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Botswana (2008)

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BotswanaBotswana (2001) (porownaj)
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BotswanaBotswana (2007) (porownaj)

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Botswana 2008 roku

Podzial administracyjny 9 districts and 5 town councils*; Central, Francistown*, Gaborone*, Ghanzi, Jwaneng*, Kgalagadi, Kgatleng, Kweneng, Lobatse*, Northeast, Northwest, Selebi-Pikwe*, Southeast, Southern
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 35.8% (male 330,377/female 319,376)

15-64 years: 60.3% (male 549,879/female 545,148)

65 years and over: 3.9% (male 28,725/female 42,003) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo livestock, sorghum, maize, millet, beans, sunflowers, groundnuts
Lotniska 85 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 11

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 7

914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 74

1,524 to 2,437 m: 3

914 to 1,523 m: 54

under 914 m: 17 (2007)
Terytorium total: 600,370 sq km

land: 585,370 sq km

water: 15,000 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Texas
Tlo historyczne Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence w 1966. Four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most dynamic economies w Africa. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country's conservation practices and extensive nature preserves. Botswana has one of the world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africa's most progressive and comprehensive programs dla dealing z the disease.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 23.17 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $4.886 billion

expenditures: $3.756 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Gaborone

geographic coordinates: 24 45 S, 25 55 E

time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat semiarid; warm winters and hot summers
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja marzec 1965, effective 30 wrzesien 1966
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Botswana

conventional short form: Botswana

local long form: Republic of Botswana

local short form: Botswana

former: Bechuanaland
Wspolczynnik zgonow 13.63 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $513 million (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador Katherine H. CANAVAN

embassy: address NA, Gaborone

mailing address: Embassy Enclave, P. O. Box 90, Gaborone

telephone: [267] 395-3982

FAX: [267] 395-6947
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Lapologang Caesar LEKOA

chancery: 1531-1533 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036

telephone: [1] (202) 244-4990

FAX: [1] (202) 244-4164
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje the alignment of the boundary z Namibia w the Kwando/Linyanti/Chobe River, including the Situngu marshlands, was resolved amicably w 2003; concerns from international experts and local populations over the ecology of the Okavango Delta w Botswana and human displacement scuttled Namibian plans to construct a hydroelectric dam at Popavalle (Popa Falls) along the Angola-Namibia border; Botswana has built electric fences to stem the thousands of Zimbabweans who flee to find work and escape political persecution; Namibia has long supported, and w 2004 Zimbabwe dropped objections to, plans between Botswana and Zambia to build a bridge over the Zambezi River, thereby de facto recognizing the short, but not clearly delimited, Botswana-Zambia boundary
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $70.89 million (2005)
Ekonomia Botswana has maintained one of the world's highest economic growth rates since independence w 1966, though growth slowed to 4.7% annually w 2006-07. Through fiscal discipline and sound management, Botswana has transformed itself from one of the poorest countries w the world to a middle-income country z a per capita Produkt krajowy brutto of more than $11,000 w 2006. Two major investment services rank Botswana as the best credit risk w Africa. Diamond mining has fueled much of the expansion and currently accounts dla more than one-third of Produkt krajowy brutto and dla 70-80% of export earnings. Tourism, financial services, subsistence farming, and cattle raising are other key sectors. On the downside, the government must deal z high rates of unemployment and poverty. Unemployment officially was 23.8% w 2004, but unofficial estimates place it closer to 40%. HIV/AIDS infection rates are the second highest w the world and threaten Botswana's impressive economic gains. An expected leveling off w diamond mining production overshadows long-term prospects.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 2.602 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 1.754 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 912 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers 513 m

highest point: Tsodilo Hills 1,489 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy overgrazing; desertification; limited fresh water resources
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%
Kurs waluty pulas per US dollar - 6.2035 (2007), 5.8447 (2006), 5.1104 (2005), 4.6929 (2004), 4.9499 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Festus G. MOGAE (since 1 kwiecien 1998); Vice President Seretse Khama Ian KHAMA (since 13 lipiec 1998); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Festus G. MOGAE (since 1 kwiecien 1998); Vice President Seretse Khama Ian KHAMA (since 13 lipiec 1998);

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president

elections: president indirectly elected dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 20 pazdziernik 2004 (next to be held w 2009); vice president appointed by the president

election results: Festus G. MOGAE elected president; percent of National Assembly vote - 52%
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $4.798 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary diamonds, copper, nickel, soda ash, meat, textiles
Eksport - partnerzy European Free Trade Association (EFTA) 87%, Southern African Customs Union (SACU) 7%, Zimbabwe 4% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 kwiecien - 31 marzec
Opis flagi light blue z a horizontal white-edged black stripe w the center
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 1.6%

industry: 51.5% (including 36% mining)

services: 46.9% (2006 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 4.7% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 22 00 S, 24 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; population concentrated w eastern part of the country
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%
Import 1.754 billion kWh (2005)
Import $2.766 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 13,490 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary foodstuffs, machinery, electrical goods, transport equipment, textiles, fuel and petroleum products, wood and paper products, metal and metal products
Import - partnerzy Southern African Customs Union (SACU) 74%, EFTA 17%, Zimbabwe 4% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 30 wrzesien 1966 (from UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 4.5% (2007 est.)
Przemysl diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash; livestock processing; textiles
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 43.97 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 45.02 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 42.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 7.2% (2007 est.)
Nawadniane tereny 10 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo High Court; Court of Appeal; Magistrates' Courts (one w each district)
Sila robocza 288,400 formal sector employees (2004)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: NA%

industry: NA%

services: NA%
Granica total: 4,013 km

border countries: Namibia 1,360 km, Republika Poludniowej Afryki 1,840 km, Zimbabwe 813 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 0.65%

permanent crops: 0.01%

other: 99.34% (2005)
Jezyki Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)
System prawny based on Roman-Dutch law and local customary law; judicial review limited to matters of interpretation; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral Parliament consists of the House of Chiefs (a largely advisory 15-member body z 8 permanent members consisting of the chiefs of the principal tribes, and 7 non-permanent members serving 5-year terms, consisting of 4 elected subchiefs and 3 members selected by the other 12 members) and the National Assembly (63 seats, 57 members are directly elected by popular vote, 4 are appointed by the majority party, and 2, the President and Attorney-General, serve as ex-officio members; members serve five-year terms)

elections: National Assembly elections last held 30 pazdziernik 2004 (next to be held w pazdziernik 2009)

election results: percent of vote by party - BDP 51.7%, BNF 26.1%, BCP 16.6%, other 5%; seats by party - BDP 44, BNF 12, BCP 1
Zywotnosc total population: 50.58 years

male: 51.55 years

female: 49.58 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 81.2%

male: 80.4%

female: 81.8% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern Africa, north of Republika Poludniowej Afryki
Lokalizacja na mapie Africa
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Botswana Defense Force (includes an air wing) (2006)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 3.3% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day (Botswana Day), 30 wrzesien (1966)
Narodowosc noun: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)

adjective: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)
Naturalne zagrozenia periodic droughts; seasonal sierpien winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility
Surowce naturalne diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver
Wspolczynnik migracji 5.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population

note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into Republika Poludniowej Afryki and Botswana w search of better economic opportunities (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Botswana Alliance Movement or BAM [Ephraim Lepetu SETSHWAELO]; Botswana Congress Party or BCP [Otlaadisa KOOSALETSE]; Botswana Democratic Party or BDP [Festus G. MOGAE]; Botswana National Front or BNF [Otswoletse MOUPO]; Botswana Peoples Party or BPP; MELS Movement of Botswana or MELS; New Democratic Front or NDF

note: a number of minor parties joined forces w 1999 to form the BAM but did not capture any parliamentary seats - includes the United Action Party [Ephraim Lepetu SETSHWAELO]; the Niepodleglosc Freedom Party or IFP [Motsamai MPHO]; the Botswana Progressive Union [D. K. KWELE]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 1,815,508

note: estimates dla this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result w lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes w the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 30.3% (2003)
Przyrost naturalny 1.503% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 8, FM 13, shortwave 4 (2001)
Linie kolejowe total: 888 km

narrow gauge: 888 km 1.067-m gauge (2006)
Religie Christian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.4%, none 20.6% (2001 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.034 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.009 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.684 male(s)/female

total population: 1.003 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: the system is expanding z the growth of mobile-cellular service and participation w regional development; system is fully digital z fiber-optic cables linking the major population centers w the east; fixed-line connections declined w recent years and now stand at 8 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone density currently is about 60 per 100 persons

domestic: small system of open-wire lines, microwave radio relay links, and a few radiotelephone communication stations; mobile-cellular service is growing fast

international: country code - 267; international calls are made via satellite, using international direct dialing; 2 international exchanges; digital microwave radio relay links to Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Republika Poludniowej Afryki; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Indyjski) (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 136,900 (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 979,800 (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 2 (1 state-owned, 1 private)
Uksztaltowanie terenu predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert w southwest
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.73 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 23.8% (2004)
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