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Guyana (2002)

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Guyana 2002 year

Administrative divisions 10 regions; Barima-Waini, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Demerara-Mahaica, East Berbice-Corentyne, Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Mahaica-Berbice, Pomeroon-Supenaam, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo
Age structure 0-14 years: 27.6% (male 98,198; female 94,397)

15-64 years: 67.4% (male 237,324; female 233,400)

65 years and over: 5% (male 15,510; female 19,380) (2002 est.)
Agriculture - products sugar, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish (shrimp)
Airports 51 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways total: 8

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 1

under 914 m: 5 (2002)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 43

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 8

under 914 m: 34 (2002)
Area total: 214,970 sq km

land: 196,850 sq km

water: 18,120 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Idaho
Background Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. This ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, but until the early 1990s it was ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president, in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence. Upon his death five years later, he was succeeded by his wife Janet, who resigned in 1999 due to poor health. Her successor, Bharrat JAGDEO, was reelected in 2001.
Birth rate 17.89 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Budget revenues: $227 million

expenditures: $235.2 million, including capital expenditures of $93.4 million (2000) (2000)
Capital Georgetown
Climate tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to mid-August, mid-November to mid-January)
Coastline 459 km
Constitution 6 October 1980
Country name conventional long form: Co-operative Republic of Guyana

conventional short form: Guyana

former: British Guiana
Currency Guyanese dollar (GYD)
Death rate 9.33 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Debt - external $1.1 billion (2000) (2000)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Ronald D. GODARD

embassy: 100 Young and Duke Streets, Kingston, Georgetown

mailing address: P. O. Box 10507, Georgetown

telephone: [592] 225-4900 through 4909

FAX: [592] 225-8497
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Dr. Ali Odeen ISHMAEL

chancery: 2490 Tracy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 265-6900

FAX: [1] (202) 232-1297

consulate(s) general: New York
Disputes - international all of the area west of the Essequibo (river) claimed by Venezuela; Suriname claims area between New (Upper Courantyne) and Courantyne/Kutari [Koetari] rivers (all headwaters of the Courantyne); territorial sea boundary with Suriname is in dispute
Economic aid - recipient $84 million (1995), Heavily Indebted Poor Country Initiative (HIPC) $253 million (1997)
Economy - overview The Guyanese economy has exhibited moderate economic growth since 1999, based on an expansion in the agricultural and mining sectors, a more favorable atmosphere for business initiatives, a more realistic exchange rate, fairly low inflation, and the continued support of international organizations. Chronic problems include a shortage of skilled labor and a deficient infrastructure. The government is juggling a sizable external debt against the urgent need for expanded public investment. Low prices for key mining and agricultural commodities combined with troubles in the bauxite and sugar industries threaten the government's already tenuous fiscal position and dim prospects for 2002.
Electricity - consumption 469.65 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - production 505 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 99%

hydro: 1%

nuclear: 0%

other: 0% (2000)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mount Roraima 2,835 m
Environment - current issues water pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups East Indian 50%, black 36%, Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and mixed 7%
Exchange rates Guyanese dollars per US dollar - 189.5 (December 2001), 187.3 (2001), 182.4 (2000), 178.0 (1999), 150.5 (1998), 142.4 (1997)
Executive branch chief of state: President Bharrat JAGDEO (since 11 August 1999); note - assumed presidency after resignation of President JAGAN

head of government: Prime Minister Samuel HINDS (since NA December 1997)

cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president, responsible to the legislature

elections: president elected by the majority party in the National Assembly following legislative elections, which must be held at least every five years; elections last held 19 March 2001 (next to be held by March 2006); prime minister appointed by the president

election results: President Bharrat JAGDEO reelected; percent of legislative vote - NA%
Exports 0 kWh (2000)
Exports $505 million f.o.b. (2000)
Exports - commodities sugar, gold, bauxite/alumina, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber
Exports - partners Canada 22%, US 22%, UK 18%, Netherlands Antilles 11% (1999)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description green, with a red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) superimposed on a long, yellow arrowhead; there is a narrow, black border between the red and yellow, and a narrow, white border between the yellow and the green
GDP purchasing power parity - $2.5 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 36%

industry: 32%

services: 32% (2000) (2000)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $3,600 (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 2.8% (2001 est.)
Geographic coordinates 5 00 N, 59 00 W
Geography - note the third-smallest country in South America after Suriname and Uruguay; substantial portions of its western and eastern territories are claimed by Venezuela and Suriname respectively
Highways total: 7,970 km

paved: 590 km

unpaved: 7,380 km (1996)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Illicit drugs transshipment point for narcotics from South America - primarily Venezuela - to Europe and the US; producer of cannabis
Imports 0 kWh (2000)
Imports $585 million c.i.f. (2000)
Imports - commodities manufactures, machinery, petroleum, food
Imports - partners US 29%, Trinidad and Tobago 18%, Netherlands Antilles 16%, UK 7% (1999)
Independence 26 May 1966 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate 7.1% (1997 est.)
Industries bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining
Infant mortality rate 38.37 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 6% (2001 est.)
International organization participation ACP, C, Caricom, CCC, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OIC, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 3 (2000)
Irrigated land 1,500 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Supreme Court of Judicature; Judicial Court of Appeal; High Court
Labor force 418,000 (2001 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
Land boundaries total: 2,462 km

border countries: Brazil 1,119 km, Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km
Land use arable land: 2.44%

permanent crops: 0.08%

other: 97.48% (1998 est.)
Languages English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu
Legal system based on English common law with certain admixtures of Roman-Dutch law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly (68 seats, 65 elected by popular vote, 1 elected Speaker of the National Assembly, and 2 nonvoting members appointed by the president; members serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 19 March 2001 (next to be held NA March 2006)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PPP/C 34, PNC 27, GAP and WPA 2, ROAR 1, TUF 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 62.59 years

male: 59.96 years

female: 65.34 years (2002 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population: 98.1%

male: 98.6%

female: 97.5% (1995 est.)
Location Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela
Map references South America
Maritime claims continental shelf: 200 NM or to the outer edge of the continental margin

exclusive economic zone: 200 NM

territorial sea: 12 NM
Merchant marine total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,929 GRT/4,507 DWT

ships by type: cargo 2 (2002 est.)
Military branches Guyana Defense Force (including Ground Forces, Coast Guard, and Air Corps), Guyana Police Force, Guyana People's Militia, Guyana National Service
Military expenditures - dollar figure $NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP NA%
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 206,199 (2002 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 155,058 (2002 est.)
National holiday Republic Day, 23 February (1970)
Nationality noun: Guyanese (singular and plural)

adjective: Guyanese
Natural hazards flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons
Natural resources bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
Net migration rate -6.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Political parties and leaders Alliance for Guyana or AFG (includes Guyana Labor Party or GLP and Working People's Alliance or WPA) [Rupert ROOPNARAINE]; Guyana Action Party or GAP [Paul HARDY]; Guyana Labor Party or GLP [leader NA]; People's National Congress or PNC [Hugh Desmond HOYTE]; People's Progressive Party/Civic or PPP/C [Bharrat JAGDEO]; Rise, Organize, and Rebuild or ROAR [Ravi DEV]; The United Force or TUF [Manzoor NADIR]; Working People's Alliance or WPA [Rupert ROOPNARAINE]
Political pressure groups and leaders Civil Liberties Action Committee or CLAC; Guyana Council of Indian Organizations or GCIO; Trades Union Congress or TUC

note: the GCIO and the CLAC are small and active but not well organized
Population 698,209

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2002 est.)
Population below poverty line NA%
Population growth rate 0.23% (2002 est.)
Ports and harbors Bartica, Georgetown, Linden, New Amsterdam, Parika
Radio broadcast stations AM 3, FM 3, shortwave 1 (1998)
Radios 420,000 (1997)
Railways total: 187 km

standard gauge: 139 km 1.435-m gauge

narrow gauge: 48 km 0.914-m gauge

note: all dedicated to ore transport (2001 est.)
Religions Christian 50%, Hindu 35%, Muslim 10%, other 5%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: fair system for long-distance calling

domestic: microwave radio relay network for trunk lines

international: tropospheric scatter to Trinidad; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 70,000 (2000)
Telephones - mobile cellular 6,100 (2000)
Television broadcast stations 3 (one public station; two private stations which relay US satellite services) (1997)
Terrain mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south
Total fertility rate 2.09 children born/woman (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate 9.1% (2000) (understated) (2000)
Waterways 5,900 km (total length of navigable waterways)

note: Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo rivers are navigable by oceangoing vessels for 150 km, 100 km, and 80 km, respectively
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