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Nauru (2008)

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Nauru 2008 year

Administrative divisions 14 districts; Aiwo, Anabar, Anetan, Anibare, Baiti, Boe, Buada, Denigomodu, Ewa, Ijuw, Meneng, Nibok, Uaboe, Yaren
Age structure 0-14 years: 36.4% (male 2,508/female 2,410)

15-64 years: 61.6% (male 4,111/female 4,224)

65 years and over: 2% (male 144/female 131) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products coconuts
Airports 1 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 21 sq km

land: 21 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC
Background The exact origins of the Nauruans are unclear, since their language does not resemble any other in the Pacific. The island was annexed by Germany in 1888 and its phosphate deposits began to be mined early in the 20th century by a German-British consortium. Nauru was occupied by Australian forces in World War I and subsequently became a League of Nations mandate. After the Second World War - and a brutal occupation by Japan - Nauru became a UN trust territory. It achieved its independence in 1968 and joined the UN in 1999 as the world's smallest independent republic.
Birth rate 24.47 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $13.5 million

expenditures: $13.5 million (2005)
Capital no official capital; government offices in Yaren District

time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate tropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February)
Coastline 30 km
Constitution 29 January 1968; amended 17 May 1968 (Constitution Day)
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Nauru

conventional short form: Nauru

local long form: Republic of Nauru

local short form: Nauru

former: Pleasant Island
Death rate 6.65 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $33.3 million (2002)
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Nauru; the US Ambassador to Fiji is accredited to Nauru
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Vinci Niel CLODUMAR

chancery: 800 2nd Avenue, Suite 400 D, New York, NY 10017

telephone: [1] (212) 937-0074

FAX: [1] (212) 937-0079

consulate(s): Agana (Guam)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $20 million mostly from Australia (2005)
Economy - overview Revenues of this tiny island have traditionally come from exports of phosphates, now significantly depleted. An Australian company in 2005 entered into an agreement intended to exploit remaining supplies. Few other resources exist with most necessities being imported, mainly from Australia, its former occupier and later major source of support. The rehabilitation of mined land and the replacement of income from phosphates are serious long-term problems. In anticipation of the exhaustion of Nauru's phosphate deposits, substantial amounts of phosphate income were invested in trust funds to help cushion the transition and provide for Nauru's economic future. As a result of heavy spending from the trust funds, the government faces virtual bankruptcy. To cut costs the government has frozen wages and reduced overstaffed public service departments. In 2005, the deterioration in housing, hospitals, and other capital plant continued, and the cost to Australia of keeping the government and economy afloat continued to climb. Few comprehensive statistics on the Nauru economy exist, with estimates of Nauru's GDP varying widely.
Electricity - consumption 27.9 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 30 million kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location along plateau rim 61 m
Environment - current issues limited natural fresh water resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater, but mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant; intensive phosphate mining during the past 90 years - mainly by a UK, Australia, and NZ consortium - has left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Nauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
Exchange rates Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.2137 (2007), 1.3285 (2006), 1.3095 (2005), 1.3598 (2004), 1.5419 (2003)
Executive branch chief of state: President Marcus STEPHEN (since 19 December 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Marcus STEPHEN (since 19 December 2007); note - President Ludwig SCOTTY defeated in a no confidence vote in parliament on 19 December 2007

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of Parliament

elections: president elected by Parliament for a three-year term; election last held 19 December 2007 (next to be held in 2010)

election results: NA
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $64,000 f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Exports 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Exports 0 bbl/day (2004)
Exports - commodities phosphates
Exports - partners South Africa 63.7%, South Korea 7.6%, Canada 6.6% (2006)
Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June
Flag description blue with a narrow, horizontal, yellow stripe across the center and a large white 12-pointed star below the stripe on the hoist side; the star indicates the country's location in relation to the Equator (the yellow stripe) and the 12 points symbolize the 12 original tribes of Nauru
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 0 32 S, 166 55 E
Geography - note Nauru is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia; only 53 km south of Equator
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $20 million c.i.f. (2004 est.)
Imports 0 cu m (2005)
Imports 1,023 bbl/day (2004)
Imports - commodities food, fuel, manufactures, building materials, machinery
Imports - partners South Korea 43.8%, Australia 36.2%, US 5.9%, Germany 4.3% (2006)
Independence 31 January 1968 (from the Australia-, NZ-, and UK-administered UN trusteeship)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products
Infant mortality rate total: 9.6 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 12.07 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 7.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) -3.6% (1993)
International organization participation ACP, ADB, C, FAO, ICAO, ICCt, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Supreme Court
Labor force - by occupation note: employed in mining phosphates, public administration, education, and transportation (1992)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (2005)
Languages Nauruan (official; a distinct Pacific Island language), English widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes
Legal system acts of the Nauru Parliament and British common law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Legislative branch unicameral Parliament (18 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms)

elections: last held 25 August 2007 (next to be held in 2010)

election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 18; note - 15 of 18 incumbents reelected
Life expectancy at birth total population: 63.44 years

male: 59.85 years

female: 67.21 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: NA

total population: NA

male: NA

female: NA
Location Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Military - note Nauru maintains no defense forces; under an informal agreement, defense is the responsibility of Australia
Military branches no regular military forces; Nauru Police Force (2008)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA
National holiday Independence Day, 31 January (1968)
Nationality noun: Nauruan(s)

adjective: Nauruan
Natural hazards periodic droughts
Natural resources phosphates, fish
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders Democratic Party [Kennan ADEANG]; Nauru Party (informal); Nauru First (Naoero Amo) Party; note - loose multiparty system
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 13,528 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 1.781% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religions Christian (two-thirds Protestant, one-third Roman Catholic)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.041 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.973 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.099 male(s)/female

total population: 1 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 20 years of age; universal and compulsory
Telephone system general assessment: adequate local and international radiotelephone communication provided via Australian facilities

domestic: NA

international: country code - 674; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 1,900 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 1,500 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center
Total fertility rate 3.02 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 90% (2004 est.)
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