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Uganda (2008)

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Uganda 2008 roku

 Uganda
Podzial administracyjny 56 districts; Adjumani, Apac, Arua, Bugiri, Bundibugyo, Bushenyi, Busia, Gulu, Hoima, Iganga, Jinja, Kabale, Kabarole, Kaberamaido, Kalangala, Kampala, Kamuli, Kamwenge, Kanungu, Kapchorwa, Kasese, Katakwi, Kayunga, Kibale, Kiboga, Kisoro, Kitgum, Kotido, Kumi, Kyenjojo, Lira, Luwero, Masaka, Masindi, majuge, Mbale, Mbarara, Moroto, Moyo, Mpigi, Mubende, Mukono, Nakapiripirit, Nakasongola, Nebbi, Ntungamo, Pader, Pallisa, Rakai, Rukungiri, Sembabule, Sironko, Soroti, Tororo, Wakiso, Yumbe


note: as of a lipiec 2005, 13 new districts were reportedly added bringing the total up to 69; the new districts are Amolatar, Amuria, Budaka, Butaleja, Ibanda, Kaabong, Kabingo, Kaliro, Kiruhura, Koboko, Manafwa, Mityana, Nakaseke; a total of ten more districts are w the process of being added
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 50.2% (male 7,646,619/female 7,538,137)


15-64 years: 47.6% (male 7,231,196/female 7,185,058)


65 years and over: 2.2% (male 281,317/female 380,283) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), potatoes, corn, millet, pulses, cut flowers; beef, goat meat, milk, poultry
Lotniska 32 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 5


over 3,047 m: 3


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 27


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 6


914 to 1,523 m: 11


under 914 m: 9 (2007)
Terytorium total: 236,040 sq km


land: 199,710 sq km


water: 36,330 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Oregon
Tlo historyczne The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups z different political systems and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved w 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible dla the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives. The rule of Yoweri MUSEVENI since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. During the 1990s, the government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 48.12 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $2.298 billion


expenditures: $2.562 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Kampala


geographic coordinates: 0 19 N, 32 25 E


time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; generally rainy z two dry seasons (grudzien to luty, czerwiec to sierpien); semiarid w northeast
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja 8 pazdziernik 1995; w 2005 the constitution was amended removing presidential term limits and legalizing a multiparty political system
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Uganda


conventional short form: Uganda
Wspolczynnik zgonow 12.64 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.39 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Steven BROWNING


embassy: 1577 Ggaba Road, Kampala


mailing address: P. O. Box 7007, Kampala


telephone: [256] (41) 234-142


FAX: [256] (41) 258-451
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Perezi Karukubiro KAMUNANWIRE


chancery: 5911 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20011


telephone: [1] (202) 726-7100 through 7102, 0416


FAX: [1] (202) 726-1727
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Uganda is subject to armed fighting among hostile ethnic groups, rebels, armed gangs, militias, and various government forces that extend across its borders; Uganda hosts 209,860 Sudanese, 27,560 Congolese, and 19,710 Ruandan refugees, while Ugandan refugees as well as members of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) seek shelter w southern Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo's Garamba National Park; LRA forces have also attacked Kenian villages across the border
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $1.198 billion (2005)
Ekonomia Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, and sizable mineral deposits of copper, cobalt, gold, and other minerals. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the work force. Coffee accounts dla the bulk of export revenues. Since 1986, the government - z the support of foreign countries and international agencies - has acted to rehabilitate and stabilize the economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing prices of petroleum products, and improving civil service wages. The policy changes are especially aimed at dampening inflation and boosting production and export earnings. During 1990-2001, the economy turned w a solid performance based on continued investment w the rehabilitation of infrastructure, improved incentives dla production and exports, reduced inflation, gradually improved domestic security, and the return of exiled Indien-Ugandan entrepreneurs. Growth continues to be solid, despite variability w the price of coffee, Uganda's principal export, and a consistent upturn w Uganda's export markets. In 2000, Uganda qualified dla enhanced Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) debt relief worth $1.3 billion and Paris Club debt relief worth $145 million. These amounts combined z the original HIPC debt relief added up to about $2 billion.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 1.674 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 170 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 1.983 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Lake Albert 621 m


highest point: Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley 5,110 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy draining of wetlands dla agricultural use; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; water hyacinth infestation w Lake Victoria; widespread poaching
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
Grupy etniczne Baganda 16.9%, Banyakole 9.5%, Basoga 8.4%, Bakiga 6.9%, Iteso 6.4%, Langi 6.1%, Acholi 4.7%, Bagisu 4.6%, Lugbara 4.2%, Bunyoro 2.7%, other 29.6% (2002 census)
Kurs waluty Ugandan shillings per US dollar - 1,685.8 (2007), 1,834.9 (2006), 1,780.7 (2005), 1,810.3 (2004), 1,963.7 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (since seizing power 26 styczen 1986); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (since seizing power 26 styczen 1986); Prime Minister Apollo NSIBAMBI (since 5 kwiecien 1999); note - the prime minister assists the president w the supervision of the cabinet


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among elected legislators


elections: president reelected by popular vote dla a five-year term; election last held 23 luty 2006 (next to be held w 2011)


election results: Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI elected president; percent of vote - Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI 59.3%, Kizza BESIGYE 37.4%, other 3.3%
Eksport 170 million kWh (2005)
Eksport $1.459 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary coffee, fish and fish products, tea, cotton, flowers, horticultural products; gold
Eksport - partnerzy Belgia 9.9%, Holandia 9.4%, Francja 7.9%, Niemcy 7.7%, Ruanda 5.6%, Sudan 4.8% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 lipiec - 30 czerwiec
Opis flagi six equal horizontal bands of black (top), yellow, red, black, yellow, and red; a white disk is superimposed at the center and depicts a red-crested crane (the national symbol) facing the hoist side
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 30.2%


industry: 24.7%


services: 45.2% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 1 00 N, 32 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; fertile, well-watered country z many lakes and rivers
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.3%


highest 10%: 37.7% (2002)
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $2.726 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 10,870 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary capital equipment, vehicles, petroleum, medical supplies; cereals
Import - partnerzy Kenia 34.1%, UAE 8.5%, Chiny 7.1%, Indie 5.6%, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 5.4%, Japonia 4.2% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 9 pazdziernik 1962 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 5.8% (2007 est.)
Przemysl sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles; cement, steel production
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 67.22 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 70.92 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 63.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 5.8% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, C, COMESA, EAC, EADB, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 90 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Court of Appeal (judges are appointed by the president and approved by the legislature); High Court (judges are appointed by the president)
Sila robocza 14.05 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 82%


industry: 5%


services: 13% (1999 est.)
Granica total: 2,698 km


border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 765 km, Kenia 933 km, Ruanda 169 km, Sudan 435 km, Tanzania 396 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 21.57%


permanent crops: 8.92%


other: 69.51% (2005)
Jezyki English (official national language, taught w grade schools, used w courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred dla native language publications w the capital and may be taught w school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
System prawny in 1995, the government restored the legal system to one based on English common law and customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly (332 seats; 215 members elected by popular vote, 104 nominated by legally established special interest groups [women 79, army 10, disabled 5, youth 5, labor 5], 13 ex officio members; to serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 23 luty 2006 (next to be held w 2011)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NRM 191, FDC 37, UPC 9, DP 8, CP 1, JEEMA 1, independents 36, other 49
Zywotnosc total population: 51.75 years


male: 50.78 years


female: 52.73 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 66.8%


male: 76.8%


female: 57.7% (2002 census)
Lokalizacja Eastern Africa, west of Kenia
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Uganda Peoples Defense Force (UPDF): Army (includes Marine Unit), Air Force (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.2% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 9 pazdziernik (1962)
Narodowosc noun: Ugandan(s)


adjective: Ugandan
Naturalne zagrozenia NA
Surowce naturalne copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 0.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Conservative Party or CP [Ken LUKYAMUZI]; Democratic Party or DP [Kizito SSEBAANA]; Forum dla Democratic Change or FDC [Kizza BESIGYE]; Justice Forum or JEEMA [Muhammad Kibirige MAYANJA]; National Resistance Movement or NRM [Yoweri MUSEVENI]; Peoples Progressive Party or PPP [Bidandi SSALI]; Ugandan People's Congress or UPC [Miria OBOTE]


note: a national referendum w lipiec 2005 opened the way dla Uganda's transition to a multi-party political system
Ludnosc 30,262,610


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 35% (2001 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 3.572% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 7, FM 33, shortwave 2 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 1,244 km


narrow gauge: 1,244 km 1.000-m gauge (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 41.9%, Protestant 42% (Anglican 35.9%, Pentecostal 4.6%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.5%), Muslim 12.1%, other 3.1%, none 0.9% (2002 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.014 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.006 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female


total population: 1.004 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: seriously inadequate; mobile cellular service is increasing rapidly, but a sharp increase w the number of main lines is essential; e-mail and Internet services are available


domestic: intercity traffic by wire, microwave radio relay, and radiotelephone communication stations, fixed and mobile cellular systems dla short-range traffic


international: country code - 256; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki) and 1 Inmarsat; analog links to Kenia and Tanzania
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 108,100 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 2.009 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 8 (plus 1 repeater) (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly plateau z rim of mountains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 6.84 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Drogi wodne on Lake Victoria, 200 km on Lake Albert, Lake Kyoga, and parts of Albert Nile (2005)
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