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Kiribati (2007)

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Kiribati 2007 year

Administrative divisions 3 units; Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands; note - in addition, there are 6 districts (Banaba, Central Gilberts, Line Islands, Northern Gilberts, Southern Gilberts, Tarawa) and 21 island councils - one for each of the inhabited islands (Abaiang, Abemama, Aranuka, Arorae, Banaba, Beru, Butaritari, Kanton, Kiritimati, Kuria, Maiana, Makin, Marakei, Nikunau, Nonouti, Onotoa, Tabiteuea, Tabuaeran, Tamana, Tarawa, Teraina)
Age structure 0-14 years: 38.2% (male 20,886/female 20,322)

15-64 years: 58.4% (male 31,083/female 31,884)

65 years and over: 3.4% (male 1,554/female 2,088) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products copra, taro, breadfruit, sweet potatoes, vegetables; fish
Airports 19 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 4

1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 15

914 to 1,523 m: 11

under 914 m: 4 (2007)
Area total: 811 sq km

land: 811 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes three island groups - Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands
Area - comparative four times the size of Washington, DC
Background The Gilbert Islands were granted self-rule by the UK in 1971 and complete independence in 1979 under the new name of Kiribati. The US relinquished all claims to the sparsely inhabited Phoenix and Line Island groups in a 1979 treaty of friendship with Kiribati.
Birth rate 30.48 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $55.52 million

expenditures: $59.71 million (FY05)
Capital name: Tarawa

geographic coordinates: 1 19 N, 172 58 E

time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate tropical; marine, hot and humid, moderated by trade winds
Coastline 1,143 km
Constitution 12 July 1979
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Kiribati

conventional short form: Kiribati

local long form: Republic of Kiribati

local short form: Kiribati

note: pronounced keer-ree-bahss

former: Gilbert Islands
Death rate 8.12 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $10 million (1999 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Kiribati; the ambassador to Fiji is accredited to Kiribati
Diplomatic representation in the US Kiribati does not have an embassy in the US; there is an honorary consulate in Honolulu
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $27.84 million largely from UK and Japan (2005)
Economy - overview A remote country of 33 scattered coral atolls, Kiribati has few natural resources. Commercially viable phosphate deposits were exhausted at the time of independence from the UK in 1979. Copra and fish now represent the bulk of production and exports. The economy has fluctuated widely in recent years. Economic development is constrained by a shortage of skilled workers, weak infrastructure, and remoteness from international markets. Tourism provides more than one-fifth of GDP. Private sector initiatives and a financial sector are in the early stages of development. Foreign financial aid from UK, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and China equals more than 10% of GDP. Remittances from seamen on merchant ships abroad account for more than $5 million each year. Kiribati receives around $15 million annually for the government budget from an Australian trust fund.
Electricity - consumption 8.37 million kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 9 million kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location on Banaba 81 m
Environment - current issues heavy pollution in lagoon of south Tarawa atoll due to heavy migration mixed with traditional practices such as lagoon latrines and open-pit dumping; ground water at risk
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Micronesian 98.8%, other 1.2% (2000 census)
Exchange rates Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.3285 (2006), 1.3095 (2005), 1.3598 (2004), 1.5419 (2003), 1.8406 (2002)
Executive branch chief of state: President Anote TONG (since 10 July 2003); Vice President Teima ONORIO; note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Anote TONG (since 10 July 2003); Vice President Teima ONORIO

cabinet: 12-member cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the House of Parliament

elections: the House of Parliament chooses the presidential candidates from among its members and then those candidates compete in a general election; president is elected by popular vote for a four-year term (eligible for two more terms); election last held 17 October 2007 (next to be held in 2011); vice president appointed by the president

election results: Anote TONG 63.7%, Nabuti MWEMWENIKARAWA 32.9%
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $17 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Exports NA bbl/day
Exports - commodities copra 62%, coconuts, seaweed, fish
Exports - partners US 22.8%, Belgium 21.5%, Japan 14.3%, Samoa 7.8%, Australia 7.5%, Malaysia 6.7%, Taiwan 5.6%, Denmark 4.6% (2006)
Fiscal year NA
Flag description the upper half is red with a yellow frigate bird flying over a yellow rising sun, and the lower half is blue with three horizontal wavy white stripes to represent the ocean
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 8.9%

industry: 24.2%

services: 66.8% (2004)
GDP - real growth rate 0.3% (2005)
Geographic coordinates 1 25 N, 173 00 E
Geography - note 21 of the 33 islands are inhabited; Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Makatea in French Polynesia, and Nauru
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $62 million c.i.f. (2004 est.)
Imports NA bbl/day
Imports - commodities foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, miscellaneous manufactured goods, fuel
Imports - partners Australia 33%, Fiji 27.1%, Japan 18.1%, NZ 6.9% (2006)
Independence 12 July 1979 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate 0.7% (1991 est.)
Industries fishing, handicrafts
Infant mortality rate total: 46.02 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 51.03 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 40.75 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 0.5% (2005 est.)
International organization participation ACP, AsDB, C, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IOC, ITU, ITUC, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WMO
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Court of Appeal; High Court; 26 Magistrates' courts; judges at all levels are appointed by the president
Labor force 7,870 economically active, not including subsistence farmers (2001 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: 2.7%

industry: 32%

services: 65.3% (2000)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 2.74%

permanent crops: 47.95%

other: 49.31% (2005)
Languages I-Kiribati, English (official)
Legal system NA
Legislative branch unicameral House of Parliament or Maneaba Ni Maungatabu (46 seats; 44 members elected by popular vote, 1 ex officio member - the attorney general, 1 nominated by the Rabi Council of Leaders (representing Banaba Island); to serve four-year terms)

elections: legislative elections were held in two rounds - the first round on 22 August 2007 and the second round on 30 August 2007 (next to be held in 2011)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA, other 2 (includes attorney general)
Life expectancy at birth total population: 62.45 years

male: 59.41 years

female: 65.63 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: NA

total population: NA

male: NA

female: NA
Location Oceania, group of 33 coral atolls in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the Equator; the capital Tarawa is about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia; note - on 1 January 1995, Kiribati proclaimed that all of its territory lies in the same time zone as its Gilbert Islands group (UTC +12) even though the Phoenix Islands and the Line Islands under its jurisdiction lie on the other side of the International Date Line
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Merchant marine total: 7 ships (1000 GRT or over) 28,435 GRT/42,682 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 1, cargo 3, passenger/cargo 1, refrigerated cargo 2

foreign-owned: 3 (Malaysia 1, Singapore 1, Turkey 1) (2007)
Military - note Kiribati does not have military forces; defense assistance is provided by Australia and NZ
Military branches no regular military forces; Police Force (carries out law enforcement functions and paramilitary duties; small police posts are on all islands) (2007)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA
National holiday Independence Day, 12 July (1979)
Nationality noun: I-Kiribati (singular and plural)

adjective: I-Kiribati
Natural hazards typhoons can occur any time, but usually November to March; occasional tornadoes; low level of some of the islands make them very sensitive to changes in sea level
Natural resources phosphate (production discontinued in 1979)
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders Boutokaan Te Koaua Party or BTK [Taberannang TIMEON]; Maneaban Te Mauri Party or MTM [Teburoro TITO]; Maurin Kiribati Pati or MKP; National Progressive Party or NPP [Dr. Harry TONG]

note: there is no tradition of formally organized political parties in Kiribati; they more closely resemble factions or interest groups because they have no party headquarters, formal platforms, or party structures
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 107,817 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 2.235% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 1 (may be inactive) (2002)
Religions Roman Catholic 52%, Protestant (Congregational) 40%, other (includes Seventh-Day Adventist, Muslim, Baha'i, Latter-day Saints, Church of God) 8% (1999)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.028 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.975 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.744 male(s)/female

total population: 0.986 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: generally good quality national and international service

domestic: wire line service available on Tarawa and Kiritimati (Christmas Island); connections to outer islands by HF/VHF radiotelephone; wireless service available in Tarawa since 1999

international: country code - 686; Kiribati is being linked to the Pacific Ocean Cooperative Telecommunications Network, which should improve telephone service; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 4,500 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 600 (2004)
Television broadcast stations 1 (possibly inactive) (2002)
Terrain mostly low-lying coral atolls surrounded by extensive reefs
Total fertility rate 4.12 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 2% official rate; underemployment 70% (1992 est.)
Waterways 5 km (small network of canals in Line Islands) (2007)
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