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Chile (2003)

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Chile 2003 roku

 Chile
Podzial administracyjny 13 regions (regiones, singular - region); Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo, Antofagasta, Araucania, Atacama, Bio-Bio, Coquimbo, Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins, Los Lagos, Magallanes y de la Antartica Chilena, Maule, Region Metropolitana (Santiago), Tarapaca, Valparaiso


note: the US does not recognize claims to Antarktyda
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 26.4% (male 2,112,251; female 2,018,099)


15-64 years: 66% (male 5,151,551; female 5,180,607)


65 years and over: 7.7% (male 499,441; female 703,267) (2003 est.)
Rolinictwo wheat, corn, grapes, beans, sugar beets, potatoes, fruit; beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber
Lotniska 363 (2002)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 71


over 3,047 m: 6


2,438 to 3,047 m: 6


1,524 to 2,437 m: 21


914 to 1,523 m: 23


under 914 m: 15 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 292


over 3,047 m: 1


2,438 to 3,047 m: 4


1,524 to 2,437 m: 11


914 to 1,523 m: 60


under 914 m: 216 (2002)
Terytorium total: 756,950 sq km


land: 748,800 sq km


water: 8,150 sq km


note: includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) and Isla Sala y Gomez
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana
Tlo historyczne A three-year-old Marxist government was overthrown w 1973 by a dictatorial military regime led by sierpieno PINOCHET, who ruled until a freely elected president was installed w 1990. Sound economic policies, first implemented by the PINOCHET dictatorship, led to unprecedented growth w 1991-97 and have helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 16.1 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budzet revenues: $17 billion


expenditures: $17 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2001 est.)
Stolica Santiago
Klimat temperate; desert w north; Mediterranean w central region; cool and damp w south
Linia brzegowa 6,435 km
Konstytucja 11 wrzesien 1980, effective 11 marzec 1981, amended 30 lipiec 1989, 1993, and 1997
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Chile


conventional short form: Chile


local long form: Republica de Chile


local short form: Chile
Waluta Chilean peso (CLP)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.63 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $40.4 billion (2002)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador William R. BROWNFIELD


embassy: Avenida Andres Bello 2800, Las Condes, Santiago


mailing address: APO AA 34033


telephone: [56] (2) 232-2600


FAX: [56] (2) 330-3710
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Andres BIANCHI


chancery: 1732 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036


telephone: [1] (202) 785-1746


FAX: [1] (202) 887-5579


consulate(s) general: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco, and San Juan (Portoryko)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Boliwia continues to press Chile and Peru to restore the Atacama corridor ceded to Chile w 1884; dispute z Peru over the economic zone delimited by the maritime boundary; Chile demands water rights to Boliwia's Rio Lauca and Silala Spring; Beagle Channel islands dispute resolved through Papal mediation w 1984, but armed incidents persist since 1992 oil discovery; territorial claim w Antarktyda (Chilean Antarctic Territory) partially overlaps Argentine and British claims
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie ODA, $40 million (2001 est.)
Ekonomia Chile has a market-oriented economy characterized by a high level of foreign trade. During the early 1990s, Chile's reputation as a role model dla economic reform was strengthened when the democratic government of Patricio AYLWIN - which took over from the military w 1990 - deepened the economic reform initiated by the military government. Growth w real Produkt krajowy brutto averaged 8% during 1991-97, but fell to half that level w 1998 because of tight monetary policies implemented to keep the current account deficit w check and because of lower export earnings - the latter a product of the global financial crisis. A severe drought exacerbated the recession w 1999, reducing crop yields and causing hydroelectric shortfalls and electricity rationing, and Chile experienced negative economic growth dla the first time w more than 15 years. Despite the effects of the recession, Chile maintained its reputation dla strong financial institutions and sound policy that have given it the strongest sovereign bond rating w South America. By the end of 1999, exports and economic activity had begun to recover, and growth rebounded to 4.4% w 2000. Growth fell back to 2.8% w 2001 and 1.8% w 2002, largely due to lackluster global growth and the devaluation of the Argentine peso. Unemployment remains stubbornly high, putting pressure on President LAGOS to improve living standards. One bright spot was the signing of a free trade agreement z the US, which will take effect on 1 styczen 2004.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 40.13 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 1.386 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 41.66 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 47%


hydro: 51.5%


nuclear: 0%


other: 1.4% (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: Nevado Ojos del Salado 6,880 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy widespread deforestation and mining threaten natural resources; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Nuclear Test Ban
Grupy etniczne white and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%
Kurs waluty Chilean pesos per US dollar - 688.95 (2002), 634.94 (2001), 535.47 (2000), 508.78 (1999), 460.29 (1998)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Ricardo LAGOS Escobar (since 11 marzec 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Ricardo LAGOS Escobar (since 11 marzec 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a six-year term; election last held 12 grudzien 1999, z runoff election held 16 styczen 2000 (next to be held NA grudzien 2005)


election results: Ricardo LAGOS Escobar elected president; percent of vote - Ricardo LAGOS Escobar 51.32%, Joaquin LAVIN 48.68%
Eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Eksport $17.8 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary copper, fish, fruits, paper and pulp, chemicals
Eksport - partnerzy US 19.1%, Japonia 10.5%, Chiny 6.7%, Meksyk 5%, Wlochy 4.7%, UK 4.4% (2002)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red; there is a blue square the same height as the white band at the hoist-side end of the white band; the square bears a white five-pointed star w the center representing a guide to progress and honor; blue symbolizes the sky, white is dla the snow-covered Andes, and red stands dla the blood spilled to achieve independence; design was influenced by the US flag
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $156.1 billion (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 11%


industry: 34%


services: 56% (2001)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $10,100 (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.1% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 30 00 S, 71 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location relative to sea lanes between Atlantic and Ocean Spokojnys (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); Atacama Desert is one of world's driest regions
Autostrady total: 79,814 km


paved: 15,484 km (including 294 km of expressways)


unpaved: 64,330 km (2000)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.3%


highest 10%: 45.6% (1998)
Narkotyki a growing transshipment country dla cocaine destined dla the US and Europe; economic prosperity and increasing trade have made Chile more attractive to traffickers seeking to launder drug profits, especially through the Iquique Free Trade Zone; imported precursors passed on to Boliwia; domestic cocaine consumption is rising
Import 1.386 billion kWh (2001)
Import $15.6 billion f.o.b. (2002)
Import 5.27 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary consumer goods, chemicals, motor vehicles, fuels, electrical machinery, heavy industrial machinery, food
Import - partnerzy Argentyna 18%, US 14.9%, Brazylia 9.5%, Chiny 6.5%, Niemcy 4.3% (2002)
Niepodleglosc 18 wrzesien 1810 (from Hiszpania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle -1.5% (2002 est.)
Przemysl copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 8.88 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 9.68 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 8.04 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflacja 2.5% (2002 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji APEC, ECLAC, FAO, G-15, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur (associate), NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOGIP, UNTSO, UNU, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 7 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 18,000 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (judges are appointed by the president and ratified by the Senate from lists of candidates provided by the court itself; the president of the Supreme Court is elected by the 21-member court); Konstytucjaal Tribunal
Sila robocza 5.9 million (2000 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 14%, industry 27%, services 59% (1997 est.)
Granica total: 6,171 km


border countries: Argentyna 5,150 km, Boliwia 861 km, Peru 160 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 2.65%


permanent crops: 0.42%


other: 96.93% (1998 est.)
Jezyki Spanish
System prawny based on Code of 1857 derived from Spanish law and subsequent codes influenced by French and Austrian law; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction


note: Chile is w the process of completely overhauling its criminal justice system; a new, US-style adversarial system is being gradually implemented throughout the country
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of the Senate or Senado (49 seats, 38 elected by popular vote, 9 designated members, and 2 former presidents who serve six-year terms and are senators dla life); elected members serve eight-year terms (one-half elected every four years) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (120 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: Senate - last held 16 grudzien 2001 (next to be held NA grudzien 2005); Chamber of Deputies - last held 16 grudzien 2001 (next to be held NA grudzien 2005)


election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CPD 20 (PDC 12, PS 5, PPD 3), APC 16 (UDI 9, RN 7), independents 2; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CPD 62 (PDC 24, PPD 21, PS 11, PRSD 6), UDI 35, RN 22, independent 1
Zywotnosc total population: 76.35 years


male: 73.04 years


female: 79.82 years (2003 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 96.2%


male: 96.4%


female: 96.1% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern South America, bordering the South Ocean Spokojny, between Argentyna and Peru
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary contiguous zone: 24 NM


continental shelf: 200/350 NM


exclusive economic zone: 200 NM


territorial sea: 12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 50 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 696,202 GRT/900,317 DWT


ships by type: bulk 9, cargo 6, chemical tanker 9, container 4, liquefied gas 2, passenger 4, petroleum tanker 6, roll on/roll off 6, vehicle carrier 4


note: includes a foreign-owned ship registered here as a flag of convenience: Holandia 1 (2002 est.)
Wojsko Army of the Nation, National Navy (including naval air, coast guard, and marines), Air Force of the Nation, Chilean Carabineros (National Police), Investigations Police
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $2.5 billion (FY99)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.1% (FY99)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 4,154,636 (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 3,070,140 (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 19 years of age (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 131,324 (2003 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 18 wrzesien (1810)
Narodowosc noun: Chilean(s)


adjective: Chilean
Naturalne zagrozenia severe earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis
Surowce naturalne copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Rurociagi gas 2,267 km; gas/liquid petroleum gas 42 km; liquid petroleum gas 531 km; oil 983 km; refined products 545 km (2003)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla Chile ("Alianza") or APC - including RN and UDI; Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Adolfo ZALDIVAR]; Coalition of Parties dla Democracy ("Concertacion") or CPD - including PDC, PS, PPD, PRSD; Communist Party or PC [Gladys MARIN]; Independent Democratic Union or UDI [Pablo LONGUEIRA]; National Renewal or RN [Sebastian PINERA]; Party dla Democracy or PPD [Guido GIRARDI]; Radical Social Democratic Party or PRSD [Orlando CANTUARIAS]; Socialist Party or PS [Camilo ESCALONA]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow revitalized university student federations at all major universities; Roman Catholic Church; United Labor Central or CUT includes trade unionists from the country's five largest labor confederations
Ludnosc 15,665,216 (lipiec 2003 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 21% (1998 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.05% (2003 est.)
Porty i stocznie Antofagasta, Arica, Chanaral, Coquimbo, Iquique, Puerto Montt, Punta Arenas, San Antonio, San Vicente, Talcahuano, Valparaiso
Stacje radiowe AM 180 (eight inactive), FM 64, shortwave 17 (one inactive) (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 6,585 km


broad gauge: 2,831 km 1.676-m gauge (1,317 km electrified)


narrow gauge: 3,754 km 1.000-m gauge (2002)
Religie Roman Catholic 89%, Protestant 11%, Jewish NEGL%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female


total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern system based on extensive microwave radio relay facilities


domestic: extensive microwave radio relay links; domestic satellite system z 3 earth stations


international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 2.603 million (1998)
Telefony komorkowe 944,225 (1998)
Stacje telewizyjne 63 (plus 121 repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu low coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes w east
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.09 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 9.2% (2002)
Drogi wodne 725 km
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