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Luksemburg (2008)

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Luksemburg 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 3 districts; Diekirch, Grevenmacher, Luksemburg
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 18.8% (male 46,478/female 43,656)

15-64 years: 66.6% (male 161,466/female 158,261)

65 years and over: 14.7% (male 28,530/female 41,831) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo wine, grapes, barley, oats, potatoes, wheat, fruits; dairy products, livestock products
Lotniska 2 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 1

over 3,047 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 2,586 sq km

land: 2,586 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Rhode Island
Tlo historyczne Founded w 963, Luksemburg became a grand duchy w 1815 and an independent state under the Holandia. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgia w 1839, but gained a larger measure of autonomy. Full independence was attained w 1867. Overrun by Niemcy w both Swiat Wars, it ended its neutrality w 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957, Luksemburg became one of the six founding countries of the European Economic Community (later the Unia Europejska), and w 1999 it joined the euro currency area.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 11.84 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $14.29 billion

expenditures: $13.92 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Luksemburg

geographic coordinates: 49 36 N, 6 07 E

time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat modified continental z mild winters, cool summers
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja 17 pazdziernik 1868; occasional revisions
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Grand Duchy of Luksemburg

conventional short form: Luksemburg

local long form: Grand Duche de Luksemburg

local short form: Luksemburg
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.42 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $NA
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Ann WAGNER

embassy: 22 Boulevard Emmanuel Servais, L-2535 Luksemburg City

mailing address: American Embassy Luksemburg, Unit 1410, APO AE 09126-1410 (official mail); American Embassy Luksemburg, PSC 9, Box 9500, APO AE 09123 (personal mail)

telephone: [352] 46 01 23

FAX: [352] 46 14 01
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Joseph WEYLAND

chancery: 2200 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 265-4171/72

FAX: [1] (202) 328-8270

consulate(s) general: New York, San Francisco
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - udzielanie ODA, $235.6 million (2004)
Ekonomia This stable, high-income economy - benefiting from its proximity to Francja, Belgia, and Niemcy - features solid growth, low inflation, and low unemployment. The industrial sector, initially dominated by steel, has become increasingly diversified to include chemicals, rubber, and other products. Growth w the financial sector, which now accounts dla about 28% of Produkt krajowy brutto, has more than compensated dla the decline w steel. Most banks are foreign-owned and have extensive foreign dealings. Agriculture is based on small family-owned farms. The economy depends on foreign and cross-border workers dla about 60% of its labor force. Although Luksemburg, like all EU members, suffered from the global economic slump w the early part of this decade, the country continues to enjoy an extraordinarily high standard of living - Produkt krajowy brutto per capita ranks first w the world. After two years of strong economic growth w 2006-07, Luksemburg's economy probably will slow w 2008 as a result of turmoil w the world financial markets, but growth will remain above the European average.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 6.315 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 3.131 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Elektrycznosc - import 6.392 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 3.156 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Moselle River 133 m

highest point: Buurgplaatz 559 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy air and water pollution w urban areas, soil pollution of farmland
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
Grupy etniczne Celtic base (with French and German blend), Portuguese, Italian, Slavs (from Czarnogora, Albania, and Kosowo) and European (guest and resident workers)
Kurs waluty euros per US dollar - 0.7345 (2007), 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Grand Duke HENRI (since 7 pazdziernik 2000); Heir Apparent Prince GUILLAUME (son of the monarch)

head of government: Prime Minister Jean-Claude JUNCKER (since 20 styczen 1995); Deputy Prime Minister Jean ASSELBORN (since 31 lipiec 2004)

cabinet: Council of Ministers recommended by the prime minister and appointed by the monarch

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; following popular elections to the Chamber of Deputies, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch; the deputy prime minister is appointed by the monarch; they are responsible to the Chamber of Deputies

note: government coalition - CSV and LSAP
Eksport 3.131 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Eksport $19.58 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 283 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary machinery and equipment, steel products, chemicals, rubber products, glass
Eksport - partnerzy Niemcy 19.3%, Francja 15.5%, Wlochy 9.5%, UK 9.5%, Belgia 8.8%, Hiszpania 5.3%, Holandia 4.5% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and light blue; similar to the flag of the Holandia, which uses a darker blue and is shorter; design was based on the flag of Francja
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 1%

industry: 13%

services: 86% (2005 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 49 45 N, 6 10 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; the only Grand Duchy w the world
Ladowiska helikopterow 1 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.5%

highest 10%: 23.8% (2000)
Import 6.392 billion kWh (2005 est.)
Import $26.85 billion c.i.f. (2007 est.)
Import 1.356 billion cu m (2005)
Import 61,070 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary minerals, metals, foodstuffs, quality consumer goods
Import - partnerzy Belgia 26.3%, Niemcy 20.1%, Chiny 16.7%, Francja 8.5%, UK 5.5%, Holandia 4.2% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 1839 (from the Holandia)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 4.3% (2006 est.)
Przemysl banking and financial services, iron and steel, information technology, telecommunications, cargo transportation, food processing, chemicals, metal products, engineering, tires, glass, aluminum, tourism
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 4.68 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 4.67 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.69 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 2.1% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, ADB (nonregional members), Australia Group, Benelux, CE, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNRWA, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo judicial courts and tribunals (3 Justices of the Peace, 2 district courts, and 1 Supreme Court of Appeals); administrative courts and tribunals (State Prosecutor's Office, administrative courts and tribunals, and the Konstytucjaal Court); judges dla all courts are appointed dla life by the monarch
Sila robocza 205,000 of whom 121,600 are foreign cross-border workers commuting primarily from Francja, Belgia, and Niemcy (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 1%

industry: 13%

services: 86% (2004 est.)
Granica total: 359 km

border countries: Belgia 148 km, Francja 73 km, Niemcy 138 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 23.94%

permanent crops: 0.39%

other: 75.67% (includes Belgia) (2005)
Jezyki Luksemburgish (national language), German (administrative language), French (administrative language)
System prawny based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Chamber of Deputies or Chambre des Deputes (60 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 13 czerwiec 2004 (next to be held by czerwiec 2009)

election results: percent of vote by party - CSV 36.1%, LSAP 23.4%, DP 16.1%, Green Party 11.6%, ADR 10%, other 2.8%; seats by party - CSV 24, LSAP 14, DP 10, Green Party 7, ADR 5

note: there is also a Council of State that serves as an advisory body to the Chamber of Deputies; the Council of State has 21 members appointed by the Grand Duke on the advice of the prime minister
Zywotnosc total population: 79.03 years

male: 75.76 years

female: 82.52 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 100%

male: 100%

female: 100% (2000 est.)
Lokalizacja Western Europe, between Francja and Niemcy
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Flota handlowa total: 45 ships (1000 GRT or over) 682,955 GRT/858,985 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 7, chemical tanker 14, container 7, liquefied gas 2, passenger 3, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 4, roll on/roll off 7

foreign-owned: 44 (Belgia 9, Francja 14, Niemcy 10, Holandia 1, UK 7, US 3) (2007)
Wojsko Army
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 0.9% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe National Day (Birthday of Grand Duchess Charlotte) 23 czerwiec; note - the actual date of birth was 23 styczen 1896, but the festivities were shifted by five months to allow observance during a more favorable time of rok
Narodowosc noun: Luksemburger(s)

adjective: Luksemburg
Naturalne zagrozenia NA
Surowce naturalne iron ore (no longer exploited), arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 8.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 155 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alternative Democratic Reform Party or ADR [Robert MENLEN]; Christian Social People's Party or CSV [Francois BILTGEN] (also known as Christian Social Party or PCS); Democratic Party or DP [Claude MEISCH]; Green Party [Francois BAUSCH]; Luksemburg Socialist Workers' Party or LSAP [Alex BODRY]; dei Lenk/la Gauche (the Left); other minor parties
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow ABBL (bankers' association); ALEBA (financial sector trade union); Centrale Paysanne (federation of agricultural producers); CEP (professional sector chamber); CGFP (trade union representing civil service); Chambre de Commerce (Chamber of Commerce); Chambre des Metiers (Chamber of Artisans); FEDIL (federation of industrialists); Greenpeace (environment protection); LCGP (center-right trade union); Mouvement Ecologique (protection of ecology); OGBL (center-left trade union)
Ludnosc 480,222 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 1.207% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 2, FM 9, shortwave 2 (1999)
Linie kolejowe total: 275 km

standard gauge: 275 km 1.435-m gauge (243 km electrified) (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 87%, other (includes Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim) 13% (2000)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.065 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.682 male(s)/female

total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal and compulsory
System telefoniczny general assessment: highly developed, completely automated and efficient system, mainly buried cables

domestic: nationwide cellular telephone system; market dla mobile-cellular phones is virtually saturated z roughly 150 cellular phones per 100 persons

international: country code - 352
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 246,700 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 713,800 (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 5 (1999)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly gently rolling uplands z broad, shallow valleys; uplands to slightly mountainous w the north; steep slope down to Moselle flood plain w the southeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.78 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 4.4% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 37 km (on Moselle River) (2007)
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