat; Court of Appeals or Cour d'Appel
Sila robocza 70,000 salaried workers, 60% of whom are employed w the public sector (1995)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 90%

industry: 6%

services: 4% (1995)
Granica total: 5,697 km

border countries: Algieria 956 km, Benin 266 km, Burkina Faso 628 km, Czad 1,175 km, Libia 354 km, Mali 821 km, Nigeria 1,497 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 11.43%

permanent crops: 0.01%

other: 88.56% (2005)
Jezyki French (official), Hausa, Djerma
System prawny based on French civil law system and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly (113 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 4 grudzien 2004 (next to be held w grudzien 2009)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - MNSD 47, PNDS 25, CDS 22, RSD 7, RDP 6, ANDP 5, PSDN 1
Zywotnosc total population: 44.03 years

male: 44.05 years

female: 44 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 28.7%

male: 42.9%

female: 15.1% (2005 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, southeast of Algieria
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Nigerien Armed Forces (Forces Armees Nigeriennes, FAN): Army, Niger Air Force (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.3% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Republic Day, 18 grudzien (1958)
Narodowosc noun: Nigerien(s)

adjective: Nigerien
Naturalne zagrozenia recurring droughts
Surowce naturalne uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, molybdenum, gypsum, salt, petroleum
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.59 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Democratic and Social Convention-Rahama or CDS-Rahama [Mahamane OUSMANE]; National Movement dla a Developing Society-Nassara or MNSD-Nassara [Hama AMADOU]; Niger Social Democratic Party or PSDN; Nigerien Alliance dla Democracy and Social Progress-Zaman Lahiya or ANDP-Zaman Lahiya [Moumouni DJERMAKOYE]; Nigerien Party dla Autonomy or PNA-Alouma'a [Sanousi JACKOU]; Nigerien Party dla Democracy and Socialism or PNDS-Tarrayya [Issifou MAHAMADOU]; Nigerien Progressive Party or PPN-RDA [Abdoulaye DIORI]; Rally dla Democracy and Progress or RDP-jama'a [Hamid ALGABID]; Social and Democratic Rally or RSD-Gaskiyya [Cheiffou AMADOU]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow The Nigerien Movement dla Justice or MNJ, a predominantly Tuareg rebel group demanding concessions including a greater share of the country's uranium revenues from the government
Ludnosc 12,894,865 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 63% (1993 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.898% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 5, FM 6, shortwave 4 (2001)
Religie Muslim 80%, other (includes indigenous beliefs and Christian) 20%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.039 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.057 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.987 male(s)/female

total population: 1.047 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: inadequate; small system of wire, radio telephone communications, and microwave radio relay links concentrated w the southwestern area of Niger

domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity is less than 3 per 100 persons; domestic satellite system z 3 earth stations and 1 planned

international: country code - 227; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Atlantycki and 1 Ocean Indyjski)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 24,000 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 323,900 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 5 (2007)
Uksztaltowanie terenu predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains w south; hills w north
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 7.37 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Drogi wodne 300 km (the Niger, the only major river, is navigable to Gaya between wrzesien and marzec) (2005)
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