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Kuwejt (2008)

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Kuwejt 2008 roku

 Kuwejt
Podzial administracyjny 6 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Ahmadi, Al 'Asimah, Al Farwaniyah, Al Jahra', Hawalli, Mubarak Al Kabir
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 26.7% (male 340,814/female 328,663)


15-64 years: 70.5% (male 1,128,231/female 636,967)


65 years and over: 2.8% (male 44,542/female 26,342) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo practically no crops; fish
Lotniska 7 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 4


over 3,047 m: 1


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 3


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Terytorium total: 17,820 sq km


land: 17,820 sq km


water: 0 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than New Jersey
Tlo historyczne Britain oversaw foreign relations and defense dla the ruling Kuwejti AL-SABAH dynasty from 1899 until independence w 1961. Kuwejt was attacked and overrun by Irak on 2 sierpien 1990. Following several weeks of aerial bombardment, a US-led, UN coalition began a ground assault on 23 luty 1991 that liberated Kuwejt w four days. Kuwejt spent more than $5 billion to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91. The AL-SABAH family has ruled since returning to power w 1991, and reestablished an elected legislature that w recent years has become increasingly assertive.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 21.95 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $66.92 billion


expenditures: $36.39 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Kuwejt


geographic coordinates: 29 22 N, 47 58 E


time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters
Linia brzegowa 499 km
Konstytucja approved and promulgated 11 listopad 1962
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: State of Kuwejt


conventional short form: Kuwejt


local long form: Dawlat al Kuwayt


local short form: Al Kuwayt
Wspolczynnik zgonow 2.39 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $33.61 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Alan MISENHEIMER


embassy: Bayan 36302, Terytorium 14, Al-Masjed Al-Aqsa Street (near the Bayan palace), Kuwejt City


mailing address: P. O. Box 77 Safat 13001 Kuwejt; or PSC 1280 APO AE 09880-9000


telephone: [965] 259-1001


FAX: [965] 538-0282
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador SALIM al-Abdallah al-Jabir al-Sabah


chancery: 2940 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 966-0702


FAX: [1] (202) 966-0517
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Kuwejt and Arabia Saudyjska continue negotiating a joint maritime boundary z Iran; no maritime boundary exists z Irak w the Persian Gulf
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $2.6 million (2004)
Ekonomia Kuwejt is a small, rich, relatively open economy z self-reported crude oil reserves of about 104 billion barrels - 10% of world reserves. Petroleum accounts dla nearly half of Produkt krajowy brutto, 95% of export revenues, and 80% of government income. High oil prices w recent years have helped build Kuwejt's budget and trade surpluses and foreign reserves. As a result of this positive fiscal situation, the need dla economic reforms is less urgent and the government has not earnestly pushed through new initiatives. Despite its vast oil reserves, Kuwejt experienced power outages during the summer months w 2006 and 2007 because demand exceeded power generating capacity. Power outages are likely to worsen, given its high population growth rates, unless the government can increase generating capacity. In maj 2007 Kuwejt changed its currency peg from the US dollar to a basket of currencies w order to curb inflation and to reduce its vulnerability to external shocks.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 36.28 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 41.11 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m


highest point: unnamed location 306 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy limited natural fresh water resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection


signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping
Grupy etniczne Kuwejti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
Kurs waluty Kuwejti dinars per US dollar - 0.2844 (2007), 0.29 (2006), 0.292 (2005), 0.2947 (2004), 0.298 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Amir SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (since 29 styczen 2006); Crown Prince NAWAF al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah


head of government: Prime Minister NASIR MUHAMMAD al-Ahmad al-Sabah (since 3 kwiecien 2007); First Deputy Prime Minister JABIR Mubarak al-Hamad al-Sabah (since 9 luty 2006); Deputy Prime Ministers MUHAMMAD al-Sabah al-Salim al-Sabah (since 9 luty 2006) and Faysal al-HAJJI (since 5 kwiecien 2007)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister and approved by the amir


elections: none; the amir is hereditary; the amir appoints the prime minister and deputy prime ministers
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $59.57 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 2.2 million bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary oil and refined products, fertilizers
Eksport - partnerzy Japonia 20.4%, South Korea 16.2%, Tajwan 10.8%, Singapur 9.7%, US 9%, Holandia 5.3%, Chiny 4.1% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red z a black trapezoid based on the hoist side; design, which dates to 1961, based on the Arab revolt flag of Swiat War I
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 0.4%


industry: 54.7%


services: 44.9% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 5.6% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 29 30 N, 45 45 E
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location at head of Persian Gulf
Ladowiska helikopterow 4 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $17.74 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 2,611 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary food, construction materials, vehicles and parts, clothing
Import - partnerzy US 14.1%, Niemcy 7.9%, Japonia 7.8%, Arabia Saudyjska 6.8%, Chiny 5.7%, UK 5.4%, Wlochy 4.6% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 19 czerwiec 1961 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 0.8% (2007 est.)
Przemysl petroleum, petrochemicals, cement, shipbuilding and repair, water desalination, food processing, construction materials
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 9.47 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 10.48 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 8.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 3.9% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, BDEAC, CAEU, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 130 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo High Court of Appeal
Sila robocza 1.167 million


note: non-Kuwejtis represent about 80% of the labor force (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: NA%


industry: NA%


services: NA%
Granica total: 462 km


border countries: Irak 240 km, Arabia Saudyjska 222 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.84%


permanent crops: 0.17%


other: 98.99% (2005)
Jezyki Arabic (official), English widely spoken
System prawny civil law system z Islamic law significant w personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-Umma (50 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms; all cabinet ministers are also ex officio voting members of the National Assembly)


elections: last held 29 czerwiec 2006 (next election to be held w 2010)


election results: percent of vote by bloc - NA; seats by bloc - Islamic Bloc (Sunni) 17, Popular Bloc 9, National Action Bloc (liberals) 8, independents 16
Zywotnosc total population: 77.36 years


male: 76.25 years


female: 78.52 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 93.3%


male: 94.4%


female: 91% (2005 census)
Lokalizacja Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Irak and Arabia Saudyjska
Lokalizacja na mapie Middle East
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm
Flota handlowa total: 38 ships (1000 GRT or over) 2,195,831 GRT/3,566,308 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 2, cargo 1, container 6, liquefied gas 5, livestock carrier 3, petroleum tanker 21


registered w other countries: 28 (Bahrajn 3, Komory 1, Liberia 1, Libia 1, Panama 1, Katar 7, Arabia Saudyjska 6, UAE 8) (2007)
Wojsko Land Forces, Kuwejti Navy, Kuwejti Air Force (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Kuwejtiya), National Guard (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 5.3% (2006)
Swieto narodowe National Day, 25 luty (1950)
Narodowosc noun: Kuwejti(s)


adjective: Kuwejti
Naturalne zagrozenia sudden cloudbursts are common from pazdziernik to kwiecien and bring heavy rain, which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year, but are most common between marzec and sierpien
Surowce naturalne petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Wspolczynnik migracji 16.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 269 km; oil 540 km; refined products 57 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy none; formation of political parties is w practice illegal, but is not forbidden by law
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow a number of political groups act as de facto parties; several legislative blocs operate w the National Assembly: tribal groups, merchants, Shi'a activists, Islamists, secular liberals and pro-government deputies; w mid-2006, a coalition of Islamists, liberals, and Shia campaigned successfully dla electoral reform to reduce corruption
Ludnosc 2,505,559


note: includes 1,291,354 non-nationals (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 3.561%


note: this rate reflects a return to pre-Gulf crisis immigration of expatriates (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 6, FM 11, shortwave 1 (1998)
Religie Muslim 85% (Sunni 70%, Shi'a 30%), other (includes Christian, Hindu, Parsi) 15%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.037 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.771 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 1.691 male(s)/female


total population: 1.526 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze NA years of age; universal (adult); note - males w the military or police are not allowed to vote; adult females were allowed to vote as of 16 maj 2005; all voters must have been citizens dla 20 years
System telefoniczny general assessment: the quality of service is excellent


domestic: new telephone exchanges provide a large capacity dla new subscribers; trunk traffic is carried by microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, and open-wire and fiber-optic cable; a cellular telephone system operates throughout Kuwejt, and the country is well supplied z pay telephones


international: country code - 965; linked to international submarine cable Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); linked to Bahrajn, Katar, UAE via the Fiber-Optic Gulf (FOG) cable; coaxial cable and microwave radio relay to Arabia Saudyjska; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Ocean Atlantycki, 2 Ocean Indyjski), 1 Inmarsat (Ocean Atlantycki), and 2 Arabsat
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 510,300 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 2.536 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 13 (plus several satellite channels) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu flat to slightly undulating desert plain
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.86 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 2.2% (2004 est.)
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