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Namibia (2004)

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Namibia 2004 roku

 Namibia
Podzial administracyjny 13 regions; Caprivi, Erongo, Hardap, Karas, Khomas, Kunene, Ohangwena, Okavango, Omaheke, Omusati, Oshana, Oshikoto, Otjozondjupa
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 42.4% (male 419,700; female 409,156)


15-64 years: 54% (male 527,553; female 528,386)


65 years and over: 3.5% (male 30,427; female 38,811) (2004 est.)
Rolinictwo millet, sorghum, peanuts; livestock; fish
Lotniska 136 (2003 est.)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 21


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 13


914 to 1,523 m: 4 (2004 est.)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 115


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 22


914 to 1,523 m: 71


under 914 m: 20 (2004 est.)
Terytorium total: 825,418 sq km


land: 825,418 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly more than half the size of Alaska
Tlo historyczne Republika Poludniowej Afryki occupied the German colony of South-West Africa during Swiat War I and administered it as a mandate until after Swiat War II, when it annexed the territory. In 1966 the Marxist South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence dla the area that was soon named Namibia, but it was not until 1988 that Republika Poludniowej Afryki agreed to end its administration w accordance z a UN peace plan dla the entire region. Namibia won its independence w 1990 and has been governed by SWAPO since. Hifikepunye POHAMBA was elected president w listopad 2004 w a landslide victory replacing Sam NUJOMA who led the country during its first 14 years of self rule.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 33.51 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.434 billion


expenditures: $1.62 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2003)
Stolica Windhoek
Klimat desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic
Linia brzegowa 1,572 km
Konstytucja ratified 9 luty 1990; effective 12 marzec 1990
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Namibia


conventional short form: Namibia


former: German Southwest Africa, South-West Africa
Waluta Namibian dollar (NAD); Republika Poludniowej Afrykin rand (ZAR)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 21.02 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.04 billion (2003 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Kevin J. McGUIRE


embassy: Ausplan Building, 14 Lossen Street, Windhoek


mailing address: Private Bag 12029 Ausspannplatz, Windhoek


telephone: [264] (61) 221601


FAX: [264] (61) 229792
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Leonard Nangolo IIPUMBU


chancery: 1605 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009


telephone: [1] (202) 986-0540


FAX: [1] (202) 986-0443
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje commission established z Botswana to resolve small residual disputes along the Caprivi Strip, including the Situngu marshlands along the Linyanti River; Botswana residents protest Namibia's planned construction of the Okavango hydroelectric dam on Popa Falls; managed dispute z Republika Poludniowej Afryki over the location of the boundary w the Orange River; Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe boundary convergence is not clearly defined or delimited; Angolan rebels and refugees still reside w Namibia
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie ODA $160 million (2000 est.)
Ekonomia The economy is heavily dependent on the extraction and processing of minerals dla export. Mining accounts dla 20% of Produkt krajowy brutto. Rich alluvial diamond deposits make Namibia a primary source dla gem-quality diamonds. Namibia is the fourth-largest exporter of nonfuel minerals w Africa, the world's fifth-largest producer of uranium, and the producer of large quantities of lead, zinc, tin, silver, and tungsten. The mining sector employs only about 3% of the population while about half of the population depends on subsistence agriculture dla its livelihood. Namibia normally imports about 50% of its cereal requirements; w drought years food shortages are a major problem w rural areas. A high per capita Produkt krajowy brutto, relative to the region, hides the great inequality of income distribution; nearly one-third of Namibians had annual incomes of less than $1,400 w constant 1994 dollars, according to a 1993 study. The Namibian economy is closely linked to Republika Poludniowej Afryki z the Namibian dollar pegged to the Republika Poludniowej Afrykin rand. Privatization of several enterprises w coming years may stimulate long-run foreign investment. Mining of zinc, copper, and silver and increased fish production led growth w 2003.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 603.1 million kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 578 million kWh; note - electricity supplied by Republika Poludniowej Afryki (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 26.95 million kWh (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Konigstein 2,606 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy very limited natural fresh water resources; desertification; wildlife poaching; land degradation has led to few conservation areas
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne black 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%


note: about 50% of the population belong to the Ovambo tribe and 9% to the Kavangos tribe; other ethnic groups are: Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, Bushmen 3%, Baster 2%, Tswana 0.5%
Kurs waluty Namibian dollars per US dollar - 7.5648 (2003), 10.5407 (2002), 8.6092 (2001), 6.9398 (2000), 6.1095 (1999)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Hifikepunye POHAMBA (since listopad 2004)


head of government: Prime Minister Theo-Ben GURIRAB (since 28 sierpien 2002)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term; election last held 15 listopad 2004 (next to be held listopad 2009)


election results: Hifikepunye POHAMBA elected president; percent of vote - NA%
Eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Eksport $1.09 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary diamonds, copper, gold, zinc, lead, uranium; cattle, processed fish, karakul skins
Eksport - partnerzy EU 79%, US 4% (2001)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi a large blue triangle z a yellow sunburst fills the upper left section and an equal green triangle (solid) fills the lower right section; the triangles are separated by a red stripe that is contrasted by two narrow white-edge borders
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $13.85 billion (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 11.5%


industry: 29.8%


services: 58.7% (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $7,200 (2003 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 3.3% (2003 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 22 00 S, 17 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne first country w the world to incorporate the protection of the environment into its constitution; some 14% of the land is protected, including virtually the entire Namib Desert coastal strip
Autostrady total: 66,467 km


paved: 9,172 km


unpaved: 57,285 km (2000)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA


highest 10%: NA
Import 578 million kWh; note - electricity supplied by Republika Poludniowej Afryki (2001)
Import $1.371 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary foodstuffs; petroleum products and fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals
Import - partnerzy US 50%, EU 31% (2001)
Niepodleglosc 21 marzec 1990 (from Republika Poludniowej Afrykin mandate)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle NA
Przemysl meatpacking, fish processing, dairy products; mining (diamond, lead, zinc, tin, silver, tungsten, uranium, copper)
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 69.58 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 72.65 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 66.43 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflacja 7.3% (2003)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, C, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, NAM, ONUB, OPCW, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNOCI, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 70 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Judicial Service Commission)
Sila robocza 760,000 (2003)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture 47%, industry 20%, services 33% (1999 est.)
Granica total: 3,936 km


border countries: Angola 1,376 km, Botswana 1,360 km, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 967 km, Zambia 233 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.99%


permanent crops: 0%


other: 99.01% (2001)
Jezyki English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama
System prawny based on Roman-Dutch law and 1990 constitution
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral legislature consists of the National Council (26 seats; two members are chosen from each regional council to serve six-year terms) and the National Assembly (72 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)


elections: National Council - elections dla regional councils, to determine members of the National Council, held 15-16 listopad 2004 (next to be held listopad 2009); National Assembly - last held 15-16 listopad 2004 (next to be held listopad 2009)


election results: National Council - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - SWAPO 55, COD 5, DTA 4, UDF 3, MAG 1, other 4


note: the National Council is primarily an advisory body
Zywotnosc total population: 40.53 years


male: 42.36 years


female: 38.64 years (2004 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 84%


male: 84.4%


female: 83.7% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern Africa, bordering the South Ocean Atlantycki, between Angola and Republika Poludniowej Afryki
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Flota handlowa none (2004 est.)
Wojsko Namibian Defense Force: Army (including Naval Wing, Air Wing), Police
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $111.6 million (2003)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 2.5% (2003)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 468,934 (2004 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 279,755 (2004 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 21 marzec (1990)
Narodowosc noun: Namibian(s)


adjective: Namibian
Naturalne zagrozenia prolonged periods of drought
Surowce naturalne diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, zinc, salt, vanadium, natural gas, hydropower, fish


note: suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Congress of Democrats or COD [Ben ULENGA]; Democratic Turnhalle Alliance of Namibia or DTA [Katuutire KAURA, president]; Monitor Action Group or MAG [Kosie PRETORIUS]; South West Africa People's Organization or SWAPO [Sam Shafishuna NUJOMA]; United Democratic Front or UDF [Justus GAROEB]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 1,954,033


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2004 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 50% (2002 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.25% (2004 est.)
Porty i stocznie Luderitz, Walvis Bay
Stacje radiowe AM 2, FM 39, shortwave 4 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,382 km


narrow gauge: 2,382 km 1.067-m gauge (2003)
Religie Christian 80% to 90% (Lutheran 50% at least), indigenous beliefs 10% to 20%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female


total population: 1 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: good system; about 6 telephones dla each 100 persons


domestic: good urban services; fair rural service; microwave radio relay links major towns; connections to other populated places are by open wire; 100% digital


international: country code - 264; fiber-optic cable to Republika Poludniowej Afryki, microwave radio relay link to Botswana, direct links to other neighboring countries; connected to Africa ONE and Republika Poludniowej Afrykin Far East (SAFE) submarine cables through Republika Poludniowej Afryki; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat (2002)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 127,400 (2003)
Telefony komorkowe 223,700 (2003)
Stacje telewizyjne 8 (plus about 20 low-power repeaters) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert w east
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 4.65 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 35% (1998)
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