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Guernsey (2008)

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Guernsey 2008 year

Administrative divisions none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 10 parishes including Castel, Forest, Saint Andrew, Saint Martin, Saint Peter Port, Saint Pierre du Bois, Saint Sampson, Saint Saviour, Torteval, Vale
Age structure 0-14 years: 14.8% (male 4,914/female 4,784)

15-64 years: 67.4% (male 21,897/female 22,298)

65 years and over: 17.8% (male 4,955/female 6,725) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products tomatoes, greenhouse flowers, sweet peppers, eggplant, fruit; Guernsey cattle
Airports 2 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 78 sq km

land: 78 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and some other smaller islands
Area - comparative about one-half the size of Washington, DC
Background Guernsey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy, which held sway in both France and England. The islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Guernsey is a British crown dependency, but is not part of the UK. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.
Birth rate 8.65 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $563.6 million

expenditures: $530.9 million (2005 est.)
Capital name: Saint Peter Port

geographic coordinates: 49 27 N, 2 32 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Climate temperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast
Coastline 50 km
Constitution unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
Country name conventional long form: Bailiwick of Guernsey

conventional short form: Guernsey
Death rate 10.07 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status British crown dependency
Diplomatic representation from the US none (British crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (British crown dependency)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview Financial services - banking, fund management, insurance - account for about 23% of employment and 32% of total income in this tiny, prosperous Channel Island economy. Tourism, manufacturing, and horticulture, mainly tomatoes and cut flowers, have been declining. Financial services, construction, retail, and the public sector have been growing. Light tax and death duties make Guernsey a popular tax haven. The evolving economic integration of the EU nations is changing the environment under which Guernsey operates.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - production NA kWh
Elevation extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location on Sark 114 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups UK and Norman-French descent with small percentages from other European countries
Exchange rates Guernsey pounds per US dollar - 0.4993 (2007), 0.5418 (2006), 0.5493 (2005), 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003)

note: the Guernsey pound is at par with the British pound
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor Sir Fabian MALBON (since 28 October 2005)

head of government: Chief Minister Michael W. TORODE (since 5 March 2007)

cabinet: Policy Council elected by the States of Deliberation

elections: the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch; chief minister is elected by States of Deliberation

election results: Laurie MORGAN elected chief minister, percent of vote of the States of Deliberation NA
Exports 0 kWh (2002)
Exports $NA
Exports - commodities tomatoes, flowers and ferns, sweet peppers, eggplant, other vegetables
Exports - partners UK; note - regarded as internal trade (2006)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description white with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) extending to the edges of the flag and a yellow equal-armed cross of William the Conqueror superimposed on the Saint George cross
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 3%

industry: 10%

services: 87% (2000)
GDP - real growth rate 3% (2005 est.)
Geographic coordinates 49 28 N, 2 35 W
Geography - note large, deepwater harbor at Saint Peter Port
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2002)
Imports $NA
Imports - commodities coal, gasoline, oil, machinery and equipment
Imports - partners UK; note - regarded as internal trade (2006)
Independence none (British crown dependency)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, banking
Infant mortality rate total: 4.59 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 5.12 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.03 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.4% (June 2006)
International organization participation UPU
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Royal Court
Labor force 31,470 (March 2006)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: NA%

permanent crops: NA%

other: NA%
Languages English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts
Legal system the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply; justice is administered by the Royal Court
Legislative branch unicameral States of Deliberation (45 seats; members are elected by popular vote for four years); note - Alderney and Sark have parliaments

elections: last held 21 April 2004 (next to be held in 2008)

election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - all independents
Life expectancy at birth total population: 80.53 years

male: 77.53 years

female: 83.64 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: NA

total population: NA%

male: NA%

female: NA%
Location Western Europe, islands in the English Channel, northwest of France
Map references Europe
Maritime claims territorial sea: 3 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
National holiday Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)
Nationality noun: Channel Islander(s)

adjective: Channel Islander
Natural hazards NA
Natural resources cropland
Net migration rate 3.81 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders none; all independents
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 65,573 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.239% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religions Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist
Sex ratio at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.027 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.982 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.737 male(s)/female

total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: 1 submarine cable
Telephones - main lines in use 45,100 (2005)
Telephones - mobile cellular 43,800 (2004)
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain mostly level with low hills in southwest
Total fertility rate 1.4 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 0.9% (March 2006 est.)
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