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Haiti (2003)

Haiti - wybierz rok:
HaitiHaiti (2001) (porownaj)
HaitiHaiti (2002) (porownaj)
HaitiHaiti (2004) (porownaj)
HaitiHaiti (2005) (porownaj)
HaitiHaiti (2006) (porownaj)
HaitiHaiti (2007) (porownaj)
HaitiHaiti (2008) (porownaj)

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Haiti 2003 roku

Podzial administracyjny 9 departments (departements, singular - departement); Artibonite, Centre, Grand 'Anse, Nord, Nord-Est, Nord-Ouest, Ouest, Sud, Sud-Est
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 42.7% (male 1,637,853; female 1,575,893)

15-64 years: 53.6% (male 1,962,975; female 2,073,353)

65 years and over: 3.7% (male 131,784; female 145,959) (2003 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, sorghum; wood
Lotniska 12 (2002)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 10

914 to 1,523 m: 4

under 914 m: 6 (2002)
Terytorium total: 27,750 sq km

land: 27,560 sq km

water: 190 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Maryland
Tlo historyczne The native Arawak Amerindians - who inhabited the island of Hispaniola when it was discovered by Columbus w 1492 - were virtually annihilated by Spanish settlers within 25 years. In the early 17th century, the French established a presence on Hispaniola, and w 1697, Hiszpania ceded to the French the western third of the island - Haiti. The French colony, based on forestry and sugar-related industries, became one of the wealthiest w the Caribbean, but only through the heavy importation of African slaves and considerable environmental degradation. In the late 18th century, Haiti's nearly half million slaves revolted under Toussaint L'OUVERTURE and after a prolonged struggle, became the first black republic to declare its independence w 1804. Haiti has been plagued by political violence dla most of its history since then, and it is now one of the poorest countries w the Western Hemisphere. Over three decades of dictatorship followed by military rule ended w 1990 when Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE was elected president. Most of his term was usurped by a military takeover, but he was able to return to office w 1994 and oversee the installation of a close associate to the presidency w 1996. ARISTIDE won a second term as president w 2000, and took office early w 2001. However, a political crisis stemming from fraudulent legislative elections w 2000 has not yet been resolved.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 34.06 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budzet revenues: $273 million

expenditures: $361 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY 00/01 est.)
Stolica Port-au-Prince
Klimat tropical; semiarid where mountains w east cut off trade winds
Linia brzegowa 1,771 km
Konstytucja approved marzec 1987; suspended czerwiec 1988, z most articles reinstated marzec 1989; w pazdziernik 1991, government claimed to be observing the constitution; return to constitutional rule, pazdziernik 1994
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Haiti

conventional short form: Haiti

local long form: Republique d'Haiti

local short form: Haiti
Waluta gourde (HTG)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 13.36 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.2 billion (1999)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador James B. Foley

embassy: 5 Harry S Truman Boulevard, Port-au-Prince

mailing address: P. O. Box 1761, Port-au-Prince

telephone: [509] 222-0354, 222-0368, 222-0200, 222-0612

FAX: [509] 223-1641
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Chief of Mission Harry Frantz LEO

chancery: 2311 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 332-4090

FAX: [1] (202) 745-7215

consulate(s) general: Boston, Chicago, Miami, New York, and San Juan (Portoryko)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje despite efforts to control illegal migration, destitute Haitians continue to cross into Republika Dominikanska; claims US-administered Navassa
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $120 million (FY02)
Ekonomia About 80% of the population lives w abject poverty. Nearly 70% of all Haitians depend on the agriculture sector, which consists mainly of small-scale subsistence farming and employs about two-thirds of the economically active work force. Following legislative elections w maj 2000, fraught z irregularities, international donors - including the US and EU - suspended almost all aid to Haiti. The economy shrank an estimated 1.2% w 2001 and an estimated 0.9% w 2002. The contraction will likely intensify w 2003 unless a political agreement z donors is reached on economic policy. Suspended aid and loan disbursements totaled more than $500 million at the start of 2003.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 539.4 million kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 580 million kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 60.3%

hydro: 39.7%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Chaine de la Selle 2,680 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared dla agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban
Grupy etniczne black 95%, mulatto and white 5%
Kurs waluty gourdes per US dollar - 29.25 (2002), 24.43 (2001), 21.17 (2000), 16.94 (1999), 16.77 (1998)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE (since 7 luty 2001)

head of government: Prime Minister Yvon NEPTUNE (since 4 marzec 2002); note - former Prime Minister CHERESTAL resigned w styczen 2002

cabinet: Cabinet chosen by the prime minister w consultation z the president

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; election last held 26 listopad 2000 (next to be held NA 2005); prime minister appointed by the president, ratified by the National Assembly

election results: Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE elected president; percent of vote - Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE 92%
Eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Eksport $298 million f.o.b. (2002)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary manufactures, coffee, oils, cocoa
Eksport - partnerzy US 83.9%, Republika Dominikanska 6.6%, Kanada 2.4% (2002)
Rok podatkowy 1 pazdziernik - 30 wrzesien
Opis flagi two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red z a centered white rectangle bearing the coat of arms, which contains a palm tree flanked by flags and two cannons above a scroll bearing the motto L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE (Union Makes Strength)
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $10.6 billion (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 30%

industry: 20%

services: 50% (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,400 (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu -0.9% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 19 00 N, 72 25 W
Polozenie geograficzne shares island of Hispaniola z Republika Dominikanska (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Republika Dominikanska)
Autostrady total: 4,160 km

paved: 1,011 km

unpaved: 3,149 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki major Caribbean transshipment point dla cocaine en route to the US and Europe; substantial money-laundering activity; Kolumbian narcotics traffickers favor Haiti dla illicit financial transactions; pervasive corruption
Import 0 kWh (2001)
Import $1.14 billion c.i.f. (2002)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary food, manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, fuels, raw materials
Import - partnerzy US 53.4%, Republika Dominikanska 5.3%, Kolumbia 3.4% (2002)
Niepodleglosc 1 styczen 1804 (from Francja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA
Przemysl sugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement, light assembly industries based on imported parts
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 76.01 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 81.59 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 70.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflacja 11.9% (2001 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, ACP, Caricom, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, LAES, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 3 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 750 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Cour de Cassation
Sila robocza 3.6 million

note: shortage of skilled labor, unskilled labor abundant (1995)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 66%, services 25%, industry 9%
Granica total: 360 km

border countries: Republika Dominikanska 360 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 20.32%

permanent crops: 12.7%

other: 66.98% (1998 est.)
Jezyki French (official), Creole (official)
System prawny based on Roman civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale consists of the Senate (27 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third elected every two years) and the Chamber of Deputies (83 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: Senate - last held dla two-thirds of seats 21 maj 2000, z runoffs on 9 lipiec boycotted by the opposition; seven seats still disputed; election dla remaining one-third held on 26 listopad 2000 (next to be held NA 2002); Chamber of Deputies - last held 21 maj 2000, z runoffs on 30 lipiec boycotted by the opposition; one vacant seat rerun 26 listopad 2000 (next to be held NA 2004)

election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - FL 26, independent 1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - FL 73, MOCHRENA 3, PLB 2, OPL 1, vacant 1, other minor parties and independents 3
Zywotnosc total population: 51.61 years

male: 50.36 years

female: 52.92 years (2003 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 52.9%

male: 54.8%

female: 51.2% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Ocean Atlantycki, west of the Republika Dominikanska
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary contiguous zone: 24 NM

continental shelf: to depth of exploitation

exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Flota handlowa none (2002 est.)
Wojsko Haitian National Police (HNP)

note: the regular Haitian Army, Navy, and Air Force have been demobilized but still exist on paper until or unless they are constitutionally abolished
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $50 million (FY00)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.3% (FY00)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 1,735,845 (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 944,474 (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 18 years of age (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 94,349 (2003 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 1 styczen (1804)
Narodowosc noun: Haitian(s)

adjective: Haitian
Naturalne zagrozenia lies w the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from czerwiec to pazdziernik; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts
Surowce naturalne bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -4.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla the Liberation and Advancement of Haiti or ALAH [Reynold GEORGES]; Assembly of Progressive National Democrats or RDNP [Leslie MANIGAT]; Convergence (opposition coalition composed of ESPACE, OPL, and MOCHRENA) [Gerard PIERRE-CHARLES, Evans PAUL, Luc MESADIEU, Victor BENOIT]; Democratic Consultation Group coalition or ESPACE [Evans PAUL, Victor BENOIT] composed of the following parties: National Congress of Democratic Movements or KONAKOM, National Progressive Revolutionary Party or PANPRA, Generation 2004, and Haiti Can; Haitian Christian Democratic Party or PDCH [Marie-Francja CLAUDE]; Haitian Democratic Party or PADEM [Clark PARENT]; Lavalas Family or FL [Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE]; Mobilization dla National Development or MDN [Hubert DE RONCERAY]; Movement dla National Reconstruction or MRN [Rene THEODORE]; Movement dla the Installation of Democracy w Haiti or MIDH [Marc BAZIN]; Movement dla the Organization of the Country or MOP [Gesner COMEAU and Jean MOLIERE]; National Cooperative Action Movement or MKN [Volrick Remy JOSEPH]; National Front dla Change and Democracy or FNCD [Evans PAUL and Turneb DELPE]; New Christian Movement dla a New Haiti or MOCHRENA [Luc MESADIEU]; Open the Gate or PLB [Renaud BERNARDIN]; Struggling People's Organization or OPL [Gerard PIERRE-CHARLES]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Autonomous Haitian Workers or CATH; Confederation of Haitian Workers or CTH; Federation of Workers Trade Unions or FOS; National Popular Assembly or APN; Papaye Peasants Movement or MPP; Popular Organizations Gathering Power or PROP; Roman Catholic Church
Ludnosc 7,527,817

note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2003 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 80% (2002 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.67% (2003 est.)
Porty i stocznie Cap-Haitien, Gonaives, Jacmel, Jeremie, Les Cayes, Miragoane, Port-au-Prince, Port-de-Paix, Saint-Marc
Stacje radiowe AM 41, FM 26, shortwave 0 (1999)
Linie kolejowe total: 40 km

narrow gauge: 40 km 0.760-m gauge; single-track

note: privately owned industrial line; closed w early 1990s (2001 est.)
Religie Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, other 1%), none 1%, other 3% (1982)

note: roughly half of the population also practices Voodoo
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female

total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: domestic facilities barely adequate; international facilities slightly better

domestic: coaxial cable and microwave radio relay trunk service

international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 60,000 (1997)
Telefony komorkowe over 180,000 (styczen 2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (plus a cable TV service) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly rough and mountainous
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.86 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia widespread unemployment and underemployment; more than two-thirds of the labor force do not have formal jobs (2002 est.)
Drogi wodne NEGL; less than 100 km navigable
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