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Jersey (2008)

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Jersey 2008 year

Administrative divisions none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 12 parishes including Grouville, Saint Brelade, Saint Clement, Saint Helier, Saint John, Saint Lawrence, Saint Martin, Saint Mary, Saint Quen, Saint Peter, Saint Saviour, and Trinity
Age structure 0-14 years: 16.9% (male 8,003/female 7,428)

15-64 years: 67.3% (male 30,586/female 30,853)

65 years and over: 15.8% (male 6,388/female 8,063) (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes; beef, dairy products
Airports 1 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Area total: 116 sq km

land: 116 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about two-thirds the size of Washington, DC
Background Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy that held sway in both France and England. These islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Jersey is a British crown dependency, but is not part of the UK. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.
Birth rate 9.02 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budget revenues: $829 million

expenditures: $851 million (2005)
Capital name: Saint Helier

geographic coordinates: 49 11 N, 2 06 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Climate temperate; mild winters and cool summers
Coastline 70 km
Constitution unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
Country name conventional long form: Bailiwick of Jersey

conventional short form: Jersey
Death rate 9.32 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Debt - external $NA
Dependency status British crown dependency
Diplomatic representation from the US none (British crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (British crown dependency)
Disputes - international none
Economy - overview Jersey's economy is based on international financial services, agriculture, and tourism. In 2005 the finance sector accounted for about 50% of the island's output. Potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes, and especially flowers are important export crops, shipped mostly to the UK. The Jersey breed of dairy cattle is known worldwide and represents an important export income earner. Milk products go to the UK and other EU countries. Tourism accounts for one-quarter of GDP. In recent years, the government has encouraged light industry to locate in Jersey, with the result that an electronics industry has developed alongside the traditional manufacturing of knitwear. All raw material and energy requirements are imported, as well as a large share of Jersey's food needs. Light taxes and death duties make the island a popular tax haven. Living standards come close to those of the UK.
Electricity - consumption 630.1 million kWh (2004 est.)
Electricity - imports NA kWh; note - electricity supplied by France
Elevation extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 143 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups Jersey 51.1%, Britons 34.8%, Irish, French, and other white 6.6%, Portuguese/Madeiran 6.4%, other 1.1% (2001 census)
Exchange rates Jersey pounds per US dollar - 0.4993 (2007), 0.5418 (2006), 0.5493 (2005), 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003)

note: the Jersey pound is at par with the British pound
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Andrew RIDGEWAY (since 14 June 2006)

head of government: Chief Minister Frank WALKER (since December 2005); Bailiff Philip Martin BAILHACHE (since February 1995)

cabinet: Cabinet (since December 2005)

elections: ministers of the Cabinet including the chief minister are elected by the Assembly of States; the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch
Exports $NA
Exports - commodities light industrial and electrical goods, dairy cattle, foodstuffs, textiles
Exports - partners UK (2006)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description white with a diagonal red cross extending to the corners of the flag; in the upper quadrant, surmounted by a yellow crown, a red shield with the three lions of England in yellow
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 1%

industry: 2%

services: 97% (2005)
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 49 15 N, 2 10 W
Geography - note largest and southernmost of Channel Islands; about 30% of population concentrated in Saint Helier
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports NA kWh; note - electricity supplied by France
Imports $NA
Imports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, foodstuffs, mineral fuels, chemicals
Imports - partners UK (2006)
Independence none (British crown dependency)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, banking and finance, dairy, electronics
Infant mortality rate total: 5.08 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 5.44 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.7% (December 2006)
Irrigated land NA
Judicial branch Royal Court (judges elected by an electoral college and the bailiff)
Labor force 53,560 (June 2006)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (2005)
Languages English 94.5% (official), Portuguese 4.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)
Legal system the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply and local statutes; justice is administered by the Royal Court
Legislative branch unicameral Assembly of the States of Jersey (58 seats; 55 are voting members, of which 12 are senators elected for six-year terms, 12 are constables or heads of parishes elected for three-year terms, 29 are deputies elected for three-year terms, the bailiff and the deputy bailiff, and 3 non-voting members includes the Dean of Jersey, the Attorney General, and the Solicitor General appointed by the monarch)

elections: last held 19 October 2005 for senators and 23 November 2005 for deputies (next to be held in 2008)

election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 55
Life expectancy at birth total population: 79.51 years

male: 77.02 years

female: 82.2 years (2007 est.)
Literacy definition: NA

total population: NA%

male: NA%

female: NA%
Location Western Europe, island in the English Channel, northwest of France
Map references Europe
Maritime claims territorial sea: 3 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
National holiday Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)
Nationality noun: Channel Islander(s)

adjective: Channel Islander
Natural hazards NA
Natural resources arable land
Net migration rate 2.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Political parties and leaders two declared parties: Centre Party; Jersey Democratic Alliance

note: all senators and deputies elected in 2005 were independents
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 91,321 (July 2007 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.244% (2007 est.)
Radio broadcast stations AM NA, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religions Anglican, Roman Catholic, Baptist, Congregational New Church, Methodist, Presbyterian
Sex ratio at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.077 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.991 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.792 male(s)/female

total population: 0.971 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: submarine cable connectivity to Guernsey and UK
Telephones - main lines in use 73,900 (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular 83,900 (2004)
Television broadcast stations 2 (1997)
Terrain gently rolling plain with low, rugged hills along north coast
Total fertility rate 1.58 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate 2.2% (2006 est.)
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