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Kuwait (2005)

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Kuwait 2005 year

Administrative divisions 5 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Ahmadi, Al Farwaniyah, Al 'Asimah, Al Jahra', Hawalli
Age structure 0-14 years: 27.2% (male 323,382/female 311,700)

15-64 years: 70.1% (male 1,045,589/female 591,243)

65 years and over: 2.7% (male 40,439/female 23,295) (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products practically no crops; fish
Airports 7 (2004 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 4

over 3,047 m: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 3

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

under 914 m: 2 (2004 est.)
Area total: 17,820 sq km

land: 17,820 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than New Jersey
Background Britain oversaw foreign relations and defense for the ruling Kuwaiti AL-SABAH dynasty from 1899 until independence in 1961. Kuwait was attacked and overrun by Iraq on 2 August 1990. Following several weeks of aerial bombardment, a US-led, UN coalition began a ground assault on 23 February 1991 that liberated Kuwait in four days. Kuwait spent more than $5 billion to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91.
Birth rate 21.88 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budget revenues: $35.82 billion

expenditures: $19.53 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2004 est.)
Capital Kuwait
Climate dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters
Coastline 499 km
Constitution approved and promulgated 11 November 1962
Country name conventional long form: State of Kuwait

conventional short form: Kuwait

local long form: Dawlat al Kuwayt

local short form: Al Kuwayt
Death rate 2.42 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Debt - external $15.02 billion (2004 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Richard LEBARON

embassy: Bayan, Area 14, Al-Masjed Al-Aqsa Street (near the Bayan palace), Kuwait City

mailing address: P. O. Box 77 Safat 13001 Kuwait; or PSC 1280 APO AE 09880-9000

telephone: [965] 539-5307, 5308

FAX: [965] 538-0282
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador SALIM Abdallah al-Jabir al-Sabah

chancery: 2940 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 966-0702

FAX: [1] (202) 364-2868
Disputes - international Kuwait and Saudi Arabia continue negotiating a joint maritime boundary with Iran; no maritime boundary exists with Iraq in the Persian Gulf
Economic aid - recipient NA (2001)
Economy - overview Kuwait is a small, rich, relatively open economy with proved crude oil reserves of about 96 billion barrels - 10% of world reserves. Petroleum accounts for nearly half of GDP, 95% of export revenues, and 80% of government income. Kuwait's climate limits agricultural development. Consequently, with the exception of fish, it depends almost wholly on food imports. About 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported. Kuwait continues its discussions with foreign oil companies to develop fields in the northern part of the country.
Electricity - consumption 30.16 billion kWh (2002)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2002)
Electricity - production 32.43 billion kWh (2002)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 306 m
Environment - current issues limited natural fresh water resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping
Ethnic groups Kuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
Exchange rates Kuwaiti dinars per US dollar - 0.2947 (2004), 0.298 (2003), 0.3039 (2002), 0.3067 (2001), 0.3068 (2000)
Executive branch chief of state: Amir JABIR al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (since 31 December 1977); Crown Prince SAAD al-Abdullah al-Salim al-Sabah

head of government: Prime Minister SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (since 13 July 2003); First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior NAWWAF al-Ahmad al-Sabah (since 2003); Deputy Prime Ministers JABIR MUBARAK al-Hamad al-Sabah (since 2001) and Muhammad Dayfallah al-SHARAR (since 2003)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister and approved by the monarch

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the monarch
Exports 0 kWh (2002)
Exports $27.42 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Exports 0 cu m (2002 est.)
Exports 1.97 million bbl/day (2003)
Exports - commodities oil and refined products, fertilizers
Exports - partners Japan 20.5%, South Korea 13.7%, US 12.4%, Singapore 11.3%, Taiwan 9.9% (2004)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red with a black trapezoid based on the hoist side; design, which dates to 1961, based on the Arab revolt flag of World War I
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 0.4%

industry: 60.5%

services: 39.1% (2004 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $21,300 (2004 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 6.8% (2004 est.)
Geographic coordinates 29 30 N, 45 45 E
Geography - note strategic location at head of Persian Gulf
Heliports 3 (2004 est.)
Highways total: 4,450 km

paved: 3,587 km

unpaved: 863 km (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Imports 0 kWh (2002)
Imports $11.12 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)
Imports 0 cu m (2002 est.)
Imports NA
Imports - commodities food, construction materials, vehicles and parts, clothing
Imports - partners US 12.9%, Germany 11.9%, Japan 7.9%, UK 5.5%, Saudi Arabia 5.5%, Italy 5%, France 4.5%, China 4.1% (2004)
Independence 19 June 1961 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate -5% (2002 est.)
Industries petroleum, petrochemicals, cement, shipbuilding and repair, desalination, food processing, construction materials
Infant mortality rate total: 9.95 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 10.96 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 8.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2.3% (2004 est.)
Irrigated land 60 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch High Court of Appeal
Labor force 1.42 million

note: non-Kuwaitis represent about 80% of the labor force (2004 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture NA, industries NA, services NA
Land boundaries total: 462 km

border countries: Iraq 240 km, Saudi Arabia 222 km
Land use arable land: 0.73%

permanent crops: 0.11%

other: 99.16% (2001)
Languages Arabic (official), English widely spoken
Legal system civil law system with Islamic law significant in personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-Umma (50 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 6 July 2003 (next to be held NA 2007)

election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - Islamists 21, government supporters 14, liberals 3, and independents 12; note - all cabinet ministers are also ex officio members of the National Assembly
Life expectancy at birth total population: 77.03 years

male: 76.01 years

female: 78.1 years (2005 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 83.5%

male: 85.1%

female: 81.7% (2003 est.)
Location Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia
Map references Middle East
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm
Merchant marine total: 39 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 2,319,082 GRT/3,768,828 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 3, container 6, liquefied gas 5, livestock carrier 5, petroleum tanker 20

registered in other countries: 19 (2005)
Military branches Land Forces, Navy, Air Force (includes Air Defense Force), National Guard (2002)
Military expenditures - dollar figure $2,584.5 million (2004)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 5.3% (2004)
National holiday National Day, 25 February (1950)
Nationality noun: Kuwaiti(s)

adjective: Kuwaiti
Natural hazards sudden cloudbursts are common from October to April and bring heavy rain, which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year, but are most common between March and August
Natural resources petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Net migration rate 14.96 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Pipelines gas 169 km; oil 540 km; refined products 57 km (2004)
Political parties and leaders none; formation of political parties is illegal
Political pressure groups and leaders several political groups act as de facto parties: Bedouins, merchants, Sunni and Shi'a activists, and secular leftists and nationalists
Population 2,335,648

note: includes 1,291,354 non-nationals (July 2005 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 3.44%

note: this rate reflects a return to pre-Gulf crisis immigration of expatriates (2005 est.)
Ports and harbors Ash Shu'aybah, Ash Shuwaykh, Mina' 'Abd Allah, Mina' al Ahmadi, Mina' Su'ud
Radio broadcast stations AM 6, FM 11, shortwave 1 (1998)
Religions Muslim 85% (Sunni 70%, Shi'a 30%), Christian, Hindu, Parsi, and other 15%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.77 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.74 male(s)/female

total population: 1.52 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Suffrage adult males who have been naturalized for 30 years or more or have resided in Kuwait since before 1920 and their male descendants at age 21

note: only 10% of all citizens are eligible to vote; in 1996, naturalized citizens who do not meet the pre-1920 qualification but have been naturalized for 30 years were eligible to vote for the first time
Telephone system general assessment: the quality of service is excellent

domestic: new telephone exchanges provide a large capacity for new subscribers; trunk traffic is carried by microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, and open-wire and fiber-optic cable; a cellular telephone system operates throughout Kuwait, and the country is well supplied with pay telephones

international: country code - 965; coaxial cable and microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia; linked to Bahrain, Qatar, UAE via the Fiber-Optic Gulf (FOG) cable; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean, 2 Indian Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean), and 2 Arabsat
Telephones - main lines in use 486,900 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular 1.42 million (2003)
Television broadcast stations 13 (plus several satellite channels) (1997)
Terrain flat to slightly undulating desert plain
Total fertility rate 2.97 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Unemployment rate 2.2% (2004 est.)
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