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Tadzykistan (2002)

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Tadzykistan 2002 roku

 Tadzykistan
Podzial administracyjny 2 provinces (viloyatho, singular - viloyat) and 1 autonomous province* (viloyati mukhtor); Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon* (Khorugh), Viloyati Khatlon (Qurghonteppa), Viloyati Sughd (Khujand)


note: the administrative center name follows w parentheses
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 40.4% (male 1,370,314; female 1,346,465)


15-64 years: 54.9% (male 1,835,573; female 1,854,677)


65 years and over: 4.7% (male 136,033; female 176,505) (2002 est.)
Rolinictwo cotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
Lotniska 53 (2001)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


under 914 m: 1 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 51


over 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 2


914 to 1,523 m: 12


under 914 m: 36 (2002)
Terytorium total: 143,100 sq km


land: 142,700 sq km


water: 400 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Wisconsin
Tlo historyczne Tadzykistan has experienced three changes w government and a five-year civil war since it gained independence w 1991 from the USSR. A peace agreement among rival factions was signed w 1997, and implemented w 2000. The central government's less than total control over some areas of the country has forced it to compromise and forge alliances among factions. Attention by the international community w the wake of the war w Afganistan has brought increased economic development assistance, which could create jobs and increase stability w the long term. Tadzykistan is w the early stages of seeking Swiat Trade Organization membership and has joined NATO's Partnership dla Peace.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 32.99 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budzet revenues: $146 million


expenditures: $196 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.) (2000 est.)
Stolica Dushanbe
Klimat midlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar w Pamir Mountains
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja 6 listopad 1994
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Tadzykistan


conventional short form: Tadzykistan


local long form: Jumhurii Tojikiston


local short form: Tojikiston


former: Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic
Waluta somoni
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.51 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.23 billion (2000 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Franklin P. HUDDLE, Jr.


embassy: 10 Pavlova Street, Dushanbe, Tadzykistan 734003; note - the embassy w Dushanbe is not yet fully operational; most business is still handled w Almaty at 531 Sayfullin Street, Almaty, Kazachstan, telephone 7-3272-58-79-61, FAX 7-3272-58079-68


mailing address: use embassy street address


telephone: [992] (372) 21-03-48, 21-03-50, 21-03-52, 24-15-60


FAX: [992] (372) 51-00-28, 21-03-62
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA Tadzykistan does not have an embassy w the US, but does have a permanent mission to the UN: address - 136 East 67th Street, New York, NY 10021, telephone - [1] (212) 472-7645, FAX - [1] (212) 628-0252; permanent representative to the UN is Khamrokhon ZARIPOV
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Uzbekistan has mined much of its undemarcated southern and eastern border z Tadzykistan; border demarcation negotiations continuing z Kirgistan w Isfara Valley area; Kazachstan, Tadzykistan, Turkmenistan, Kirgistan, and Uzbekistan wrestle z sharing water resources and the resulting regional environmental degradation caused by the shrinking of the Aral Sea
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $60.7 million from US (2001)
Ekonomia Tadzykistan has the lowest per capita Produkt krajowy brutto among the 15 former Soviet republics. Cotton is the most important crop. Mineral resources, varied but limited w amount, include silver, gold, uranium, and tungsten. Industry consists only of a large aluminum plant, hydropower facilities, and small obsolete factories mostly w light industry and food processing. The civil war (1992-97) severely damaged the already weak economic infrastructure and caused a sharp decline w industrial and agricultural production. Even though 80% of its people continue to live w abject poverty, Tadzykistan has experienced strong economic growth since 1997. Continued privatization of medium and large state-owned enterprises will further increase productivity. Tadzykistan's economic situation, however, remains fragile due to uneven implementation of structural reforms, weak governance, and the external debt burden. Servicing of the debt, owed principally to Rosja and Uzbekistan, could require as much as 50% of government revenues w 2002, thus limiting the nation's ability to meet pressing development needs.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 12.539 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 3.909 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - import 3.2 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 14.245 billion kWh (2000)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 2%


hydro: 98%


nuclear: 0%


other: 0% (2000)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Syr Darya (Sirdaryo) 300 m


highest point: Qullai Ismoili Somoni 7,495 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Tajik 64.9%, Uzbek 25%, Rosjan 3.5% (declining because of emigration), other 6.6%
Kurs waluty Tadzykistani somoni per US dollar - 2.55 (styczen 2002), 2.2 (styczen 2001), 1550 (styczen 2000), 998 (styczen 1999), 350 (styczen 1997), 284 (styczen 1996)


note: the new unit of exchange was introduced on 30 pazdziernik 2000, z one somoni equal to 1,000 of the old Tadzykistani rubles
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Emomali RAHMONOV (since 6 listopad 1994; head of state and Supreme Assembly chairman since 19 listopad 1992)


head of government: Prime Minister Oqil OQILOV (since 20 styczen 1999)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the Supreme Assembly


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a seven-year term; election last held 6 listopad 1999 (next to be held NA 2006); prime minister appointed by the president


election results: Emomali RAHMONOV elected president; percent of vote - Emomali RAHMONOV 97%, Davlat USMON 2%
Eksport 3.909 billion kWh (2000)
Eksport $640 million f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Eksport - towary aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil, textiles
Eksport - partnerzy Europe 43%, Rosja 30%, Uzbekistan 13% (2000)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three horizontal stripes of red (top), a wider stripe of white, and green; a gold crown surmounted by seven gold, five-pointed stars is located w the center of the white stripe
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $7.5 billion (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 19%


industry: 25%


services: 56% (2000)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $1,140 (2001 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 8.3% (2001 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 39 00 N, 71 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; mountainous region dominated by the Trans-Alay Range w the north and the Pamirs w the southeast; highest point, Qullai Ismoili Somoni (formerly Communism Peak), was the tallest mountain w the former USSR
Autostrady total: 29,900 km


paved: 21,400 km (includes some all-weather gravel-surfaced roads)


unpaved: 8,500 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate w wet weather) (1990)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Narkotyki major transit country dla Afghan narcotics bound dla Rosjan and, to a lesser extent, Western European markets; limited illicit cultivation of opium poppy dla domestic consumption; Tadzykistan seizes roughly 80 percent of all drugs captured w Central Asia and stands third world-wide w seizures of opiates (heroin and raw opium)
Import 3.2 billion kWh (2000)
Import $700 million f.o.b. (2001 est.)
Import - towary electricity, petroleum products, aluminum oxide, machinery and equipment, foodstuffs
Import - partnerzy Uzbekistan 27%, Rosja 16%, Europe 12% (2000)
Niepodleglosc 9 wrzesien 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 10.3% (2000 est.)
Przemysl aluminum, zinc, lead, chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow 114.77 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflacja 33% (2001 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji AsDB, CCC, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IOC, IOM, ITU, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO (observer)
Dostawcy internetu 4 (2002)
Nawadniane tereny 7,200 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president)
Sila robocza 3.187 million (2000)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 67%, industry 8%, services 25% (2000 est.)
Granica total: 3,651 km


border countries: Afganistan 1,206 km, Chiny 414 km, Kirgistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 5.41%


permanent crops: 0.92%


other: 93.67% (1998 est.)
Jezyki Tajik (official), Rosjan widely used w government and business
System prawny based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Supreme Assembly or Majlisi Oli consists of the Assembly of Representatives (lower chamber) or Majlisi Namoyandagon (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and the National Assembly (upper chamber) or Majlisi Milliy (33 seats; members are indirectly elected, 25 selected by local deputies, 8 appointed by the president; all serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 27 luty and 12 marzec 2000 dla the Assembly of Representatives (next to be held NA 2005) and 23 marzec 2000 dla the National Assembly (next to be held NA 2005)


election results: Assembly of Representatives - percent of vote by party - PDPT 65%, Communist Party 20%, Islamic Rebirth Party 7.5%, other 7.5%; seats by party - NA; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA
Zywotnosc total population: 64.28 years


male: 61.24 years


female: 67.46 years (2002 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 98%


male: 99%


female: 97% (1989 est.)
Lokalizacja Central Asia, west of Chiny
Lokalizacja na mapie Asia
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Army, Air Force and Air Defense Force, Presidential National Guard, Security Forces (internal and border troops)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $35.4 million (FY01)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.9% (FY01)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 1,646,278 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 1,349,505 (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 18 years of age (2002 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 72,056 (2002 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day (or National Day), 9 wrzesien (1991)
Narodowosc noun: Tadzykistani(s)


adjective: Tadzykistani
Naturalne zagrozenia earthquakes and floods
Surowce naturalne hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold
Wspolczynnik migracji -3.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Rurociagi natural gas 400 km (1992)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Democratic Party or DPT [Mahmadruzi ISKANDAROV, chairman]; Islamic Revival Party [Said Abdullo NURI, chairman]; People's Democratic Party of Tadzykistan or PDPT [Emomali RAHMONOV]; Social Democratic Party or SDPT [Rahmatullo ZOIROV]; Socialist Party or SPT [Sherali KENJAYEV]; Tajik Communist Party or CPT [Shodi SHABDOLOV]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow there are two unregistered political parties z 1,000 or more members: Progressive Party [Suton QUVVATOV]; Unity Party [Hikmatuko SAIDOV]
Ludnosc 6,719,567 (lipiec 2002 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 80% (2001 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.12% (2002 est.)
Porty i stocznie none
Stacje radiowe AM 8, FM 10, shortwave 2 (2002)
Radia 1.291 million (1991)
Linie kolejowe total: 482 km


broad gauge: 482 km 1.520-m gauge


note: includes only lines w common carrier service; lines dedicated to particular industries are excluded (2001)
Religie Sunni Muslim 85%, Shi'a Muslim 5%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female


total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: poorly developed and not well maintained; many towns are not reached by the national network


domestic: cable and microwave radio relay


international: linked by cable and microwave radio relay to other CIS republics and by leased connections to the Moscow international gateway switch; Dushanbe linked by Intelsat to international gateway switch w Ankara (Turcja); satellite earth stations - 1 Orbita and 2 Intelsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 363,000 (1997)
Telefony komorkowe 2,500 (1997)
Stacje telewizyjne 13 (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley w north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys w southwest
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.23 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 20% (2001 est.)
Drogi wodne none
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