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Bangladesz (2008)

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Bangladesz 2008 roku

 Bangladesz
Podzial administracyjny 6 divisions; Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 33.1% (male 25,639,640/female 24,174,937)


15-64 years: 63.4% (male 48,659,087/female 46,712,687)


65 years and over: 3.5% (male 2,818,638/female 2,443,350) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo rice, jute, tea, wheat, sugarcane, potatoes, tobacco, pulses, oilseeds, spices, fruit; beef, milk, poultry
Lotniska 16 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 15


over 3,047 m: 1


2,438 to 3,047 m: 4


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 1


under 914 m: 5 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2007)
Terytorium total: 144,000 sq km


land: 133,910 sq km


water: 10,090 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Iowa
Tlo historyczne Europeans began to set up trading posts w the area of Bangladesz w the 16th century; eventually the British came to dominate the region and it became part of British Indie. In 1947, West Pakistan and East Bengal (both primarily Muslim) separated from Indie (largely Hindu) and jointly became the new country of Pakistan. East Bengal became East Pakistan w 1955, but the awkward arrangement of a two-part country z its territorial units separated by 1,600 km left the Bengalis marginalized and dissatisfied. East Pakistan seceded from its union z West Pakistan w 1971 and was renamed Bangladesz. A military-backed caretaker regime suspended planned parliamentary elections w styczen 2007 w an effort to reform the political system and root out corruption; the regime has pledged new democratic elections by the end of 2008. About a third of this extremely poor country floods annually during the monsoon rainy season, hampering economic development.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 29.36 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $7.078 billion


expenditures: $9.642 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Dhaka


geographic coordinates: 23 43 N, 90 24 E


time difference: UTC+6 (11 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; mild winter (pazdziernik to marzec); hot, humid summer (marzec to czerwiec); humid, warm rainy monsoon (czerwiec to pazdziernik)
Linia brzegowa 580 km
Konstytucja 4 listopad 1972, effective 16 grudzien 1972; suspended following coup of 24 marzec 1982, restored 10 listopad 1986; amended many times
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: People's Republic of Bangladesz


conventional short form: Bangladesz


local long form: Gana Prajatantri Banladesh


local short form: Banladesh


former: East Bengal, East Pakistan
Wspolczynnik zgonow 8.13 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $20.25 billion (31 grudzien 2007 est.)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Geeta PASI


embassy: Madani Avenue, Baridhara, Dhaka 1212


mailing address: G. P. O. Box 323, Dhaka 1000


telephone: [880] (2) 885-5500


FAX: [880] (2) 882-3744
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador M. Humayun KABIR


chancery: 3510 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 244-0183


FAX: [1] (202) 244-7830/2771


consulate(s) general: Los Angeles, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje discussions z Indie remain stalled to delimit a small section of river boundary, exchange territory dla 51 small Bangladeszi exclaves w Indie and 111 small Indien exclaves w Bangladesz, allocate divided villages, and stop illegal cross-border trade, migration, violence, and transit of terrorists through the porous border; Bangladesz resists Indie's attempts to fence or wall off high-traffic sections of the porous boundary; a joint Bangladesz-Indie boundary inspection w 2005 revealed 92 pillars are missing; dispute z Indie over New Moore/South Talpatty/Purbasha Island w the Bay of Bengal deters maritime boundary delimitation; 21,000 Burmese Rohingya Muslim refugees reside w two camps w Bangladesz
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $1.321 billion (2005)
Ekonomia The economy has grown 5-6% over the past few years despite inefficient state-owned enterprises, delays w exploiting natural gas resources, insufficient power supplies, and slow implementation of economic reforms. Bangladesz remains a poor, overpopulated, and inefficiently-governed nation. Although more than half of Produkt krajowy brutto is generated through the service sector, nearly two-thirds of Bangladeszis are employed w the agriculture sector, z rice as the single-most-important product. Garment exports and remittances from Bangladeszis working overseas, mainly w the Middle East and East Asia, fuel economic growth.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 19.49 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 21.35 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Indyjski 0 m


highest point: Keokradong 1,230 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land; water-borne diseases prevalent w surface water; water pollution, especially of fishing areas, results from the use of commercial pesticides; ground water contaminated by naturally occurring arsenic; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables w the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation and erosion; deforestation; severe overpopulation
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Bengali 98%, other 2% (includes tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims) (1998)
Kurs waluty taka per US dollar - 69.893 (2007), 69.031 (2006), 64.328 (2005), 59.513 (2004), 58.15 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Iajuddin AHMED (since 6 wrzesien 2002)


note: the country has a caretaker government until a general election is held; Iajuddin AHMED remains as President and Minister of Defense, and all other Cabinet portfolios are held by Caretaker Advisers (CAs); the Chief CA, Fakhruddin AHMED, is roughly equivalent to a prime minister


elections: president elected by National Parliament dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election scheduled dla 16 wrzesien 2002 was not held since Iajuddin AHMED was the only presidential candidate; he was sworn w on 6 wrzesien 2002 (next election NA); following legislative elections, the leader of the party that wins the most seats is usually appointed prime minister by the president


election results: Iajuddin AHMED declared president-elect by the Election Commission; he ran unopposed as president; percent of National Parliament vote - NA
Eksport 0 kWh (2005)
Eksport $11.25 billion (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 1,100 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary garments, jute and jute goods, leather, frozen fish and seafood (2001)
Eksport - partnerzy US 24.9%, Niemcy 12.8%, UK 9.8%, Francja 5% (2006)
Rok podatkowy 1 lipiec - 30 czerwiec
Opis flagi green field z a large red disk shifted slightly to the hoist side of center; the red disk represents the rising sun and the sacrifice to achieve independence; the green field symbolizes the lush vegetation of Bangladesz
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 19%


industry: 28.7%


services: 52.3% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 24 00 N, 90 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne most of the country is situated on deltas of large rivers flowing from the Himalayas: the Ganges unites z the Jamuna (main channel of the Brahmaputra) and later joins the Meghna to eventually empty into the Bay of Bengal
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 3.7%


highest 10%: 27.9% (2000 est.)
Narkotyki transit country dla illegal drugs produced w neighboring countries
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $14.91 billion (2007 est.)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 81,010 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, foodstuffs, petroleum products, cement
Import - partnerzy Chiny 17.7%, Indie 12.5%, Kuwejt 7.9%, Singapur 5.5%, Hong Kong 4.1% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 16 grudzien 1971 (from West Pakistan); note - 26 marzec 1971 is the date of independence from West Pakistan, 16 grudzien 1971 is known as Victory Day and commemorates the official creation of the state of Bangladesz
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 9.5% (2007 est.)
Przemysl cotton textiles, jute, garments, tea processing, paper newsprint, cement, chemical fertilizer, light engineering, sugar
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 59.12 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 60.13 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 58.05 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 8.8% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ADB, ARF, BIMSTEC, C, CP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OIC, OPCW, SAARC, SACEP, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNMIT, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Nawadniane tereny 47,250 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (the chief justices and other judges are appointed by the president)
Sila robocza 69.4 million


note: extensive export of labor to Arabia Saudyjska, Kuwejt, UAE, Oman, Katar, and Malezja; workers' remittances estimated at $4.8 billion w 2005-06. (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 63%


industry: 11%


services: 26% (FY95/96)
Granica total: 4,246 km


border countries: Birma 193 km, Indie 4,053 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 55.39%


permanent crops: 3.08%


other: 41.53% (2005)
Jezyki Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English
System prawny based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Parliament or Jatiya Sangsad; 300 seats elected by popular vote from single territorial constituencies; members serve five-year terms; note - parliament not w session during the extended caretaker regime


elections: last held 1 pazdziernik 2001 (the scheduled styczen 2007 election has been postponed till late 2008)


election results: percent of vote by party - BNP and alliance partners 41%, AL 40%, other 19%; seats by party - BNP 193, AL 58, JI 17, JP (Ershad faction) 14, IOJ 2, JP (Manzur) 4, other 12; note - the election of pazdziernik 2001 brought to power a majority BNP government aligned z three other smaller parties - JI, IOJ, and Jatiya Party (Manzur)
Zywotnosc total population: 62.84 years


male: 62.81 years


female: 62.86 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 43.1%


male: 53.9%


female: 31.8% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Birma and Indie
Lokalizacja na mapie Asia
Morskie obszary territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 18 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin
Flota handlowa total: 41 ships (1000 GRT or over) 328,530 GRT/468,509 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 3, cargo 27, container 6, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 4


foreign-owned: 1 (Chiny 1)


registered w other countries: 9 (Komory 1, Honduras 1, Malta 3, Panama 1, Singapur 2, St Vincent and The Grenadines 1) (2007)
Wojsko Bangladesz Defense Force: Bangladesz Army, Bangladesz Navy, Bangladesz Air Force (Bangladesz Biman Bahini, BAF) (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.5% (2006)
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 26 marzec (1971); note - 26 marzec 1971 is the date of independence from West Pakistan, 16 grudzien 1971 is Victory Day and commemorates the official creation of the state of Bangladesz
Narodowosc noun: Bangladeszi(s)


adjective: Bangladeszi
Naturalne zagrozenia droughts, cyclones; much of the country routinely inundated during the summer monsoon season
Surowce naturalne natural gas, arable land, timber, coal
Wspolczynnik migracji -0.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 2,644 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Awami League or AL [Sheikh HASINA]; Bangladesz Communist Party or BCP [Saifuddin Ahmed MANIK]; Bangladesz Nationalist Party or BNP [Khaleda ZIA]; Islami Oikya Jote or IOJ [Mufti Fazlul Haq AMINI]; Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesz or JIB [Matiur Rahman NIZAMI]; Jatiya Party or JP (Ershad faction) [Hussain Mohammad ERSHAD]; Jatiya Party (Manzur faction) [Naziur Rahman MANZUR]; Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [Badrudozza CHOWDHURY and Oli AHMED]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 150,448,339 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 45% (2004 est.)
Przyrost naturalny 2.056% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 15, FM 13, shortwave 2 (2006)
Linie kolejowe total: 2,768 km


broad gauge: 946 km 1.676-m gauge


narrow gauge: 1,822 km 1.000-m gauge (2006)
Religie Muslim 83%, Hindu 16%, other 1% (1998)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.061 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.042 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 1.154 male(s)/female


total population: 1.052 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: totally inadequate dla a modern country; fixed-line telephone density of less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone density of 13 per 100 persons


domestic: modernizing; introducing digital systems; trunk systems include VHF and UHF microwave radio relay links, and some fiber-optic cable w cities


international: country code - 880; landing point dla the SEA-ME-WE-4 fiber-optic submarine cable system that provides links to Europe, the Middle East and Asia; satellite earth stations - 6; international radiotelephone communications and landline service to neighboring countries (2007)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 1.134 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 19.131 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 15 (1999)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly w southeast
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 3.09 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 2.5% (includes underemployment) (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 8,370 km


note: includes up to 3,060 km main cargo routes; network reduced to 5,200 km w dry season (2006)
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