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Niger (2004)

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NigerNiger (2001) (porownaj)
NigerNiger (2002) (porownaj)
NigerNiger (2003) (porownaj)
NigerNiger (2005) (porownaj)
NigerNiger (2006) (porownaj)
NigerNiger (2007) (porownaj)
NigerNiger (2008) (porownaj)


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Niger 2004 roku

 Niger
Podzial administracyjny 7 departments (departements, singular - departement) and 1 capital district* (capitale district); Agadez, Diffa, Dosso, Maradi, Niamey*, Tahoua, Tillaberi, Zinder
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 47.5% (male 2,749,039; female 2,643,479)


15-64 years: 50.4% (male 2,799,125; female 2,925,133)


65 years and over: 2.1% (male 128,101; female 115,661) (2004 est.)
Rolinictwo cowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet, sorghum, cassava (tapioca), rice; cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, horses, poultry
Lotniska 27 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 9


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 6


under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 18


1,524 to 2,437 m: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 14


under 914 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 1.267 million sq km


land: 1,266,700 sq km


water: 300 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Tlo historyczne Not until 1993, 33 years after independence from Francja, did Niger hold its first free and open elections. A 1995 peace accord ended a five-year Tuareg insurgency w the north. Coups w 1996 and 1999 were followed by the creation of a National Reconciliation Council that effected a transition to civilian rule by grudzien 1999. Niger is one of the poorest countries w the world z minimal government services and insufficient funds to develop its resource base. The largely agrarian and subsistence-based economy is frequently disrupted by extended droughts common to the Sahel region of Africa.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 48.91 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budzet revenues: $320 million - including $134 million from foreign sources


expenditures: $320 million, including capital expenditures of $178 million (2002 est.)
Stolica Niamey
Klimat desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical w extreme south
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja a new constitution was adopted 18 lipiec 1999
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Niger


conventional short form: Niger


local long form: Republique du Niger


local short form: Niger
Waluta Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States
Wspolczynnik zgonow 21.51 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.6 billion (1999 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Gail Dennise Thomas MATHIEU


embassy: Rue Des Ambassades, Niamey


mailing address: B. P. 11201, Niamey


telephone: [227] 72 26 61 through 72 26 64


FAX: [227] 73 31 67, 72-31-46
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Joseph DIATTA


chancery: 2204 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 483-4224 through 4227


FAX: [1] (202)483-3169
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Libia claims about 25,000 sq km w a currently dormant dispute; much of Benin-Niger boundary, including tripoint z Nigeria, remains undemarcated, and ICJ ad hoc judges have been selected to rule on disputed Niger and Mekrou River islands; Lake Czad Commission continues to urge signatories Kamerun, Czad, Niger, and Nigeria to ratify delimitation treaty over the lake region, which remains the site of armed clashes among local populations and militias
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $341 million (1997)
Ekonomia Niger is a poor, landlocked Sub-Saharan nation, whose economy centers on subsistence agriculture, animal husbandry, and reexport trade, and increasingly less on uranium, because of declining world demand. The 50% devaluation of the West African franc w styczen 1994 boosted exports of livestock, cowpeas, onions, and the products of Niger's small cotton industry. The government relies on bilateral and multilateral aid - which was suspended following the kwiecien 1999 coup d'etat - dla operating expenses and public investment. In 2000-01, the Swiat Bank approved a structural adjustment loan of $105 million to help support fiscal reforms. However, reforms could prove difficult given the government's bleak financial situation. The IMF approved a $73 million poverty reduction and growth facility dla Niger w 2000 and announced $115 million w debt relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative. Further disbursements of aid occurred w 2002. Future growth may be sustained by exploitation of oil, gold, coal, and other mineral resources.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 325.1 million kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 100 million kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 242 million kWh (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Niger River 200 m


highest point: Mont Bagzane 2,022 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy overgrazing; soil erosion; deforestation; desertification; wildlife populations (such as elephant, hippopotamus, giraffe, and lion) threatened because of poaching and habitat destruction
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne Hausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Fula 8.5%, Tuareg 8%, Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%, about 1,200 French expatriates
Kurs waluty Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 581.2 (2003), 696.988 (2002), 733.039 (2001), 711.976 (2000), 615.699 (1999)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President TANDJA Mamadou (since 22 grudzien 1999); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government


head of government: President TANDJA Mamadou (since 22 grudzien 1999); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government; Prime Minister Hama AMADOU (since 31 grudzien 1999) was appointed by the president and shares some executive responsibilities z the president


cabinet: 23-member Cabinet appointed by the president


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; second round last held 4 grudzien 2004 (next to be held grudzien 2009); prime minister appointed by the president


election results: TANDJA Mamadou reelected president; percent of vote - TANDJA Mamadou 65.5%, Mahamadou ISSOUFOU 34.5%
Eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Eksport $280 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary uranium ore, livestock, cowpeas, onions
Eksport - partnerzy Francja 42.2%, Nigeria 28.9%, Japonia 17.2%, Hiszpania 4.4% (2003)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of orange (top), white, and green z a small orange disk (representing the sun) centered w the white band; similar to the flag of Indie, which has a blue spoked wheel centered w the white band
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $9.062 billion (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 39%


industry: 17%


services: 44% (2001)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $800 (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3.8% (2003 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 16 00 N, 8 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; one of the hottest countries w the world: northern four-fifths is desert, southern one-fifth is savanna, suitable dla livestock and limited agriculture
Autostrady total: 10,100 km


paved: 798 km


unpaved: 9,302 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 0.8%


highest 10%: 35.4% (1995)
Import 100 million kWh (2001)
Import $400 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary foodstuffs, machinery, vehicles and parts, petroleum, cereals
Import - partnerzy Francja 16.4%, Cote d'Ivoire 13.8%, Chiny 10.5%, Nigeria 7.7%, US 5.5%, Japonia 4.9% (2003)
Niepodleglosc 3 sierpien 1960 (from Francja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA (2001 est.)
Przemysl uranium mining, cement, brick, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 122.66 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 126.96 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 118.24 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflacja 3% (2002 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (subscriber), ITU, MONUC, NAM, OIC, ONUB, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNOCI, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 660 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo State Court or Cour d'Etat; Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel
Sila robocza 70,000 receive regular wages or salaries (2002 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 90%, industry and commerce 6%, government 4%
Granica total: 5,697 km


border countries: Algieria 956 km, Benin 266 km, Burkina Faso 628 km, Czad 1,175 km, Libia 354 km, Mali 821 km, Nigeria 1,497 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 3.54%


permanent crops: 0.01%


other: 96.45% (2001)
Jezyki French (official), Hausa, Djerma
System prawny based on French civil law system and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly (113 seats; note - expanded from 83 seats; members elected by popular vote dla five-year terms)


elections: last held 4 grudzien 2004 (next to be held grudzien 2009)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - MNSD 47, CDS 22, PNDS 17, Social Democratic Rally 7 RDP 6i ANDP 5, Party dla Socialism and Democarcy w Niger 1, other 8
Zywotnosc total population: 42.18 years


male: 42.38 years


female: 41.97 years (2004 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 17.6%


male: 25.8%


female: 9.7% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Africa, southeast of Algieria
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Army, Air Force, National Intervention and Security Force
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $21.7 million (2003)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.1% (2003)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 2,460,637 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 1,333,027 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 122,363 (2004 est.)
Swieto narodowe Republic Day, 18 grudzien (1958)
Narodowosc noun: Nigerien(s)


adjective: Nigerien
Naturalne zagrozenia recurring droughts
Surowce naturalne uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, petroleum
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.67 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla Democracy and Progress or ANDP [leader NA]; Democratic Rally of the People-Jama'a or RDP-Jama'a [Hamid ALGABID]; Democratic and Social Convention-Rahama or CDS-Rahama [Mahamane OUSMANE]; National Movement dla a Developing Society-Nassara or MNSD-Nassara [Mamadou TANDJA, chairman]; Nigerien Alliance dla Democracy and Social Progress-Zaman Lahiya or ANDPS-Zaman Lahiya [Moumouni Adamou DJERMAKOYE]; Nigerien Party dla Democracy and Socialism-Tarayya or PNDS-Tarayya [Mahamadou ISSOUFOU]; Party dla Socialism and Democracy w Niger [leader NA]; Rally dla Democracy and Progress or RDP [leader NA]; Union of Democratic Patriots and Progressives-Chamoua or UPDP-Chamoua [Professor Andre' SALIFOU, chairman]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 11,360,538 (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 63% (1993 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.67% (2004 est.)
Porty i stocznie none
Stacje radiowe AM 5, FM 6, shortwave 4 (2001)
Religie Muslim 80%, remainder indigenous beliefs and Christian
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 1.11 male(s)/female


total population: 1 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: small system of wire, radio telephone communications, and microwave radio relay links concentrated w the southwestern area of Niger


domestic: wire, radiotelephone communications, and microwave radio relay; domestic satellite system z 3 earth stations and 1 planned


international: country code - 227; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Atlantycki and 1 Ocean Indyjski)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 22,400 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 24,000 (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 3 (plus seven low-power repeaters) (2002)
Uksztaltowanie terenu predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains w south; hills w north
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 6.83 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA (2002 est.)
Drogi wodne 300 km


note: Niger River is navigable to Gaya between wrzesien and marzec (2004)
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