Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


Kiribati (2001)

Kiribati - select year:
KiribatiKiribati (2002) (compare)
KiribatiKiribati (2003) (compare)
KiribatiKiribati (2004) (compare)
KiribatiKiribati (2005) (compare)
KiribatiKiribati (2006) (compare)
KiribatiKiribati (2007) (compare)
KiribatiKiribati (2008) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

Kiribati 2001 year

Administrative divisions 3 units; Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands; note - in addition, there are 6 districts (Banaba, Central Gilberts, Line Islands, Northern Gilberts, Southern Gilberts, Tarawa) and 21 island councils - one for each of the inhabited islands (Abaiang, Abemama, Aranuka, Arorae, Banaba, Beru, Butaritari, Kanton, Kiritimati, Kuria, Maiana, Makin, Marakei, Nikunau, Nonouti, Onotoa, Tabiteuea, Tabuaeran, Tamana, Tarawa, Teraina)
Age structure 0-14 years:
40.53% (male 19,322; female 18,833)

15-64 years:
56.27% (male 26,136; female 26,841)

65 years and over:
3.2% (male 1,291; female 1,726) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products copra, taro, breadfruit, sweet potatoes, vegetables; fish
Airports 21 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:
4 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
5 (2000 est.)
Area total:
717 sq km

717 sq km

0 sq km

includes three island groups - Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands
Area - comparative four times the size of Washington, DC
Background The Gilbert Islands were granted self-rule by the UK in 1971 and complete independence in 1979 under the new name of Kiribati. The US relinquished all claims to the sparsely inhabited Phoenix and Line Island groups in a 1979 treaty of friendship with Kiribati.
Birth rate 31.98 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$33.3 million

$47.7 million, including capital expenditures of $NA million (1996 est.)
Capital Tarawa
Climate tropical; marine, hot and humid, moderated by trade winds
Coastline 1,143 km
Constitution 12 July 1979
Country name conventional long form:
Republic of Kiribati

conventional short form:

pronounced kir-ih-bahss

Gilbert Islands
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Death rate 8.88 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $10 million (1999 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US the US does not have an embassy in Kiribati; the ambassador to the Marshall Islands is accredited to Kiribati
Diplomatic representation in the US Kiribati does not have an embassy in the US; there is an honorary consulate in Honolulu
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $15.5 million (1995), largely from UK and Japan
Economy - overview A remote country of 33 scattered coral atolls, Kiribati has few national resources. Commercially viable phosphate deposits were exhausted at the time of independence from the UK in 1979. Copra and fish now represent the bulk of production and exports. The economy has fluctuated widely in recent years. Economic development is constrained by a shortage of skilled workers, weak infrastructure, and remoteness from international markets. Tourism provides more than one-fifth of GDP. The financial sector is at an early stage of development as is the expansion of private sector initiatives. Foreign financial aid, largely from the UK and Japan, is a critical supplement to GDP, equal to 25%-50% of GDP in recent years. Remittances from workers abroad account for more than $5 million each year. Performance in 2000 fell short of the 2.5% growth in 1999, which benefited from increased copra production and exceptionally large revenues from fishing licenses.
Electricity - consumption 6.5 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 7 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point:
unnamed location on Banaba 81 m
Environment - current issues heavy pollution in lagoon of south Tarawa atoll due to heavy migration mixed with traditional practices such as lagoon latrines and open-pit dumping; ground water at risk
Environment - international agreements party to:
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified:
none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups predominantly Micronesian with some Polynesian
Exchange rates Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.7995 (January 2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497 (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997), 1.2773 (1996)
Executive branch chief of state:
President Teburoro TITO (since 1 October 1994); Vice President Tewareka TENTOA (since 12 October 1994); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government:
President Teburoro TITO (since 1 October 1994); Vice President Tewareka TENTOA (since 12 October 1994); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the House of Assembly, includes the president, vice president, attorney general, and up to eight other ministers

the House of Assembly chooses the presidential candidates from among their members and then those candidates compete in a general election; president is elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 27 November 1998 (next to be held by NA November 2002); vice president appointed by the president

election results:
Teburoro TITO reelected president; percent of vote - Teburoro TITO 52.3%, Dr. Harry TONG 45.8%, Amberoti NIKORA 1.9%, Taberannang TIMEON 0%
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $6 million (f.o.b., 1998)
Exports - commodities copra 62%, coconuts, seaweed, fish
Exports - partners Bangladesh, Australia, US, Hong Kong (1999)
Fiscal year NA
Flag description the upper half is red with a yellow frigate bird flying over a yellow rising sun, and the lower half is blue with three horizontal wavy white stripes to represent the ocean
GDP purchasing power parity - $76 million (2000 est.), supplemented by a nearly equal amount from external sources
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


79% (1996 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $850 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 1% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 1 25 N, 173 00 E
Geography - note 20 of the 33 islands are inhabited; Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Makatea in French Polynesia, and Nauru
Highways total:
670 km (1996)

NA km

NA km
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $44 million (c.i.f., 1999)
Imports - commodities foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, miscellaneous manufactured goods, fuel
Imports - partners Australia, Fiji, Japan, NZ, China (1999)
Independence 12 July 1979 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate 0.7% (1992 est.)
Industries fishing, handicrafts
Infant mortality rate 54 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2% (1999 est.)
International organization participation ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), ITU, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WTrO (applicant)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Court of Appeal; High Court; 26 Magistrates' courts; judges at all levels are appointed by the president
Labor force 7,870 economically active, not including subsistence farmers (1985 est.)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

46% (1993 est.)
Languages English (official), I-Kiribati
Legal system NA
Legislative branch unicameral House of Assembly or Maneaba Ni Maungatabu (41 seats; 39 elected by popular vote, one ex officio member, and one nominated to represent Banaba; members serve four-year terms)

last held 23 September 1998 (next to be held by NA September 2002)

election results:
percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Maneaban Te Mauri Party 14, National Progressive Party 11, independents 14
Life expectancy at birth total population:
60.16 years

57.25 years

63.22 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:

total population:


Location Oceania, group of islands in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the equator, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia; note - on 1 January 1995, Kiribati proclaimed that all of its territory lies in the same time zone as its Gilbert Islands group (GMT +12) even though the Phoenix Islands and the Line Islands under its jurisdiction lie on the other side of the International Date Line
Map references Oceania
Maritime claims exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine total:
1 ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,291 GRT/1,295 DWT

ships by type:
passenger/cargo 1 (2000 est.)
Military - note Kiribati does not have military forces; defense assistance is provided by Australia and NZ
Military branches no regular military forces; Police Force (carries out law enforcement functions and paramilitary duties; small police posts are on all islands)
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA%
National holiday Independence Day, 12 July (1979)
Nationality noun:
I-Kiribati (singular and plural)

Natural hazards typhoons can occur any time, but usually November to March; occasional tornadoes; low level of some of the islands make them very sensitive to changes in sea level
Natural resources phosphate (production discontinued in 1979)
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Maneaban Te Mauri Party [Teburoro TITO]; National Progressive Party [Teatao TEANNAKI]

there is no tradition of formally organized political parties in Kiribati; they more closely resemble factions or interest groups because they have no party headquarters, formal platforms, or party structures
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 94,149 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 2.31% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Banaba, Betio, English Harbor, Kanton
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 1 (1998)
Radios 17,000 (1997)
Railways 0 km
Religions Roman Catholic 54%, Protestant (Congregational) 30%, some Seventh-Day Adventist, Baha'i, Latter-day Saints, and Church of God (1996)
Sex ratio at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.97 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.75 male(s)/female

total population:
0.99 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment:


satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)

Kiribati is being linked to the Pacific Ocean Cooperative Telecommunications Network, which should improve telephone service
Telephones - main lines in use 2,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular NA
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain mostly low-lying coral atolls surrounded by extensive reefs
Total fertility rate 4.36 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 2%; underemployment 70% (1992 est.)
Waterways 5 km (small network of canals in Line Islands)
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.