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Lithuania (2004)

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Lithuania 2004 year

Administrative divisions 10 counties (apskritys, singular - apskritis); Alytaus, Kauno, Klaipedos, Marijampoles, Panevezio, Siauliu, Taurages, Telsiu, Utenos, Vilniaus
Age structure 0-14 years: 16.7% (male 309,736; female 294,129)

15-64 years: 68.4% (male 1,202,603; female 1,262,784)

65 years and over: 14.9% (male 184,145; female 354,502) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products grain, potatoes, sugar beets, flax, vegetables; beef, milk, eggs; fish
Airports 102 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 28

over 3,047 m: 4

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 7

914 to 1,523 m: 2

under 914 m: 14 (2003 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 74

1,524 to 2,437 m: 2

914 to 1,523 m: 5

under 914 m: 67 (2003 est.)
Area total: 65,200 sq km

land: NA sq km

water: NA sq km
Area - comparative slightly larger than West Virginia
Background Independent between the two World Wars, Lithuania was annexed by the USSR in 1940. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but Moscow did not recognize this proclamation until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993. Lithuania subsequently restructured its economy for integration into Western European institutions; it joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.
Birth rate 8.49 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $5.427 billion

expenditures: $5.742 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2003 est.)
Capital Vilnius
Climate transitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers
Coastline 99 km
Constitution adopted 25 October 1992
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Lithuania

conventional short form: Lithuania

local long form: Lietuvos Respublika

local short form: Lietuva

former: Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic
Currency litas (LTL)
Death rate 11.03 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external $7.671 billion (2003 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Stephen D. MULL

embassy: 2600 Akmenu 6, Vilnius

mailing address: American Embassy, Vilnius, PSC 78, Box V, APO AE 09723

telephone: [370] (5) 266 5500

FAX: [370] (5) 266 5510
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Vygaudas USACKAS

chancery: 2622 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: [1] (202) 234-5860

FAX: [1] (202) 328-0466

consulate(s) general: Chicago and New York
Disputes - international in May 2003, the Russian Parliament ratified the 1997 land and maritime boundary treaty with Lithuania, which ratified the treaty in 1999, legalizing limits of former Soviet republic borders; both states also implement a simplified transit regime for Russian nationals transiting Lithuania to and from the Russian Kaliningrad coastal enclave; the Latvian Parliament has not ratified its 1998 maritime boundary treaty with Lithuania, primarily due to concerns over oil exploration rights
Economic aid - recipient $228.5 million (1995)
Economy - overview Lithuania, the Baltic state that has conducted the most trade with Russia, has slowly rebounded from the 1998 Russian financial crisis. Unemployment remains high, still 10.7% in 2003, but is improving. Growing domestic consumption and increased investment have furthered recovery. Trade has been increasingly oriented toward the West. Lithuania has gained membership in the World Trade Organization and has moved ahead with plans to join the EU. Privatization of the large, state-owned utilities, particularly in the energy sector, is nearing completion. Overall, more than 80% of enterprises have been privatized. Foreign government and business support have helped in the transition from the old command economy to a market economy.
Electricity - consumption 8.683 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 6.3 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 1.389 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 14.62 billion kWh (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m

highest point: Juozapines/Kalnas 292 m
Environment - current issues contamination of soil and groundwater with petroleum products and chemicals at military bases
Environment - international agreements party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
Ethnic groups Lithuanian 80.6%, Russian 8.7%, Polish 7%, Belarusian 1.6%, other 2.1%
Exchange rates litai per US dollar - 3.0609 (2003), 3.677 (2002), 4 (2001), 4 (2000), 4 (1999)
Executive branch chief of state: President Valdas ADAMKUS (since 12 July 2004)

head of government: Premier Algirdas Mykolas BRAZAUSKAS (since 3 July 2001)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the premier

elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 13 June 2004 and 27 June 2004; premier appointed by the president on the approval of the Parliament

election results: Valdas ADAMKUS elected president; percent of vote - Valdas ADAMKUS 52.2%, Kazimiera PRUNSKIENE 47.8%
Exports 6.3 billion kWh (2001)
Exports $7.89 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities mineral products 23%, textiles and clothing 16%, machinery and equipment 11%, chemicals 6%, wood and wood products 5%, foodstuffs 5% (2001)
Exports - partners Switzerland 11.6%, Russia 10.1%, Germany 9.9%, Latvia 9.7%, UK 6.4%, France 5.1%, Denmark 4.7%, Estonia 4.3%, Sweden 4% (2003)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description three equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), green, and red
GDP purchasing power parity - $40.88 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 6.1%

industry: 31.3%

services: 62.6% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $11,400 (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 9% (2003 est.)
Geographic coordinates 56 00 N, 24 00 E
Geography - note fertile central plains are separated by hilly uplands that are ancient glacial deposits
Highways total: 75,243 km

paved: 68,697 km (including 417 km of expressways)

unpaved: 6,546 km (2000)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: 3.1%

highest 10%: 25.6% (1996)
Illicit drugs transshipment point for opiates and other illicit drugs from Southwest Asia, Latin America, and Western Europe to Western Europe and Scandinavia; limited production of methamphetamine and ecstasy; susceptible to money laundering despite changes to banking legislation
Imports 1.389 billion kWh (2001)
Imports $9.2 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports 2.76 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities mineral products 21%, machinery and equipment 17%, transport equipment 11%, chemicals 9%, textiles and clothing 9%, metals 5% (2001)
Imports - partners Russia 22%, Germany 16.1%, Poland 5.2%, Italy 4.3%, France 4.2% (2003)
Independence 11 March 1990 (independence declared from Soviet Union); 6 September 1991 (Soviet Union recognizes Lithuania's independence)
Industrial production growth rate 16.1% (2003 est.)
Industries metal-cutting machine tools, electric motors, television sets, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture making, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, electronic components, computers, amber
Infant mortality rate total: 7.13 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 8.61 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 5.57 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) -1.2% (2003 est.)
International organization participation ACCT (observer), Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CE, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, EU (new member), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, NIB, NSG, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIK, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU (member affiliate), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Irrigated land 90 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Constitutional Court; Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; judges for all courts appointed by the President
Labor force 1.642 million (2003 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 20%, industry 30%, services 50% (1997 est.)
Land boundaries total: 1,273 km

border countries: Belarus 502 km, Latvia 453 km, Poland 91 km, Russia (Kaliningrad) 227 km
Land use arable land: 45.22%

permanent crops: 0.91%

other: 53.87% (2001)
Languages Lithuanian (official), Polish, Russian
Legal system based on civil law system; legislative acts can be appealed to the constitutional court
Legislative branch unicameral Parliament or Seimas (141 seats, 71 members are directly elected by popular vote, 70 are elected by proportional representation; members serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 10 and 24 October 2004 (next to be held October 2008)

election results: percent of vote by party - Labor 28.6%, Working for Lithuania (Social Democrats and Social Liberals) 20.7%, Homeland Union (Conservatives) 14.6%, For Order and Justice (Liberal Democrats and Lithuanian People's Union) 11.4%, Liberal and Center Union 9.1%, Union of Farmers and New Democracy 6.6%; seats by faction - Labor 39, Homeland Union 25, Social Democrats 20, Liberal and Center Union 18, Social Liberals 11, Union of Farmers and New Democracy Parties 10, Liberal Democrats 10, Electoral Action 2, independents 6
Life expectancy at birth total population: 73.46 years

male: 68.22 years

female: 79 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 99.6%

male: 99.7%

female: 99.6% (2003 est.)
Location Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia
Map references Europe
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm
Merchant marine total: 49 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 296,856 GRT/317,731 DWT

by type: cargo 20, chemical tanker 1, combination bulk 8, petroleum tanker 2, refrigerated cargo 12, roll on/roll off 2, short-sea/passenger 4

foreign-owned: Denmark 12, Netherlands 1

registered in other countries: 11 (2004 est.)
Military branches National Defense Volunteer Forces (SKAT), Ground Forces, Navy, Air Force
Military expenditures - dollar figure $230.8 million (FY01)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 1.9% (FY01)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 943,063 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 738,602 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually males: 28,300 (2004 est.)
National holiday Independence Day, 16 February (1918); note - 16 February 1918 is the date Lithuania declared its independence from Soviet Russia and established its statehood; 11 March 1990 is the date it declared its independence from the Soviet Union
Nationality noun: Lithuanian(s)

adjective: Lithuanian
Natural hazards NA
Natural resources peat, arable land
Net migration rate -0.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Pipelines gas 1,696 km; oil 331 km; refined products 109 km (2004)
Political parties and leaders Electoral Action of Lithuanian Poles [Valdemar TOMASZEVSKI, chairman]; Homeland Union/Conservative Party or TS [Andrius KUBILIUS, chairman]; Labor Party [Viktor USPASKICH, chairman]; Liberal and Center Union [Arturas ZUOKAS, chairman]; Liberal Democratic Party [Valentinas MAZURONIS, chairman]; Lithuanian Christian Democrats or LKD [Valentinas STUNDYS, chairman]; Lithuanian People's Union for a Fair Lithuania; Lithuanian Social Democratic Coalition [Algirdas BRAZAUSKAS, chairman] consists of the Lithuanian Democratic Labor Party or LDDP and the Lithuanian Social Democratic Party or LSDP; New Democracy and Farmer's Union or VNDPS [Kazimiera PRUNSKIENE, chairman]; Social Liberals (New Union) [Arturas PAULAUSKAS, chairman]; Social Union of Christian Conservatives [Gediminas VAGNORIUS, chairman]; Young Lithuania and New Nationalists
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
Population 3,607,899 (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate -0.33% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Butinge, Kaunas, Klaipeda
Radio broadcast stations AM 29, FM 142, shortwave 1 (2001)
Railways total: 1,998 km

broad gauge: 1,807 km 1.524-m gauge (122 km electrified)

standard gauge: 22 km 1.435-m gauge

narrow gauge: 169 km 0.750-m gauge (all service suspended) (2003)
Religions Roman Catholic (primarily), Lutheran, Russian Orthodox, Protestant, Evangelical Christian Baptist, Muslim, Jewish
Sex ratio at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.52 male(s)/female

total population: 0.89 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: inadequate, but is being modernized to provide an improved international capability and better residential access

domestic: a national, fiber-optic cable, interurban, trunk system is nearing completion; rural exchanges are being improved and expanded; mobile cellular systems are being installed; access to the Internet is available; still many unsatisfied telephone subscriber applications

international: country code - 370; landline connections to Latvia and Poland; major international connections to Denmark, Sweden, and Norway by submarine cable for further transmission by satellite
Telephones - main lines in use 824,200 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular 2,169,900 (2003)
Television broadcast stations 27

note: Lithuania has approximately 27 broadcasting stations, but may have as many as 100 transmitters, including repeater stations (2001)
Terrain lowland, many scattered small lakes, fertile soil
Total fertility rate 1.17 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate 10.3% (2003 est.)
Waterways 600 km (2004)
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