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Wegry (2008)

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Wegry 2008 roku

 Wegry
Podzial administracyjny 19 counties (megyek, singular - megye), 23 urban counties (singular - megyei varos), and 1 capital city (fovaros)


counties: Bacs-Kiskun, Baranya, Bekes, Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen, Csongrad, Fejer, Gyor-Moson-Sopron, Hajdu-Bihar, Heves, Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok, Komarom-Esztergom, Nograd, Pest, Somogy, Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg, Tolna, Vas, Veszprem, Zala


urban counties: Bekescsaba, Debrecen, Dunaujvaros, Eger, Erd, Gyor, Hodmezovasarhely, Kaposvar, Kecskemet, Miskolc, Nagykanizsa, Nyiregyhaza, Pecs, Salgotarjan, Sopron, Szeged, Szekesfehervar, Szekszard, Szolnok, Szombathely, Tatabanya, Veszprem, Zalaegerszeg


capital city: Budapest
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 15.3% (male 785,643/female 741,907)


15-64 years: 69.3% (male 3,399,926/female 3,498,403)


65 years and over: 15.4% (male 554,356/female 975,873) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo wheat, corn, sunflower seed, potatoes, sugar beets; pigs, cattle, poultry, dairy products
Lotniska 46 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 20


over 3,047 m: 2


2,438 to 3,047 m: 8


1,524 to 2,437 m: 4


914 to 1,523 m: 4


under 914 m: 2 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 26


2,438 to 3,047 m: 2


1,524 to 2,437 m: 3


914 to 1,523 m: 11


under 914 m: 10 (2007)
Terytorium total: 93,030 sq km


land: 92,340 sq km


water: 690 sq km
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly smaller than Indiena
Tlo historyczne Wegry became a Christian kingdom w A.D. 1000 and dla many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion w Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during Swiat War I. The country fell under Communist rule following Swiat War II. In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met z a massive military intervention by Moscow. Under the leadership of Janos KADAR w 1968, Wegry began liberalizing its economy, introducing so-called "Goulash Communism." Wegry held its first multiparty elections w 1990 and initiated a free market economy. It joined NATO w 1999 and the EU w 2004.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 9.66 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $62.25 billion


expenditures: $69.98 billion (2007 est.)
Stolica name: Budapest


geographic coordinates: 47 30 N, 19 05 E


time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday w marzec; ends last Sunday w pazdziernik
Klimat temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers
Linia brzegowa 0 km (landlocked)
Konstytucja 18 sierpien 1949, effective 20 sierpien 1949; revised 19 kwiecien 1972; 18 pazdziernik 1989 revision ensured legal rights dla individuals and constitutional checks on the authority of the prime minister and also established the principle of parliamentary oversight; 1997 amendment streamlined the judicial system
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Wegry


conventional short form: Wegry


local long form: Magyar Koztarsasag


local short form: Magyarorszag
Wspolczynnik zgonow 13.05 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $142.9 billion (30 czerwiec 2007)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA chief of mission: Ambassador kwiecien H. FOLEY


embassy: Szabadsag ter 12, H-1054 Budapest


mailing address: pouch: American Embassy Budapest, 5270 Budapest Place, US Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-5270


telephone: [36] (1) 475-4400


FAX: [36] (1) 475-4764
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA chief of mission: Ambassador Ferenc SOMOGYI


chancery: 3910 Shoemaker Street NW, Washington, DC 20008


telephone: [1] (202) 362-6730


FAX: [1] (202) 966-8135


consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje bilateral government, legal, technical and economic working group negotiations continue w 2006 z Slowacja over Wegry's failure to complete its portion of the Gabcikovo-Nagymaros hydroelectric dam project along the Danube; as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Wegry has implemented the strict Schengen border rules
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $302.6 million w available EU structural adjustment and cohesion funds (2004)
Ekonomia Wegry has made the transition from a centrally planned to a market economy, z a per capita income nearly two-thirds that of the EU-25 average. The private sector accounts dla over 80% of Produkt krajowy brutto. Foreign ownership of and investment w Hungarian firms are widespread, z cumulative foreign direct investment totaling more than $60 billion since 1989. Wegry issues investment-grade sovereign debt. International observers, however, have expressed concerns over Wegry's fiscal and current account deficits. In 2007, Wegry eliminated a trade deficit that had persisted dla several years. Inflation declined from 14% w 1998 to a low of 3.7% w 2006, but jumped to 7.8% w 2007. Unemployment has persisted above 6%. Wegry's labor force participation rate of 57% is one of the lowest w the Organization dla Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Niemcy is by far Wegry's largest economic partner. Policy challenges include cutting the public sector deficit to 4% of Produkt krajowy brutto by 2008, from about 6% w 2007. The government's austerity program of tax hikes and subsidy cuts has reduced Wegry's large budget deficit, but the reforms have dampened domestic consumption, slowing Produkt krajowy brutto growth to less than 2% w 2007. The government will need to pass additional reforms to ensure the long-term stability of public finances. The government plans to eventually lower its public sector deficit to below 3% of Produkt krajowy brutto to adopt the euro.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 35.98 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 9.41 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - import 15.64 billion kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 33.69 billion kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Tisza River 78 m


highest point: Kekes 1,014 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy the upgrading of Wegry's standards w waste management, energy efficiency, and air, soil, and water pollution to meet EU requirements will require large investments
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Hungarian 92.3%, Roma 1.9%, other or unknown 5.8% (2001 census)
Kurs waluty forints per US dollar - 186.16 (2007), 210.39 (2006), 199.58 (2005), 202.75 (2004), 224.31 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: Laszlo SOLYOM (since 5 sierpien 2005)


head of government: Prime Minister Ferenc GYURCSANY (since 29 wrzesien 2004)


cabinet: Council of Ministers prime minister elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the president; other ministers proposed by the prime minister and appointed and relieved of their duties by the president


elections: president elected by the National Assembly dla a five-year term (eligible dla a second term); election last held 6-7 czerwiec 2005 (next to be held by czerwiec 2010); prime minister elected by the National Assembly on the recommendation of the president; election last held 29 wrzesien 2004


election results: Laszlo SOLYOM elected president by a simple majority w the third round of voting, 185 to 182; Ferenc GYURCSANY elected prime minister; result of legislative vote - 197 to 12


note: to be elected, the president must win two-thirds of legislative vote w the first two rounds or a simple majority w the third round
Eksport 9.41 billion kWh (2005)
Eksport $85.73 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 58,380 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary machinery and equipment 61.1%, other manufactures 28.7%, food products 6.5%, raw materials 2%, fuels and electricity 1.6% (2003)
Eksport - partnerzy Niemcy 29.5%, Wlochy 5.6%, Francja 5%, Austria 5%, UK 4.5%, Rumunia 4.2%, Polska 4.1% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and green
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 3.3%


industry: 32.4%


services: 64.2% (2007 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 2.1% (2007 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 47 00 N, 20 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne landlocked; strategic location astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraina and Mediterranean basin; the north-south flowing Duna (Danube) and Tisza Rivers divide the country into three large regions
Ladowiska helikopterow 5 (2007)
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: 4%


highest 10%: 22.2% (2002)
Narkotyki transshipment point dla Southwest Asian heroin and cannabis and dla South American cocaine destined dla Western Europe; limited producer of precursor chemicals, particularly dla amphetamine and methamphetamine; efforts to counter money laundering, related to organized crime and drug trafficking, are improving, but remain vulnerable; significant consumer of ecstasy
Import 15.64 billion kWh (2005)
Import $85.99 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)
Import 11.51 billion cu m (2005)
Import 150,000 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and equipment 51.6%, other manufactures 35.7%, fuels and electricity 7.7%, food products 3.1%, raw materials 2.0% (2003)
Import - partnerzy Niemcy 27.1%, Rosja 8.2%, Chiny 6.9%, Austria 6.2%, Francja 4.7%, Wlochy 4.6%, Holandia 4.3%, Polska 4.3% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 25 grudzien 1000 (crowning of King STEPHEN I, traditional founding date)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 5% (2007 est.)
Przemysl mining, metallurgy, construction materials, processed foods, textiles, chemicals (especially pharmaceuticals), motor vehicles
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 8.21 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 8.91 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 7.46 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja 7.8% (2007 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT (observer), Australia Group, BIS, CE, CEI, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EIB, ESA (cooperating state), EU, FAO, G- 9, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINURSO, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, Schengen Convention, SECI, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNOMIG, UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU (associate), WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Nawadniane tereny 2,300 sq km (2003)
Sadownictwo Konstytucjaal Court (judges are elected by the National Assembly dla nine-year terms)
Sila robocza 4.19 million (2007 est.)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 5.5%


industry: 33.3%


services: 61.2% (2003)
Granica total: 2,171 km


border countries: Austria 366 km, Chorwacja 329 km, Rumunia 443 km, Serbia 151 km, Slowacja 677 km, Slowenia 102 km, Ukraina 103 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 49.58%


permanent crops: 2.06%


other: 48.36% (2005)
Jezyki Hungarian 93.6%, other or unspecified 6.4% (2001 census)
System prawny based German-Austrian legal system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction z reservations
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral National Assembly or Orszaggyules (386 seats; members are elected by popular vote under a system of proportional and direct representation to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 9 and 23 kwiecien 2006 (next to be held w kwiecien 2010)


election results: percent of vote by party (5% or more of the vote required dla parliamentary representation w the first round) - MSzP 43.2%, Fidesz-KDNP 42%, SzDSz 6.5%, MDF 5%, other 3.3%; seats by party - MSzP 190, Fidesz-KDNP 164, SzDSz 20, MDF 11, independent 1
Zywotnosc total population: 72.92 years


male: 68.73 years


female: 77.38 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 99.4%


male: 99.5%


female: 99.3% (2003 est.)
Lokalizacja Central Europe, northwest of Rumunia
Lokalizacja na mapie Europe
Morskie obszary none (landlocked)
Wojsko Ground Forces, Hungarian Air Force (Magyar Legiero, ML) (2008)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) 1.75% (2005 est.)
Swieto narodowe Saint Stephen's Day, 20 sierpien
Narodowosc noun: Hungarian(s)


adjective: Hungarian
Surowce naturalne bauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land
Wspolczynnik migracji 0.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Rurociagi gas 4,397 km; oil 990 km; refined products 335 km (2007)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Alliance of Free Democrats or SzDSz [Janos KOKA]; Christian Democratic People's Party or KDNP [Zsolt SEMJEN]; Hungarian Civic Alliance or Fidesz [Viktor ORBAN, chairman]; Hungarian Democratic Forum or MDF [Ibolya DAVID]; Hungarian Socialist Party or MSzP [Ferenc GYURCSANY]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 9,956,108 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa 8.6% (1993 est.)
Przyrost naturalny -0.253% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 17, FM 57, shortwave 3 (1998)
Linie kolejowe total: 8,057 km


broad gauge: 36 km 1.524-m gauge


standard gauge: 7,802 km 1.435-m gauge (2,628 km electrified)


narrow gauge: 219 km 0.760-m gauge (2006)
Religie Roman Catholic 51.9%, Calvinist 15.9%, Lutheran 3%, Greek Catholic 2.6%, other Christian 1%, other or unspecified 11.1%, unaffiliated 14.5% (2001 census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.059 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 0.972 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 0.568 male(s)/female


total population: 0.909 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: the telephone system has been modernized and is capable of satisfying all requests dla telecommunication service


domestic: the system is digitalized and highly automated; trunk services are carried by fiber-optic cable and digital microwave radio relay; a program dla fiber-optic subscriber connections was initiated w 1996; competition among mobile-cellular service providers has led to a sharp increase w the use of mobile cellular phones since 2000 and a decrease w the number of fixed-line connections


international: country code - 36; Wegry has fiber-optic cable connections z all neighboring countries; the international switch is w Budapest; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Ocean Atlantycki and Ocean Indyjski regions), 1 Inmarsat, 1 very small aperture terminal (VSAT) system of ground terminals
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 3.35 million (2006)
Telefony komorkowe 9.965 million (2006)
Stacje telewizyjne 35 (plus 161 repeaters) (1995)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slowacjan border
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 1.33 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 7.1% (2007 est.)
Drogi wodne 1,622 km (most on Danube River) (2007)
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