Strona glowna Porownaj panstwa Spis panstw Spis pol

Fraza:

Boliwia (2003)

Boliwia - wybierz rok:
BoliwiaBoliwia (2001) (porownaj)
BoliwiaBoliwia (2002) (porownaj)
BoliwiaBoliwia (2004) (porownaj)
BoliwiaBoliwia (2005) (porownaj)
BoliwiaBoliwia (2006) (porownaj)
BoliwiaBoliwia (2007) (porownaj)
BoliwiaBoliwia (2008) (porownaj)


Porownaj z innymi popularnymi panstwami


Boliwia 2003 roku

 Boliwia
Podzial administracyjny 9 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Beni, La Paz, Oruro, Pando, Potosi, Santa Cruz, Tarija
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 37.1% (male 1,624,366; female 1,562,501)


15-64 years: 58.4% (male 2,452,892; female 2,561,873)


65 years and over: 4.5% (male 172,292; female 212,519) (2003 est.)
Rolinictwo soybeans, coffee, coca, cotton, corn, sugarcane, rice, potatoes; timber
Lotniska 1,081 (2002)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 12


over 3,047 m: 4


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 5


914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2002)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 1,069


over 3,047 m: 1


2,438 to 3,047 m: 3


1,524 to 2,437 m: 64


914 to 1,523 m: 225


under 914 m: 776 (2002)
Terytorium total: 1,098,580 sq km


land: 1,084,390 sq km


water: 14,190 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly less than three times the size of Montana
Tlo historyczne Boliwia, named after independence fighter Simon BOLIVAR, broke away from Spanish rule w 1825; much of its subsequent history has consisted of a series of nearly 200 coups and counter-coups. Comparatively democratic civilian rule was established w the 1980s, but leaders have faced difficult problems of deep-seated poverty, social unrest, and drug production. Current goals include attracting foreign investment, strengthening the educational system, resolving disputes z coca growers over Boliwia's counterdrug efforts, continuing the privatization program, and waging an anticorruption campaign.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 25.53 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Budzet revenues: $4 billion


expenditures: $4 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2002 est.)
Stolica La Paz (seat of government); Sucre (legal capital and seat of judiciary)
Klimat varies z altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja 2 luty 1967; revised w sierpien 1994
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Boliwia


conventional short form: Boliwia


local long form: Republica de Boliwia


local short form: Boliwia
Waluta boliviano (BOB)
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.91 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $5.9 billion (2002 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador David N. GREENLEE


embassy: Avenida Arce 2780, San Jorge, La Paz


mailing address: P. O. Box 425, La Paz; APO AA 34032


telephone: [591] (2) 2430120, 2430251


FAX: [591] (2) 2433900
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Jaime APARICIO Otero


chancery: 3014 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 483-4410


FAX: [1] (202) 328-3712


consulate(s) general: Miami, New York, and San Francisco


consulate(s): Washington, DC
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje continues to press Chile and Peru to restore the Atacama corridor ceded to Chile w 1884; Chile demands water rights to Boliwia's Rio Lauca and Silala Spring
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $588 million (1997)
Ekonomia Boliwia, long one of the poorest and least developed Latin American countries, made considerable progress w the 1990s toward the development of a market-oriented economy. Successes under President SANCHEZ DE LOZADA (1993-97) included the signing of a free trade agreement z Meksyk and becoming an associate member of the Southern Cone Common Market (Mercosur), as well as the privatization of the state airline, telephone company, railroad, electric power company, and oil company. Growth slowed w 1999, w part due to tight government budget policies, which limited needed appropriations dla anti-poverty programs, and the fallout from the Asian financial crisis. In 2000, major civil disturbances held down growth to 2.5%. Boliwia's Produkt krajowy brutto failed to grow w 2001 due to the global slowdown and laggard domestic activity. Growth picked up slightly w 2002, but the first quarter of 2003 saw extensive civil riots and looting and loss of confidence w the government. Boliwia will remain highly dependent on foreign aid unless and until it can develop its substantial natural resources.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 3.634 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 3 million kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - import 9 million kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 3.901 billion kWh (2001)
Elektrycznosc - zrodla energii fossil fuel: 44.4%


hydro: 54%


nuclear: 0%


other: 1.5% (2001)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Rio Paragwaj 90 m


highest point: Nevado Sajama 6,542 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy the clearing of land dla agricultural purposes and the international demand dla tropical timber are contributing to deforestation; soil erosion from overgrazing and poor cultivation methods (including slash-and-burn agriculture); desertification; loss of biodiversity; industrial pollution of water supplies used dla drinking and irrigation
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection
Grupy etniczne Quechua 30%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%
Kurs waluty bolivianos per US dollar - 7.17 (2002), 6.61 (2001), 6.18 (2000), 5.81 (1999), 5.51 (1998)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Carlos Diego MESA Gisbert (since 17 pazdziernik 2003); Vice President (vacant); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


head of government: President Carlos Diego MESA Gisbert (since 17 pazdziernik 2003); Vice President (vacant); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government


cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president


elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote dla five-year terms; election last held 30 czerwiec 2002 (next to be held NA czerwiec 2007)


election results: as a result of no candidate winning a majority w the 30 czerwiec 2002 election, Gonzalo SANCHEZ DE LOZADA Bustamante was chosen president by Congress; Congressional votes - Gonzalo SANCHEZ DE LOZADA Bustamante 84, Evo MORALES 43; note - following the resignation of the elected president on 17 pazdziernik 2003, Vice President Carlos Diego MESA Gisbert assumed the presidency
Eksport 3 million kWh (2001)
Eksport $1.3 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Eksport 2.9 billion cu m (2001 est.)
Eksport NA (2001)
Eksport - towary soybeans, natural gas, zinc, gold, wood (2000)
Eksport - partnerzy Brazylia 24.3%, Szwajcaria 15.7%, US 14.1%, Wenezuela 12.8%, Kolumbia 10.2%, Peru 5.4% (2002)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green z the coat of arms centered on the yellow band; similar to the flag of Ghana, which has a large black five-pointed star centered w the yellow band
Produkt krajowy brutto purchasing power parity - $21.15 billion (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 20%


industry: 20%


services: 60% (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - per capita purchasing power parity - $2,500 (2002 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.8% (2002 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 17 00 S, 65 00 W
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake (elevation 3,805 m), z Peru
Autostrady total: 53,790 km


paved: 3,496 km (including 13 km of expressways)


unpaved: 50,294 km (2000 est.)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 1.3%


highest 10%: 32% (1999)
Narkotyki world's third-largest cultivator of coca (after Kolumbia and Peru) z an estimated 24,400 hectares under cultivation w czerwiec 2002, a 23% increase from czerwiec 2001; intermediate coca products and cocaine exported to or through Kolumbia, Brazylia, Argentyna, and Chile to the US and other international drug markets; eradication and alternative crop programs under the SANCHEZ DE LOZADA administration have been unable to keep pace z farmers' attempts to increase cultivation after significant reductions w 1998 and 1999; money-laundering activity related to narcotics trade, especially along the borders z Brazylia and Paragwaj
Import 9 million kWh (2001)
Import $1.6 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2001 est.)
Import NA (2001)
Import - towary capital goods, raw materials and semi-manufactures, chemicals, petroleum, food
Import - partnerzy Brazylia 22%, Argentyna 17.4%, US 15.6%, Chile 7%, Japonia 5.5%, Peru 5.4%, Chiny 4.8% (2002)
Niepodleglosc 6 sierpien 1825 (from Hiszpania)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 3.9% (1998)
Przemysl mining, smelting, petroleum, food and beverages, tobacco, handicrafts, clothing
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 56.05 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 59.75 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 52.16 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.)
Inflacja 2% (2001 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, LAES, LAIA, Mercosur (associate), MONUC, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIK, UNMISET, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Dostawcy internetu 9 (2000)
Nawadniane tereny 1,280 sq km (1998 est.)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (judges appointed dla 10-year terms by National Congress); District Courts (one w each department); provincial and local courts (to try minor cases)
Sila robocza 2.5 million
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
Granica total: 6,743 km


border countries: Argentyna 832 km, Brazylia 3,400 km, Chile 861 km, Paragwaj 750 km, Peru 900 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 1.73%


permanent crops: 0.21%


other: 98.06% (1998 est.)
Jezyki Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara (official)
System prawny based on Spanish law and Napoleonic Code; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (27 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (130 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms; note - some members are drawn from party lists, thus not directly elected)


elections: Chamber of Senators and Chamber of Deputies - last held 30 czerwiec 2002 (next to be held NA czerwiec 2007)


election results: Chamber of Senators - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - MNR 11, MAS 8, MIR 5, NFR 2, other 1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - MNR 36, MAS 27, MIR 26, NFR 25, others 16
Zywotnosc total population: 64.78 years


male: 62.2 years


female: 67.48 years (2003 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 87.2%


male: 93.1%


female: 81.6% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Central South America, southwest of Brazylia
Lokalizacja na mapie South America
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Flota handlowa total: 53 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 347,535 GRT/591,113 DWT


ships by type: bulk 2, cargo 25, chemical tanker 4, container 4, livestock carrier 1, petroleum tanker 12, roll on/roll off 1, short-sea passenger 3, specialized tanker 1


note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of Belize 2, Chiny 2, Kuba 1, Cypr 1, Egipt 1, Honduras 1, Lotwa 2, Liberia 2, Panama 1, Saint Vincent i Grenadyny 1, Arabia Saudyjska 1, Singapur 1, South Korea 3, Szwajcaria 1, Ukraina 1, UAE 5, US 1 (2002 est.)
Wojsko Army (Ejercito Boliwiano), Navy (Fuerza Naval, includes Marines), Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Boliwiana), National Police Force (Policia Nacional de Boliwia)
Wojska - wydatki (w dolarach) $147 million (FY99)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.8% (FY99)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (w wieku poborowym) males age 15-49: 2,118,908 (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (zdolni do sluzby wojskowej) males age 15-49: 1,380,883 (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (wiek zolniezy) 19 years of age (2003 est.)
Wojsko - zasoby ludzkie (osoby osiagajace wiek poborowy w ciagu roku) males: 96,003 (2003 est.)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 6 sierpien (1825)
Narodowosc noun: Boliwian(s)


adjective: Boliwian
Naturalne zagrozenia flooding w the northeast (March-April)
Surowce naturalne tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower
Wspolczynnik migracji -1.37 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.)
Rurociagi gas 4,860 km; liquid petroleum gas 47 km; oil 2,460 km; refined products 1,589 km; unknown (oil/water) 247 km (2003)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Boliwian Socialist Falange or FSB [Romel PANTOJA]; Civic Solidarity Union or UCS [Johnny FERNANDEZ]; Free Boliwia Movement or MBL [Franz BARRIOS]; Marshal of Ayacucho Institutional Vanguard or VIMA [Freddy ZABALA]; Movement of the Revolutionary Left or MIR [Jaime PAZ Zamora]; Movement Toward Socialism or MAS [Evo MORALES]; Movement Without Fear or MSM [Juan DEL GRANADO]; Nationalist Democratic Action or ADN [Jorge Fernando QUIROGA Ramirez]; Nationalist Revolutionary Movement or MNR [Gonzalo SANCHEZ DE LOZADA]; New Republican Force or NFR [Manfred REYES-VILLA]; Pachakuti Indigenous Movement or MIP [Felipe QUISPE]; Socialist Party or PS [Jeres JUSTINIANO]


note: the MNR, MIR, and UCS comprise the ruling coalition
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow Cocalero Groups; indigenous organizations; labor unions; Sole Confederation of Campesino Workers of Boliwia or CSUTCB [Felipe QUISPE]
Ludnosc 8,586,443 (lipiec 2003 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 70% (1999 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 1.63% (2003 est.)
Porty i stocznie Puerto Aguirre (on the Paragwaj/Parana waterway, at the Boliwia/Brazylia border); also, Boliwia has free port privileges w maritime ports w Argentyna, Brazylia, Chile, and Paragwaj
Stacje radiowe AM 171, FM 73, shortwave 77 (1999)
Linie kolejowe total: 3,519 km


narrow gauge: 3,519 km 1.000-m gauge (2002)
Religie Roman Catholic 95%, Protestant (Evangelical Methodist)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female


total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2003 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age, universal and compulsory (married); 21 years of age, universal and compulsory (single)
System telefoniczny general assessment: new subscribers face bureaucratic difficulties; most telephones are concentrated w La Paz and other cities; mobile cellular telephone use expanding rapidly


domestic: primary trunk system, which is being expanded, employs digital microwave radio relay; some areas are served by fiber-optic cable; mobile cellular systems are being expanded


international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 327,600 (1996)
Telefony komorkowe 116,000 (1997)
Stacje telewizyjne 48 (1997)
Uksztaltowanie terenu rugged Andes Mountains z a highland plateau (Altiplano), hills, lowland plains of the Amazon Basin
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.23 children born/woman (2003 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 7.6%


note: widespread underemployment (2000)
Drogi wodne 10,000 km (commercially navigable)
Mapa strony: Wszystkie porownania (mapa serwisu) | Spis podstron z informacjami na temat panstw
Links: Dodaj do ulubionych | Informacje o tej stronie | Statystyki | Polityka prywatnosci
Ta strona zostala wygenerowana w ciagu 0.12540793 s. Rozmiar tej strony: 48.11 kB.