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Kuwait (2007)

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Kuwait 2007 year

Administrative divisions 6 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Ahmadi, Al 'Asimah, Al Farwaniyah, Al Jahra', Hawalli, Mubarak Al Kabir
Age structure 0-14 years: 26.7% (male 340,814/female 328,663)

15-64 years: 70.5% (male 1,128,231/female 636,967)

65 years and over: 2.8% (male 44,542/female 26,342) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products practically no crops; fish
Airports 7 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 4

over 3,047 m: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 3

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Area total: 17,820 sq km

land: 17,820 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than New Jersey
Background Britain oversaw foreign relations and defense for the ruling Kuwaiti AL-SABAH dynasty from 1899 until independence in 1961. Kuwait was attacked and overrun by Iraq on 2 August 1990. Following several weeks of aerial bombardment, a US-led, UN coalition began a ground assault on 23 February 1991 that liberated Kuwait in four days. Kuwait spent more than $5 billion to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91. The AL-SABAH family has ruled since returning to power in 1991, and reestablished an elected legislature that in recent years has become increasingly assertive.
Birth rate 21.95 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $60.29 billion

expenditures: $35.9 billion (2006 est.)
Capital name: Kuwait

geographic coordinates: 29 22 N, 47 58 E

time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Climate dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters
Coastline 499 km
Constitution approved and promulgated 11 November 1962
Country name conventional long form: State of Kuwait

conventional short form: Kuwait

local long form: Dawlat al Kuwayt

local short form: Al Kuwayt
Death rate 2.39 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $25.26 billion (2006 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Richard LEBARON

embassy: Bayan 36302, Area 14, Al-Masjed Al-Aqsa Street (near the Bayan palace), Kuwait City

mailing address: P. O. Box 77 Safat 13001 Kuwait; or PSC 1280 APO AE 09880-9000

telephone: [965] 259-1001

FAX: [965] 538-0282
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador SALIM al-Abdallah al-Jabir al-Sabah

chancery: 2940 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 966-0702

FAX: [1] (202) 966-0517
Disputes - international Kuwait and Saudi Arabia continue negotiating a joint maritime boundary with Iran; no maritime boundary exists with Iraq in the Persian Gulf
Economic aid - recipient $NA (2004)
Economy - overview Kuwait is a small, rich, relatively open economy with self-reported crude oil reserves of about 96 billion barrels - 10% of world reserves. Petroleum accounts for nearly half of GDP, 95% of export revenues, and 80% of government income. Kuwait's climate limits agricultural development. Consequently, with the exception of fish, it depends almost wholly on food imports. About 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported. Kuwait continues its discussions with foreign oil companies to develop fields in the northern part of the country. High oil prices in recent years have helped build Kuwait's budget and trade surpluses and foreign reserves. As a result of this positive fiscal situation, the need for economic reforms is less urgent and the government has not earnestly pushed through new initiatives.
Electricity - consumption 36.28 billion kWh (2005)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2005)
Electricity - production 41.11 billion kWh (2005)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 306 m
Environment - current issues limited natural fresh water resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping
Ethnic groups Kuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
Exchange rates Kuwaiti dinars per US dollar - 0.29 (2006), 0.292 (2005), 0.2947 (2004), 0.298 (2003), 0.3039 (2002)
Executive branch chief of state: Amir SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (since 29 January 2006); Crown Prince NAWAF al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah

head of government: Prime Minister NASIR MUHAMMAD al-Ahmad al-Sabah (since 3 April 2007); First Deputy Prime Minister JABIR Mubarak al-Hamad al-Sabah (since 9 February 2006); Deputy Prime Ministers MUHAMMAD al-Sabah al-Salim al-Sabah (since 9 February 2006) and Faysal al-HAJJI (since 5 April 2007)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister and approved by the amir

elections: none; the amir is hereditary; the amir appoints the prime minister and deputy prime ministers
Exports 0 kWh (2005)
Exports $58.64 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Exports 2.2 million bbl/day (2004)
Exports - commodities oil and refined products, fertilizers
Exports - partners Japan 20.4%, South Korea 16.2%, Taiwan 10.8%, Singapore 9.7%, US 9%, Netherlands 5.3%, China 4.1% (2006)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red with a black trapezoid based on the hoist side; design, which dates to 1961, based on the Arab revolt flag of World War I
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 0.4%

industry: 56.9%

services: 42.8% (2006 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 12.7% (2006 est.)
Geographic coordinates 29 30 N, 45 45 E
Geography - note strategic location at head of Persian Gulf
Heliports 4 (2007)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2005)
Imports $14.35 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports 0 cu m (2005)
Imports NA bbl/day
Imports - commodities food, construction materials, vehicles and parts, clothing
Imports - partners US 14.1%, Japan 7.8%, Germany 7.7%, Saudi Arabia 6.8%, China 5.7%, UK 5.4%, Italy 4.6% (2006)
Independence 19 June 1961 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate 13.1% (2005 est.)
Industries petroleum, petrochemicals, cement, shipbuilding and repair, water desalination, food processing, construction materials
Infant mortality rate total: 9.47 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 10.48 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 8.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3% (2006 est.)
Irrigated land 130 sq km (2003)
Judicial branch High Court of Appeal
Labor force 1.168 million

note: non-Kuwaitis represent about 80% of the labor force (2006 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
Land boundaries total: 462 km

border countries: Iraq 240 km, Saudi Arabia 222 km
Land use arable land: 0.84%

permanent crops: 0.17%

other: 98.99% (2005)
Languages Arabic (official), English widely spoken
Legal system civil law system with Islamic law significant in personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-Umma (50 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms; all cabinet ministers are also ex officio voting members of the National Assembly)

elections: last held 29 June 2006 (next election to be held in 2010)

election results: percent of vote by bloc - NA; seats by bloc - Islamic Bloc (Sunni) 17, Popular Bloc 9, National Action Bloc (liberals) 8, independents 16
Life expectancy at birth total population: 77.36 years

male: 76.25 years

female: 78.52 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 93.3%

male: 94.4%

female: 91% (2005 census)
Location Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia
Map references Middle East
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm
Merchant marine total: 38 ships (1000 GRT or over) 2,195,831 GRT/3,566,308 DWT

by type: bulk carrier 2, cargo 1, container 6, liquefied gas 5, livestock carrier 3, petroleum tanker 21

registered in other countries: 28 (Bahrain 3, Comoros 1, Liberia 1, Libya 1, Panama 1, Qatar 7, Saudi Arabia 6, UAE 8) (2007)
Military branches Land Forces, Kuwaiti Navy, Kuwaiti Air Force (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Kuwaitiya), National Guard (2007)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 5.3% (2006)
National holiday National Day, 25 February (1950)
Nationality noun: Kuwaiti(s)

adjective: Kuwaiti
Natural hazards sudden cloudbursts are common from October to April and bring heavy rain, which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year, but are most common between March and August
Natural resources petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Net migration rate 16.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Pipelines gas 269 km; oil 540 km; refined products 57 km (2006)
Political parties and leaders none; formation of political parties is in practice illegal, but is not forbidden by law
Political pressure groups and leaders a number of political groups act as de facto parties; several legislative blocs operate in the National Assembly: tribal groups, merchants, Shi'a activists, Islamists, secular liberals and pro-government deputies; in mid-2006, a coalition of Islamists, liberals, and Shia campaigned successfully for electoral reform to reduce corruption
Population 2,505,559

note: includes 1,291,354 non-nationals (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 3.561%

note: this rate reflects a return to pre-Gulf crisis immigration of expatriates (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM 6, FM 11, shortwave 1 (1998)
Religions Muslim 85% (Sunni 70%, Shi'a 30%), other (includes Christian, Hindu, Parsi) 15%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.037 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.771 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.691 male(s)/female

total population: 1.526 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage NA years of age; universal (adult); note - males in the military or police are not allowed to vote; adult females were allowed to vote as of 16 May 2005; all voters must have been citizens for 20 years
Telephone system general assessment: the quality of service is excellent

domestic: new telephone exchanges provide a large capacity for new subscribers; trunk traffic is carried by microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, and open-wire and fiber-optic cable; a cellular telephone system operates throughout Kuwait, and the country is well supplied with pay telephones

international: country code - 965; linked to international submarine cable Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); linked to Bahrain, Qatar, UAE via the Fiber-Optic Gulf (FOG) cable; coaxial cable and microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean, 2 Indian Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean), and 2 Arabsat
Telephones - main lines in use 510,300 (2005)
Telephones - mobile cellular 2.536 million (2006)
Television broadcast stations 13 (plus several satellite channels) (1997)
Terrain flat to slightly undulating desert plain
Total fertility rate 2.86 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 2.2% (2004 est.)
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