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Moldawia (2008)

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Moldawia 2008 roku

 Moldawia
Podzial administracyjny 32 raions (raioane, singular - raionul), 3 municipalities (municipiul), 1 autonomous territorial unit (unitatea teritoriala autonoma), and 1 territorial unit (unitatea teritoriala)


raions: Anenii Noi, Basarabeasca, Briceni, Cahul, Cantemir, Calarasi, Causeni, Cimislia, Criuleni, Donduseni, Drochia, Dubasari, Edinet, Falesti, Floresti, Glodeni, Hincesti, Ialoveni, Leova, Nisporeni, Ocnita, Orhei, Rezina, Riscani, Singerei, Soldanesti, Soroca, Stefan-Voda, Straseni, Taraclia, Telenesti, Ungheni


municipalities: Balti, Bender, Chisinau


autonomous territorial unit: Gagauzia


territorial unit: Stinga Nistrului
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 16.5% (male 365,733/female 347,305)


15-64 years: 72.6% (male 1,520,094/female 1,616,014)


65 years and over: 10.9% (male 175,113/female 296,231) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo vegetables, fruits, wine, grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, tobacco; beef, milk
Lotniska 10 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 6


over 3,047 m: 1


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 2


under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 4


1,524 to 2,437 m: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 1


under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 33,843 sq km


land: 33,371 sq km


water: 472 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than Maryland
Tlo historyczne Formerly part of Rumunia, Moldawia was incorporated into the Soviet Union at the close of Swiat War II. Although independent from the USSR since 1991, Rosjan forces have remained on Moldawian territory east of the Dniester River supporting the Slavic majority population, mostly Ukrainians and Rosjans, who have proclaimed a "Transnistria" republic. One of the poorest nations w Europe, Moldawia became the first former Soviet state to elect a Communist as its president w 2001.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 10.88 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.764 billion


expenditures: $1.771 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Chisinau (Kishinev)


note: pronounced kee-shee-now


geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 28 51 E


time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat moderate winters, warm summers
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja new constitution adopted 29 lipiec 1994, effective 27 sierpien 1994; replaced old Soviet constitution of 1979
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Moldawia


conventional short form: Moldawia


local long form: Republica Moldawia


local short form: Moldawia


former: Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, Moldawian Soviet Socialist Republic
Wspolczynnik zgonow 10.85 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $2.774 billion (30 czerwiec 2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Michael D. KIRBY


embassy: 103 Mateevici Street, Chisinau MD-2009


mailing address: use embassy street address


telephone: [373] (22) 40-8300


FAX: [373] (22) 23-3044
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Nicolae CHIRTOACA


chancery: 2101 S Street NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 667-1130


FAX: [1] (202) 667-1204
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Moldawia and Ukraina operate joint customs posts to monitor the transit of people and commodities through Moldawia's break-away Transnistria region, which remains under OSCE supervision
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $191.8 million (2005)
Ekonomia Moldawia remains one of the poorest countries w Europe despite recent progress from its small economic base. It enjoys a favorable climate and good farmland but has no major mineral deposits. As a result, the economy depends heavily on agriculture, featuring fruits, vegetables, wine, and tobacco. Moldawia must import almost all of its energy supplies. Moldawia's dependence on Rosjan energy was underscored at the end of 2005, when a Rosjan-owned electrical station w Moldawia's separatist Transnistria region cut off power to Moldawia and Rosja's Gazprom cut off natural gas w disputes over pricing. Rosja's decision to ban Moldawian wine and agricultural products, coupled z its decision to double the price Moldawia paid dla Rosjan natural gas, slowed Produkt krajowy brutto growth w 2006. However, w 2007 growth returned to the 6% level Moldawia had achieved w 2000-05, boosted by Rosja's partial removal of the bans, solid fixed capital investment, and strong domestic demand driven by remittances from abroad. Economic reforms have been slow because of corruption and strong political forces backing government controls. Nevertheless, the government's primary goal of EU integration has resulted w some market-oriented progress. The granting of EU trade preferences and increased exports to Rosja will encourage higher growth rates w 2008, but the agreements are unlikely to serve as a panacea, given the extent to which export success depends on higher quality standards and other factors. The economy remains vulnerable to higher fuel prices, poor agricultural weather, and the skepticism of foreign investors. Also, the presence of an illegal separatist regime w Moldawia's Transnistria region continues to be a drag on the Moldawian economy.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 5.551 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 220 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 3.361 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 3.881 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Dniester River 2 m


highest point: Dealul Balanesti 430 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy heavy use of agricultural chemicals, including banned pesticides such as DDT, has contaminated soil and groundwater; extensive soil erosion from poor farming methods
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Moldawian/Rumunian 78.2%, Ukrainian 8.4%, Rosjan 5.8%, Gagauz 4.4%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 1.3% (2004 census)


note: internal disputes z ethnic Slavs w the Transnistrian region
Kurs waluty lei per US dollar - 12.177 (2007), 13.131 (2006), 12.6 (2005), 12.33 (2004), 13.945 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Vladimir VORONIN (since 4 kwiecien 2001)


head of government: Prime Minister Vasile TARLEV (since 15 kwiecien 2001); First Deputy Prime Minister Zinaida GRECIANII (since 10 pazdziernik 2005)


cabinet: Cabinet selected by president, subject to approval of Parliament


elections: president elected by Parliament dla a four-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 4 kwiecien 2005 (next to be held w 2009); note - prime minister designated by the president upon consultation z Parliament; within 15 days from designation, the prime minister-designate must request a vote of confidence from the Parliament regarding his/her work program and entire cabinet; prime minister designated 15 kwiecien 2001; cabinet received a vote of confidence 19 kwiecien 2001


election results: Vladimir VORONIN reelected president; parliamentary votes - Vladimir VORONIN 75, Gheorghe DUCA 1; Vasile TARLEV designated prime minister; parliamentary votes of confidence - 75 of 101
Eksport 220 million kWh (2005)
Eksport $1.43 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 31.69 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary foodstuffs, textiles, machinery
Eksport - partnerzy Rosja 22.8%, Niemcy 12.2%, Wlochy 11.1%, Rumunia 9.7%, Ukraina 9.6%, Bialorus 5.7% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi same color scheme as Rumunia - three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; emblem w center of flag is of a Roman eagle of gold outlined w black z a red beak and talons carrying a yellow cross w its beak and a green olive branch w its right talons and a yellow scepter w its left talons; on its breast is a shield divided horizontally red over blue z a stylized ox head, star, rose, and crescent all w black-outlined yellow
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 18.4%


industry: 22.4%


services: 59.2% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 47 00 N, 29 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; well endowed z various sedimentary rocks and minerals including sand, gravel, gypsum, and limestone
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.2%


highest 10%: 26.4% (2003)
Narkotyki limited cultivation of opium poppy and cannabis, mostly dla CIS consumption; transshipment point dla illicit drugs from Southwest Asia via Central Asia to Rosja, Western Europe, and possibly the US; widespread crime and underground economic activity
Import 3.361 billion kWh (2005)
Import $3.59 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 2.35 billion cu m (2005)
Import 14,200 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary mineral products and fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals, textiles
Import - partnerzy Rosja 20.8%, Ukraina 16.9%, Rumunia 13.4%, Niemcy 8.7%, Wlochy 6.1%, Polska 4.4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 27 sierpien 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 6% (2007 est.)
Przemysl sugar, vegetable oil, food processing, agricultural machinery; foundry equipment, refrigerators and freezers, washing machines; hosiery, shoes, textiles
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 13.88 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 15.35 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 12.33 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 12.5% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, BSEC, CE, CEI, CIS, EAEC (observer), EAPC, EBRD, FAO, GCTU, GUAM, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, SECI, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 3,000 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court; Konstytucjaal Court (the sole authority dla constitutional judicature)
Sila robocza 1.333 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 40.7%


industry: 12.1%


services: 47.2% (2005 est.)
Granica total: 1,389 km


border countries: Rumunia 450 km, Ukraina 939 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 54.52%


permanent crops: 8.81%


other: 36.67% (2005)
Jezyki Moldawian (official, virtually the same as the Rumunian language), Rosjan, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
System prawny based on civil law system; Konstytucjaal Court reviews legality of legislative acts and governmental decisions of resolution; accepts many UN and Organization dla Security and Cooperation w Europe (OSCE) documents; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament or Parlamentul (101 seats; parties and electoral blocs elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 6 marzec 2005 (next to be held w 2009)


election results: percent of vote by party - PCRM 46.1%, Democratic Moldawia Bloc 28.4%, PPCD 9.1%, other parties 16.4%; seats by party - PCRM 56, Democratic Moldawia Bloc 34, PPCD 11
Zywotnosc total population: 70.2 years


male: 66.51 years


female: 74.11 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 99.1%


male: 99.7%


female: 98.6% (2005 est.)
Lokalizacja Eastern Europe, northeast of Rumunia
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Flota handlowa total: 8 ships (1000 GRT or over) 15,668 GRT/17,585 DWT


by type: cargo 8


foreign-owned: 3 (Ukraina 3) (2007)
Wojsko National Army: Ground Forces, Rapid Reaction Forces, Air and Air Defense Forces (2006)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.4% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 27 sierpien (1991)
Narodowosc noun: Moldawian(s)


adjective: Moldawian
Naturalne zagrozenia landslides (57 cases w 1998)
Surowce naturalne lignite, phosphorites, gypsum, arable land, limestone
Wspolczynnik migracji -1.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 1,980 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Christian Democratic People's Party or PPCD [Iurie ROSCA]; Communist Party of the Republic of Moldawia or PCRM [Vladimir VORONIN]; Democratic Party or PD [Dumitru DIACOV]; Liberal Democratic Party or PLDM [Vladmir FILAT]; National Liberal Party or PNL [Vitalia PAVLICENKO]; Our Moldawia Alliance or AMN [Serafim URECHEAN]; Party dla Social Democracy or PDSM [Dumitru BRAGHIS]; Social Liberal Party or PSL [Oleg SEREBRIAN]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 4,320,490 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 29.5% (2005)
Przyrost naturalny -0.11% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 2, FM 29, shortwave NA (2006)
Linie kolejowe total: 1,138 km


broad gauge: 1,124 km 1.520-m gauge


standard gauge: 14 km 1.435-m gauge (2006)
Religie Eastern Orthodox 98%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist and other 0.5% (2000)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.053 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.941 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.591 male(s)/female


total population: 0.912 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: inadequate, outmoded, poor service outside Chisinau; some modernization is under way


domestic: depending on location, new subscribers may face long wait dla service; multiple private operators of GSM mobile cellular telephone service are operating; GPRS system is being introduced; a CDMA mobile telephone network began operations w 2007


international: country code - 373; service through Rumunia and Rosja via landline; satellite earth stations - Intelsat, Eutelsat, and Intersputnik (2006)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1.018 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 1.358 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 40 (2006)
Uksztaltowanie terenu rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.25 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 2.1%; note - roughly 25% of working age Moldawians are employed abroad (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 424 km (on Dniester and Prut rivers) (2007)
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