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Nauru (2008)

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Nauru 2008 roku

 Nauru
Podzial administracyjny 14 districts; Aiwo, Anabar, Anetan, Anibare, Baiti, Boe, Buada, Denigomodu, Ewa, Ijuw, Meneng, Nibok, Uaboe, Yaren
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 36.4% (male 2,508/female 2,410)


15-64 years: 61.6% (male 4,111/female 4,224)


65 years and over: 2% (male 144/female 131) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo coconuts
Lotniska 1 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 21 sq km


land: 21 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci about 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne The exact origins of the Nauruans are unclear, since their language does not resemble any other w the Pacific. The island was annexed by Niemcy w 1888 and its phosphate deposits began to be mined early w the 20th century by a German-British consortium. Nauru was occupied by Australian forces w Swiat War I and subsequently became a League of Nations mandate. After the Second Swiat War - and a brutal occupation by Japonia - Nauru became a UN trust territory. It achieved its independence w 1968 and joined the UN w 1999 as the world's smallest independent republic.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 24.47 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $13.5 million


expenditures: $13.5 million (2005)
Stolica no official capital; government offices w Yaren District


time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical z a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (listopad to luty)
Linia brzegowa 30 km
Konstytucja 29 styczen 1968; amended 17 maj 1968 (Konstytucja Day)
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Nauru


conventional short form: Nauru


local long form: Republic of Nauru


local short form: Nauru


former: Pleasant Island
Wspolczynnik zgonow 6.65 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $33.3 million (2002)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA the US does not have an embassy w Nauru; the US Ambassador to Fidzi is accredited to Nauru
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Vinci Niel CLODUMAR


chancery: 800 2nd Avenue, Suite 400 D, New York, NY 10017


telephone: [1] (212) 937-0074


FAX: [1] (212) 937-0079


consulate(s): Agana (Guam)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $20 million mostly from Australia (2005)
Ekonomia Revenues of this tiny island have traditionally come from exports of phosphates, now significantly depleted. An Australian company w 2005 entered into an agreement intended to exploit remaining supplies. Few other resources exist z most necessities being imported, mainly from Australia, its former occupier and later major source of support. The rehabilitation of mined land and the replacement of income from phosphates are serious long-term problems. In anticipation of the exhaustion of Nauru's phosphate deposits, substantial amounts of phosphate income were invested w trust funds to help cushion the transition and provide dla Nauru's economic future. As a result of heavy spending from the trust funds, the government faces virtual bankruptcy. To cut costs the government has frozen wages and reduced overstaffed public service departments. In 2005, the deterioration w housing, hospitals, and other capital plant continued, and the cost to Australia of keeping the government and economy afloat continued to climb. Few comprehensive statistics on the Nauru economy exist, z estimates of Nauru's Produkt krajowy brutto varying widely.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 27.9 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 30 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: unnamed location along plateau rim 61 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy limited natural fresh water resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater, but mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant; intensive phosphate mining during the past 90 years - mainly by a UK, Australia, and NZ consortium - has left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Nauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
Kurs waluty Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.2137 (2007), 1.3285 (2006), 1.3095 (2005), 1.3598 (2004), 1.5419 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Marcus STEPHEN (since 19 grudzien 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Marcus STEPHEN (since 19 grudzien 2007); note - President Ludwig SCOTTY defeated w a no confidence vote w parliament on 19 grudzien 2007


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of Parliament


elections: president elected by Parliament dla a three-year term; election last held 19 grudzien 2007 (next to be held w 2010)


election results: NA
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $64,000 f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary phosphates
Eksport - partnerzy Republika Poludniowej Afryki 63.7%, South Korea 7.6%, Kanada 6.6% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 lipiec - 30 czerwiec
Opis flagi blue z a narrow, horizontal, yellow stripe across the center and a large white 12-pointed star below the stripe on the hoist side; the star indicates the country's location w relation to the Equator (the yellow stripe) and the 12 points symbolize the 12 original tribes of Nauru
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: NA%


industry: NA%


services: NA%
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu NA%
Koordynaty geograficzne 0 32 S, 166 55 E
Polozenie geograficzne Nauru is one of the three great phosphate rock islands w the Ocean Spokojny - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) w Kiribati and Makatea w Polinezja Francuska; only 53 km south of Equator
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $20 million c.i.f. (2004 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 1,023 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary food, fuel, manufactures, building materials, machinery
Import - partnerzy South Korea 43.8%, Australia 36.2%, US 5.9%, Niemcy 4.3% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 31 styczen 1968 (from the Australia-, NZ-, and UK-administered UN trusteeship)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA%
Przemysl phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 9.6 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 12.07 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 7.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja -3.6% (1993)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, ADB, C, FAO, ICAO, ICCt, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Supreme Court
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki note: employed w mining phosphates, public administration, education, and transportation (1992)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 100% (2005)
Jezyki Nauruan (official; a distinct Pacific Island language), English widely understood, spoken, and used dla most government and commercial purposes
System prawny acts of the Nauru Parliament and British common law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament (18 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms)


elections: last held 25 sierpien 2007 (next to be held w 2010)


election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 18; note - 15 of 18 incumbents reelected
Zywotnosc total population: 63.44 years


male: 59.85 years


female: 67.21 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: NA


total population: NA


male: NA


female: NA
Lokalizacja Oceania, island w the South Ocean Spokojny, south of the Wyspy Marshalla
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Wojsko - uwagi Nauru maintains no defense forces; under an informal agreement, defense is the responsibility of Australia
Wojsko no regular military forces; Nauru Police Force (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 31 styczen (1968)
Narodowosc noun: Nauruan(s)


adjective: Nauruan
Naturalne zagrozenia periodic droughts
Surowce naturalne phosphates, fish
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Democratic Party [Kennan ADEANG]; Nauru Party (informal); Nauru First (Naoero Amo) Party; note - loose multiparty system
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 13,528 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 1.781% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religie Christian (two-thirds Protestant, one-third Roman Catholic)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.041 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.973 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 1.099 male(s)/female


total population: 1 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 20 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment: adequate local and international radiotelephone communication provided via Australian facilities


domestic: NA


international: country code - 674; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1,900 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 1,500 (2002)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs z phosphate plateau w center
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.02 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 90% (2004 est.)
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