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Chile (2001)

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Chile 2001 roku

 Chile
Podzial administracyjny 13 regions (regiones, singular - region); Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo, Antofagasta, Araucania, Atacama, Bio-Bio, Coquimbo, Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins, Los Lagos, Magallanes y de la Antartica Chilena, Maule, Region Metropolitana (Santiago), Tarapaca, Valparaiso

note:
the US does not recognize claims to Antarktyda
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years:
27.25% (male 2,135,755; female 2,041,552)

15-64 years:
65.39% (male 4,993,416; female 5,029,739)

65 years and over:
7.36% (male 467,477; female 660,528) (2001 est.)
Rolinictwo wheat, corn, grapes, beans, sugar beets, potatoes, fruit; beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber
Lotniska 366 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total:
69

over 3,047 m:
6

2,438 to 3,047 m:
6

1,524 to 2,437 m:
22

914 to 1,523 m:
21

under 914 m:
14 (2000 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total:
297

over 3,047 m:
1

2,438 to 3,047 m:
4

1,524 to 2,437 m:
11

914 to 1,523 m:
62

under 914 m:
219 (2000 est.)
Terytorium total:
756,950 sq km

land:
748,800 sq km

water:
8,150 sq km

note:
includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) and Isla Sala y Gomez
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana
Tlo historyczne A three-year-old Marxist government was overthrown w 1973 by a dictatorial military regime led by sierpieno PINOCHET, which ruled until a freely elected president was installed w 1990. Sound economic policies, first implemented by the PINOCHET dictatorship, led to unprecedented growth w 1991-97 and have helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government. Growth slowed w 1998-99, but recovered strongly w 2000.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 16.8 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Budzet revenues:
$16 billion

expenditures:
$17 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Stolica Santiago
Klimat temperate; desert w north; Mediterranean w central region; cool and damp w south
Linia brzegowa 6,435 km
Konstytucja 11 wrzesien 1980, effective 11 marzec 1981, amended 30 lipiec 1989, 1993, and 1997
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form:
Republic of Chile

conventional short form:
Chile

local long form:
Republica de Chile

local short form:
Chile
Waluta Chilean peso (CLP)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.55 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $39 billion (2000)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission:
Ambassador John O'LEARY

embassy:
Avenida Andres Bello 2800, Las Condes, Santiago

mailing address:
APO AA 34033

telephone:
[56] (2) 232-2600

FAX:
[56] (2) 339-3710
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission:
Ambassador Andres BIANCHI

chancery:
1140 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036

telephone:
[1] (202) 785-1746

FAX:
[1] (202) 887-5579

consulate(s) general:
Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco, and San Juan (Portoryko)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Boliwia has wanted a sovereign corridor to the South Ocean Spokojny since the Atacama area was lost to Chile w 1884; dispute z Boliwia over Rio Lauca water rights; territorial claim w Antarktyda (Chilean Antarctic Territory) partially overlaps Argentine and British claims
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie ODA, $40 million (2001 est.)
Ekonomia Chile has a market-oriented economy characterized by a high level of foreign trade. During the early 1990s, Chile's reputation as a role model dla economic reform was strengthened when the democratic government of Patricio AYLWIN - which took over from the military w 1990 - deepened the economic reform initiated by the military government. Growth w real Produkt krajowy brutto averaged 8% during 1991-97, but fell to half that level w 1998 because of tight monetary policies implemented to keep the current account deficit w check and lower export earnings - the latter a product of the global financial crisis. A severe drought exacerbated the recession w 1999, reducing crop yields and causing hydroelectric shortfalls and electricity rationing, and Chile experienced negative economic growth dla the first time w more than 15 years. Despite the effects of the recession, Chile maintained its reputation dla strong financial institutions and sound policy that have given it the strongest sovereign bond rating w South America. By the end of 1999, exports and economic activity had begun to recover, and growth rebounded to 5.5% w 2000. Unemployment remains stubbornly high, however, putting pressure on President LAGOS to improve living standards. Meanwhile, Chile has launched free trade negotiations z the US.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 35.426 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 38.092 billion kWh (1999)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel:
61%

hydro:
35%

nuclear:
0%

other:
4% (1999)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point:
Ocean Spokojny 0 m

highest point:
Nevado Ojos del Salado 6,880 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to:
Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified:
Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Nuclear Test Ban
Grupy etniczne white and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%
Kurs waluty Chilean pesos per US dollar - 571.12 (styczen 2001), 535.47 (2000), 508.78 (1999), 460.29 (1998), 419.30 (1997), 412.27 (1996)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state:
President Ricardo LAGOS Escobar (since 11 marzec 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government:
President Ricardo LAGOS Escobar (since 11 marzec 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

cabinet:
Cabinet appointed by the president

elections:
president elected by popular vote dla a six-year term; election last held 12 grudzien 1999, z runoff election held 16 styczen 2000 (next to be held NA grudzien 2005)

election results:
Ricardo LAGOS Escobar elected president; percent of vote - Ricardo LAGOS Escobar 51.32%, Joaquin LAVIN 48.68%
Eksport 0 kWh (1999)
Eksport $18 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
Eksport - towary copper, fish, fruits, paper and pulp, chemicals
Eksport - partnerzy EU 27%, US 16%, Japonia 14%, Brazylia 6%, Argentyna 5% (1998)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red; there is a blue square the same height as the white band at the hoist-side end of the white band; the square bears a white five-pointed star w the center; design was based on the US flag
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $153.1 billion (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture:
8%

industry:
38%

services:
54% (2000)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $10,100 (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.5% (2000 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 30 00 S, 71 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location relative to sea lanes between Atlantic and Ocean Spokojnys (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); Atacama Desert is one of world's driest regions
Autostrady total:
79,800 km

paved:
11,012 km

unpaved:
68,788 km (1996)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%:
1.2%

highest 10%:
41.3% (1998)
Narkotyki a growing transshipment country dla cocaine destined dla the US and Europe; economic prosperity has made Chile more attractive to traffickers seeking to launder drug profits; imported precursors passed on to Boliwia; domestic cocaine consumption is rising
Import 0 kWh (1999)
Import $17 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
Import - towary consumer goods, chemicals, motor vehicles, fuels, electrical machinery, heavy industrial machinery, food
Import - partnerzy US 24%, EU 23%, Argentyna 11%, Brazylia 6%, Japonia 6%, Meksyk 5% (1998)
Niepodleglosc 18 wrzesien 1810 (from Hiszpania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 6% (2000 est.)
Przemysl copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 9.36 deaths/1,000 live births (2001 est.)
Inflacja 4.5% (2000 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji APEC, CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-11, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur (associate), NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMIBH, UNMOGIP, UNTAET, UNTSO, UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 7 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 12,650 sq km (1993 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (judges are appointed by the president and ratified by the Senate from lists of candidates provided by the court itself; the president of the Supreme Court is elected by the 21-member court); Konstytucjaal Tribunal
Sila robocza 5.8 million (1999 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 14%, industry 27%, services 59% (1997 est.)
Granica total:
6,171 km

border countries:
Argentyna 5,150 km, Boliwia 861 km, Peru 160 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land:
5%

permanent crops:
0%

permanent pastures:
18%

forests and woodland:
22%

other:
55% (1993 est.)
Jezyki Spanish
System prawny based on Code of 1857 derived from Spanish law and subsequent codes influenced by French and Austrian law; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of the Senate or Senado (48 seats, 38 elected by popular vote and 10 appointed (all former presidents who served 6 years are senators dla life); members serve eight-year terms - one-half elected every four years) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (120 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections:
Senate - last held 11 grudzien 1997 (next to be held NA grudzien 2001); Chamber of Deputies - last held 11 grudzien 1997 (next to be held NA grudzien 2001)

election results:
Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CPD (PDC 14, PS 4, PPD 2), RN 7, UDI 10, UCCP 1, independents 10; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - CPD 50.55% (PDC 22.98%, PS 11.10%, PPD 12.55%, PRSD 3.13%), RN 16.78%, UDI 14.43%; seats by party - CPD 70 (PDC 39, PPD 16, PRSD 4, PS 11), RN 24, UDI 21, Socialist Party 1, right-wing independents 4
Zywotnosc total population:
75.94 years

male:
72.63 years

female:
79.42 years (2001 est.)
Pismienni definition:
age 15 and over can read and write

total population:
95.2%

male:
95.4%

female:
95% (1995 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern South America, bordering the South Ocean Atlantycki and South Ocean Spokojny, between Argentyna and Peru
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary contiguous zone:
24 NM

continental shelf:
200/350 NM

exclusive economic zone:
200 NM

territorial sea:
12 NM
Flota handlowa total:
44 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 606,506 GRT/884,023 DWT

ships by type:
bulk 11, cargo 7, chemical tanker 8, container 4, liquefied gas 2, passenger 3, petroleum tanker 4, roll on/roll off 3, vehicle carrier 2 (2000 est.)
Wojsko Army, Navy (includes Naval Air, Coast Guard, and Marines), Air Force, Carabineros of Chile (National Police), Investigations Police

note:
Carabineros and Investigations Police are normally administered by the Ministry of Interior, but w times of national emergency, they are considered part of the military
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $2.5 billion (FY99)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.1% (FY99)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49:
4,057,466 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49:
3,003,134 (2001 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 19 years of age
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males:
136,830 (2001 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 18 wrzesien (1810)
Narodowosc noun:
Chilean(s)

adjective:
Chilean
Naturalne zagrozenia severe earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis
Surowce naturalne copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)
Rurociagi crude oil 755 km; petroleum products 785 km; natural gas 320 km
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Center-Center Union Party or UCCP [Francisco Javier ERRAZURIZ]; Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Ricardo HORMAZABAL]; Coalition of Parties dla Democracy ("Concertacion") or CPD - including PDC, PS, PPD, PRSD; Independent Democratic Union or UDI [Pablo LONGUEIRA]; National Renewal or RN [Alberto CARDEMIL]; Party dla Democracy or PPD [Guido GIRARDI]; Radical Social Democratic Party or PRSD [Anselmo SULE]; Socialist Party or PS [Ricardo NUNEZ]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow revitalized university student federations at all major universities; Roman Catholic Church; United Labor Central or CUT includes trade unionists from the country's five largest labor confederations
Ludnosc 15,328,467 (lipiec 2001 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 22% (1998 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.13% (2001 est.)
Porty i stocznie Antofagasta, Arica, Chanaral, Coquimbo, Iquique, Puerto Montt, Punta Arenas, San Antonio, San Vicente, Talcahuano, Valparaiso
Stacje radiowe AM 180 (eight inactive), FM 64, shortwave 17 (one inactive) (1998)
Radia 5.18 million (1997)
Linie kolejowe total:
6,701 km

broad gauge:
2,831 km 1.676-m gauge (1317 km electrified)

narrow gauge:
117 km 1.067-m gauge (28 km electrified); 3,754 km 1.000-m gauge (37 km electrified) (2000)
Religie Roman Catholic 89%, Protestant 11%, Jewish NEGL%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth:
1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years:
1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years:
0.99 male(s)/female

65 years and over:
0.71 male(s)/female

total population:
0.98 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment:
modern system based on extensive microwave radio relay facilities

domestic:
extensive microwave radio relay links; domestic satellite system z 3 earth stations

international:
satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 2.603 million (1998)
Telefony komorkowe 944,225 (1998)
Stacje telewizyjne 63 (plus 121 repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu low coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes w east
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.16 children born/woman (2001 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 9% (grudzien 2000)
Drogi wodne 725 km
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