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Oman (2008)

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Oman 2008 roku

 Oman
Podzial administracyjny 5 regions (manatiq, singular - mintaqat) and 4 governorates* (muhafazat, singular - muhafazat) Ad Dakhiliyah, Al Batinah, Al Buraymi*, Al Wusta, Ash Sharqiyah, Az Zahirah, Masqat*, Musandam*, Zufar (Dhofar)*
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 42.7% (male 698,461/female 670,793)


15-64 years: 54.6% (male 1,026,686/female 723,712)


65 years and over: 2.7% (male 47,534/female 37,711) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa, vegetables; camels, cattle; fish
Lotniska 137 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 7


over 3,047 m: 4


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 130


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 8


1,524 to 2,437 m: 51


914 to 1,523 m: 35


under 914 m: 34 (2007)
Terytorium total: 212,460 sq km


land: 212,460 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Kansas
Tlo historyczne The inhabitants of the area of Oman have long prospered on Ocean Indyjski trade. In the late 18th century, a newly established sultanate w Muscat signed the first w a series of friendship treaties z Britain. Over time, Oman's dependence on British political and military advisors increased, but it never became a British colony. In 1970, QABOOS bin Said al-Said overthrew the restrictive rule of his father; he has ruled as sultan ever since. His extensive modernization program has opened the country to the outside world while preserving the longstanding close ties z the UK. Oman's moderate, independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations z all Middle Eastern countries.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 35.76 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $13.82 billion


expenditures: $13.67 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Muscat


geographic coordinates: 23 37 N, 58 35 E


time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (maj to wrzesien) w far south
Linia brzegowa 2,092 km
Konstytucja none; note - on 6 listopad 1996, Sultan QABOOS issued a royal decree promulgating a basic law considered by the government to be a constitution which, among other things, clarifies the royal succession, provides dla a prime minister, bars ministers from holding interests w companies doing business z the government, establishes a bicameral legislature, and guarantees basic civil liberties dla Omani citizens
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Sultanate of Oman


conventional short form: Oman


local long form: Saltanat Uman


local short form: Uman


former: Muscat and Oman
Wspolczynnik zgonow 3.78 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $3.483 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Gary A. GRAPPO


embassy: Jameat A'Duwal Al Arabiya Street, Al Khuwair area, Muscat


mailing address: P. O. Box 202, P.C. 115, Madinat Sultan Qaboos, Muscat


telephone: [968] 24-643-400


FAX: [968] 24-699771
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Hunaina bint Sultan bin Ahmad al-MUGHAIRI


chancery: 2535 Belmont Road, NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 387-1980 through 1981, 1988


FAX: [1] (202) 745-4933
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje boundary agreement reportedly signed and ratified z UAE w 2003 dla entire border, including Oman's Musandam Peninsula and Al Madhah exclave, but details of the alignment have not been made public
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $30.68 million (2005)
Ekonomia Oman is a middle-income economy that is heavily dependent on dwindling oil resources, but sustained high oil prices w recent years have helped build Oman's budget and trade surpluses and foreign reserves. Oman joined the Swiat Trade Organization w listopad 2000 and continues to liberalize its markets. It ratified a free trade agreement z the US w wrzesien 2006, and, through the Gulf Cooperation Council, seeks similar agreements z the EU, Chiny and Japonia. As a result of its dwindling oil resources, Oman is actively pursuing a development plan that focuses on diversification, industrialization, and privatization, z the objective of reducing the oil sector's contribution to Produkt krajowy brutto to 9 percent by 2020. Muscat is attempting to "Omanize" the labor force by replacing foreign expatriate workers z local workers. Oman actively seeks private foreign investors, especially w the industrial, information technology, tourism, and higher education fields. Industrial development plans focus on gas resources, metal manufacturing, petrochemicals, and international transshipment ports.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 8.661 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 11.89 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m


highest point: Jabal Shams 2,980 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy rising soil salinity; beach pollution from oil spills; very limited natural fresh water resources
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indien, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeszi), African
Kurs waluty Omani rials per US dollar - 0.3845 (2007), 0.3845 (2006), 0.3845 (2005), 0.3845 (2004), 0.3845 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Sultan and Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said al-Said (sultan since 23 lipiec 1970 and prime minister since 23 lipiec 1972); note - the monarch is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: Sultan and Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said al-Said (sultan since 23 lipiec 1970 and prime minister since 23 lipiec 1972)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the monarch


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $22.68 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 10.19 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 733,100 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary petroleum, reexports, fish, metals, textiles
Eksport - partnerzy Chiny 23.6%, South Korea 17.9%, Japonia 10.9%, Tajlandia 10.7%, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 7.7%, UAE 6.3% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three horizontal bands of white, red, and green of equal width z a broad, vertical, red band on the hoist side; the national emblem (a khanjar dagger w its sheath superimposed on two crossed swords w scabbards) w white is centered near the top of the vertical band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 2.2%


industry: 38.3%


services: 59.5% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.3% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 21 00 N, 57 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location on Musandam Peninsula adjacent to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point dla world crude oil
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $11 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 15,440 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, livestock, lubricants
Import - partnerzy UAE 22.4%, Japonia 16.4%, US 8.1%, Niemcy 5.5%, Indie 4.3% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 3.2% (2007 est.)
Przemysl crude oil production and refining, natural and liquefied natural gas (LNG) production; construction, cement, copper, steel, chemicals, optic fiber
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 18.28 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 20.96 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 15.46 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 4% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ABEDA, AFESD, AMF, FAO, G-77, GCC, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITSO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 720 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court


note: the nascent civil court system, administered by region, has judges who practice secular and Shari'a law
Sila robocza 920,000 (2002 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: NA%


industry: NA%


services: NA%
Granica total: 1,374 km


border countries: Arabia Saudyjska 676 km, UAE 410 km, Jemen 288 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.12%


permanent crops: 0.14%


other: 99.74% (2005)
Jezyki Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indien dialects
System prawny based on English common law and Islamic law; ultimate appeal to the monarch; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Majlis Oman consists of Majlis al-Dawla or upper chamber (70 seats; members appointed by the monarch; has advisory powers only) and Majlis al-Shura or lower chamber (84 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms; body has some limited power to propose legislation, but otherwise has only advisory powers)


elections: last held 27 pazdziernik 2007 (next to be held w 2011)


election results: new candidates won 46 seats and 38 members of the outgoing Majlis kept their positions; none of the 20 female candidates were elected
Zywotnosc total population: 73.62 years


male: 71.37 years


female: 75.99 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: NA


total population: 81.4%


male: 86.8%


female: 73.5% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Jemen and UAE
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 2 ships (1000 GRT or over) 12,155 GRT/7,244 DWT


by type: chemical tanker 1, passenger 1


registered w other countries: 1 (Panama 1) (2007)
Wojsko Sultan's Armed Forces (SAF): Royal Army of Oman, Royal Navy of Oman, Royal Air Force of Oman (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Sultanat Oman, RAFO) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 11.4% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Birthday of Sultan QABOOS, 18 listopad (1940)
Narodowosc noun: Omani(s)


adjective: Omani
Naturalne zagrozenia summer winds often raise large sandstorms and dust storms w interior; periodic droughts
Surowce naturalne petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas
Wspolczynnik migracji 0.36 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 4,126 km; oil 3,558 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy none
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow none
Ludnosc 3,204,897


note: includes 577,293 non-nationals (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 3.234% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 3, FM 9, shortwave 2 (1999)
Religie Ibadhi Muslim 75%, other (includes Sunni Muslim, Shi'a Muslim, Hindu) 25%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.041 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.419 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 1.26 male(s)/female


total population: 1.238 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 21 years of age; universal; note - members of the military and security forces are not allowed to vote
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern system consisting of open-wire, microwave, and radiotelephone communication stations; limited coaxial cable


domestic: fixed-line and mobile-cellular subscribership both increasing; open-wire, microwave, radiotelephone communications, and a domestic satellite system z 8 earth stations


international: country code - 968; the Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) and the SEA-ME-WE-3 submarine cable provide connectivity to Asia, the Middle East, and Europe; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Indyjski), 1 Arabsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 278,300 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 1.818 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 13 (plus 25 repeaters) (1999)
Uksztaltowanie terenu central desert plain, rugged mountains w north and south
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.7 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 15% (2004 est.)
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