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Litwa (2008)

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Litwa 2008 roku

 Litwa
Podzial administracyjny 10 counties (apskritys, singular - apskritis); Alytaus, Kauno, Klaipedos, Marijampoles, Panevezio, Siauliu, Taurages, Telsiu, Utenos, Vilniaus
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 14.9% (male 273,573/female 259,570)


15-64 years: 69.3% (male 1,213,011/female 1,264,996)


65 years and over: 15.8% (male 194,500/female 369,789) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo grain, potatoes, sugar beets, flax, vegetables; beef, milk, eggs; fish
Lotniska 87 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 30


over 3,047 m: 3


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 7


914 to 1,523 m: 2


under 914 m: 17 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 57


over 3,047 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 3


under 914 m: 53 (2007)
Terytorium total: 65,200 sq km


land: NA sq km


water: NA sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than West Virginia
Tlo historyczne Litwan lands were united under MINDAUGAS w 1236; over the next century, through alliances and conquest, Litwa extended its territory to include most of present-day Bialorus and Ukraina. By the end of the 14th century Litwa was the largest state w Europe. An alliance z Polska w 1386 led the two countries into a union through the person of a common ruler. In 1569, Litwa and Polska formally united into a single dual state, the Polish-Litwan Commonwealth. This entity survived until 1795, when its remnants were partitioned by surrounding countries. Litwa regained its independence following Swiat War I, but was annexed by the USSR w 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. On 11 marzec 1990, Litwa became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but Moscow did not recognize this proclamation until wrzesien of 1991 (following the abortive coup w Moscow). The last Rosjan troops withdrew w 1993. Litwa subsequently restructured its economy dla integration into western European institutions; it joined both NATO and the EU w the spring of 2004.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 8.87 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $12.36 billion


expenditures: $12.54 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Vilnius


geographic coordinates: 54 41 N, 25 19 E


time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat transitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers
Linia brzegowa 99 km
Konstytucja adopted 25 pazdziernik 1992
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Litwa


conventional short form: Litwa


local long form: Lietuvos Respublika


local short form: Lietuva


former: Litwan Soviet Socialist Republic
Wspolczynnik zgonow 11.05 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $22.7 billion (30 czerwiec 2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador John A. CLOUD


embassy: Akmenu Gatve 6, Vilnius, LT-03106


mailing address: American Embassy, Akmenu Gatve 6, Vilnius LT-03106


telephone: [370] (5) 266 5500


FAX: [370] (5) 266 5510
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Audrius BRUZGA


chancery: 4590 MacArthur Blvd. NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20007


telephone: [1] (202) 234-5860


FAX: [1] (202) 328-0466


consulate(s) general: Chicago, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Litwa and Rosja committed to demarcating their boundary w 2006 w accordance z the land and maritime treaty ratified by Rosja w maj 2003 and by Litwa w 1999; Litwa operates a simplified transit regime dla Rosjan nationals traveling from the Kaliningrad coastal exclave into Rosja, while still conforming, as a EU member state having an external border z a non-EU member, to strict Schengen border rules; the Lotwan parliament has not ratified its 1998 maritime boundary treaty z Litwa, primarily due to concerns over potential hydrocarbons; as of styczen 2007, ground demarcation of the boundary z Bialorus was complete and mapped z final ratification documents w preparation
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $249.7 million (2004)
Ekonomia Litwa, the Baltic state that has conducted the most trade z Rosja, has grown rapidly since rebounding from the 1998 Rosjan financial crisis. Unemployment fell to 3.2% w 2007, while wages continued to grow at double digit rates, contributing to rising inflation. Eksport and imports also grew strongly, and the current account deficit rose to nearly 15% of Produkt krajowy brutto w 2007. Trade has been increasingly oriented toward the West. Litwa has gained membership w the Swiat Trade Organization and joined the EU w maj 2004. Privatization of the large, state-owned utilities is nearly complete. Foreign government and business support have helped w the transition from the old command economy to a market economy.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 9.296 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 8.607 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 5.641 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 13.48 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m


highest point: Juozapines Kalnas 293.6 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy contamination of soil and groundwater z petroleum products and chemicals at military bases
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Litwan 83.4%, Polish 6.7%, Rosjan 6.3%, other or unspecified 3.6% (2001 census)
Kurs waluty litai per US dollar - 2.5362 (2007), 2.7498 (2006), 2.774 (2005), 2.7806 (2004), 3.0609 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Valdas ADAMKUS (since 12 lipiec 2004)


head of government: Prime Minister Gediminas KIRKILAS (since 4 lipiec 2006)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the prime minister


elections: president elected by popular vote dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 13 and 27 czerwiec 2004 (next to be held czerwiec 2009); prime minister appointed by the president on the approval of the Parliament


election results: Valdas ADAMKUS elected president; percent of vote - Valdas ADAMKUS 52.2%, Kazimiera PRUNSKIENE 47.8%; Gediminas KIRKILAS approved by Parliament 85-13, z five abstentions
Eksport 8.607 billion kWh (2005)
Eksport $17.09 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 145,100 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary mineral products 23%, textiles and clothing 16%, machinery and equipment 11%, chemicals 6%, wood and wood products 5%, foodstuffs 5% (2001)
Eksport - partnerzy Rosja 12.8%, Lotwa 11.1%, Niemcy 8.6%, Estonia 6.5%, Polska 6.1%, Holandia 4.8%, Szwecja 4.5%, UK 4.4%, US 4.3%, Dania 4.2%, Francja 4.2% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), green, and red
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 5.2%


industry: 34.2%


services: 60.6% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 8% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 56 00 N, 24 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne fertile central plains are separated by hilly uplands that are ancient glacial deposits
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.7%


highest 10%: 27.7% (2003)
Narkotyki transshipment and destination point dla cannabis, cocaine, ecstasy, and opiates from Southwest Asia, Latin America, Western Europe, and neighboring Baltic countries; growing production of high-quality amphetamines, but limited production of cannabis, methamphetamines; susceptible to money laundering despite changes to banking legislation
Import 5.641 billion kWh (2005)
Import $22.64 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 2.916 billion cu m (2005)
Import 187,800 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary mineral products, machinery and equipment, transport equipment, chemicals, textiles and clothing, metals
Import - partnerzy Rosja 24.3%, Niemcy 14.9%, Polska 9.5%, Lotwa 4.8% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 11 marzec 1990 (declared); 6 wrzesien 1991 (recognized by Soviet Union)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 5.5% (2007 est.)
Przemysl metal-cutting machine tools, electric motors, television sets, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture making, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, electronic components, computers, amber jewelry
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 6.68 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 7.99 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 5.29 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 5.4% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT (observer), Australia Group, BA, BIS, CBSS, CE, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NATO, NIB, NSG, OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNOMIG, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 70 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Konstytucjaal Court; Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; judges dla all courts appointed by the President
Sila robocza 1.587 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 15.8%


industry: 28.2%


services: 56% (2004)
Granica total: 1,613 km


border countries: Bialorus 653.5 km, Lotwa 588 km, Polska 103.7 km, Rosja (Kaliningrad) 267.8 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 44.81%


permanent crops: 0.9%


other: 54.29% (2005)
Jezyki Litwan (official) 82%, Rosjan 8%, Polish 5.6%, other and unspecified 4.4% (2001 census)
System prawny based on civil law system; legislative acts can be appealed to the constitutional court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament or Seimas (141 seats; 71 members are elected by popular vote, 70 are elected by proportional representation; to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 10 and 24 pazdziernik 2004 (next to be held w pazdziernik 2008)


election results: percent of vote by party - Labor 28.6%, Working dla Litwa (Social Democrats and Social Liberals) 20.7%, TS 14.6%, For Order and Justice (Liberal Democrats and Litwan People's Union) 11.4%, Liberal and Center Union 9.1%, Farmers and New Democracy Union 6.6%, other 9%; seats by faction - Social Democrats 32, TS 25, Labor 23, Farmers National Union 20 (combined z Civil Democracy), Liberal Democrats/Order and Justice 11, New Union Social Liberals 10, Liberal and Center Union 9, Liberal Movement 9 (as of grudzien 2007)
Zywotnosc total population: 74.44 years


male: 69.46 years


female: 79.69 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 99.6%


male: 99.6%


female: 99.6% (2001 census)
Lokalizacja Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Lotwa and Rosja
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm
Flota handlowa total: 50 ships (1000 GRT or over) 363,795 GRT/366,624 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 4, cargo 22, chemical tanker 1, container 1, passenger/cargo 5, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 16


foreign-owned: 9 (Dania 9)


registered w other countries: 20 (Antigua i Barbuda 6, North Korea 1, Norwegia 1, Panama 5, St Vincent and The Grenadines 7, unknown 3) (2007)
Wojsko Ground Forces, Naval Force, Litwan Military Air Forces, National Defense Volunteer Forces (2005)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.2% (2006; 1.23% 2007 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 16 luty (1918); note - 16 luty 1918 was the date Litwa declared its independence from Soviet Rosja and established its statehood; 11 marzec 1990 was the date it declared its independence from the Soviet Union
Narodowosc noun: Litwan(s)


adjective: Litwan
Naturalne zagrozenia NA
Surowce naturalne peat, arable land, amber
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 1,695 km; oil 228 km; refined products 121 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Civil Democracy Party or PDP [Viktor MUNTIANAS]; Electoral Action of Litwan Poles [Valdemar TOMASZEVSKI]; National Farmer's Union or VLS [Kazimiera PRUNSKIENE]; Homeland Union/Conservative Party or TS [Andrius KUBILIUS]; Labor Party or DP [Viktor USPASKICH]; Liberal and Center Union [Arturas ZUOKAS]; Liberal Democrats/Order and Justice Party or TT [Rolandas PAKSAS]; Liberal Movement or LLS [Petras AUSTREVICIUS]; Social Democratic Party or LSDP [Gediminas KIRKILAS]; Social Liberal/New Union [Arturas PAULAUSKAS]; Young Litwa and New Nationalists [Stanislovas BUSKEVICIUS]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 3,575,439 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 4% (2003)
Przyrost naturalny -0.289% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 29, FM 142, shortwave 1 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 1,771 km


broad gauge: 1,749 km 1.524-m gauge (122 km electrified)


standard gauge: 22 km 1.435-m gauge (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 79%, Rosjan Orthodox 4.1%, Protestant (including Lutheran and Evangelical Christian Baptist) 1.9%, other or unspecified 5.5%, none 9.5% (2001 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.054 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.959 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.526 male(s)/female


total population: 0.887 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: adequate; being modernized to provide improved international capability and better residential access


domestic: rapid expansion of mobile-cellular services has resulted w a steady decline w the number of main line subscriptions; mobile-cellular teledensity has increased to about 135 per 100 persons while fixed-line teledensity has dropped to 22 per 100 persons


international: country code - 370; major international connections to Dania, Szwecja, and Norwegia by submarine cable dla further transmission by satellite; landline connections to Lotwa and Polska
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 792,400 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 4.718 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 27 (may have as many as 100 transmitters, including repeater stations) (2001)
Uksztaltowanie terenu lowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.21 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 3.2%


note: based on survey data, official registered unemployment of 5.7% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 425 km (2005)
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