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Portugalia (2008)

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Portugalia 2008 roku

 Portugalia
Podzial administracyjny 18 districts (distritos, singular - distrito) and 2 autonomous regions* (regioes autonomas, singular - regiao autonoma); Aveiro, Acores (Azores)*, Beja, Braga, Braganca, Castelo Branco, Coimbra, Evora, Faro, Guarda, Leiria, Lisboa (Lisbon), Madeira*, Portalegre, Porto, Santarem, Setubal, Viana do Castelo, Vila Real, Viseu
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 16.5% (male 914,480/female 837,525)


15-64 years: 66.3% (male 3,501,206/female 3,551,706)


65 years and over: 17.3% (male 757,220/female 1,080,699) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo grain, potatoes, tomatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, swine, poultry, dairy products; fish
Lotniska 66 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 44


over 3,047 m: 5


2,438 to 3,047 m: 9


1,524 to 2,437 m: 5


914 to 1,523 m: 13


under 914 m: 12 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 22


914 to 1,523 m: 1


under 914 m: 21 (2007)
Terytorium total: 92,391 sq km


land: 91,951 sq km


water: 440 sq km


note: includes Azores and Madeira Islands
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Indiena
Tlo historyczne Following its heyday as a world power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugalia lost much of its wealth and status z the destruction of Lisbon w a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence w 1822 of Brazylia as a colony. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; dla most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugalia granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugalia is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) w 1986.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 10.59 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $92.35 billion


expenditures: $99.59 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Lisbon


geographic coordinates: 38 43 N, 9 08 W


time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat maritime temperate; cool and rainy w north, warmer and drier w south
Linia brzegowa 1,793 km
Konstytucja adopted 2 kwiecien 1976; effective 25 kwiecien 1976; revised many times
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Portuguese Republic


conventional short form: Portugalia


local long form: Republica Portuguesa


local short form: Portugalia
Wspolczynnik zgonow 10.56 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $415.5 billion (30 czerwiec 2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Thomas E. STEPHENSON


embassy: Avenida das Forcas Armadas, 1600-081 Lisbon


mailing address: Apartado 43033, 1601-301 Lisboa; PSC 83, APO AE 09726


telephone: [351] (21) 727-3300


FAX: [351] (21) 726-9109


consulate(s): Ponta Delgada (Azores)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Joao DE VALLERA


chancery: 2012 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036


telephone: [1] (202) 350-5400


FAX: [1] (202) 462-3726


consulate(s) general: Boston, New York, Newark (New Jersey), San Francisco


consulate(s): New Bedford (Massachusetts), Providence (Rhode Island)
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Portugalia does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over the territory of Olivenza based on a difference of interpretation of the 1815 Congress of Vienna and the 1801 Treaty of Badajoz
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $271 million (1995)
Ekonomia Portugalia has become a diversified and increasingly service-based economy since joining the European Community w 1986. Over the past two decades, successive governments have privatized many state-controlled firms and liberalized key areas of the economy, including the financial and telecommunications sectors. The country qualified dla the European Monetary Union (EMU) w 1998 and began circulating the euro on 1 styczen 2002 along z 11 other EU member economies. Economic growth had been above the EU average dla much of the 1990s, but fell back w 2001-07. Produkt krajowy brutto per capita stands at roughly two-thirds of the EU-27 average. A poor educational system, w particular, has been an obstacle to greater productivity and growth. Portugalia has been increasingly overshadowed by lower-cost producers w Central Europe and Asia as a target dla foreign direct investment. The budget deficit surged to an all-time high of 6% of Produkt krajowy brutto w 2005, but the government estimates it at 3% w 2007 - a year ahead of Portugalia's targeted schedule - thanks partly to deficit-cutting efforts. Nonetheless, the government faces tough choices w its attempts to boost Portugalia's economic competitiveness while keeping the budget deficit within the eurozone's 3%-of-Produkt krajowy brutto ceiling.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 46.3 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 2.802 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 9.626 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 43.69 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Ponta do Pico (Pico or Pico Alto) on Ilha do Pico w the Azores 2,351 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy soil erosion; air pollution caused by industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution, especially w coastal areas
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Environmental Modification
Grupy etniczne homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugalia
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Anibal CAVACO SILVA (since 9 marzec 2006)


head of government: Prime Minister Jose SOCRATES Carvalho Pinto de Sousa (since 12 marzec 2005)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister


note: there is also a Council of State that acts as a consultative body to the president


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 22 styczen 2006 (next to be held w styczen 2011); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president


election results: Anibal CAVACO SILVA elected president; percent of vote - Anibal CAVACO SILVA 50.6%, Manuel ALEGRE 20.7%, Mario Alberto Nobre Lopes SOARES 14.3%, Jeronimo DE SOUSA 8.5%, Franciso LOUCA 5.3%
Eksport 2.802 billion kWh (2005)
Eksport $50.72 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 43,070 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary clothing and footwear, machinery, chemicals, cork and paper products, hides
Eksport - partnerzy Hiszpania 26.5%, Niemcy 12.9%, Francja 12%, UK 6.7%, US 6.1% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi two vertical bands of green (hoist side, two-fifths) and red (three-fifths) z the Portuguese coat of arms centered on the dividing line
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 7.9%


industry: 25.9%


services: 66.2% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 1.7% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 39 30 N, 8 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne Azores and Madeira Islands occupy strategic locations along western sea approaches to Strait of Gibraltar
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.1%


highest 10%: 28.4% (1995 est.)
Narkotyki seizing record amounts of Latin American cocaine destined dla Europe; a European gateway dla Southwest Asian heroin; transshipment point dla hashish from North Africa to Europe; consumer of Southwest Asian heroin
Import 9.626 billion kWh (2005)
Import $72.19 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 4.281 billion cu m (2005)
Import 361,300 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum, textiles, agricultural products
Import - partnerzy Hiszpania 29%, Niemcy 13.1%, Francja 8.1%, Wlochy 5.6%, Holandia 4.4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 1143 (Kingdom of Portugalia recognized); 5 pazdziernik 1910 (republic proclaimed)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 1.8% (2007 est.)
Przemysl textiles and footwear; wood pulp, paper, and cork; metals and metalworking; oil refining; chemicals; fish canning; rubber and plastic products; ceramics; electronics and communications equipment; rail transportation equipment; aerospace equipment; ship construction and refurbishment; wine; tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 4.92 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 5.38 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 4.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2.4% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ABEDA, ADB (nonregional members), AfDB, Australia Group, BIS, CE, CERN, CPLP, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAIA (observer), MIGA, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, Schengen Convention, SECI (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, Union Latina, UNMIT, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny 6,500 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Supremo Tribunal de Justica (judges appointed dla life by the Conselho Superior da Magistratura)
Sila robocza 5.62 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 10%


industry: 30%


services: 60% (2001 est.)
Granica total: 1,214 km


border countries: Hiszpania 1,214 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 17.29%


permanent crops: 7.84%


other: 74.87% (2005)
Jezyki Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official - but locally used)
System prawny based on civil law system; the Konstytucjaal Tribunal reviews the constitutionality of legislation; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Assembly of the Republic or Assembleia da Republica (230 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 20 luty 2005 (next to be held w Fall 2009)


election results: percent of vote by party - PS 45.1%, PSD 28.7%, CDU 7.6%, PP 7.3%, BE 6.4%, other 4.9%; seats by party - PS 121, PSD 75, CDU 14, PP 12, BE 8
Zywotnosc total population: 77.87 years


male: 74.6 years


female: 81.36 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 93.3%


male: 95.5%


female: 91.3% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, west of Hiszpania
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Flota handlowa total: 117 ships (1000 GRT or over) 1,022,783 GRT/1,287,951 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 10, cargo 37, carrier 1, chemical tanker 16, container 6, liquefied gas 9, passenger 10, passenger/cargo 10, petroleum tanker 6, roll on/roll off 1, specialized tanker 1, vehicle carrier 10


foreign-owned: 80 (Belgia 9, Dania 3, Niemcy 22, Grecja 4, Wlochy 11, Japonia 10, Malta 1, Meksyk 1, Holandia 1, Norwegia 3, Hiszpania 10, Szwecja 2, Szwajcaria 2, US 1)


registered w other countries: 15 (Cypr 1, Hong Kong 1, Malta 3, Panama 9, St Vincent and The Grenadines 1) (2007)
Wojsko Army, Navy (Marinha Portuguesa; includes Marine Corps), Air Force (Forca Aerea Portuguesa, FAP), National Republican Guard (Guarda Nacional Republicana) (2005)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.3% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Portugalia Day (Day of Portugalia), 10 czerwiec (1580); note - also called Camoes Day, the day that revered national poet Luis de Camoes (1524-80) died
Narodowosc noun: Portuguese (singular and plural)


adjective: Portuguese
Naturalne zagrozenia Azores subject to severe earthquakes
Surowce naturalne fish, forests (cork), iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji 3.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 1,098 km; oil 11 km; refined products 188 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Democratic and Social Center/Popular Party or CDS/PP [Paulo PORTAS]; Green Ecologist Party or PEV [leadership commission elected by members]; Portuguese Communist Party or PCP [Jeronimo DE SOUSA]; Portuguese Socialist Party or PS [Jose SOCRATES Carvalho Pinto de Sousa]; Social Democratic Party or PSD [Luis Filipe MENEZES]; The Left Bloc or BE [Franciso Anacleto LOUCA]; Unitarian Democratic Coalition or CDU [Jeronimo DE SOUSA] (includes PEV and PCP)
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 10,642,836 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.334% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 47, FM 172 (many are repeaters), shortwave 2 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,786 km


broad gauge: 2,603 km 1.668-m gauge (1,351 km electrified)


narrow gauge: 183 km 1.000-m gauge (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 84.5%, other Christian 2.2%, other 0.3%, unknown 9%, none 3.9% (2001 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.092 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.986 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.701 male(s)/female


total population: 0.946 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: Portugalia's telephone system has achieved a state-of-the-art network z broadband, high-speed capabilities


domestic: integrated network of coaxial cables, open-wire, microwave radio relay, and domestic satellite earth stations


international: country code - 351; a combination of submarine cables provide connectivity to Europe, North and East Africa, Republika Poludniowej Afryki, the Middle East, Asia, and US; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Ocean Atlantycki and 1 Ocean Indyjski), NA Eutelsat; tropospheric scatter to Azores; note - an earth station dla Inmarsat (Ocean Atlantycki region) is planned (1998)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 4.231 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 12.226 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 62 (plus 166 repeaters; includes Azores and Madeira Islands) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mountainous north of the Tagus River, rolling plains w south
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.48 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 8% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 210 km (on Douro River from Porto) (2006)
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