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Malawi (2008)

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Malawi 2008 roku

 Malawi
Podzial administracyjny 28 districts; Balaka, Blantyre, Chikwawa, Chiradzulu, Chitipa, Dedza, Dowa, Karonga, Kasungu, Likoma, Lilongwe, Machinga (Kasupe), Mangochi, Mchinji, Mulanje, Mwanza, Mzimba, Neno, Ntcheu, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Nsanje, Ntchisi, Phalombe, Rumphi, Salima, Thyolo, Zomba
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 46.1% (male 3,143,724/female 3,130,937)


15-64 years: 51.2% (male 3,491,114/female 3,474,209)


65 years and over: 2.7% (male 155,954/female 207,243) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, tea, corn, potatoes, cassava (tapioca), sorghum, pulses, groundnuts, Macadamia nuts; cattle, goats
Lotniska 39 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 6


over 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 4 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 33


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 16


under 914 m: 16 (2007)
Terytorium total: 118,480 sq km


land: 94,080 sq km


water: 24,400 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Pennsylvania
Tlo historyczne Established w 1891, the British protectorate of Nyasaland became the independent nation of Malawi w 1964. After three decades of one-party rule under President Hastings Kamuzu BANDA the country held multiparty elections w 1994, under a provisional constitution that came into full effect the following year. Current President Bingu wa MUTHARIKA, elected w maj 2004 after a failed attempt by the previous president to amend the constitution to permit another term, struggled to assert his authority against his predecessor and subsequently started his own party, the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) w 2005. As president, MUTHARIKA has overseen substantial economic improvement but because of political deadlock w the legislature, his minority party has been unable to pass significant legislation and anti-corruption measures have stalled. Ludnosc growth, increasing pressure on agricultural lands, corruption, and the spread of HIV/AIDS pose major problems dla Malawi.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 42.09 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $1.082 billion


expenditures: $1.142 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Lilongwe


geographic coordinates: 13 59 S, 33 47 E


time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat sub-tropical; rainy season (listopad to maj); dry season (maj to listopad)
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja 18 maj 1994
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Malawi


conventional short form: Malawi


local long form: Dziko la Malawi


local short form: Malawi


former: British Central African Protectorate, Nyasaland Protectorate, Nyasaland
Wspolczynnik zgonow 18.25 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $622 million (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Alan EASTHAM


embassy: Terytorium 40, Plot 24, Keniatta Road


mailing address: P. O. Box 30016, Lilongwe 3, Malawi


telephone: [265] (1) 773 166


FAX: [265] (1) 770 471
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Hawa NDILOWE


chancery: 1156 15th Street, NW, Suite 320, Washington, DC 20005


telephone: [1] (202) 721-0270


FAX: [1] (202) 721-0288
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje disputes z Tanzania over the boundary w Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi) and the meandering Songwe River remain dormant
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $575.3 million (2005)
Ekonomia Landlocked Malawi ranks among the world's most densely populated and least developed countries. The economy is predominately agricultural, z about 85% of the population living w rural areas. Agriculture accounts dla more than one-third of Produkt krajowy brutto and 90% of export revenues. The performance of the tobacco sector is key to short-term growth as tobacco accounts dla more than half of exports. The economy depends on substantial inflows of economic assistance from the IMF, the Swiat Bank, and individual donor nations. In grudzien 2007 the US granted Malawi eligibility status to receive financial support within the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) initiative. Malawi will now begin a consultative process to develop a five-year program before funding can begin. In 2006, Malawi was approved dla relief under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program. The government faces many challenges, including developing a market economy, improving educational facilities, facing up to environmental problems, dealing z the rapidly growing problem of HIV/AIDS, and satisfying foreign donors that fiscal discipline is being tightened. In 2005, President MUTHARIKA championed an anticorruption campaign. Since 2005 President MUTHARIKA'S government has exhibited improved financial discipline under the guidance of Finance Minister Goodall GONDWE and signed a three year Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility worth $56 million z the IMF. Improved relations z the IMF lead other international donors to resume aid as well.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 1.299 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 1.397 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: junction of the Shire River and international boundary z Mozambik 37 m


highest point: Sapitwa (Mount Mlanje) 3,002 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy deforestation; land degradation; water pollution from agricultural runoff, sewage, industrial wastes; siltation of spawning grounds endangers fish populations
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Grupy etniczne Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European
Kurs waluty Malawian kwachas per US dollar - 141.12 (2007), 135.96 (2006), 108.894 (2005), 108.898 (2004), 97.433 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Bingu wa MUTHARIKA (since 24 maj 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Bingu wa MUTHARIKA (since 24 maj 2004)


cabinet: 46-member Cabinet named by the president


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 20 maj 2004 (next to be held w maj 2009)


election results: Bingu wa MUTHARIKA elected president; percent of vote - Bingu wa MUTHARIKA 35.9%, John TEMBO 27.1%, Gwandaguluwe CHAKUAMBA 25.7%, Brown MPINGANJIRA 8.7%, Justin MALEWEZI 2.5%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $657 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary tobacco 53%, tea, sugar, cotton, coffee, peanuts, wood products, apparel
Eksport - partnerzy Republika Poludniowej Afryki 12.6%, Niemcy 9.7%, Egipt 9.6%, US 9.5%, Zimbabwe 8.5%, Rosja 5.4%, Holandia 4.4% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 lipiec - 30 czerwiec
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green z a radiant, rising, red sun centered w the black band
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 36.3%


industry: 18.6%


services: 45.1% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.7% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 13 30 S, 34 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; Lake Nyasa, some 580 km long, is the country's most prominent physical feature
Wladze - uwagi no party has a majority w the fractured legislature
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.9%


highest 10%: 31.8% (2004)
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $892 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 6,263 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary food, petroleum products, semimanufactures, consumer goods, transportation equipment
Import - partnerzy Republika Poludniowej Afryki 33.9%, Indie 8%, Zambia 7.6%, US 6.3%, Tanzania 5.7%, Niemcy 4.5%, Chiny 4.2% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 6 lipiec 1964 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2.5% (2007 est.)
Przemysl tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 92.1 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 96.27 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 87.85 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 8% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, AfDB, AU, C, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, SADC, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 560 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court of Appeal; High Court (chief justice appointed by the president, puisne judges appointed on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission); magistrate's courts
Sila robocza 4.5 million (2001 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 90%


industry and services: 10% (2003 est.)
Granica total: 2,881 km


border countries: Mozambik 1,569 km, Tanzania 475 km, Zambia 837 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 20.68%


permanent crops: 1.18%


other: 78.14% (2005)
Jezyki Chichewa 57.2% (official), Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998 census)
System prawny based on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts w the Supreme Court of Appeal; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly (193 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 20 maj 2004 (next to be held w maj 2009)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - MCP 56, UDF 49, independents 39, RP 15, others 25, vacancies 8
Zywotnosc total population: 42.98 years


male: 43.35 years


female: 42.61 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 62.7%


male: 76.1%


female: 49.8% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern Africa, east of Zambia
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Malawi Armed Forces: Army (includes Air Wing and Naval Detachment) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.3% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day (Republic Day), 6 lipiec (1964)
Narodowosc noun: Malawian(s)


adjective: Malawian
Naturalne zagrozenia NA
Surowce naturalne limestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla Democracy or AFORD; Congress dla National Unity or CONU; Democratic Progressive Party or DPP [Bingu wa MUTHARIKA]; Malawi Congress Party or MCP [John TEMBO]; Malawi Democratic Party or MDP [Kampelo KALUA]; Malawi Forum dla Unity and Development or MAFUNDE [George MNESA]; Mgwirizano Coalition or MC [Gwandaguluwe CHAKUAMBA] (coalition of MAFUNDE, MDP, MGODE, NUP, PETRA, PPM, RP); Movement dla Genuine Democratic Change or MGODE [Sam Kandodo BANDA]; National Democratic Alliance or NDA [Brown MPINGANJIRA]; National Unity Party or NUP [Harry CHIUME]; People's Progressive Movement or PPM [Aleke BANDA]; People's Transformation Movement or PETRA [Kamuzu CHIBAMBO]; Republican Party or RP [Gwandaguluwe CHAKUAMBA]; United Democratic Front or UDF [Bakili MULUZI]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 13,603,181


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 53% (2004)
Przyrost naturalny 2.383% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 9, FM 5 (plus 15 repeater stations), shortwave 2 (plus one shortwave station on standby) (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 797 km


narrow gauge: 797 km 1.067-m gauge (2006)
Religie Christian 79.9%, Muslim 12.8%, other 3%, none 4.3% (1998 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.004 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.005 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.753 male(s)/female


total population: 0.997 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: rudimentary


domestic: fixed-line subscribership remains less than 1 per 100 persons; privatization of Malawi Telecommunications (MTL), a necessary step w bringing improvement to telecommunications services, completed w 2006; mobile-cellular services are expanding but cellular network coverage is limited, and is based around the main urban areas


international: country code - 265; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Ocean Indyjski, 1 Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 102,700 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 429,300 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu narrow elongated plateau z rolling plains, rounded hills, some mountains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 5.74 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia NA%
Drogi wodne 700 km (on Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi) and Shire River) (2007)
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