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Jersey (2005)

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Jersey 2005 year

Administrative divisions none (British crown dependency)
Age structure 0-14 years: 17.5% (male 8,222/female 7,658)

15-64 years: 67% (male 30,296/female 30,561)

65 years and over: 15.5% (male 6,176/female 7,899) (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes; beef, dairy products
Airports 1 (2004 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2004 est.)
Area total: 116 sq km

land: 116 sq km

water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative about two-thirds the size of Washington, DC
Background The island of Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy that held sway in both France and England. These islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II.
Birth rate 9.66 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Budget revenues: $601 million

expenditures: $588 million, including capital expenditures of $98 million (2000 est.)
Capital Saint Helier
Climate temperate; mild winters and cool summers
Coastline 70 km
Constitution unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
Country name conventional long form: Bailiwick of Jersey

conventional short form: Jersey
Death rate 9.19 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Debt - external none
Dependency status British crown dependency
Diplomatic representation from the US none (British crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation in the US none (British crown dependency)
Disputes - international none
Economic aid - recipient none
Economy - overview The Channel Island economy is based on international financial services, agriculture, and tourism. In 1996 the finance sector accounted for about 60% of the island's output. Potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes, and especially flowers are important export crops, shipped mostly to the UK. The Jersey breed of dairy cattle is known worldwide and represents an important export income earner. Milk products go to the UK and other EU countries. Tourism accounts for 24% of GDP. In recent years, the government has encouraged light industry to locate in Jersey, with the result that an electronics industry has developed alongside the traditional manufacturing of knitwear. All raw material and energy requirements are imported, as well as a large share of Jersey's food needs. Light taxes and death duties make the island a popular tax haven. Living standards come close to those of the UK.
Electricity - consumption 630.1 million kWh (2004 est.)
Electricity - imports NA kWh; note - electricity supplied by France
Elevation extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 143 m
Environment - current issues NA
Ethnic groups Jersey 51.1%, British 34.8%, Irish, French, and other white 6.6%, Portuguese/Madeiran 6.4%, other 1.1% (2001 census)
Exchange rates Jersey pounds per US dollar - 0.5462 (2004), 0.6125 (2003), 0.6672 (2002), 0.6947 (2001), 0.6609 (2000)

note: the Jersey pound is at par with the British pound
Executive branch chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)

head of government: Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief Air Chief Marshall Sir John CHESHIRE (since 24 January 2001) and Bailiff Philip Martin BAILHACHE (since NA February 1995)

cabinet: committees appointed by the Assembly of the States

elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch
Exports $NA
Exports - commodities light industrial and electrical goods, foodstuffs, textiles
Exports - partners UK
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
Flag description white with a diagonal red cross extending to the corners of the flag; in the upper quadrant, surmounted by a yellow crown, a red shield with the three lions of England in yellow
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 5%

industry: 2%

services: 93% (1996)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $40,000 (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate NA%
Geographic coordinates 49 15 N, 2 10 W
Geography - note largest and southernmost of Channel Islands; about 30% of population concentrated in Saint Helier
Highways total: 577 km

paved: NA km

unpaved: NA km
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Imports NA kWh; note - electricity supplied by France
Imports $NA
Imports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, foodstuffs, mineral fuels, chemicals
Imports - partners UK
Independence none (British crown dependency)
Industrial production growth rate NA%
Industries tourism, banking and finance, dairy
Infant mortality rate total: 5.24 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 5.6 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.85 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 5.3% (2004)
Irrigated land NA sq km
Judicial branch Royal Court (judges elected by an electoral college and the bailiff)
Labor force 52,790 (2004)
Land boundaries 0 km
Land use arable land: 0%

permanent crops: 0%

other: 100% (2001)
Languages English 94.5% (official), Portuguese 4.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)
Legal system English law and local statute; justice is administered by the Royal Court
Legislative branch unicameral Assembly of the States (55 voting members - 12 senators (elected for 6-year terms), 12 constables or heads of parishes (elected for 3-year terms), 29 deputies (elected for 3-year terms); the bailiff and the deputy bailiff; and 3 non-voting members - the Dean of Jersey, the Attorney General, and the Solicitor General all appointed by the monarch)

elections: last held NA (next to be held NA)

election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 53
Life expectancy at birth total population: 79.24 years

male: 76.77 years

female: 81.91 years (2005 est.)
Literacy definition: NA

total population: NA%

male: NA%

female: NA%
Location Western Europe, island in the English Channel, northwest of France
Map references Europe
Maritime claims territorial sea: 3 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Military - note defense is the responsibility of the UK
National holiday Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)
Nationality noun: Channel Islander(s)

adjective: Channel Islander
Natural hazards NA
Natural resources arable land
Net migration rate 2.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
Political parties and leaders none; all independents
Political pressure groups and leaders none
Population 90,812 (July 2005 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.32% (2005 est.)
Ports and harbors Gorey, Saint Aubin, Saint Helier
Radio broadcast stations AM NA, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Religions Anglican, Roman Catholic, Baptist, Congregational New Church, Methodist, Presbyterian
Sex ratio at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female

total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2005 est.)
Suffrage NA years of age; universal adult
Telephone system general assessment: NA

domestic: NA

international: 3 submarine cables
Telephones - main lines in use 73,900 (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular 61,400 (2001)
Television broadcast stations 2 (1997)
Terrain gently rolling plain with low, rugged hills along north coast
Total fertility rate 1.57 children born/woman (2005 est.)
Unemployment rate 0.9% (2004 est.)
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