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Jamajka (2003)

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Jamajka 2003 roku

 Jamajka
Podzial administracyjny 14 parishes; Clarendon, Hanover, Kingston, Manchester, Portland, Saint Andrew, Saint Ann, Saint Catherine, Saint Elizabeth, Saint James, Saint Mary, Saint Thomas, Trelawny, Westmoreland
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 28.6% (male 395,074; female 376,870)


15-64 years: 64.5% (male 870,486; female 869,431)


65 years and over: 6.8% (male 82,022; female 101,984) (2003 est.)
Rolinictwo sugarcane, bananas, coffee, citrus, potatoes, vegetables; poultry, goats, milk
Lotniska 35 (2002)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 11


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 3


under 914 m: 5 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 24


914 to 1,523 m: 2


under 914 m: 22 (2002)
Terytorium total: 10,991 sq km


land: 10,831 sq km


water: 160 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Connecticut
Tlo historyczne Jamajka gained full independence within the British Commonwealth w 1962. Deteriorating economic conditions during the 1970s led to recurrent violence and a dropoff w tourism. Elections w 1980 saw the democratic socialists voted out of office. Subsequent governments have been open market oriented. Political violence marred elections during the 1990s.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 17.35 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budzet revenues: $2.23 billion


expenditures: $2.56 billion, including capital expenditures of $232.5 million (FY 99/00 est.)
Stolica Kingston
Klimat tropical; hot, humid; temperate interior
Linia brzegowa 1,022 km
Konstytucja 6 sierpien 1962
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: none


conventional short form: Jamajka
Waluta Jamajkan dollar (JMD)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 5.42 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $5.3 billion (2002 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Sue McCourt COBB


embassy: Jamajka Mutual Life Center, 2 Oxford Road, 3rd floor, Kingston 5


mailing address: use embassy street address


telephone: [1] (876) 929-4850 through 4859


FAX: [1] (876) 935-6001
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Seymour MULLINGS


chancery: 1520 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036


telephone: [1] (202) 452-0660


FAX: [1] (202) 452-0081


consulate(s) general: Miami and New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje none
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie NA
Ekonomia The economy, which depends heavily on tourism and bauxite, has been stagnant since 1995. After five years of recession, the economy inched ahead, by 0.8% w 2000, 1.7% w 2001, and 0.8% w 2002; the global economic slowdown, particularly w the Stany Zjednoczone after the 11 wrzesien 2001 terrorist attacks, has stunted the economic recovery. Serious problems include: high interest rates; increased foreign competition; a pressured, sometimes sliding, exchange rate; a widening merchandise trade deficit; and a growing internal debt, the result of government bailouts to various ailing sectors of the economy, particularly the financial sector. Depressed economic conditions have led to increased civil unrest, including serious violent crime. Jamajka's medium-term prospects will depend upon encouraging investment and tourism, maintaining a competitive exchange rate, selling off reacquired firms, and implementing proper fiscal and monetary policies.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 5.833 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 6.272 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 96.8%


hydro: 1.8%


nuclear: 0%


other: 1.5% (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m


highest point: Blue Mountain Peak 2,256 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy heavy rates of deforestation; coastal waters polluted by industrial waste, sewage, and oil spills; damage to coral reefs; air pollution w Kingston results from vehicle emissions
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne black 90.9%, East Indien 1.3%, white 0.2%, Chinese 0.2%, mixed 7.3%, other 0.1%
Kurs waluty Jamajkan dollars per US dollar - 48.42 (2002), 46 (2001), 42.7 (2000), 39.04 (1999), 36.55 (1998)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 luty 1952), represented by Governor General Sir Howard Felix COOKE (since 1 sierpien 1991)


head of government: Prime Minister Percival James PATTERSON (since 30 marzec 1992)


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister


elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the recommendation of the prime minister; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition w the House of Representatives is appointed prime minister by the governor general; the deputy prime minister is recommended by the prime minister
Eksport 0 kWh (2001)
Eksport $1.4 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary alumina, bauxite; sugar, bananas, rum
Eksport - partnerzy US 28.1%, Kanada 12.2%, Norwegia 10.7%, UK 10.5%, Niemcy 7%, Holandia 5.6% (2002)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi diagonal yellow cross divides the flag into four triangles - green (top and bottom) and black (hoist side and outer side)
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $10.08 billion (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 6%


industry: 31%


services: 63% (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $3,800 (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 1% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 18 15 N, 77 30 W
Polozenie geograficzne strategic location between Cayman Trench and Jamajka Channel, the main sea lanes dla the Panama Canal
Autostrady total: 18,700 km


paved: 13,109 km


unpaved: 5,591 km (1999 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 2.7%


highest 10%: 30.3% (2000)
Narkotyki major transshipment point dla cocaine from South America to North America and Europe; illicit cultivation of cannabis; government has an active manual cannabis eradication program; corruption is a major concern; substantial money-laundering activity; Kolumbian narcotics traffickers favor Jamajka dla illicit financial transactions
Import 0 kWh (2001)
Import $3.1 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, fuel, food, chemicals, fertilizers
Import - partnerzy US 45%, Trynidad i Tobago 11%, Japonia 4.7% (2002)
Niepodleglosc 6 sierpien 1962 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle -2% (2000 est.)
Przemysl tourism, bauxite, textiles, food processing, light manufactures, rum, cement, metal, paper, chemical products
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 13.26 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 14.3 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 12.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflacja 7% (2002 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-15, G-19, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 21 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 250 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (judges appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister); Court of Appeal
Sila robocza 1.13 million (1998)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki services 60%, agriculture 21%, industry 19% (1998)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 16.07%


permanent crops: 9.23%


other: 74.7% (1998 est.)
Jezyki English, patois English
System prawny based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (a 21-member body appointed by the governor general on the recommendations of the prime minister and the leader of the opposition; ruling party is allocated 13 seats, and the opposition is allocated eight seats) and the House of Representatives (60 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 16 pazdziernik 2002 (next to be held NA pazdziernik 2007)


election results: percent of vote by party - PNP 52%, JLP 47.3%; seats by party - PNP 34, JLP 26
Zywotnosc total population: 75.85 years


male: 73.84 years


female: 77.97 years (2003 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school


total population: 87.9%


male: 84.1%


female: 91.6% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Caribbean, island w the Caribbean Sea, south of Kuba
Lokalizacja na mapie Central America and the Caribbean
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic baselines


contiguous zone: 24 NM


continental shelf: 200 NM or to edge of the continental margin


exclusive economic zone: 200 NM


territorial sea: 12 NM
Flota handlowa total: 5 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 50,536 GRT/62,868 DWT


ships by type: bulk 1, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 2, short-sea passenger 1


note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Lotwa 2, US 2 (2002 est.)
Wojsko Jamajka Defense Force (including Ground Forces, Coast Guard, and Air Wing), Jamajka Constabulary Force
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $30 million (FY95/96 est.)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA%
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 755,698 (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 528,689 (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 18 years of age (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 27,398 (2003 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, first Monday w sierpien (1962)
Narodowosc noun: Jamajkan(s)


adjective: Jamajkan
Naturalne zagrozenia hurricanes (especially lipiec to listopad)
Surowce naturalne bauxite, gypsum, limestone
Wspolczynnik migracji -5.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Rurociagi petroleum products 10 km
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Jamajka Labor Party or JLP [Edward SEAGA]; National Democratic Movement or NDM [Bruce GOLDING]; People's National Party or PNP [Percival James PATTERSON]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow New Beginnings Movement or NBM; Rastafarians (black religious/racial cultists, pan-Africanists)
Ludnosc 2,695,867 (lipiec 2003 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 34.2% (1992 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 0.61% (2003 est.)
Porty i stocznie Alligator Pond, Discovery Bay, Kingston, Montego Bay, Ocho Rios, Port Antonio, Rocky Point, Port Esquivel (Longswharf)
Stacje radiowe AM 10, FM 13, shortwave 0 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 272 km


standard gauge: 272 km 1.435-m gauge; note - 207 km, belonging to the Jamajka Railway Corporation, were w common carrier service but are no longer operational; the remaining track is privately owned and used to transport bauxite (2002)
Religie Protestant 61.3% (Church of God 21.2%, Baptist 8.8%, Anglican 5.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 9%, Pentecostal 7.6%, Methodist 2.7%, United Church 2.7%, Brethren 1.1%, Jehovah's Witness 1.6%, Moravian 1.1%), Roman Catholic 4%, other, including some spiritual cults 34.7%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female


total population: 1 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: fully automatic domestic telephone network


domestic: NA


international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki); 3 coaxial submarine cables
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 353,000 (1996)
Telefony komorkowe 54,640 (1996)
Stacje telewizyjne 7 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountains, z narrow, discontinuous coastal plain
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.01 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 15.4% (2002 est.)
Drogi wodne none
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