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Chile (2006)

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ChileChile (2001) (porownaj)
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Chile 2006 roku

Podzial administracyjny 13 regions (regiones, singular - region); Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo, Antofagasta, Araucania, Atacama, Bio-Bio, Coquimbo, Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins, Los Lagos, Magallanes y de la Antartica Chilena, Maule, Region Metropolitana (Santiago), Tarapaca, Valparaiso

note: the US does not recognize claims to Antarktyda
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 24.7% (male 2,035,278/female 1,944,754)

15-64 years: 67.1% (male 5,403,525/female 5,420,497)

65 years and over: 8.2% (male 555,075/female 775,090) (2006 est.)
Rolinictwo grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans; beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber
Lotniska 363 (2006)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 73

over 3,047 m: 5

2,438 to 3,047 m: 7

1,524 to 2,437 m: 22

914 to 1,523 m: 22

under 914 m: 17 (2006)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 290

over 3,047 m: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 4

1,524 to 2,437 m: 11

914 to 1,523 m: 58

under 914 m: 216 (2006)
Terytorium total: 756,950 sq km

land: 748,800 sq km

water: 8,150 sq km

note: includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) and Isla Sala y Gomez
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana
Tlo historyczne Prior to the coming of the Spanish w the 16th century, northern Chile was under Inca rule while Araucanian Indiens inhabited central and southern Chile; the latter were not completely subjugated by Hiszpania until the early 1880s. Although Chile declared its independence w 1810, decisive victory over the Spanish was not achieved until 1818. In the War of the Pacific (1879-84), Chile defeated Peru and Boliwia and won its present northern lands. A three-year-old Marxist government of Salvador ALLENDE was overthrown w 1973 by a dictatorial military regime led by sierpieno PINOCHET, who ruled until a freely elected president was installed w 1990. Sound economic policies, maintained consistently since the 1980s, have contributed to steady growth and have helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government. Chile has increasingly assumed regional and international leadership roles befitting its status as a stable, democratic nation.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 15.23 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Budzet revenues: $29.2 billion

expenditures: $24.75 billion; including capital expenditures of $3.33 billion (2005 est.)
Stolica name: Santiago

geographic coordinates: 33 27 S, 70 40 W

time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday w pazdziernik; ends second Sunday w marzec
Klimat temperate; desert w north; Mediterranean w central region; cool and damp w south
Linia brzegowa 6,435 km
Konstytucja 11 wrzesien 1980, effective 11 marzec 1981; amended 1989, 1991, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2003, and 2005
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Chile

conventional short form: Chile

local long form: Republica de Chile

local short form: Chile
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.81 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $47.45 billion (2005 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Craig A. KELLY

embassy: Avenida Andres Bello 2800, Las Condes, Santiago

mailing address: APO AA 34033

telephone: [56] (2) 232-2600

FAX: [56] (2) 330-3710
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Mariano FERNANDEZ

chancery: 1732 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036

telephone: [1] (202) 530-4104, 530-4106, 530-4107

FAX: [1] (202) 887-5579

consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco, San Juan (Portoryko)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Chile rebuffs Boliwia's reactivated claim to restore the Atacama corridor, ceded to Chile w 1884, offering instead unrestricted but not sovereign maritime access through Chile to Boliwian gas and other commodities; Peru proposes changing its latitudinal maritime boundary z Chile to an equidistance line z a southwestern axis; territorial claim w Antarktyda (Chilean Antarctic Territory) partially overlaps Argentine and British claims; action by the joint boundary commission, established by Chile and Argentyna w 2001, dla mapping and demarcating the disputed boundary w the Andean Southern Ice Field (Campo de Hielo Sur) remains pending
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $0 (2002)
Ekonomia Chile has a market-oriented economy characterized by a high level of foreign trade. During the early 1990s, Chile's reputation as a role model dla economic reform was strengthened when the democratic government of Patricio AYLWIN - which took over from the military w 1990 - deepened the economic reform initiated by the military government. Growth w real Produkt krajowy brutto averaged 8% during 1991-97, but fell to half that level w 1998 because of tight monetary policies implemented to keep the current account deficit w check and because of lower export earnings - the latter a product of the global financial crisis. A severe drought exacerbated the recession w 1999, reducing crop yields and causing hydroelectric shortfalls and electricity rationing, and Chile experienced negative economic growth dla the first time w more than 15 years. Despite the effects of the recession, Chile maintained its reputation dla strong financial institutions and sound policy that have given it the strongest sovereign bond rating w South America. By the end of 1999, exports and economic activity had begun to recover, and growth rebounded to 4.2% w 2000. Growth fell back to 3.1% w 2001 and 2.1% w 2002, largely due to lackluster global growth and the devaluation of the Argentine peso. Chile's economy began a slow recovery w 2003, growing 3.2%, and accelerated to 6.1% w 2004-05, while Chile maintained a low rate of inflation. Produkt krajowy brutto growth benefited from high copper prices, solid export earnings (particularly forestry, fishing, and mining), and stepped-up foreign direct investment. Unemployment, however, remains stubbornly high. Chile deepened its longstanding commitment to trade liberalization z the signing of a free trade agreement z the US, which took effect on 1 styczen 2004. Chile signed a free trade agreement z Chiny w listopad 2005, and it already has several trade deals signed z other nations and blocs, including the Unia Europejska, Mercosur, South Korea, and Meksyk. Record-high copper prices helped to strengthen the peso to a 5½-year high, as of grudzien 2005, and will boost Produkt krajowy brutto w 2006.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 44.13 billion kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - import 2 billion kWh (2003)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 45.3 billion kWh (2003)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point: Nevado Ojos del Salado 6,880 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy widespread deforestation and mining threaten natural resources; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne white and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%
Kurs waluty Chilean pesos per US dollar - 560.09 (2005), 609.37 (2004), 691.43 (2003), 688.94 (2002), 634.94 (2001)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Michelle BACHELET Jeria (since 11 marzec 2006); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Michelle BACHELET Jeria (since 11 marzec 2006)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president

elections: president elected by popular vote dla a single four-year term; election last held 11 grudzien 2005, z runoff election held 15 styczen 2006 (next to be held grudzien 2009)

election results: Michelle BACHELET Jeria elected president; percent of vote - Michelle BACHELET Jeria 53.5%; Sebastian PINERA Echenique 46.5%
Eksport 0 kWh (2003)
Eksport $38.03 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2002)
Eksport 0 bbl/day
Eksport - towary copper, fruit, fish products, paper and pulp, chemicals, wine
Eksport - partnerzy US 15.8%, Japonia 11.5%, Chiny 11.1%, Holandia 5.8%, South Korea 5.5%, Brazylia 4.4%, Wlochy 4.2%, Meksyk 4% (2005)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red; there is a blue square the same height as the white band at the hoist-side end of the white band; the square bears a white five-pointed star w the center representing a guide to progress and honor; blue symbolizes the sky, white is dla the snow-covered Andes, and red stands dla the blood spilled to achieve independence; design was influenced by the US flag
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 6%

industry: 49.3%

services: 44.7% (2005 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6.3% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 30 00 S, 71 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location relative to sea lanes between Atlantic and Ocean Spokojnys (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); Atacama Desert is one of world's driest regions
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.2%

highest 10%: 47% (2000)
Narkotyki important transshipment country dla cocaine destined dla Europe; economic prosperity and increasing trade have made Chile more attractive to traffickers seeking to launder drug profits, especially through the Iquique Free Trade Zone, but a new anti-money-laundering law improves controls; imported precursors passed on to Boliwia; domestic cocaine consumption is rising
Import 2 billion kWh (2003)
Import $30.09 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Import 5.337 billion cu m (2002 est.)
Import 221,500 bbl/day (2003 est.)
Import - towary petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, electrical and telecommunications equipment, industrial machinery, vehicles, natural gas
Import - partnerzy Argentyna 14.8%, US 14.6%, Brazylia 11.7%, Chiny 7.8%, South Korea 4.8%, Jemen 4.4% (2005)
Niepodleglosc 18 wrzesien 1810 (from Hiszpania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 3.4% (2005 est.)
Przemysl copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 8.58 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 9.32 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 7.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Inflacja 3.1% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji APEC, BIS, CAN (associate), CSN, FAO, G-15, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur (associate), MIGA, MINUSTAH, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMOGIP, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 19,000 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (judges are appointed by the president and ratified by the Senate from lists of candidates provided by the court itself; the president of the Supreme Court is elected every three years by the 20-member court); Konstytucjaal Tribunal
Sila robocza 6.3 million (2005 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 13.6%

industry: 23.4%

services: 63% (2003)
Granica total: 6,339 km

border countries: Argentyna 5,308 km, Boliwia 860 km, Peru 171 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 2.62%

permanent crops: 0.43%

other: 96.95% (2005)
Jezyki Spanish
System prawny based on Code of 1857 derived from Spanish law and subsequent codes influenced by French and Austrian law; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; note - w czerwiec 2005, Chile completed overhaul of its criminal justice system to a new, US-style adversarial system
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of the Senate or Senado (38 seats elected by popular vote; members serve eight-year terms - one-half elected every four years) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (120 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: Senate - last held 11 grudzien 2005 (next to be held grudzien 2009); Chamber of Deputies - last held 11 grudzien 2005 (next to be held grudzien 2009)

election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CPD 20 (PDC 6, PS 8, PPD 3, PRSD 3), APC 17 (UDI 9, RN 8), independent 1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CPD 65 (PDC 21, PPD 22, PS 15, PRSD 7), APC 54 (UDI 34, RN 20), independent 1
Zywotnosc total population: 76.77 years

male: 73.49 years

female: 80.21 years (2006 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 96.2%

male: 96.4%

female: 96.1% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern South America, bordering the South Ocean Spokojny, between Argentyna and Peru
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200/350 nm
Flota handlowa total: 46 ships (1000 GRT or over) 649,091 GRT/898,110 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 10, cargo 6, chemical tanker 10, container 1, liquefied gas 2, passenger 4, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 7, roll on/roll off 1, vehicle carrier 3

foreign-owned: 1 (Argentyna 1)

registered w other countries: 17 (Argentyna 6, Brazylia 1, Wyspy Marshalla 1, Panama 9) (2006)
Wojsko Army of the Nation, National Navy (Armada de Chile, includes naval air, marine corps, and Maritime Territory and Merchant Marine Directorate (Directemar)), Chilean Air Force (Fuerza Aerea de Chile, FACh), Chilean Carabineros (National Police) (2006)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $3.91 billion (2005 est.)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.5% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 18 wrzesien (1810)
Narodowosc noun: Chilean(s)

adjective: Chilean
Naturalne zagrozenia severe earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis
Surowce naturalne copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Rurociagi gas 2,567 km; gas/lpg 42 km; liquid petroleum gas 539 km; oil 1,003 km; refined products 757 km; unknown (oil/water) 97 km (2006)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla Chile ("Alianza") or APC (including National Renewal or RN [Sergio DIEZ Urzia] and Independent Democratic Union or UDI [Jovino NOVOA Vasquez]); Coalition of Parties dla Democracy ("Concertacion") or CPD (including Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Adolfo ZALDIVAR Larrain], Socialist Party or PS [Ricardo NUNEZ], Party dla Democracy or PPD [Victor BARRUETO], Radical Social Democratic Party or PRSD [Jose Antonio GOMEZ Urrutia]); Communist Party or PC [Guillermo TEILLIER]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow revitalized university student federations at all major universities; Roman Catholic Church; United Labor Central or CUT includes trade unionists from the country's five largest labor confederations
Ludnosc 16,134,219 (lipiec 2006 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 18.2% (2005)
Przyrost naturalny 0.94% (2006 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 180 (eight inactive), FM 64, shortwave 17 (one inactive) (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 6,585 km

broad gauge: 2,831 km 1.676-m gauge (1,317 km electrified)

narrow gauge: 3,754 km 1.000-m gauge (2005)
Religie Roman Catholic 89%, Protestant 11%, Jewish NEGL%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female

total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern system based on extensive microwave radio relay facilities

domestic: extensive microwave radio relay links; domestic satellite system z three earth stations

international: country code - 56; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 3,435,900 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 10.57 million (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 63 (plus 121 repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu low coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes w east
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2 children born/woman (2006 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 8.1% (2005 est.)
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