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Gujana (2008)

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Gujana 2008 roku

 Gujana
Podzial administracyjny 10 regions; Barima-Waini, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Demerara-Mahaica, East Berbice-Corentyne, Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Mahaica-Berbice, Pomeroon-Supenaam, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 26.1% (male 102,111/female 98,325)


15-64 years: 68.6% (male 266,288/female 261,620)


65 years and over: 5.3% (male 17,308/female 23,443) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo sugarcane, rice, shrimp, fish, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products
Lotniska 93 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 9


1,524 to 2,437 m: 3


under 914 m: 6 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 84


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 14


under 914 m: 69 (2007)
Terytorium total: 214,970 sq km


land: 196,850 sq km


water: 18,120 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Idaho
Tlo historyczne Originally a Dutch colony w the 17th century, by 1815 Gujana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas and the importation of indentured servants from Indie to work the sugar plantations. This ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Gujana achieved independence from the UK w 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president w what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence. After his death five years later, his wife, Janet JAGAN, became president but resigned w 1999 due to poor health. Her successor, Bharrat JAGDEO, was reelected w 2001 and again w 2006.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 18.09 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $419.4 million


expenditures: $527.4 million (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Georgetown


geographic coordinates: 6 48 N, 58 10 W


time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (maj to sierpien, listopad to styczen)
Linia brzegowa 459 km
Konstytucja 6 pazdziernik 1980
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Cooperative Republic of Gujana


conventional short form: Gujana


former: British Guiana
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.28 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $1.2 billion (2002)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador David M. ROBINSON


embassy: 100 Young and Duke Streets, Kingston, Georgetown


mailing address: P. O. Box 10507, Georgetown; US Embassy, 3170 Georgetown Place, Washington DC 20521-3170


telephone: [592] 225-4900 through 4909


FAX: [592] 225-8497
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Bayney KARRAN


chancery: 2490 Tracy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 265-6900


FAX: [1] (202) 232-1297


consulate(s) general: New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje all of the area west of the Essequibo River is claimed by Wenezuela preventing any discussion of a maritime boundary; Gujana has expressed its intention to join Barbados w asserting claims before UNCLOS that Trynidad i Tobago's maritime boundary z Wenezuela extends into their waters; Surinam claims a triangle of land between the New and Kutari/Koetari rivers w a historic dispute over the headwaters of the Courantyne; Gujana seeks arbitration under provisions of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) to resolve the long-standing dispute z Surinam over the axis of the territorial sea boundary w potentially oil-rich waters
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $136.8 million (1995), Heavily Indebted Poor Country Initiative (HIPC) $253 million (1997) (2005)
Ekonomia The Guyanese economy exhibited moderate economic growth w 2001-07, based on expansion w the agricultural and mining sectors, a more favorable atmosphere dla business initiatives, a more realistic exchange rate, fairly low inflation, and the continued support of international organizations. Economic recovery since the 2005 flood-related contraction has been buoyed by increases w remittances and foreign direct investment. Chronic problems include a shortage of skilled labor and a deficient infrastructure. The government is juggling a sizable external debt against the urgent need dla expanded public investment. In marzec 2007, the Inter-American Development Bank, Gujana's principal donor, canceled Gujana's nearly $470 million debt, equivalent to nearly 41% of Produkt krajowy brutto. The bauxite mining sector should benefit w the near term from restructuring and partial privatization, and the state-owned sugar industry will conduct efficiency increasing modernizations. Export earnings from agriculture and mining have fallen sharply, while the import bill has risen, driven by higher energy prices. Gujana's entrance into the Caricom Single Market and Economy (CSME) w styczen 2006 will broaden the country's export market, primarily w the raw materials sector.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 750.7 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 807.3 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Atlantycki 0 m


highest point: Mount Roraima 2,835 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy water pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne East Indien 50%, black 36%, Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and mixed 7%
Kurs waluty Guyanese dollars per US dollar - 201.89 (2007), 200.28 (2006), 200.79 (2005), 198.31 (2004), 193.88 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Bharrat JAGDEO (since 11 sierpien 1999); note - assumed presidency after resignation of President Janet JAGAN and reelected w 2001, and again w 2006


head of government: Prime Minister Samuel HINDS (since pazdziernik 1992, except dla a period as chief of state after the death of President Cheddi JAGAN on 6 marzec 1997)


cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president, responsible to the legislature


elections: president elected by popular vote as leader of a party list w parliamentary elections, which must be held at least every five years (no term limits); elections last held 28 sierpien 2006 (next to be held by sierpien 2011); prime minister appointed by the president


election results: President Bharrat JAGDEO reelected; percent of vote 54.6%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $499.4 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary sugar, gold, bauxite, alumina, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber
Eksport - partnerzy US 18.8%, Kanada 18.4%, UK 8.7%, Portugalia 6.5%, Trynidad i Tobago 4.9%, Holandia 4.3%, Belgia 4.3%, Jamajka 4.1% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi green, z a red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) superimposed on a long, yellow arrowhead; there is a narrow, black border between the red and yellow, and a narrow, white border between the yellow and the green
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 35.2%


industry: 19%


services: 45.8% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.5% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 5 00 N, 59 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne the third-smallest country w South America after Surinam and Urugwaj; substantial portions of its western and eastern territories are claimed by Wenezuela and Surinam respectively
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.3%


highest 10%: 33.8% (1999)
Narkotyki transshipment point dla narcotics from South America - primarily Wenezuela - to Europe and the US; producer of cannabis; rising money laundering related to drug trafficking and human smuggling
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $835.8 million f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 10,070 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary manufactures, machinery, petroleum, food
Import - partnerzy Trynidad i Tobago 23%, US 21.3%, Chiny 9.7%, Kuba 6.3%, UK 4.5% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 26 maj 1966 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 2% (2007 est.)
Przemysl bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 31.35 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 34.93 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 27.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 10.4% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, CSN, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (subscriber), ITU, ITUC, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OIC, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 1,500 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court of Judicature, consisting of the High Court and the Judicial Court of Appeal, z right of final appeal to the Caribbean Court of Justice
Sila robocza 418,000 (2001 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: NA%


industry: NA%


services: NA%
Granica total: 2,949 km


border countries: Brazylia 1,606 km, Surinam 600 km, Wenezuela 743 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 2.23%


permanent crops: 0.14%


other: 97.63% (2005)
Jezyki English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Urdu
System prawny based on English common law z certain admixtures of Roman-Dutch law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly (65 seats; members elected by popular vote, also not more than 4 non-elected non-voting ministers and 2 non-elected non-voting parliamentary secretaries appointed by the president; to serve five-year terms)


elections: last held 28 sierpien 2006 (next to be held by sierpien 2011)


election results: percent of vote by party - PPP/C 54.6%, PNC/R 34%, AFC 8.1%, other 3.3%; seats by party - PPP/C 36, PNC/R 22, AFC 5, other 2
Zywotnosc total population: 66.17 years


male: 63.52 years


female: 68.95 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school


total population: 98.8%


male: 99.1%


female: 98.5% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Northern South America, bordering the North Ocean Atlantycki, between Surinam and Wenezuela
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin
Flota handlowa total: 7 ships (1000 GRT or over) 12,516 GRT/14,193 DWT


by type: cargo 5, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 1


registered w other countries: 2 (St Vincent and The Grenadines 2, unknown 1) (2007)
Wojsko Gujana Defense Force: Army (includes Coast Guard, Air Corps) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.8% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Republic Day, 23 luty (1970)
Narodowosc noun: Guyanese (singular and plural)


adjective: Guyanese
Naturalne zagrozenia flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons
Surowce naturalne bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
Wspolczynnik migracji -7.47 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance dla Change or AFC [Raphael TROTMAN and Khemraj RAMJATTAN]; Gujana Action Party or GAP [Paul HARDY]; Justice dla All Party [C.N. SHARMA]; People's National Congress/Reform or PNC/R [Robert Herman Orlando CORBIN]; People's Progressive Party/Civic or PPP/C [Bharrat JAGDEO]; Rise, Organize, and Rebuild or ROAR [Ravi DEV]; The United Force or TUF [Manzoor NADIR]; The Unity Party [Joey JAGAN]; Vision Gujana [Peter RAMSAROOP]; Working People's Alliance or WPA [Rupert ROOPNARAINE]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Amerindian People's Association; Gujana Citizens Initiative; Gujana Bar Association; Gujana Human Rights Association; Gujana Public Service Union or GPSU; Private Sector Commission; Trades Union Congress
Ludnosc 769,095


note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 0.234% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 3, FM 3, shortwave 1 (1998)
Religie Christian 50%, Hindu 35%, Muslim 10%, other 5%
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.039 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.018 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.738 male(s)/female


total population: 1.006 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: fair system dla long-distance service


domestic: microwave radio relay network dla trunk lines; fixed-line teledensity is about 15 per 100 persons; many areas still lack fixed-line telephone services; mobile-cellular teledensity reached 37 per 100 persons w 2005


international: country code - 592; tropospheric scatter to Trinidad; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 110,100 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 281,400 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 3 (1 public station; 2 private stations which relay US satellite services) (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna w south
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.04 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 9.1% (understated) (2000)
Drogi wodne Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo rivers are navigable by oceangoing vessels dla 150 km, 100 km, and 80 km respectively (2006)
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