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Nauru (2002)

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Nauru 2002 year

Administrative divisions 14 districts; Aiwo, Anabar, Anetan, Anibare, Baiti, Boe, Buada, Denigomodu, Ewa, Ijuw, Meneng, Nibok, Uaboe, Yaren
Age structure 0-14 years: 39.6% (male 2,515; female 2,366)

15-64 years: 58.7% (male 3,578; female 3,656)

65 years and over: 1.7% (male 108; female 106) (2002 est.)
Agriculture - products coconuts
Airports 1 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2002)
Area total: 21 sq km

land: 21 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC
Background Nauru's phosphate deposits began to be mined early in the 20th century by a German-British consortium; the island was occupied by Australian forces in World War I. Nauru achieved independence in 1968 and joined the UN in 1999. Nauru is the world's smallest independent republic.
Birth rate 26.6 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budget revenues: $23.4 million

expenditures: $64.8 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY95/96)
Capital no official capital; government offices in Yaren District
Climate tropical; monsoonal; rainy season (November to February)
Coastline 30 km
Constitution 29 January 1968
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Nauru

conventional short form: Nauru

former: Pleasant Island
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Death rate 7.06 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Debt - external $33.3 million
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Nauru; the US Ambassador to Fiji is accredited to Nauru
Diplomatic representation in the US Nauru does not have an embassy in the US, but does have a UN office at 800 2nd Avenue, Suite 400 D, New York, New York 10017; telephone: (212) 937-0074

consulate(s): Hagatna (Guam)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $2.25 million from Australia (FY96/97 est.)
Economy - overview Revenues of this tiny island have come from exports of phosphates, but reserves are expected to be exhausted within a few years. Phosphate production has declined since 1989, as demand has fallen in traditional markets and as the marginal cost of extracting the remaining phosphate increases, making it less internationally competitive. While phosphates have given Nauruans one of the highest per capita incomes in the Third World, few other resources exist with most necessities being imported, including fresh water from Australia. The rehabilitation of mined land and the replacement of income from phosphates are serious long-term problems. In anticipation of the exhaustion of Nauru's phosphate deposits, substantial amounts of phosphate income have been invested in trust funds to help cushion the transition and provide for Nauru's economic future. The government has been borrowing heavily from the trusts to finance fiscal deficits. To cut costs the government has called for a freeze on wages, a reduction of over-staffed public service departments, privatization of numerous government agencies, and closure of some overseas consulates. In recent years Nauru has encouraged the registration of offshore banks and corporations. Tens of billions of dollars have been channeled through their accounts. Few comprehensive statistics on the Nauru economy exist, with estimates of Nauru's per capita GDP varying widely.
Electricity - consumption 27.9 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - production 30 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2000)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location along plateau rim 61 m
Environment - current issues limited natural fresh water resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater, but mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant; intensive phosphate mining during the past 90 years - mainly by a UK, Australia, and NZ consortium - has left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Nauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
Exchange rates Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.9354 (January 2002) 1.9320 (2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497 (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997)
Executive branch chief of state: Acting President Derog GIOURA (since 10 March 2003) following death of President Bernard DOWIYOGO note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: Acting President Derog GIOURA (since 10 March 2003) following death of President Bernard DOWIYOGO note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of Parliament

elections: president elected by Parliament for a three-year term; election last held 8 March 2003 (next to be held NA 2004); following Rene HARRIS' resignation, Bernard DOWIYOGO was elected president

election results: Rene HARRIS elected president; percent of Parliamentary vote - NA%; replaced by Bernard DOWIYOGO 9 January 2003 following a no-confidence vote; HARRIS reinstated 17 January 2003, then gives up presidency 18 January and DOWIYOGO is elected president; DOWIYOGO dies 10 March 2003; with 9 votes over 8 for Kinza CLODUMAR, Derog GIOURA was named acting president
Exports 0 kWh (2000)
Exports $25.3 million f.o.b. (1991)
Exports - commodities phosphates
Exports - partners NZ, Australia, South Korea, US (2000)
Fiscal year 1 July - 30 June
Flag description blue with a narrow, horizontal, yellow stripe across the center and a large white 12-pointed star below the stripe on the hoist side; the star indicates the country's location in relation to the Equator (the yellow stripe) and the 12 points symbolize the 12 original tribes of Nauru
GDP purchasing power parity - $60 million (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $5,000 (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 0 32 S, 166 55 E
Geography - note Nauru is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia; only 53 km south of Equator
Highways total: 30 km

paved: 24 km

unpaved: 6 km (1998 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs broad-based money-laundering center
Imports 0 kWh (2000)
Imports $21.1 million c.i.f. (1991)
Imports - commodities food, fuel, manufactures, building materials, machinery
Imports - partners Australia, US, UK, Indonesia, India (2000)
Independence 31 January 1968 (from the Australia-, NZ-, and UK-administered UN trusteeship)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products
Infant mortality rate 10.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) -3.6% (1993) (1993)
International organization participation ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, ICAO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court
Labor force - by occupation employed in mining phosphates, public administration, education, and transportation
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (1998 est.)
Languages Nauruan (official, a distinct Pacific Island language), English widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes
Legal system acts of the Nauru Parliament and British common law
Legislative branch unicameral Parliament (18 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms)

elections: last held 9 April 2000 (next to be held NA April 2003)

election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 18
Life expectancy at birth total population: 61.57 years

male: 58.05 years

female: 65.26 years (2002 est.)
Literacy definition: NA

total population: NA%

male: NA%

female: NA%
Location Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims contiguous zone: 24 NM

exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine none (2002 est.)
Military - note Nauru maintains no defense forces; under an informal agreement, defense is the responsibility of Australia
Military branches no regular military forces; Nauru Police Force
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA%
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 3,103 (2002 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 1,710 (2002 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 31 January (1968)
Nationality noun: Nauruan(s)

adjective: Nauruan
Natural hazards periodic droughts
Natural resources phosphates, fish
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Political parties and leaders loose multiparty system; Democratic Party [Kennan ADEANG]; Nauru Party (informal) [Bernard DOWIYOGO]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 12,329 (July 2002 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 1.96% (2002 est.)
Ports and harbors Nauru
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 7,000 (1997)
Railways total: 5 km

note: gauge unknown; used to haul phosphates from the center of the island to processing facilities on the southwest coast (2001)
Religions Christian (two-thirds Protestant, one-third Roman Catholic)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.02 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Suffrage 20 years of age; universal and compulsory
Telephone system general assessment: adequate local and international radiotelephone communication provided via Australian facilities

domestic: NA

international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 2,000 (1996)
Telephones - mobile cellular 450 (1994)
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center
Total fertility rate 3.5 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate 0%
Waterways none
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