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Guernsey (2003)

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Guernsey 2003 year

Administrative divisions none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 10 parishes including Saint Peter Port, Saint Sampson, Vale, Castel, Saint Saviour, Saint Pierre du Bois, Torteval, Forest, Saint Martin, Saint Andrew
Age structure 0-14 years: 15.8% (male 5,216; female 5,061)

15-64 years: 66.8% (male 21,433; female 21,835)

65 years and over: 17.4% (male 4,705; female 6,568) (2003 est.)
Agriculture - products tomatoes, greenhouse flowers, sweet peppers, eggplant, fruit; Guernsey cattle
Airports 2 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways total: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Area total: 78 sq km

land: 78 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and some other smaller islands
Area - comparative about one-half the size of Washington, DC
Background The island of Guernsey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy, which held sway in both France and England. The islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II.
Birth rate 9.43 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budget revenues: $381.3 million

expenditures: $368.8 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Capital Saint Peter Port
Climate temperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast
Coastline 50 km
Constitution unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
Country name conventional long form: Bailiwick of Guernsey

conventional short form: Guernsey
Currency British pound (GBP); note - there is also a Guernsey pound
Death rate 9.84 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status British crown dependency
Diplomatic representation from the US none (British crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (British crown dependency)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $NA
Economy - overview Financial services - banking, fund management, insurance, etc. - account for about 55% of total income in this tiny Channel Island economy. Tourism, manufacturing, and horticulture, mainly tomatoes and cut flowers, have been declining. Light tax and death duties make Guernsey a popular tax haven. The evolving economic integration of the EU nations is changing the rules of the game under which Guernsey operates.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - production NA kWh
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 0%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0%
Elevation extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location on Sark 114 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups UK and Norman-French descent
Exchange rates Guernsey pounds per US dollar - 0.6661 (2002), 0.6944 (2001), 0.6596 (2000), 0.6180 (1999), 0.6037 (1998); note - the Guernsey pound is at par with the British pound
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)

head of government: Lieutenant Governor and Commander-in-Chief Lt. Gen. Sir John FOLEY (since NA 2000) and Bailiff de Vic Graham CAREY (since NA 1999)

cabinet: Advisory and Finance Committee appointed by the Assembly of the States

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch; bailiff appointed by the monarch
Exports 0 kWh (2002)
Exports $NA
Exports - commodities tomatoes, flowers and ferns, sweet peppers, eggplant, other vegetables
Exports - partners UK (regarded as internal trade)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description white with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) extending to the edges of the flag and a yellow equal-armed cross of William the Conqueror superimposed on the Saint George cross
GDP purchasing power parity - $1.3 billion (1999 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 3%

industry: 10%

services: 87% (2000)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $20,000 (1999 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 5.7% (1999 est.)
Geographic coordinates 49 28 N, 2 35 W
Geography - note large, deepwater harbor at Saint Peter Port
Highways total: NA km

paved: NA km

unpaved: NA km
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2002)
Imports $NA
Imports - commodities coal, gasoline, oil, machinery and equipment
Imports - partners UK (regarded as internal trade)
Independence none (British crown dependency)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, banking
Infant mortality rate total: 4.85 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 5.43 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.99% (2000 est.)
International organization participation none
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) NA
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Royal Court
Labor force 31,322 (2000)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: NA%

permanent crops: NA%

other: NA%
Languages English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts
Legal system English law and local statute; justice is administered by the Royal Court
Legislative branch unicameral Assembly of the States; consists of the bailiff, 10 Douzaine (parish council) representatives, 45 people's deputies elected by popular vote, 2 representatives from Alderney, Her Majesty's Procureur (Attorney General), Her Majesty's Comptroller (Solicitor General) and Her Majesty's Greffier (Court Recorder and Registrar General); note - Alderney and Sark have their own parliaments

elections: last held 12 April 2000 (next to be held NA 2004)

election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - all independents
Life expectancy at birth total population: 80.04 years

male: 77.04 years

female: 83.14 years (2003 est.)
Literacy definition: NA

total population: NA%

male: NA%

female: NA%
Location Western Europe, islands in the English Channel, northwest of France
Map references Europe
Maritime claims exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM

territorial sea: 3 NM
Merchant marine none (2002 est.)
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
National holiday Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)
Nationality noun: Channel Islander(s)

adjective: Channel Islander
Natural hazards NA
Natural resources cropland
Net migration rate 3.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Political parties and leaders none; all independents
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 64,818 (July 2003 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.34% (2003 est.)
Ports and harbors Saint Peter Port, Saint Sampson
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Railways 5 km
Religions Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist
Sex ratio at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female

total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: 1 submarine cable
Telephones - main lines in use 44,000 (1996)
Telephones - mobile cellular 12,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain mostly level with low hills in southwest
Total fertility rate 1.37 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Unemployment rate 0.5% (1999 est.)
Waterways none
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