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Vanuatu (2008)

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Vanuatu 2008 roku

 Vanuatu
Podzial administracyjny 6 provinces; Malampa, Penama, Sanma, Shefa, Tafea, Torba
Struktura wiekowa 0-14 years: 31.9% (male 34,590/female 33,124)


15-64 years: 64.3% (male 69,496/female 66,745)


65 years and over: 3.8% (male 4,178/female 3,838) (2007 est.)
Rolinictwo copra, coconuts, cocoa, coffee, taro, yams, fruits, vegetables; beef; fish
Lotniska 31 (2007)
Lotniska z utwardzonymi pasami total: 3


2,438 to 3,047 m: 1


1,524 to 2,437 m: 1


914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2007)
Lotniska z nieutwardzonymi pasami total: 28


914 to 1,523 m: 6


under 914 m: 22 (2007)
Terytorium total: 12,200 sq km


land: 12,200 sq km


water: 0 sq km


note: includes more than 80 islands, about 65 of which are inhabited
Terytorium - porownanie wielkosci slightly larger than Connecticut
Tlo historyczne Multiple waves of colonizers, each speaking a distinct language, migrated to the New Hebrides w the millennia preceding European exploration w the 18th century. This settlement pattern accounts dla the complex linguistic diversity found on the archipelago to this day. The British and French, who settled the New Hebrides w the 19th century, agreed w 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium, which administered the islands until independence w 1980, when the new name of Vanuatu was adopted.
Wspolczynnik narodzin 22.35 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Budzet revenues: $78.7 million


expenditures: $72.23 million (2005)
Stolica name: Port-Vila (on Efate)


geographic coordinates: 17 44 S, 168 19 E


time difference: UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Klimat tropical; moderated by southeast trade winds from maj to pazdziernik; moderate rainfall from listopad to kwiecien; may be affected by cyclones from grudzien to kwiecien
Linia brzegowa 2,528 km
Konstytucja 30 lipiec 1980
Nazwa panstwa conventional long form: Republic of Vanuatu


conventional short form: Vanuatu


local long form: Ripablik blong Vanuatu


local short form: Vanuatu


former: New Hebrides
Wspolczynnik zgonow 7.75 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Zadluzenie - zewnetrzne $81.2 million (2004)
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna ze strony USA the US does not have an embassy w Vanuatu; the ambassador to Papua-Nowa Gwinea is accredited to Vanuatu
Reprezentacja dyplomatyczna w USA Vanuatu does not have an embassy w the US; it does, however, have a Permanent Mission to the UN
Miedzynarodowe dyskusje Matthew and Hunter Islands east of Nowa Kaledonia claimed by Vanuatu and Francja
Ekonomiczna pomoc - pobieranie $39.48 million (2005)
Ekonomia This South Pacific island economy is based primarily on small-scale agriculture, which provides a living dla 65% of the population. Fishing, offshore financial services, and tourism, z more than 60,000 visitors w 2005, are other mainstays of the economy. Mineral deposits are negligible; the country has no known petroleum deposits. A small light industry sector caters to the local market. Tax revenues come mainly from import duties. Economic development is hindered by dependence on relatively few commodity exports, vulnerability to natural disasters, and long distances from main markets and between constituent islands. In response to foreign concerns, the government has promised to tighten regulation of its offshore financial center. In mid-2002 the government stepped up efforts to boost tourism through improved air connections, resort development, and cruise ship facilities. Agriculture, especially livestock farming, is a second target dla growth. Australia and Nowa Zelandia are the main suppliers of tourists and foreign aid.
Elektrycznosc - konsumpcja 38.13 million kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - eksport 0 kWh (2005 est.)
Elektrycznosc - import 0 kWh (2005)
Elektrycznosc - produkcja 41 million kWh (2005)
Skrajne punkty wysokosci lowest point: Ocean Spokojny 0 m


highest point: Tabwemasana 1,877 m
Srodowisko - obecne problemy a majority of the population does not have access to a reliable supply of potable water; deforestation
Srodowisko - miedzynarodowe umowy party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Klimat Change, Klimat Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94


signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Grupy etniczne Ni-Vanuatu 98.5%, other 1.5% (1999 Census)
Kurs waluty vatu per US dollar - NA (2007), 111.93 (2006), NA (2005), 111.79 (2004), 122.19 (2003)
Wladza wykonawcza chief of state: President Kalkot Matas KELEKELE (since 16 sierpien 2004)


head of government: Prime Minister Ham LINI (since 11 grudzien 2004); Deputy Prime Minister Sato KILMAN (since 11 grudzien 2004)


cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister, responsible to Parliament


elections: president elected dla a five-year term by an electoral college consisting of Parliament and the presidents of the regional councils; election dla president last held 16 sierpien 2004 (next to be held w 2009); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by Parliament from among its members; election dla prime minister last held 29 lipiec 2004 (next to be held following general elections w 2008)


election results: Kalkot Matas KELEKELE elected president, z 49 votes out of 56, after several ballots on 16 sierpien 2004
Eksport 0 kWh (2005 est.)
Eksport $40 million f.o.b. (2006)
Eksport 0 cu m (2005 est.)
Eksport 0 bbl/day (2004)
Eksport - towary copra, beef, cocoa, timber, kava, coffee
Eksport - partnerzy Tajlandia 59.6%, Indie 16.8%, Japonia 11.5% (2006)
Rok podatkowy rok kalendarzowy
Opis flagi two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green z a black isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) all separated by a black-edged yellow stripe w the shape of a horizontal Y (the two points of the Y face the hoist side and enclose the triangle); centered w the triangle is a boar's tusk encircling two crossed namele leaves, all w yellow
Produkt krajowy brutto - podzial wg galezi przemyslu agriculture: 26%


industry: 12%


services: 62% (2000 est.)
Produkt krajowy brutto - realny wspolczynnik wzrostu 6.8% (2005 est.)
Koordynaty geograficzne 16 00 S, 167 00 E
Polozenie geograficzne a Y-shaped chain of four main islands and 80 smaller islands; several of the islands have active volcanoes
Domowy dochód albo konsumpcja wg podzialu procentowego lowest 10%: NA%


highest 10%: NA%
Import 0 kWh (2005)
Import $156 million c.i.f. (2006)
Import 0 cu m (2005)
Import 628.5 bbl/day (2004)
Import - towary machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, fuels
Import - partnerzy Australia 20.6%, Japonia 19.7%, Singapur 12.1%, NZ 8.8%, Fidzi 7.7%, Chiny 7.4%, Nowa Kaledonia 4.3% (2006)
Niepodleglosc 30 lipiec 1980 (from Francja and UK)
Wspolczynnik wzrostu produkcji w przemysle 1% (1997 est.)
Przemysl food and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning
Wspolczynnik umieralnosci noworodkow total: 52.45 deaths/1,000 live births


male: 54.96 deaths/1,000 live births


female: 49.81 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Inflacja -1.6% (2005 est.)
Czlonek miedzynarodowych organizacji ACCT, ACP, ADB, C, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IOC, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Nawadniane tereny NA
Sadownictwo Supreme Court (chief justice is appointed by the president after consultation z the prime minister and the leader of the opposition, three other justices are appointed by the president on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission)
Sila robocza 76,410 (1999)
Sila robocza - wg galezi gospodarki agriculture: 65%


industry: 5%


services: 30% (2000 est.)
Granica 0 km
Zagospodarowanie terenu arable land: 1.64%


permanent crops: 6.97%


other: 91.39% (2005)
Jezyki local languages (more than 100) 72.6%, pidgin (known as Bislama or Bichelama) 23.1%, English 1.9%, French 1.4%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.7% (1999 Census)
System prawny unified system being created from former dual French and British systems
Wladza ustawodawcza unicameral Parliament (52 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)


elections: last held 6 lipiec 2004 (next to be held 2008)


election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NUP 10, UMP 8, VP 8, VRP 4, MPP 3, VGP 3, other and independent 16; note - political party associations are fluid


note: the National Council of Chiefs advises on matters of culture and language
Zywotnosc total population: 63.22 years


male: 61.67 years


female: 64.84 years (2007 est.)
Pismienni definition: age 15 and over can read and write


total population: 74%


male: NA


female: NA (1999 census)
Lokalizacja Oceania, group of islands w the South Ocean Spokojny, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Lokalizacja na mapie Oceania
Morskie obszary measured from claimed archipelagic baselines


territorial sea: 12 nm


contiguous zone: 24 nm


exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Flota handlowa total: 51 ships (1000 GRT or over) 1,346,001 GRT/1,901,055 DWT


by type: bulk carrier 30, cargo 8, container 1, liquefied gas 2, petroleum tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 3, roll on/roll off 1, vehicle carrier 5


foreign-owned: 51 (Australia 2, Belgia 4, Kanada 5, Estonia 1, Japonia 28, Polska 7, Rosja 1, Szwajcaria 2, US 1) (2007)
Wojsko no regular military forces; Vanuatu Police Force (VPF), Vanuatu Mobile Force (VMF; includes Police Maritime Wing (PMW)) (2007)
Wojsko - wydatki (procent PKB) NA
Swieto narodowe Niepodleglosc Day, 30 lipiec (1980)
Narodowosc noun: Ni-Vanuatu (singular and plural)


adjective: Ni-Vanuatu
Naturalne zagrozenia tropical cyclones or typhoons (styczen to kwiecien); volcanic eruption on Aoba (Ambae) island began 27 listopad 2005, volcanism also causes minor earthquakes; tsunamis
Surowce naturalne manganese, hardwood forests, fish
Wspolczynnik migracji 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Partie polityczne i przywodcy Jon Frum Movement [Song KEASPAI]; Melanesian Progressive Party or MPP [Barak SOPE]; National United Party or NUP [Hem LINI]; Union of Moderate Parties or UMP [Serge VOHOR]; Vanua'aku Pati (Our Land Party) or VP [Edward NATAPEI]; Vanuatu Greens Party or VGP [Moana CARCASSES]; Vanuatu Republican Party or VRP [Maxime Carlot KORMAN]
Przesladowania polityczne ugrupowan oraz liderow NA
Ludnosc 211,971 (lipiec 2007 est.)
Ludnosc zyjaca na skraju ubostwa NA%
Przyrost naturalny 1.46% (2007 est.)
Stacje radiowe AM 2, FM 4, shortwave 1 (2001)
Religie Presbyterian 31.4%, Anglican 13.4%, Roman Catholic 13.1%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%, other Christian 13.8%, indigenous beliefs 5.6% (including Jon Frum cargo cult), other 9.6%, none 1%, unspecified 1.3% (1999 Census)
Wspolczynnik plci at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female


under 15 years: 1.044 male(s)/female


15-64 years: 1.041 male(s)/female


65 years and over: 1.089 male(s)/female


total population: 1.044 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Prawo wyborcze 18 years of age; universal
System telefoniczny general assessment: NA


domestic: NA


international: country code - 678; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Ocean Spokojny)
Telefony - wykorzystywane linie telefoniczne 7,000 (2005)
Telefony komorkowe 12,700 (2005)
Stacje telewizyjne 1 (2004)
Uksztaltowanie terenu mostly mountainous islands of volcanic origin; narrow coastal plains
Wspolczynnik nardzin przypadajacy na kobiety 2.63 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Wspolczynnik bezrobocia 1.7% (1999)
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