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Djibouti (2001)

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Djibouti 2001 year

Administrative divisions 5 districts (cercles, singular - cercle); 'Ali Sabih, Dikhil, Djibouti, Obock, Tadjoura
Age structure 0-14 years:
42.58% (male 98,314; female 97,859)

15-64 years:
54.58% (male 132,619; female 118,841)

65 years and over:
2.84% (male 6,787; female 6,280) (2001 est.)
Agriculture - products fruits, vegetables; goats, sheep, camels
Airports 12 (2000 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total:

over 3,047 m:

2,438 to 3,047 m:
1 (2000 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total:

1,524 to 2,437 m:

914 to 1,523 m:

under 914 m:
3 (2000 est.)
Area total:
22,000 sq km

21,980 sq km

20 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Massachusetts
Background The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. A peace accord in 1994 ended a three-year uprising by Afars rebels.
Birth rate 40.66 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budget revenues:
$133 million

$187 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)
Capital Djibouti
Climate desert; torrid, dry
Coastline 314 km
Constitution multiparty constitution approved by referendum 4 September 1992
Country name conventional long form:
Republic of Djibouti

conventional short form:

French Territory of the Afars and Issas, French Somaliland
Currency Djiboutian franc (DJF)
Death rate 14.66 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Debt - external $356 million (1999 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission:
Ambassador Donald YAMAMOTO

Plateau du Serpent, Boulevard Marechal Joffre, Djibouti

mailing address:
B. P. 185, Djibouti

[253] 35 39 95

[253] 35 39 40
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission:
Ambassador ROBLE Olhaye Oudine

Suite 515, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005

[1] (202) 331-0270

[1] (202) 331-0302
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient $106.3 million (1995)
Economy - overview The economy is based on service activities connected with the country's strategic location and status as a free trade zone in northeast Africa. Two-thirds of the inhabitants live in the capital city, the remainder being mostly nomadic herders. Scanty rainfall limits crop production to fruits and vegetables, and most food must be imported. Djibouti provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center. It has few natural resources and little industry. The nation is, therefore, heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payments and to finance development projects. An unemployment rate of 40% to 50% continues to be a major problem. Inflation is not a concern, however, because of the fixed tie of the franc to the US dollar. Per capita consumption dropped an estimated 35% over the last seven years because of recession, civil war, and a high population growth rate (including immigrants and refugees). Faced with a multitude of economic difficulties, the government has fallen in arrears on long-term external debt and has been struggling to meet the stipulations of foreign aid donors. The year 2001 will see only small growth as port activity should decrease now that Ethiopia has more trade route options.
Electricity - consumption 167.4 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (1999)
Electricity - production 180 million kWh (1999)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel:



0% (1999)
Elevation extremes lowest point:
Lac Assal -155 m

highest point:
Moussa Ali 2,028 m
Environment - current issues inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification
Environment - international agreements party to:
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified:
none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups Somali 60%, Afar 35%, French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian 5%
Exchange rates Djiboutian francs per US dollar - 177.721 (fixed rate since 1973)
Executive branch chief of state:
President GUELLEH Ismail Omar (since 8 May 1999);

head of government:
Prime Minister DILLEITA Mohamed Dilleita (since 4 March 2001)

Council of Ministers responsible to the president

president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 9 April 1999 (next to be held NA 2005); prime minister appointed by the president

election results:
GUELLEH Ismail Omar elected president; percent of vote - GUELLEH Ismail Omar 74.4%, IDRIS Moussa Ahmed 25.6%
Exports 0 kWh (1999)
Exports $260 million (f.o.b., 1999 est.)
Exports - commodities reexports, hides and skins, coffee (in transit)
Exports - partners Somalia 53%, Yemen 23%, Ethiopia 5%, (1998)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description two equal horizontal bands of light blue (top) and light green with a white isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a red five-pointed star in the center
GDP purchasing power parity - $574 million (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture:


75% (1998 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,300 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 2% (2000 est.)
Geographic coordinates 11 30 N, 43 00 E
Geography - note strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; mostly wasteland
Highways total:
2,890 km

364 km

2,526 km (1996)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%:

highest 10%:
Imports 0 kWh (1999)
Imports $440 million (f.o.b., 1999 est.)
Imports - commodities foods, beverages, transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum products
Imports - partners France 13%, Ethiopia 12%, Italy 9%, Saudi Arabia 6%, UK 6% (1998)
Independence 27 June 1977 (from France)
Industrial production growth rate 3% (1996 est.)
Industries limited to a few small-scale enterprises, such as dairy products and mineral-water bottling
Infant mortality rate 101.51 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2% (2000 est.)
International organization participation ACCT, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 1 (2000)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Supreme Court or Cour Supreme
Labor force 282,000
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 75%, industry 11%, services 14% (1991 est.)
Land boundaries total:
508 km

border countries:
Eritrea 113 km, Ethiopia 337 km, Somalia 58 km
Land use arable land:

permanent crops:

permanent pastures:

forests and woodland:

91% (1993 est.)
Languages French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar
Legal system based on French civil law system, traditional practices, and Islamic law
Legislative branch unicameral Chamber of Deputies or Chambre des Deputes (65 seats; members elected by popular vote for five-year terms)

last held 19 December 1997 (next to be held NA 2002)

election results:
percent of vote - NA%; seats - RPP 65; note - RPP (the ruling party) dominated the election
Life expectancy at birth total population:
51.21 years

49.37 years

53.1 years (2001 est.)
Literacy definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:


32.7% (1995 est.)
Location Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia
Map references Africa
Maritime claims contiguous zone:
24 NM

exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Merchant marine total:
1 ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,369 GRT/3,030 DWT

ships by type:
cargo 1 (2000 est.)
Military branches Djibouti National Army (includes Navy and Air Force)
Military expenditures - dollar figure $23 million (FY97)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 4.5% (FY97)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49:
108,038 (2001 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49:
63,589 (2001 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 27 June (1977)
Nationality noun:

Natural hazards earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods
Natural resources geothermal areas
Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Political parties and leaders Democratic National Party or PND [ADEN Robleh Awaleh]; Democratic Renewal Party or PRD [Abdillahi HAMARITEH]; People's Progress Assembly or RPP (governing party) [Ismail Omar GELLEH]
Political pressure groups and leaders Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy or FRUD and affiliates; Movement for Unity and Democracy or MUD
Population 460,700 (July 2001 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 2.6% (2001 est.)
Ports and harbors Djibouti
Radio broadcast stations AM 2, FM 2, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 52,000 (1997)
Railways total:
100 km (Djibouti segment of the Addis Ababa-Djibouti railroad)

narrow gauge:
100 km 1.000-m gauge

Djibouti and Ethiopia plan to revitalize the century-old railroad that links their capitals by 2003
Religions Muslim 94%, Christian 6%
Sex ratio at birth:
1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
1.12 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
1.08 male(s)/female

total population:
1.07 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Suffrage NA years of age; universal adult
Telephone system general assessment:
telephone facilities in the city of Djibouti are adequate as are the microwave radio relay connections to outlying areas of the country

microwave radio relay network

submarine cable to Jiddah, Suez, Sicily, Marseilles, Colombo, and Singapore; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat; Medarabtel regional microwave radio relay telephone network
Telephones - main lines in use 8,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 203 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 1 (plus 5 low-power repeaters) (1998)
Terrain coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains
Total fertility rate 5.72 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Unemployment rate 50% (2000 est.)
Waterways none
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