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Kuwait (2003)

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Kuwait 2003 year

Administrative divisions 5 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Ahmadi, Al Farwaniyah, Al 'Asimah, Al Jahra', Hawalli
Age structure 0-14 years: 27.9% (male 310,008; female 298,474)

15-64 years: 69.5% (male 970,282; female 547,753)

65 years and over: 2.6% (male 36,306; female 20,338) (2003 est.)
Agriculture - products practically no crops; fish
Airports 6 (2002)
Airports - with paved runways total: 3

over 3,047 m: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 3

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

under 914 m: 2 (2002)
Area total: 17,820 sq km

land: 17,820 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than New Jersey
Background Britain oversaw foreign relations and defense for the ruling Kuwaiti AL-SABAH dynasty from 1899 until independence in 1961. Kuwait was attacked and overrun by Iraq on 2 August 1990. Following several weeks of aerial bombardment, a US-led, UN coalition began a ground assault on 23 February 1991 that liberated Kuwait in four days. Kuwait spent more than $5 billion to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91.
Birth rate 21.83 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budget revenues: $11 billion

expenditures: $17.5 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY 02/03)
Capital Kuwait
Climate dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters
Coastline 499 km
Constitution approved and promulgated 11 November 1962
Country name conventional long form: State of Kuwait

conventional short form: Kuwait

local long form: Dawlat al Kuwayt

local short form: Al Kuwayt
Currency Kuwaiti dinar (KD)
Death rate 2.45 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Debt - external $10.4 billion (2000 est.)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Richard H. JONES

embassy: Bayan, Area 14, Al-Masjed Al-Aqsa Street (near the Bayan palace), Kuwait City

mailing address: P. O. Box 77 Safat, 13001 Safat, Kuwait Unit 69000, APO AE 09880-9000

telephone: [965] 539-5307, ext. 2240

FAX: [965] 538-0282
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Sheikh SALIM al-Abdallah Jabir Al Sabah

chancery: 2940 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 966-0702

FAX: [1] (202) 966-0517
Disputes - international the Kuwait 1994 land and Khawr 'Abd Allah channel boundary demarcation ended Iraqi claims to Kuwait and Bubiyan and Warbah islands; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia are negotiating maritime boundary with Iran
Economic aid - recipient NA
Economy - overview Kuwait is a small, rich, relatively open economy with proved crude oil reserves of about 98 billion barrels - 10% of world reserves. Petroleum accounts for nearly half of GDP, 95% of export revenues, and 80% of government income. Kuwait's climate limits agricultural development. Consequently, with the exception of fish, it depends almost wholly on food imports. About 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported. Kuwait continues its discussions with foreign oil companies to develop fields in the northern part of the country. Oil production declined by an estimated 8% in 2002 but is expected to return to the 2001 level in 2003.
Electricity - consumption 29.29 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 31.49 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 100%

hydro: 0%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 306 m
Environment - current issues limited natural fresh water resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification
Environment - international agreements party to: Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping
Ethnic groups Kuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
Exchange rates Kuwaiti dinars per US dollar - 0.3 (2002), 0.31 (2001), 0.31 (2000), 0.3 (1999), 0.3 (1998)
Executive branch chief of state: Amir JABIR al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 31 December 1977)

head of government: Prime Minister SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir Al Sabah (since 13 July 2003); First Deputy Prime Minister NAWWAF al-Ahmad Al Sabah (since 2003); Deputy Prime Ministers JABIR MUBARAK al-Hamad Al Sabah (since 2001) and Muhammad Dayfallah al-SHARAR (since 2003)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister and approved by the monarch

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the monarch
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $16 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Exports 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities oil and refined products, fertilizers
Exports - partners Japan 24.4%, South Korea 12.9%, US 11.9%, Singapore 10.1%, Taiwan 7%, Netherlands 4.5%, Pakistan 4.4% (2002)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red with a black trapezoid based on the hoist side
GDP purchasing power parity - $36.85 billion (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 60%

industry: 39.7%

services: 0.3% (2000)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $17,500 (2002 est.)
GDP - real growth rate -2% (2002 est.)
Geographic coordinates 29 30 N, 45 45 E
Geography - note strategic location at head of Persian Gulf
Heliports 3 (2002)
Highways total: 4,450 km

paved: 3,587 km

unpaved: 863 km (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports $7.3 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Imports 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities food, construction materials, vehicles and parts, clothing
Imports - partners US 13.1%, Japan 11.1%, Germany 9.7%, Saudi Arabia 6.6%, UK 6%, Italy 5.4%, France 5.2% (2002)
Independence 19 June 1961 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate -5% (2002 est.)
Industries petroleum, petrochemicals, desalination, food processing, construction materials
Infant mortality rate total: 10.57 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 11.58 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 9.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 2% (2002 est.)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 3 (2000)
Irrigated land 60 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch High Court of Appeal
Labor force 1.3 million

note: non-Kuwaitis represent about 80% of the labor force. (1998 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture NA, industries NA, services NA
Land boundaries total: 462 km

border countries: Iraq 240 km, Saudi Arabia 222 km
Land use arable land: 0.34%

permanent crops: 0.06%

other: 99.6% (1998 est.)
Languages Arabic (official), English widely spoken
Legal system civil law system with Islamic law significant in personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-Umma (50 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

elections: last held 6 July 2003 (next to be held NA 2007)

election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - Islamists 21, government supporters 14, liberals 3, and independents 12; note - all cabinet ministers are also ex officio members of the National Assembly
Life expectancy at birth total population: 76.65 years

male: 75.72 years

female: 77.62 years (2003 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 83.5%

male: 85.1%

female: 81.7% (2003 est.)
Location Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia
Map references Middle East
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine total: 39 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 2,273,628 GRT/3,638,645 DWT

ships by type: bulk 1, cargo 1, container 6, liquefied gas 6, livestock carrier 5, petroleum tanker 19, roll on/roll off 1

note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Monaco 1, Saudi Arabia 1 (2002 est.)
Military branches Army, Navy, Air Force (including Air Defense Force), National Police Force, National Guard, Coast Guard
Military expenditures - dollar figure $1,967.3 million (FY01)

note: Kuwait is changing its fiscal year; the above figure is for July-March 2001; future budget years will be April-March annually
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 5.5% (FY01)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 845,026 (2003 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 508,399 (2003 est.)
Military manpower - military age 18 years of age (2003 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually males: 18,885 (2003 est.)
National holiday National Day, 25 February (1950)
Nationality noun: Kuwaiti(s)

adjective: Kuwaiti
Natural hazards sudden cloudbursts are common from October to April and bring heavy rain, which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year, but are most common between March and August
Natural resources petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Net migration rate 14.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Pipelines gas 169 km; oil 540 km; refined products 57 km (2003)
Political parties and leaders none; formation of political parties is illegal
Political pressure groups and leaders several political groups act as de facto parties: Bedouins, merchants, Sunni and Shi'a activists, and secular leftists and nationalists
Population 2,183,161

note: includes 1,291,354 non-nationals (July 2003 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 3.34%

note: this rate reflects a return to pre-Gulf crisis immigration of expatriates (2003 est.)
Ports and harbors Ash Shu'aybah, Ash Shuwaykh, Kuwait, Mina' 'Abd Allah, Mina' al Ahmadi, Mina' Su'ud
Radio broadcast stations AM 6, FM 11, shortwave 1 (1998)
Railways 0 km
Religions Muslim 85% (Sunni 70%, Shi'a 30%), Christian, Hindu, Parsi, and other 15%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.77 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 1.79 male(s)/female

total population: 1.52 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Suffrage adult males who have been naturalized for 30 years or more or have resided in Kuwait since before 1920 and their male descendants at age 21

note: only 10% of all citizens are eligible to vote; in 1996, naturalized citizens who do not meet the pre-1920 qualification but have been naturalized for 30 years were eligible to vote for the first time
Telephone system general assessment: the quality of service is excellent

domestic: new telephone exchanges provide a large capacity for new subscribers; trunk traffic is carried by microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, and open-wire and fiber-optic cable; a cellular telephone system operates throughout Kuwait, and the country is well supplied with pay telephones

international: coaxial cable and microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia; linked to Bahrain, Qatar, UAE via the Fiber-Optic Gulf (FOG) cable; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean, 2 Indian Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean), and 2 Arabsat
Telephones - main lines in use 412,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular 210,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 13 (plus several satellite channels) (1997)
Terrain flat to slightly undulating desert plain
Total fertility rate 3.08 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Unemployment rate 7% (2002 est.)
Waterways none
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