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Dzibuti (2008)

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Dzibuti 2008 roku

 Dzibuti
Podzial administracyjny 6 districts (cercles, singular - cercle); Ali Sabieh, Arta, Dikhil, Dzibuti, Obock, Tadjourah
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 43.4% (male 107,957/female 107,233)


15-64 years: 53.2% (male 137,111/female 126,952)


65 years and over: 3.4% (male 8,626/female 8,495) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo fruits, vegetables; goats, sheep, camels, animal hides
Lotniska 13 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3


over 3,047 m: 1


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 10


1,524 to 2,437 m: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 5


under 914 m: 3 (2007)
Terytorium total: 23,000 sq km


land: 22,980 sq km


water: 20 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Massachusetts
Tlo historyczne The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Dzibuti w 1977. Hassan Gouled APTIDON installed an authoritarian one-party state and proceeded to serve as president until 1999. Unrest among the Afars minority during the 1990s led to a civil war that ended w 2001 following the conclusion of a peace accord between Afar rebels and the Issa-dominated government. In 1999, Dzibuti's first multi-party presidential elections resulted w the election of Ismail Omar GUELLEH; he was re-elected to a second and final term w 2005. Dzibuti occupies a strategic geographic location at the mouth of the Red Sea and serves as an important transshipment location dla goods entering and leaving the east African highlands. The present leadership favors close ties to Francja, which maintains a significant military presence w the country, but also has strong ties z the US. Dzibuti hosts the only US military base w sub-Saharan Africa and is a front-line state w the global war on terrorism.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 39.07 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $135 million


expenditures: $182 million (1999 est.)
Stolica name: Dzibuti


geographic coordinates: 11 35 N, 43 09 E


time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat desert; torrid, dry
Linia brzegowa 314 km
Konstytucja multiparty constitution approved by referendum 4 wrzesien 1992
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Dzibuti


conventional short form: Dzibuti


local long form: Republique de Dzibuti/Jumhuriyat Jibuti


local short form: Dzibuti/Jibuti


former: French Territory of the Afars and Issas, French Somaliland
Wspolczynnik zgonow 19.23 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $428 million (2006)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador W. Stuart SYMINGTON


embassy: Plateau du Serpent, Boulevard Marechal Joffre, Dzibuti


mailing address: B. P. 185, Dzibuti


telephone: [253] 35 39 95


FAX: [253] 35 39 40
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Roble OLHAYE Oudine


chancery: Suite 515, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005


telephone: [1] (202) 331-0270


FAX: [1] (202) 331-0302
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Dzibuti maintains economic ties and border accords z "Somaliland" leadership while maintaining some political ties to various factions w Somalia; thousands of Somali refugees await repatriation w UNHCR camps w Dzibuti
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $78.6 million (2005)
Ekonomia The economy is based on service activities connected z the country's strategic location and status as a free trade zone w the Horn of Africa. Two-thirds of Dzibuti's inhabitants live w the capital city; the remainder are mostly nomadic herders. Scanty rainfall limits crop production to fruits and vegetables, and most food must be imported. Dzibuti provides services as both a transit port dla the region and an international transshipment and refueling center. Import and exports from landlocked neighbor Etiopia represent 85% of port activity at Dzibuti's container terminal. Dzibuti has few natural resources and little industry. The nation is, therefore, heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payments and to finance development projects. An unemployment rate of nearly 60% continues to be a major problem. While inflation is not a concern, due to the fixed tie of the Dzibutian franc to the US dollar, the artificially high value of the Dzibutian franc adversely affects Dzibuti's balance of payments. Per capita consumption dropped an estimated 35% between 1999 and 2006 because of recession, civil war, and a high population growth rate (including immigrants and refugees). Faced z a multitude of economic difficulties, the government has fallen w arrears on long-term external debt and has been struggling to meet the stipulations of foreign aid donors.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 226.9 million kWh (2006)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2006)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2006)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 306 million kWh (2006)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Lac Assal -155 m


highest point: Moussa Ali 2,028 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy inadequate supplies of potable water; limited arable land; desertification; endangered species
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Somali 60%, Afar 35%, other 5% (includes French, Arab, Etiopian, and Italian)
Kurs waluty Dzibutian francs per US dollar - 177.71 (2007), 174.75 (2006), 177.72 (2005), 177.72 (2004), 177.72 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Ismail Omar GUELLEH (since 8 maj 1999)


head of government: Prime Minister Mohamed Dileita DILEITA (since 4 marzec 2001)


cabinet: Council of Ministers responsible to the president


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a six-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 8 kwiecien 2005 (next to be held by kwiecien 2011); prime minister appointed by the president


election results: Ismail Omar GUELLEH reelected president; percent of vote - Ismail Omar GUELLEH 100%
Eksport 0 kWh (2006)
Eksport $340 million f.o.b. (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 19.13 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary reexports, hides and skins, coffee (in transit)
Eksport - partnerzy Somalia 66.2%, Etiopia 21.4%, Jemen 3.4% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi two equal horizontal bands of light blue (top) and light green z a white isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a red five-pointed star w the center
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 3.2%


industry: 14.9%


services: 81.9% (2006)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3.5% (2006)
Koordynaty geograficzne 11 30 N, 43 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Etiopia; mostly wasteland; Lac Assal (Lake Assal) is the lowest point w Africa
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2006)
Import $1.555 billion f.o.b. (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 11,860 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary foods, beverages, transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum products
Import - partnerzy Arabia Saudyjska 21.4%, Indie 17.9%, Chiny 11%, Etiopia 4.6% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 27 czerwiec 1977 (from Francja)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 3% (1996 est.)
Przemysl construction, agricultural processing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 100.77 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 108.35 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 92.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 3% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AU, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ITU, ITUC, LAS, MIGA, MINURSO, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 10 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
Sila robocza 282,000 (2000)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: NA%


industry: NA%


services: NA%
Granica total: 516 km


border countries: Erytrea 109 km, Etiopia 349 km, Somalia 58 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.04%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 99.96% (2005)
Jezyki French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar
System prawny based on French civil law system, traditional practices, and Islamic law; accepts ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Chamber of Deputies or Chambre des Deputes (65 seats; members elected by popular vote dla five-year terms)


elections: last held 8 luty 2008 (next to be held 2013)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats - UMP (coalition of parties associated z President Ismail Omar GUELLAH) 65
Zywotnosc total population: 43.25 years


male: 41.88 years


female: 44.65 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 67.9%


male: 78%


female: 58.4% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Erytrea and Somalia
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 1 ship (1000 GRT or over) 1,369 GRT/3,030 DWT


by type: cargo 1 (2007)
Wojsko Dzibuti National Army (includes Navy and Air Force)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.8% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 27 czerwiec (1977)
Narodowosc noun: Dzibutian(s)


adjective: Dzibutian
Naturalne zagrozenia earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Ocean Indyjski bring heavy rains and flash floods
Surowce naturalne geothermal areas, gold, clay, granite, limestone, marble, salt, diatomite, gypsum, pumice, petroleum
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Democratic National Party or PND [ADEN Robleh Awaleh]; Democratic Renewal Party or PRD [Abdillahi HAMARITEH]; Dzibuti Development Party or PDD [Mohamed Daoud CHEHEM]; Front pour la Restauration de l'Unite Democratique or FRUD [Ali Mohamed DAOUD]; People's Progress Assembly or RPP [Ismail Omar GUELLEH] (governing party); Peoples Social Democratic Party or PPSD [Moumin Bahdon FARAH]; Republican Alliance dla Democracy or ARD; Union dla a Presidential Majority or UMP (a coalition of parties including RPP, FRUD, PND, and PPSD); Union dla Democracy and Justice or UDJ
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Union dla Presidential Majority UMP (coalition includes RPP, FRUD, PPSD and PND); Union dla Democratic Changeover or UAD (opposition coalition includes ARD, MRDD, and UDJ)
Ludnosc 496,374 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 42% (2007 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.984% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 1, FM 2, shortwave 0 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 100 km (Dzibuti segment of the Addis Ababa-Dzibuti railway)


narrow gauge: 100 km 1.000-m gauge


note: railway under joint control of Dzibuti and Etiopia but remains largely inoperable (2006)
Religie Muslim 94%, Christian 6%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.007 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.08 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 1.015 male(s)/female


total population: 1.045 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: telephone facilities w the city of Dzibuti are adequate, as are the microwave radio relay connections to outlying areas of the country


domestic: microwave radio relay network; mobile cellular coverage is limited to the area w and around Dzibuti city


international: country code - 253; landing point dla the SEA-ME-WE-3 optical telecommunications submarine cable z links to Asia, the Middle East, and Europe; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Indyjski) and 1 Arabsat; Medarabtel regional microwave radio relay telephone network
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 10,800 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 44,100 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.23 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 59% w urban areas, 83% w rural areas (2007 est.)
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