Main page Compare countries Index countries Index fields


Guyana (2004)

Guyana - select year:
GuyanaGuyana (2001) (compare)
GuyanaGuyana (2002) (compare)
GuyanaGuyana (2003) (compare)
GuyanaGuyana (2005) (compare)
GuyanaGuyana (2006) (compare)
GuyanaGuyana (2007) (compare)
GuyanaGuyana (2008) (compare)

Compare with other popular countries

Guyana 2004 year

Administrative divisions 10 regions; Barima-Waini, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Demerara-Mahaica, East Berbice-Corentyne, Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Mahaica-Berbice, Pomeroon-Supenaam, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo
Age structure 0-14 years: 26.5% (male 95,431; female 91,806)

15-64 years: 68.3% (male 243,224; female 239,047)

65 years and over: 5.1% (male 16,000; female 20,295) (2004 est.)
Agriculture - products sugar, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish (shrimp)
Airports 49 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 8

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

under 914 m: 5 (2004 est.)
Airports - with unpaved runways total: 41

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

914 to 1,523 m: 8

under 914 m: 32 (2004 est.)
Area total: 214,970 sq km

land: 196,850 sq km

water: 18,120 sq km
Area - comparative slightly smaller than Idaho
Background Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. This ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, but until the early 1990s it was ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president, in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence. Upon his death five years later, he was succeeded by his wife Janet, who resigned in 1999 due to poor health. Her successor, Bharrat JAGDEO, was reelected in 2001.
Birth rate 17.85 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Budget revenues: $263.4 million

expenditures: $326.7 million, including capital expenditures of $93.4 million (2003)
Capital Georgetown
Climate tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to mid-August, mid-November to mid-January)
Coastline 459 km
Constitution 6 October 1980
Country name conventional long form: Co-operative Republic of Guyana

conventional short form: Guyana

former: British Guiana
Currency Guyanese dollar (GYD)
Death rate 9.71 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Debt - external $1.2 billion (2002)
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Roland BULLEN

embassy: 100 Young and Duke Streets, Kingston, Georgetown

mailing address: P. O. Box 10507, Georgetown

telephone: [592] 225-4900 through 4909

FAX: [592] 225-8497
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador Bayney KARRAN

chancery: 2490 Tracy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 265-6900

FAX: [1] (202) 232-1297

consulate(s) general: New York
Disputes - international all of the area west of the Essequibo (river) is claimed by Venezuela preventing any discussion of a maritime boundary; Guyana has expressed its intention to join Barbados in asserting claims before UNCLOS that Trinidad and Tobago's maritime boundary with Venezuela extends into their waters; Suriname claims a triangle of land between the New and Kutari/Koetari rivers in a historic dispute over the headwaters of the Courantyne; Guyana seeks UNCLOS arbitration to resolve the long-standing dispute with Suriname over the axis of the territorial sea boundary in potentially oil-rich waters
Economic aid - recipient $84 million (1995), Heavily Indebted Poor Country Initiative (HIPC) $253 million (1997) (2000 est.)
Economy - overview The Guyanese economy exhibited moderate economic growth in 2001-02, based on expansion in the agricultural and mining sectors, a more favorable atmosphere for business initiatives, a more realistic exchange rate, fairly low inflation, and the continued support of international organizations. Growth then slowed in 2003. Chronic problems include a shortage of skilled labor and a deficient infrastructure. The government is juggling a sizable external debt against the urgent need for expanded public investment. The bauxite mining sector should benefit in the near term by restructuring and partial privatization.
Electricity - consumption 792.4 million kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - production 852 million kWh (2001)
Elevation extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: Mount Roraima 2,835 m
Environment - current issues water pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation
Environment - international agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Ethnic groups East Indian 50%, black 36%, Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and mixed 7%
Exchange rates Guyanese dollars per US dollar - NA (2003), 190.665 (2002), 187.321 (2001), 182.43 (2000), 177.995 (1999)
Executive branch chief of state: President Bharrat JAGDEO (since 11 August 1999); note - assumed presidency after resignation of President Janet JAGAN

head of government: Prime Minister Samuel HINDS (since NA December 1997)

cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president, responsible to the legislature

elections: president elected by the majority party in the National Assembly following legislative elections, which must be held at least every five years; elections last held 19 March 2001 (next to be held by March 2006); prime minister appointed by the president

election results: President Bharrat JAGDEO reelected; percent of legislative vote - NA
Exports 0 kWh (2001)
Exports $512 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports NA (2001)
Exports - commodities sugar, gold, bauxite/alumina, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber
Exports - partners Canada 23.2%, US 21.8%, UK 13.5%, Portugal 6.7%, Belgium 6.5%, Jamaica 6.1% (2003)
Fiscal year calendar year
Flag description green, with a red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) superimposed on a long, yellow arrowhead; there is a narrow, black border between the red and yellow, and a narrow, white border between the yellow and the green
GDP purchasing power parity - $2.797 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector agriculture: 37.2%

industry: 22.7%

services: 40.1% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita purchasing power parity - $4,000 (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 0.5% (2003 est.)
Geographic coordinates 5 00 N, 59 00 W
Geography - note the third-smallest country in South America after Suriname and Uruguay; substantial portions of its western and eastern territories are claimed by Venezuela and Suriname respectively
Highways total: 7,970 km

paved: 590 km

unpaved: 7,380 km (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA

highest 10%: NA
Illicit drugs transshipment point for narcotics from South America - primarily Venezuela - to Europe and the US; producer of cannabis
Imports 0 kWh (2001)
Imports $612 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports NA (2001)
Imports - commodities manufactures, machinery, petroleum, food
Imports - partners US 22.6%, Trinidad and Tobago 19.2%, Italy 11.2%, UK 7.2%, Cuba 5.2% (2003)
Independence 26 May 1966 (from UK)
Industrial production growth rate 7.1% (1997 est.)
Industries bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining
Infant mortality rate total: 37.22 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 41.28 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 32.95 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 5.7% (2003 est.)
International organization participation ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OIC, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Irrigated land 1,500 sq km (1998 est.)
Judicial branch Supreme Court of Judicature; Judicial Court of Appeal; High Court
Labor force 418,000 (2001 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture NA, industry NA, services NA
Land boundaries total: 2,462 km

border countries: Brazil 1,119 km, Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km
Land use arable land: 2.44%

permanent crops: 0.15%

other: 97.41% (2001)
Languages English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu
Legal system based on English common law with certain admixtures of Roman-Dutch law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Legislative branch unicameral National Assembly (68 seats, 65 elected by popular vote, 1 elected Speaker of the National Assembly, and 2 nonvoting members appointed by the president; members serve five-year terms)

elections: last held 19 March 2001 (next to be held NA March 2006)

election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PPP/C 34, PNC 27, GAP and WPA 2, ROAR 1, TUF 1
Life expectancy at birth total population: 62.43 years

male: 60.12 years

female: 64.84 years (2004 est.)
Literacy definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school

total population: 98.8%

male: 99.1%

female: 98.5% (2003 est.)
Location Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela
Map references South America
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin
Merchant marine total: 5 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 7,475 GRT/8,758 DWT

by type: cargo 3, container 1, refrigerated cargo 1

foreign-owned: Barbados 1, Panama 1

registered in other countries: 8 (2004 est.)
Military branches Guyana Defense Force: Ground Forces, Coast Guard, Air Corps; Guyana People's Militia
Military expenditures - dollar figure $6.5 million (2003)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 0.8% (2003)
Military manpower - availability males age 15-49: 209,545 (2004 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service males age 15-49: 157,264 (2004 est.)
National holiday Republic Day, 23 February (1970)
Nationality noun: Guyanese (singular and plural)

adjective: Guyanese
Natural hazards flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons
Natural resources bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
Net migration rate -2.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Political parties and leaders Alliance for Guyana or AFG (includes Guyana Labor Party or GLP and Working People's Alliance or WPA) [Rupert ROOPNARAINE]; Guyana Action Party or GAP [Paul HARDY]; Guyana Labor Party or GLP [leader NA]; People's National Congress or PNC/R [Robert Herman Orlando CORBIN]; People's Progressive Party/Civic or PPP/C [Bharrat JAGDEO]; Rise, Organize, and Rebuild or ROAR [Ravi DEV]; The United Force or TUF [Manzoor NADIR]; Working People's Alliance or WPA [Rupert ROOPNARAINE]
Political pressure groups and leaders Civil Liberties Action Committee or CLAC; Guyana Council of Indian Organizations or GCIO; Trades Union Congress or TUC

note: the GCIO and the CLAC are small and active but not well organized
Population 705,803

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2004 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Population growth rate 0.61% (2004 est.)
Ports and harbors Bartica, Georgetown, Linden, New Amsterdam, Parika
Radio broadcast stations AM 3, FM 3, shortwave 1 (1998)
Railways total: 187 km

standard gauge: 139 km 1.435-m gauge

narrow gauge: 48 km 0.914-m gauge

note: all dedicated to ore transport (2001 est.)
Religions Christian 50%, Hindu 35%, Muslim 10%, other 5%
Sex ratio at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female

total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Telephone system general assessment: fair system for long-distance calling

domestic: microwave radio relay network for trunk lines

international: country code - 592; tropospheric scatter to Trinidad; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Telephones - main lines in use 80,400 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular 87,300 (2002)
Television broadcast stations 3 (one public station; two private stations which relay US satellite services) (1997)
Terrain mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south
Total fertility rate 2.06 children born/woman (2004 est.)
Unemployment rate 9.1% (understated) (2000)
Waterways 1,077 km

note: Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo rivers are navigable by oceangoing vessels for 150 km, 100 km, and 80 km respectively (2004)
Sitemap: Compare countries listing (map site) | Country listing (map site)
Links: Add to favorites | Information about this website | Stats | Polityka prywatnosci
This page was generated in ##czas## s. Size this page: ##rozmiar_strony## kB.