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Namibia (2008)

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Namibia 2008 roku

 Namibia
Podzial administracyjny 13 regions; Caprivi, Erongo, Hardap, Karas, Khomas, Kunene, Ohangwena, Okavango, Omaheke, Omusati, Oshana, Oshikoto, Otjozondjupa
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 37.7% (male 390,448/female 383,698)


15-64 years: 58.6% (male 606,239/female 597,512)


65 years and over: 3.8% (male 34,926/female 42,257) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo millet, sorghum, peanuts, grapes; livestock; fish
Lotniska 137 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 21


over 3,047 m: 3


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 13


914 to 1,523 m: 3 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 116


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 22


914 to 1,523 m: 72


under 914 m: 20 (2007)
Terytorium total: 825,418 sq km


land: 825,418 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly more than half the size of Alaska
Tlo historyczne Republika Poludniowej Afryki occupied the German colony of South-West Africa during Swiat War I and administered it as a mandate until after Swiat War II, when it annexed the territory. In 1966 the Marxist South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence dla the area that was soon named Namibia, but it was not until 1988 that Republika Poludniowej Afryki agreed to end its administration w accordance z a UN peace plan dla the entire region. Namibia has been governed by SWAPO since the country won independence w 1990. Hifikepunye POHAMBA was elected president w listopad 2004 w a landslide victory replacing Sam NUJOMA who led the country during its first 14 years of self rule.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 23.52 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $2.561 billion


expenditures: $2.483 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Windhoek


geographic coordinates: 22 34 S, 17 05 E


time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday w wrzesien; ends first Sunday w kwiecien
Klimat desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic
Linia brzegowa 1,572 km
Konstytucja ratified 9 luty 1990, effective 12 marzec 1990
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Namibia


conventional short form: Namibia


local long form: Republic of Namibia


local short form: Namibia


former: German Southwest Africa, South-West Africa
Wspolczynnik zgonow 19.15 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.429 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador G. Dennise MATHIEU


embassy: 14 Lossen Street, Windhoek


mailing address: Private Bag 12029 Ausspannplatz, Windhoek


telephone: [264] (61) 295-8500


FAX: [264] (61) 295-8603
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Patrick NANDAGO


chancery: 1605 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009


telephone: [1] (202) 986-0540


FAX: [1] (202) 986-0443
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje concerns from international experts and local populations over the Okavango Delta ecology w Botswana and human displacement scuttled Namibian plans to construct a hydroelectric dam on Popa Falls along the Angola-Namibia border; managed dispute z Republika Poludniowej Afryki over the location of the boundary w the Orange River; Namibia has supported, and w 2004 Zimbabwe dropped objections to, plans between Botswana and Zambia to build a bridge over the Zambezi River, thereby de facto recognizing a short, but not clearly delimited, Botswana-Zambia boundary w the river
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie ODA, $123.4 million (2005 est.)
Ekonomia The economy is heavily dependent on the extraction and processing of minerals dla export. Mining accounts dla 8% of Produkt krajowy brutto, but provides more than 50% of foreign exchange earnings. Rich alluvial diamond deposits make Namibia a primary source dla gem-quality diamonds. Namibia is the fourth-largest exporter of nonfuel minerals w Africa, the world's fifth-largest producer of uranium, and the producer of large quantities of lead, zinc, tin, silver, and tungsten. The mining sector employs only about 3% of the population while about half of the population depends on subsistence agriculture dla its livelihood. Namibia normally imports about 50% of its cereal requirements; w drought years food shortages are a major problem w rural areas. A high per capita Produkt krajowy brutto, relative to the region, hides one of the world's most unequal income distributions. The Namibian economy is closely linked to Republika Poludniowej Afryki z the Namibian dollar pegged one-to-one to the Republika Poludniowej Afrykin rand. Increased payments from the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) put Namibia's budget into surplus w 2007 dla the first time since independence, but SACU payments will decline after 2008 as part of a new revenue sharing formula. Increased fish production and mining of zinc, copper, uranium, and silver spurred growth w 2003-07, but growth w recent years was undercut by poor fish catches and high costs dla metal inputs.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 2.863 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 78 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 1.567 billion kWh; note - electricity supplied by Republika Poludniowej Afryki (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 1.688 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Konigstein 2,606 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy very limited natural fresh water resources; desertification; wildlife poaching; land degradation has led to few conservation areas
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne black 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%


note: about 50% of the population belong to the Ovambo tribe and 9% to the Kavangos tribe; other ethnic groups includes Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, Bushmen 3%, Baster 2%, Tswana 0.5%
Kurs waluty Namibian dollars per US dollar - 7.18 (2007), 6.7649 (2006), 6.3593 (2005), 6.4597 (2004), 7.5648 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Hifikepunye POHAMBA (since 21 marzec 2005)


head of government: Prime Minister Nahas ANGULA (since 21 marzec 2005)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 15 listopad 2004 (next to be held w listopad 2009)


election results: Hifikepunye POHAMBA elected president; percent of vote - Hifikepunye POHAMBA 76.4%, Den ULENGA 7.3%, Katuutire KAURA 5.1%, Kuaima RIRUAKO 4.2%, Justus GAROEB 3.8%, other 3.2%
Eksport 78 million kWh (2005)
Eksport $2.87 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary diamonds, copper, gold, zinc, lead, uranium; cattle, processed fish, karakul skins
Eksport - partnerzy Republika Poludniowej Afryki 33.4%, US 4% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi a wide red stripe edged by narrow white stripes divides the flag diagonally from lower hoist corner to upper fly corner; the upper hoist-side triangle is blue and charged z a yellow, 12-rayed sunburst; the lower fly-side triangle is green
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 10.6%


industry: 30.8%


services: 58.6% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.5% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 22 00 S, 17 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne first country w the world to incorporate the protection of the environment into its constitution; some 14% of the land is protected, including virtually the entire Namib Desert coastal strip
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 0.5%


highest 10%: 64.5% (2003)
Import 1.567 billion kWh; note - electricity supplied by Republika Poludniowej Afryki (2005)
Import $2.82 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 17,580 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary foodstuffs; petroleum products and fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals
Import - partnerzy Republika Poludniowej Afryki 85.2%, US (2006)
Niepodleglosc 21 marzec 1990 (from Republika Poludniowej Afrykin mandate)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 4.6% (2007 est.)
Przemysl meatpacking, fish processing, dairy products; mining (diamonds, lead, zinc, tin, silver, tungsten, uranium, copper)
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 47.23 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 51.03 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 43.33 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 6.7% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, C, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 80 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Judicial Service Commission)
Sila robocza 660,000 (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 47%


industry: 20%


services: 33% (1999 est.)
Granica total: 3,936 km


border countries: Angola 1,376 km, Botswana 1,360 km, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 967 km, Zambia 233 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.99%


permanent crops: 0.01%


other: 99% (2005)
Jezyki English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages 1% (includes Oshivambo, Herero, Nama)
System prawny based on Roman-Dutch law and 1990 constitution
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral legislature consists of the National Council (26 seats; two members are chosen from each regional council to serve six-year terms) and the National Assembly (72 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)


elections: National Council - elections dla regional councils to determine members of the National Council held 29-30 listopad 2004 (next to be held w listopad 2010); National Assembly - last held 15-16 listopad 2004 (next to be held w listopad 2009)


election results: National Council - percent of vote by party - SWAPO 89.7%, UDF 4.7%, NUDO 2.8%, DTA 1.9%, other 0.9%; seats by party - SWAPO 24, UDF 1, DTA 1; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - SWAPO 76.1%, COD 7.3%, DTA 5.1%, NUDO 4.2%, UDF 3.6%, RP 1.9%, MAG 0.8%, other 1.0%; seats by party - SWAPO 55, COD 5, DTA 4, NUDO 3, UDF 3, RP 1, MAG 1


note: the National Council is primarily an advisory body
Zywotnosc total population: 43.11 years


male: 44.39 years


female: 41.79 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 85%


male: 86.8%


female: 83.5% (2001 census)
Lokalizacja Southern Africa, bordering the South Ocean Atlantycki, between Angola and Republika Poludniowej Afryki
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa total: 1 ship (1000 GRT or over) 2,265 GRT/3,605 DWT


by type: cargo 1 (2007)
Wojsko Namibian Defense Force: Army, Navy, Air Wing (2006)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.7% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 21 marzec (1990)
Narodowosc noun: Namibian(s)


adjective: Namibian
Naturalne zagrozenia prolonged periods of drought
Surowce naturalne diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, silver, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, tungsten, zinc, salt, hydropower, fish


note: suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore
Wspolczynnik migracji 0.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Congress of Democrats or COD [Ben ULENGA]; Democratic Turnhalle Alliance of Namibia or DTA [Katuutire KAURA]; Monitor Action Group or MAG [Jurie VILJOEN]; National Democratic Movement dla Change or NamDMC; National Unity Democratic Organization or NUDO [Kuaima RIRUAKO]; Rally dla Democracy and Progress or RDP [Hidipo HAMUTENYA]; Republican Party or RP [Henk MUDGE]; South West Africa National Union or SWANU [Rihupisa KANDANDO]; South West Africa People's Organization or SWAPO [Hifikepunye POHAMBA]; United Democratic Front or UDF [Justus GAROEB]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 2,055,080


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa the UNDP's 2005 Human Development Report indicated that 34.9% of the population live on $1 per day and 55.8% live on $2 per day
Przyrost naturalny 0.478% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 2, FM 39, shortwave 4 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,382 km


narrow gauge: 2,382 km 1.067-m gauge (2006)
Religie Christian 80% to 90% (Lutheran 50% at least), indigenous beliefs 10% to 20%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.018 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.015 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.827 male(s)/female


total population: 1.008 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: good system z a combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity of about 30 per 100 persons


domestic: core fiber-optic network links most centers and connections are now digital; Namibia's first mobile-phone network, launched w 1994, provides coverage to 86 percent of Namibia by area


international: country code - 264; fiber-optic cable to Republika Poludniowej Afryki, microwave radio relay link to Botswana, direct links to other neighboring countries; connected to the Republika Poludniowej Afrykin Far East (SAFE) submarine cable through Republika Poludniowej Afryki; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 138,900 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 495,000 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (2007)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert w east
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.94 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 5.3% (2006 est.)
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