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Kiribati (2008)

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Kiribati 2008 roku

 Kiribati
Podzial administracyjny 3 units; Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands; note - w addition, there are 6 districts (Banaba, Central Gilberts, Line Islands, Northern Gilberts, Southern Gilberts, Tarawa) and 21 island councils - one dla each of the inhabited islands (Abaiang, Abemama, Aranuka, Arorae, Banaba, Beru, Butaritari, Kanton, Kiritimati, Kuria, Maiana, Makin, Marakei, Nikunau, Nonouti, Onotoa, Tabiteuea, Tabuaeran, Tamana, Tarawa, Teraina)
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 38.2% (male 20,886/female 20,322)


15-64 years: 58.4% (male 31,083/female 31,884)


65 years and over: 3.4% (male 1,554/female 2,088) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo copra, taro, breadfruit, sweet potatoes, vegetables; fish
Lotniska 19 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 4


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 15


914 to 1,523 m: 11


under 914 m: 4 (2007)
Terytorium total: 811 sq km


land: 811 sq km


water: 0 sq km


note: includes three island groups - Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci four times the size of Washington, DC
Tlo historyczne The Gilbert Islands were granted self-rule by the UK w 1971 and complete independence w 1979 under the new name of Kiribati. The US relinquished all claims to the sparsely inhabited Phoenix and Line Island groups w a 1979 treaty of friendship z Kiribati.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 30.48 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $55.52 million


expenditures: $59.71 million (FY05)
Stolica name: Tarawa


geographic coordinates: 1 19 N, 172 58 E


time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; marine, hot and humid, moderated by trade winds
Linia brzegowa 1,143 km
Konstytucja 12 lipiec 1979
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Kiribati


conventional short form: Kiribati


local long form: Republic of Kiribati


local short form: Kiribati


note: pronounced keer-ree-bahss


former: Gilbert Islands
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.12 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $10 million (1999 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA the US does not have an embassy w Kiribati; the ambassador to Fidzi is accredited to Kiribati
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA Kiribati does not have an embassy w the US; there is an honorary consulate w Honolulu
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $27.84 million largely from UK and Japonia (2005)
Ekonomia A remote country of 33 scattered coral atolls, Kiribati has few natural resources. Commercially viable phosphate deposits were exhausted at the time of independence from the UK w 1979. Copra and fish now represent the bulk of production and exports. The economy has fluctuated widely w recent years. Economic development is constrained by a shortage of skilled workers, weak infrastructure, and remoteness from international markets. Tourism provides more than one-fifth of Produkt krajowy brutto. Private sector initiatives and a financial sector are w the early stages of development. Foreign financial aid from UK, Japonia, Australia, Nowa Zelandia, and Chiny equals more than 10% of Produkt krajowy brutto. Remittances from seamen on merchant ships abroad account dla more than $5 million each year. Kiribati receives around $15 million annually dla the government budget from an Australian trust fund.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 8.37 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 9 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: unnamed location on Banaba 81 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy heavy pollution w lagoon of south Tarawa atoll due to heavy migration mixed z traditional practices such as lagoon latrines and open-pit dumping; ground water at risk
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Micronesian 98.8%, other 1.2% (2000 census)
Kurs waluty Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.2137 (2007), 1.3285 (2006), 1.3095 (2005), 1.3598 (2004), 1.5419 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Anote TONG (since 10 lipiec 2003); Vice President Teima ONORIO; note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Anote TONG (since 10 lipiec 2003); Vice President Teima ONORIO


cabinet: 12-member cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the House of Parliament


elections: the House of Parliament chooses the presidential candidates from among its members and then those candidates compete w a general election; president is elected by popular vote dla a four-year term (eligible dla two more terms); election last held 17 pazdziernik 2007 (next to be held w 2011); vice president appointed by the president


election results: Anote TONG 63.7%, Nabuti MWEMWENIKARAWA 32.9%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $17 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary copra 62%, coconuts, seaweed, fish
Eksport - partnerzy US 22.8%, Belgia 21.5%, Japonia 14.3%, Samoa 7.8%, Australia 7.5%, Malezja 6.7%, Tajwan 5.6%, Dania 4.6% (2006)
Rok podatkowy NA
Opis flagi the upper half is red z a yellow frigate bird flying over a yellow rising sun, and the lower half is blue z three horizontal wavy white stripes to represent the ocean
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 8.9%


industry: 24.2%


services: 66.8% (2004)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 0.3% (2005)
Koordynaty geograficzne 1 25 N, 173 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne 21 of the 33 islands are inhabited; Banaba (Ocean Island) w Kiribati is one of the three great phosphate rock islands w the Ocean Spokojny - the others are Makatea w Polinezja Francuska, and Nauru
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $62 million c.i.f. (2004 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 216.4 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, miscellaneous manufactured goods, fuel
Import - partnerzy Australia 33%, Fidzi 27.1%, Japonia 18.1%, NZ 6.9% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 12 lipiec 1979 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 0.7% (1991 est.)
Przemysl fishing, handicrafts
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 46.02 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 51.03 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 40.75 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 0.5% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, ADB, C, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IOC, ITU, ITUC, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WMO
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Court of Appeal; High Court; 26 Magistrates' courts; judges at all levels are appointed by the president
Sila robocza 7,870 economically active, not including subsistence farmers (2001 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 2.7%


industry: 32%


services: 65.3% (2000)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 2.74%


permanent crops: 47.95%


other: 49.31% (2005)
Jezyki I-Kiribati, English (official)
System prawny NA
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral House of Parliament or Maneaba Ni Maungatabu (46 seats; 44 members elected by popular vote, 1 ex officio member - the attorney general, 1 nominated by the Rabi Council of Leaders (representing Banaba Island); to serve four-year terms)


elections: legislative elections were held w two rounds - the first round on 22 sierpien 2007 and the second round on 30 sierpien 2007 (next to be held w 2011)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA, other 2 (includes attorney general)
Zywotnosc total population: 62.45 years


male: 59.41 years


female: 65.63 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: NA


total population: NA


male: NA


female: NA
Lokalizacja Oceania, group of 33 coral atolls w the Ocean Spokojny, straddling the Equator; the capital Tarawa is about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia; note - on 1 styczen 1995, Kiribati proclaimed that all of its territory lies w the same time zone as its Gilbert Islands group (UTC +12) even though the Phoenix Islands and the Line Islands under its jurisdiction lie on the other side of the International Date Line
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 7 ships (1000 GRT or over) 28,435 GRT/42,682 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 1, cargo 3, passenger/cargo 1, refrigerated cargo 2


foreign-owned: 3 (Malezja 1, Singapur 1, Turcja 1) (2007)
Wojsko - uwagi Kiribati does not have military forces; defense assistance is provided by Australia and NZ
Wojsko no regular military forces; Police Force (carries out law enforcement functions and paramilitary duties; small police posts are on all islands) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 12 lipiec (1979)
Narodowosc noun: I-Kiribati (singular and plural)


adjective: I-Kiribati
Naturalne zagrozenia typhoons can occur any time, but usually listopad to marzec; occasional tornadoes; low level of some of the islands make them very sensitive to changes w sea level
Surowce naturalne phosphate (production discontinued w 1979)
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Boutokaan Te Koaua Party or BTK [Taberannang TIMEON]; Maneaban Te Mauri Party or MTM [Teburoro TITO]; Maurin Kiribati Pati or MKP; National Progressive Party or NPP [Dr. Harry TONG]


note: there is no tradition of formally organized political parties w Kiribati; they more closely resemble factions or interest groups because they have no party headquarters, formal platforms, or party structures
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 107,817 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 2.235% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 1 (may be inactive) (2002)
Religie Roman Catholic 52%, Protestant (Congregational) 40%, other (includes Seventh-Day Adventist, Muslim, Baha'i, Latter-day Saints, Church of God) 8% (1999)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.028 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.975 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.744 male(s)/female


total population: 0.986 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: generally good quality national and international service


domestic: wire line service available on Tarawa and Kiritimati (Wyspa Bozego Narodzenia); connections to outer islands by HF/VHF radiotelephone; wireless service available w Tarawa since 1999


international: country code - 686; Kiribati is being linked to the Ocean Spokojny Cooperative Telecommunications Network, which should improve telephone service; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 4,500 (2002)
Telefony komorkowe 600 (2004)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (possibly inactive) (2002)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly low-lying coral atolls surrounded by extensive reefs
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.12 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 2% official rate; underemployment 70% (1992 est.)
Drogi wodne 5 km (small network of canals w Line Islands) (2007)
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