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Guernsey (2005)

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Guernsey 2005 year

Administrative divisions none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 10 parishes including Saint Peter Port, Saint Sampson, Vale, Castel, Saint Saviour, Saint Pierre du Bois, Torteval, Forest, Saint Martin, Saint Andrew
Age structure 0-14 years: 15.4% (male 5,084/female 4,937)

15-64 years: 66.9% (male 21,611/female 22,002)

65 years and over: 17.8% (male 4,882/female 6,712) (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products tomatoes, greenhouse flowers, sweet peppers, eggplant, fruit; Guernsey cattle
Airports 2 (2004 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Area total: 78 sq km

land: 78 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and some other smaller islands
Area - comparative about one-half the size of Washington, DC
Background The island of Guernsey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy, which held sway in both France and England. The islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II.
Birth rate 9.01 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budget revenues: $539.2 million

expenditures: $448.3 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2002 est.)
Capital Saint Peter Port
Climate temperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast
Coastline 50 km
Constitution unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
Country name conventional long form: Bailiwick of Guernsey

conventional short form: Guernsey
Death rate 9.95 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status British crown dependency
Diplomatic representation from the US none (British crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (British crown dependency)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient NA
Economy - overview Financial services - banking, fund management, insurance - account for about 55% of total income in this tiny, prosperous Channel Island economy. Tourism, manufacturing, and horticulture, mainly tomatoes and cut flowers, have been declining. Light tax and death duties make Guernsey a popular tax haven. The evolving economic integration of the EU nations is changing the environment under which Guernsey operates.
Electricity - consumption NA kWh
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - production NA kWh
Elevation extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location on Sark 114 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups UK and Norman-French descent with small percentages from other European countries
Exchange rates Guernsey pounds per US dollar - 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003), 0.6672 (2002), 0.6947 (2001), 0.6609 (2000)

note: the Guernsey pound is at par with the British pound
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor and Commander-in-Chief Lt. Gen. Sir John FOLEY (since NA 2000)

head of government: Chief Minister Laurie MORGAN (since 1 May 2004)

cabinet: Policy Council elected by the States of Deliberation

elections: the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch; chief minister is elected by States of Delibertion

election results: Laurie MORGAN elected chief minister, percent of vote of the States of Deliberation NA%
Exports 0 kWh (2002)
Exports $NA
Exports - commodities tomatoes, flowers and ferns, sweet peppers, eggplant, other vegetables
Exports - partners UK (regarded as internal trade)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description white with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) extending to the edges of the flag and a yellow equal-armed cross of William the Conqueror superimposed on the Saint George cross
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 3%

industry: 10%

services: 87% (2000)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $40,000 (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 3% (2003 est.)
Geographic coordinates 49 28 N, 2 35 W
Geography - note large, deepwater harbor at Saint Peter Port
Highways total: NA km

paved: NA km

unpaved: NA km
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2002)
Imports $NA
Imports - commodities coal, gasoline, oil, machinery and equipment
Imports - partners UK (regarded as internal trade)
Independence none (British crown dependency)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, banking
Infant mortality rate total: 4.71 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 5.26 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.13 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 4.9% (2004 est.)
International organization participation UPU
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Royal Court
Labor force 32,290 (2001)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: NA%

permanent crops: NA%

other: NA%
Languages English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts
Legal system English law and local statutes; justice is administered by the Royal Court
Legislative branch unicameral States of Deliberation (45 seats; members are elected by popular vote for 4 years); note - Alderney and Sark have their own parliaments

elections: last held 21 April 2004 (next to be held NA 2008)

election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - all independents
Life expectancy at birth total population: 80.3 years

male: 77.3 years

female: 83.41 years (2005 est.)
Literacy definition: NA

total population: NA%

male: NA%

female: NA%
Location Western Europe, islands in the English Channel, northwest of France
Map references Europe
Maritime claims territorial sea: 3 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
National holiday Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)
Nationality noun: Channel Islander(s)

adjective: Channel Islander
Natural hazards NA
Natural resources cropland
Net migration rate 3.83 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Political parties and leaders none; all independents
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 65,228 (July 2005 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.29% (2005 est.)
Ports and harbors Saint Peter Port, Saint Sampson
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religions Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist
Sex ratio at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female

total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: 1 submarine cable
Telephones - main lines in use 55,000 (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular 31,500 (2001)
Television broadcast stations 1 (1997)
Terrain mostly level with low hills in southwest
Total fertility rate 1.38 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Unemployment rate 0.5% (1999 est.)
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