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Oman (2008)

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Oman 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 5 regions (manatiq, singular - mintaqat) and 4 governorates* (muhafazat, singular - muhafazat) Ad Dakhiliyah, Al Batinah, Al Buraymi*, Al Wusta, Ash Sharqiyah, Az Zahirah, Masqat*, Musandam*, Zufar (Dhofar)*
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 42.7% (male 698,461/female 670,793)

15-64 years: 54.6% (male 1,026,686/female 723,712)

65 years and over: 2.7% (male 47,534/female 37,711) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa, vegetables; camels, cattle; fish
Lotniska 137 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 7

over 3,047 m: 4

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 130

over 3,047 m: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 8

1,524 to 2,437 m: 51

914 to 1,523 m: 35

under 914 m: 34 (2007)
Terytorium total: 212,460 sq km

land: 212,460 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Kansas
Tlo historyczne The inhabitants of the area of Oman have long prospered on Ocean Indyjski trade. In the late 18th century, a newly established sultanate w Muscat signed the first w a series of friendship treaties z Britain. Over time, Oman's dependence on British political and military advisors increased, but it never became a British colony. In 1970, QABOOS bin Said al-Said overthrew the restrictive rule of his father; he has ruled as sultan ever since. His extensive modernization program has opened the country to the outside world while preserving the longstanding close ties z the UK. Oman's moderate, independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations z all Middle Eastern countries.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 35.76 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $13.82 billion

expenditures: $13.67 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Muscat

geographic coordinates: 23 37 N, 58 35 E

time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (maj to wrzesien) w far south
Linia brzegowa 2,092 km
Konstytucja none; note - on 6 listopad 1996, Sultan QABOOS issued a royal decree promulgating a basic law considered by the government to be a constitution which, among other things, clarifies the royal succession, provides dla a prime minister, bars ministers from holding interests w companies doing business z the government, establishes a bicameral legislature, and guarantees basic civil liberties dla Omani citizens
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Sultanate of Oman

conventional short form: Oman

local long form: Saltanat Uman

local short form: Uman

former: Muscat and Oman
Wspolczynnik zgonow 3.78 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $3.483 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Gary A. GRAPPO

embassy: Jameat A'Duwal Al Arabiya Street, Al Khuwair area, Muscat

mailing address: P. O. Box 202, P.C. 115, Madinat Sultan Qaboos, Muscat

telephone: [968] 24-643-400

FAX: [968] 24-699771
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Hunaina bint Sultan bin Ahmad al-MUGHAIRI

chancery: 2535 Belmont Road, NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 387-1980 through 1981, 1988

FAX: [1] (202) 745-4933
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje boundary agreement reportedly signed and ratified z UAE w 2003 dla entire border, including Oman's Musandam Peninsula and Al Madhah exclave, but details of the alignment have not been made public
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $30.68 million (2005)
Ekonomia Oman is a middle-income economy that is heavily dependent on dwindling oil resources, but sustained high oil prices w recent years have helped build Oman's budget and trade surpluses and foreign reserves. Oman joined the Swiat Trade Organization w listopad 2000 and continues to liberalize its markets. It ratified a free trade agreement z the US w wrzesien 2006, and, through the Gulf Cooperation Council, seeks similar agreements z the EU, Chiny and Japonia. As a result of its dwindling oil resources, Oman is actively pursuing a development plan that focuses on diversification, industrialization, and privatization, z the objective of reducing the oil sector's contribution to Produkt krajowy brutto to 9 percent by 2020. Muscat is attempting to "Omanize" the labor force by replacing foreign expatriate workers z local workers. Oman actively seeks private foreign investors, especially w the industrial, information technology, tourism, and higher education fields. Industrial development plans focus on gas resources, metal manufacturing, petrochemicals, and international transshipment ports.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 8.661 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 11.89 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m

highest point: Jabal Shams 2,980 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy rising soil salinity; beach pollution from oil spills; very limited natural fresh water resources
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indien, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeszi), African
Kurs waluty Omani rials per US dollar - 0.3845 (2007), 0.3845 (2006), 0.3845 (2005), 0.3845 (2004), 0.3845 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Sultan and Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said al-Said (sultan since 23 lipiec 1970 and prime minister since 23 lipiec 1972); note - the monarch is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: Sultan and Prime Minister QABOOS bin Said al-Said (sultan since 23 lipiec 1970 and prime minister since 23 lipiec 1972)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the monarch

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $22.68 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 10.19 billion cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 733,100 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary petroleum, reexports, fish, metals, textiles
Eksport - partnerzy Chiny 23.6%, South Korea 17.9%, Japonia 10.9%, Tajlandia 10.7%, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 7.7%, UAE 6.3% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three horizontal bands of white, red, and green of equal width z a broad, vertical, red band on the hoist side; the national emblem (a khanjar dagger w its sheath superimposed on two crossed swords w scabbards) w white is centered near the top of the vertical band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 2.2%

industry: 38.3%

services: 59.5% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.3% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 21 00 N, 57 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location on Musandam Peninsula adjacent to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point dla world crude oil
Ladowiska helikopterow 2 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $11 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 15,440 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, livestock, lubricants
Import - partnerzy UAE 22.4%, Japonia 16.4%, US 8.1%, Niemcy 5.5%, Indie 4.3% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 3.2% (2007 est.)
Przemysl crude oil production and refining, natural and liquefied natural gas (LNG) production; construction, cement, copper, steel, chemicals, optic fiber
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 18.28 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 20.96 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 15.46 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 4% (2007 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 720 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court

note: the nascent civil court system, administered by region, has judges who practice secular and Shari'a law
Sila robocza 920,000 (2002 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
Granica total: 1,374 km

border countries: Arabia Saudyjska 676 km, UAE 410 km, Jemen 288 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.12%

permanent crops: 0.14%

other: 99.74% (2005)
Jezyki Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indien dialects
System prawny based on English common law and Islamic law; ultimate appeal to the monarch; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Majlis Oman consists of Majlis al-Dawla or upper chamber (70 seats; members appointed by the monarch; has advisory powers only) and Majlis al-Shura or lower chamber (84 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms; body has some limited power to propose legislation, but otherwise has only advisory powers)

elections: last held 27 pazdziernik 2007 (next to be held w 2011)

election results: new candidates won 46 seats and 38 members of the outgoing Majlis kept their positions; none of the 20 female candidates were elected
Zywotnosc total population: 73.62 years

male: 71.37 years

female: 75.99 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: NA

total population: 81.4%

male: 86.8%

female: 73.5% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Jemen and UAE
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm

contiguous zone: 24 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 2 ships (1000 GRT or over) 12,155 GRT/7,244 DWT

by type: chemical tanker 1, passenger 1

registered w other countries: 1 (Panama 1) (2007)
Wojsko Sultan's Armed Forces (SAF): Royal Army of Oman, Royal Navy of Oman, Royal Air Force of Oman (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Sultanat Oman, RAFO) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 11.4% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Birthday of Sultan QABOOS, 18 listopad (1940)
Narodowosc noun: Omani(s)

adjective: Omani
Naturalne zagrozenia summer winds often raise large sandstorms and dust storms w interior; periodic droughts
Surowce naturalne petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas
Wspolczynnik migracji 0.36 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 4,126 km; oil 3,558 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy none
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow none
Ludnosc 3,204,897

note: includes 577,293 non-nationals (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 3.234% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 3, FM 9, shortwave 2 (1999)
Religie Ibadhi Muslim 75%, other (includes Sunni Muslim, Shi'a Muslim, Hindu) 25%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.041 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.419 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.26 male(s)/female

total population: 1.238 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 21 years of age; universal; note - members of the military and security forces are not allowed to vote
System telefoniczny general assessment: modern system consisting of open-wire, microwave, and radiotelephone communication stations; limited coaxial cable

domestic: fixed-line and mobile-cellular subscribership both increasing; open-wire, microwave, radiotelephone communications, and a domestic satellite system z 8 earth stations

international: country code - 968; the Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) and the SEA-ME-WE-3 submarine cable provide connectivity to Asia, the Middle East, and Europe; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Indyjski), 1 Arabsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 278,300 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 1.818 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 13 (plus 25 repeaters) (1999)
Uksztaltowanie terenu central desert plain, rugged mountains w north and south
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.7 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 15% (2004 est.)
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